Which document contains the ICAO rules of the Air?


If you are flying over the Atlantic at 30W (right in the middle), what rules of the air apply?



Who is the PIC?


The rules that are applied by the Egyptian Aviation Authority
The UK rules of the air in accordance with the ANO
ICAO rules
If Egypt is an ICAO contracting state, then IFR applies at all times

Are you permitted to fly IFR in VMC


None, it is international waters
The ICAO rules without exception
The rules of the air applied by the state of registration
Instrument Flight Rules

If you are flying in an aeroplane registered in the UK, and you are flying over Egypt, which rules
of the air apply?


ICAO Annex 2
ICAO Annex 6
ICAO Annex 11

The Commander
The Pilot who for the time being is in charge of the controls of the aeroplane
The Pilot appointed as captain of the crew
A pilot who is responsible for the operation and safety ofthe aeroplane during flight time

To which aircraft do the ICAO rules of the air apply?

All aircraft
Aircraft bearing an ICAO contracting state registration mark
Aircraft with MTM >5700Kg flying for commercial air transport
All aircraft flying over the high seas

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© Oxford Aviation Services Limited

10. b. False. Observe the other aircraft and if he doesn't alter course then you must take avoiding action. A scheduled flight is planned to be flown from London to Cairo. The Commander The Operator The 'local' ATC ICAO When may you fly over a town at a height from which it would not be possible to land safely in the event of an emergency arising? a. d. d. speed and altitude False. 8. c. d. IFR in IMC and VFR in VMC At the commander's discretion In accordance with A TC instructions Either IFR or VFR Dangerous As a height with respect to the surface As a sub flight level As an altitude with respect to mean sea level If you have the right of way. you are still responsible for avoiding collisions. Maintain speed and heading and not fly over or under the other aeroplane unless you are well clear and only then with a good look out. b. b. b. 6 . c.REVISION QUESTIONS AIR LAW 7. b. Never Only to keep clear of cloud and remain in visual contact with the ground Only where the operator has given permission During take off and landing How would you describe your vertical displacement if you were flying below the lowest useable flight level? a. You must not do anything to confuse the other aeroplane True. d. 11. When an aircraft is flying. The aircraft has a MTM of265 OOOkg. 9. under what flight rules must the flight be conducted? a. True. Is this true or false? With the right of way what else must you do? a. c. Who is responsible for compliance with the rules of the air for the various states to be overflown where the local rules are at variance with ICAO rules? a. d. c. It has 4 engines and 265 passengers on board. Maintain track. c.40 © Oxford Aviation Services Limited .

If the lower one was at a range of greater than 4 nm he would be long final with no priority. c.the one at the lower altitude has the right of way It depends what you mean by approaching to land.AIR LAW 12. b. There isn't time to pass him on the right and then make the required left tum. 16. b.41 © Oxford Aviation Services Limited . Concorde of course! The balloon because it is not powered The balloon because aeroplanes give way to balloons Neither (they are both 'aircraft') When two aircraft are converging at approx. What should you do? a. The lower aircraft is obliged to give way only if he is aware that the higher aeroplane is in an emergency 6 . c. 13. Who has the right of way? a. 14. Is this correct? a. There is another aeroplane ahead of you and you are quite quickly overtaking him. c. b. the one that has the other on its right is required to give way. The airship is on a straight in approach at 2miles but at 1000ft. Yes No. c. d. who has the right of way? a. If a balloon is approaching head on to Concorde. REVISION QUESTIONS Ignore the requirements of the navex and delay the left tum until well clear of the other aeroplane Quickly climb to 1000 ft above the other aircraft and then overtake him and make the tum at the right point then descent to the original level Overtake on the left and file a report when you land Tum left early and avoid the other aeroplane It is high summer and the Europa airship is approaching Oxford to moor up before the race day at Silverstone. unless the other is an aeroplane towing something It depends who has the priority. d. the same level. he has priority over every thing esle No. This case is only applicable if they are the same type of aircraft You are approaching a turning point on a cross country navex where you are required to turn to port. b. No. b. d. You are in a Warrior at 600 ft turning base leg. 15. You do because you are at a lower altitude The airship does because he is on a straight in approach The airship does because you are in an aeroplane You do because the airship can adjust his speed or hover if required Is the higher aeroplane always compelled to give way to the lower aeroplane if both are approaching to land? a. d. if the higher aeroplane is in an emergency. d. Yes. c. the rules are quite clear . the one that has the other on its left has the right of way Yes.

