In meteorology, a cyclone is an area of closed, circular fluid motion rotating in the same direction as
the Earth. This is usually characterized by inward spiraling winds that rotate counterclockwise in
the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in theSouthern Hemisphere of the Earth. Most large-scale
cyclonic circulations are centered on areas of low atmospheric pressure. The largest low-pressure
systems are cold-core polar cyclones and extratropical cyclones which lie on thesynoptic scale.
According to the National Hurricane Center glossary, warm-core cyclones such as tropical
cyclones andsubtropical cyclones also lie within the synoptic scale.

Northeast monsoon (Amihan)
Monsoon is traditionally defined as a seasonal reversing wind accompanied by
corresponding changes in precipitation,but is now used to describe seasonal
changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the
asymmetric heating of land and seaUsually, the term monsoon is used to refer to
the rainy phase of a seasonally changing pattern, although technically there is also
a dry phase
The major monsoon systems of the world consist of the West African and AsiaAustralian monsoons. The inclusion of the North and South American monsoons with
incomplete wind reversal has been debated.
The term was first used in English in British India (now India, Bangladesh and
Pakistan) and neighbouring countries to refer to the big seasonal winds blowing
from the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea in the southwest bringing heavy rainfall to
the area.
Southwest monsoon (Habagat)
1. A wind system that influences large climatic regions and reverses direction seasonally.
2. A wind from the southwest or south that brings heavy rainfall to southern Asia in the summer.
3. A similar seasonal wind, as in the southwest United States, that brings increased rainfall.
4. The rain that comes with any of these winds or wind systems.
5. The season during which the SW monsoon blows, commonly marked by heavy rains; rainy season.
Intertopical Convergence Zone
The Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), known by sailors as the doldrums, is the area encircling
the earth near the equator where the northeast and southeast trade winds come together
The ITCZ appears as a band of clouds, usually thunderstorms, that circle the globe near the equator. In
the Northern Hemisphere, the trade winds move in a southwestern direction from the northeast, while in
the Southern Hemisphere, they move northwestward from the southeast. When the ITCZ is positioned
north or south of the equator, these directions change according to the Coriolis effect imparted by the
rotation of the earth. For instance, when the ITCZ is situated north of the equator, the southeast trade
wind changes to a southwest wind as it crosses the equator. The ITCZ is formed by vertical motion largely

. these are the trade winds. which effectively draw air in.appearing as convective activity of thunderstorms driven by solar heating.