PRECLINICAL REMOVABLE COMPLETE PROSTHODONTICS COURSE

IMPRESSION TRAYS
Removable Complete Prosthodontics

Impression tray: a device used to carry and control the impression material for making impressions to allow insertion and removal of impression material without difficulty. Types of impression How? Why? By? Preliminar y primary impression Final secondary impression using stock tray for making study cast using special tray for making master cast for special tray construction for denture constructi on Impression compound or alginate Plaster. Cast: Positive reproduction of the tissues of upper and lower jaws.10 IMPRESSION TRAYS Definitions Impression: Negative registration of all dental arch including bearing areas and borders. zinc oxide and eugenol or rubber base . done by pouring the impression with suitable material.

Enough and uniform (2-4 mm) space to accommodate impression material/ 3.11 IMPRESSION TRAYS Stock trays Definition: Metal prefabricated ready-made impression tray available in different sizes for primary impression. . Accurate fit to the peripheral outline and ridge contour. Difference between dentulous and edentulous tray in shape Floor Dentulous Edentulous Partially edentulous Flange Handle Flat High L-shape Rounded Short Straight Flang Suitable with combined flat and rounded floor e Bod y Hand Mandibular edentulous stock tray Requirements: Mandibular dentulous stock tray Maxillary edentulous stock tray Maxillary dentulous stock tray 1. Large size to allow maximum coverage. 2.

medium and large .12 IMPRESSION TRAYS Classification of stock trays According to material into metallic and non metallic According to nature of impression material into perforated. non perforated and water cooled According to areas to be recorded into full arch and sectional trays According to size into small.

Used with impression materials attached to the tray. it doesn`t need any mechanical attachments (Impression Compound). it`s attached by mechanical interlocking to the tray (Alginate). Used with impression materials which need cooling for setting (Agar Agar). According to areas to be recorded Full arch trays Record the whole dental arch Sectional trays Record a segment of dental arch .13 IMPRESSION TRAYS According to material Metallic Can be modified Can be autoclaved Modification Sterilization Non metallic Can`t be modified Chemical sterilization According to nature of impression material Perforated Non perforated Water cooled Used with impression materials not attached to the tray.

It`s used for making final impression.14 IMPRESSION TRAYS Special trays Definition: Individualized impression tray made from the study cast recovered from primary impression. 4. Less amount of impression material used. Accurate adaptation on patient arch and more accurate border extension. Less bulk and even thickness of impression material. 2. 3. Maxillary edentulous special tray Mandibular edentulous special tray Advantages: 1. . More comfortable to patient.

Strength Distortio n Adaptatio n Construct ion Shellac base plate special tray Low strength Self-cured acrylic resin special tray High strength Distorted by load and heat Not distorted by heat Decreased adaptation on the cast Increased adaptation on the cast Easy construction Easy construction Wax spacer . 6. Metallic special tray. Old dentures can be as special tray. Acrylic resin (self or heat). 4. Compound tray. 7. Plastic sheets under vacuum or pressure forming machine. 3. Shellac base plate. Light cured resin. 2. 5.15 IMPRESSION TRAYS Materials used: 1.

Time saving. Material saving. 6. 2. 5. 2. 3. Impression Boxing Definition: to enclose the entire impression to produce the desired size and form of the base of the cast to preserve the details such as borders to reproduce accurate cast. Advantages: 1. .16 IMPRESSION TRAYS Definition: One thickness of modelling wax adapted on the study cast with four windows on it to form 4 stoppers in the fitting surface of the tray. Preservation of the borders. No upside down inverting of the impression. These tissue stoppers provide even thickness of the impression material during impression taking. Provides space of even thickness in the special tray to accommodate any dimensional change during impression setting. Controlling of base thickness. It`s used to resemble the fractured areas accurately. Advantages: 1. 4. Provides relief areas under the denture for sensitive areas. 3. Allows vibrating to prevent air bubbles. In case of plaster impression.

3. 3. Take care of any leakage between impression and the boxing wax. 4. Adapt boxing wax on the outside surface above the borders and apply separating medium. Pour stone to obtain master cast. Another wax layer (carding wax) is adapted on beading wax to form box shape. tongue is blocked with wax. trim and produced former with trimmer. 5. Apply stiff homogenous mix of plaster and put the impression on it from outside. Dry the impression. 4. In case of lower impression. Used specially with rubber impression due to good contact between boxing and impression material . After setting. Beading wax adaptation on the borders ouside the impression 5 mm in width below the border. Plaster and pumice method 1. 2. 5. 2.17 IMPRESSION TRAYS Methods: Wax method 1.