b. b. b.42 © Oxford Aviation Services Limited . Do you need to switch any lights on? a. elsewhere on the movement area no If you are flying under simulated IMC (your visibility from the flight deck is artificially reduced) you must have a safety pilot on board. d. 18. d. c. Which direction are you required to tum prior to depart. What does this mean? a. From sunset to sunrise or when specified by the authority When moving on the movement area of an aerodrome or flying at night When the pilot in command thinks it sensible to switch them on by day or by night At night or when specified by the authority You see an aircraft stationary (without engines running) on the movement area of an aerodrome with its navigation lights on.ure? a.AIR LAW 17. c. 21. a clear call of 'clear prop' should be enough If the aeroplane has an anti-collision light that should be switched on On apron yes. 19. switch the nav lights on to indicate that the aeroplane is manned No. When are navigation lights required to be shown? a. 20. REVISION QUESTIONS Ahead and to either side of the aeroplane The instruments All around the aeroplane All around the aeroplane. b. The crew is in attendance and they are about to start engines The aeroplane has temporarily stopped in that position and will shortly restart engines and move to the apron The idiot has left the lights on and the batteries will probably run down The lights have been left on to mark the extremities of the aeroplane as a warning to others It is broad day light and you are about to start engines. c. What is he/she required to be able to see? a. b. Left Right There is no set direction of tum The direction that will put you on track to your destination 6 . c. Yes. d. c. d. d. but if not possible then a competent observer must be carried who has adequate vision in the impaired sector and a means of communication to the safety pilot You have just taken off from an aerodrome for which there is not an ATZ operating.

an advisory route between Inverness and Wick. you are only required to report significant changes to VFR flight plans Yes. what happens then? a. Yes because you will be crossing an FIR boundary Yes because you will cross an international boundary Yes because the flight will involve an over-sea flight of more than 40km No Are all changes to a flight plan are to be reported to the ATSU as soon as practicable? a. d. d. c. it is controlled airspace Yes. REVISION QUESTIONS No. d. The The The The aerodrome of departure is informed of the safe arrival destination alternates are informed operator is informed by A TC flight plan is closed 6 . Are you required to file a flight plan? a. d. Yes. b. you can wait for a convenient time to report No but you must report within 10 minutes No. the requirement is to report only if practicable Once an arrival report has been received for any flight that a flight plan was submitted. b. b.43 © Oxford Aviation Services Limited . if the flight is to be operated as a controlled flight Yes but only after a clearance has been received No. the flight is a controlled flight and subject to an ATC clearance so all changes are to be reported No. but only if you wish to take advantage of the advisory radar service Yes if you are flying under IFR No You intend flying from Oxford to Dublin VFR at 3000ft. c. You are flying along W12D. e. c. 24. inadvertent deviation is excusable! Are changes to a VFR flight plan subject to the same requirements to report changes as for IFR flight plans? a. b. 23. Are you required to file a flight plan? a. d. 25. 26. c. b.AIR LAW 22. Yes.

c. Once en route you find that your TAS is actually 295 kts. 30. b. When the aeroplane is over a mandatory reporting point When crossing an international boundary When crossing the coast line of a state When not advised by ATC to cease position reports 6 . c.44 © Oxford Aviation Services Limited . c. Should you tell ATC? a. No. b. No it doesn't really matter No. you have the right to demand the clearance in accordance the flight plan you submitted No. d. c. d. 28. b.REVISION QUESTIONS AIR LAW 27. Can you request another clearance? a. providing the original clearance is unsatisfactory Yes. d. you had given a speed of280 kts TAS. but you may be able to get an amended clearance Yes. b. for the portion of the flight between Dinard and Nice.05 pm 1905Z 1905 hrs 1905UTC Leave controlled airspace and continue to the destination keeping clear of all controlled airspace File an IFR flight plan File a Special VFR flight plan Advise ATC what the flight visibility is and let them make the decision When is a controlled flight required to make position reports? a. d. only speed changes exceeding +/-5% are to be reported Yes all speed changes are to be reported Yes speed changes of +/. c.5% are to be reported Ifa controlled VFR flight is unable to maintain VMC which of the following courses of action is available to the pilot? a. 31. 7. 29. What is the correct time for airmenlairwomen? a. d. You receive an ATC clearance that is not as you expected. that's it take it or leave it In the flight plan. It is five minutes past seven o'clock in the evening at Oxford on the 5th January 2000. b.

d. its too dangerous Yes providing its only for practice and the commander of the civilian aeroplane agrees before hand Yes providing there is an agreement between the states to allow interception of each others aeroplanes What is the basic presumption about VFR flight? a. c. which of the following is a correct course of action? a. That the pilot holds the correct rating to allow the aeroplane to be flown under VFR That the flight will be flown in Visual Meteorological Conditions That the flight will only take place in class G airspace (outside CAS) That the flight will not take place above FL 180 6 . b. Land immediately Continue to fly in VMC and land at the nearest suitable aerodrome Tum round and head back to the aerodrome of departure Fly a triangular pattern making all turns to the left for ten minutes and then proceed to the destination Yes. 35. Fly a triangular pattern for ten minutes making all turns to the right then continue to the destination Proceed in accordance with the flight plan as filed Proceed in accordance with the current flight plan (the flight plan as cleared by ATC and any re-clearances subsequently obtained) Tum around and go home If an aircraft is being unlawfully interfered with. b. If you are flying in IMC and you suffer a communications failure. c. d. c. d. each state has the sovereign right to intercept and identify aircraft flying over its territory No. 34. b. b. 33. d. c.45 © Oxford Aviation Services Limited . 36. Pretend that nothing has happened and just do as the hi-jacker wants Squawk 7700 and let ATC sort it out Impress upon the hi-jacker that for the safety of all on board you must continue to communicate with A TC and comply with the rules of the air Make false position reports so that ATC get the message that something is wrong Is the interception of civilian aircraft permitted? a. b. c. What are you required to do? a. d.REVISION QUESTIONS AIR LAW 32. what should the pilot attempt to do? a. You are flying in VMC and you suffer a communications failure.

what is the highest flight level that VFR flight may be authorised outside of controlled airspace? a. What cloud ceiling and flight visibility limitations apply to VFR flight in this situation? a. The pilot is still required to keep a good look out! Yes. d. Ceiling more than 1500ft and visibility more than 5km Ceiling 1500ft or higher and visibility more than 5km Ceiling at least 1500ft and visibility not less than 5km Ceiling not less than 1500 ft or visibility 5km or better No way Yes. as a member of the JAA. c. No. c. The UK AlP would contain details of the notified difference No. In the UK. 41. c. no problem. 40. not above FL 290 FL245 FL285 6 . VFR is not permitted at night. d. b. but only when specially authorised Yes. d. b. 39. Is this a national rule that would require notification of a 'difference' in accordance with article 38 of the Chicago Convention? a. what is the highest FL that VFR flight is permitted at? a. c. FL200 FL290 FL195 FL245 Are VFR flights allowed to fly at supersonic speeds? a. the UK does not have to comply with ICAO SARPS Yes because annex 2 to the Chicago Convention says VFR may be prescribed by the A TS authority Without special permission. You are about to take off from an aerodrome within a control zone. FL200 Even with special authorisation. b. c. d. b. 38. b. d.46 © Oxford Aviation Services Limited . but the rules under which flight at night is permitted must be specified Yes. but only in controlled airspace In controlled airspace where Reduced Vertical Separation Minima (RVSM) is applied.REVISION QUESTIONS AIR LAW 37.

d. b.47 © Oxford Aviation Services Limited .. c. c. d. b. what is the lowest you are permitted to fly when well away from towns etc . 500 ft 1000m 1000ft above the highest obstacle within 600m radius of the aeroplane 1500ft above the highest obstacle within 5 nm of the estimated position of the aeroplane You are flying VFR in class G airspace (the open FIR). c.AIR LAW 42. d. ? a. Except for take off and landing. d. Are you permitted to fly in the London CTR under VFR? a.VFR is proscribed in class A airspace Yes. FL55 You do not have enough information to make a decision (what is the variation. REVISION QUESTIONS The minimum safe altitude (obstacle height on QNH plus 500ft) 500 ft no limit 1000ft above the highest obstacle within 600m radius of the aeroplane If you are flying VFR from Marseilles to Nice above the transition altitude (3000ft) and heading 085 0 true. 45. You are flying from Oxford to Northolt (in the northern part of the London CTR . d. b. b.class A airspace) at 3000ft. c. what is the lowest that an aeroplane flying VFR may fly over a town or city? a. 43. in accordance with a Special VFR clearance Yes providing Oxford ATC has given you clearance to enter the CTR Yes providing you are being monitored by the military radar at Northolt You filed a VFR flight plan for the flight from Marseilles to Nice but are unable to maintain good VMC. what is the lowest correct flight level you should be flying at? a. Tell ATC what changes you want to the current flight plan and continue as re-cleared Cancel the VFR flight plan and file IFR Wait until you are no longer VMC and squawk 7700 Tum around and return to Marseilles 6 . and the minimum flight altitude is 4500ft. 46. b. What do you do? a. c. 44. and what is the drift) FL45 If you are VFR you can fly at whatever altitude you wish No .

but don't expect any sympathy if you run into cloud again No. d. REVISION QUESTIONS Yes. Mt. but because the aeroplane is approaching to land. Suddenly you pop out of the cloud and there is the Cote d' Azure bathed in sunshine below you.48 © Oxford Aviation Services Limited .AIR LAW 47. d. the minimum altitude is 2000ft above the highest obstacle No. so. c. because it is more than 8km (Snm) from the aerodrome It depends where the aeroplane is because the minimum altitude is based on the highest obstacle within 8km of the aeroplane position Yes. because you will shortly be entering CAS. c. 1000ft vertically and IS00m horizontally clear of cloud Flight visibility Skm or more. Yes. IFR is mandatory in CAS. c. b. c.. 1000m vertically and IS00ft horizontally clear of cloud What is required to fly IFR? a. b. The Operator The Commander The ATC centre for the route The authority of the state being over flown You are approaching to land at Catania (Sicily) . minimum altitude is not important You are still flying from Marseilles to Nice but now under IFR. does this dictate what the minimum altitude is for the approach? a. Flight visibility 8km or more. c. b. b. d. 1000ft vertically and IS00m horizontally clear of cloud Flight visibility 8km or more.Etna(c 11 OOOft) is 28km to the west of the aerodrome. clear of cloud Flight visibility 8km or more. The aeroplane suitably equipped and the pilot to have a night rating The aeroplane suitably equipped and the pilot to have an IMC rating The pilot to have an instrument rating or IMC rating and the aeroplane to have a full airways communications and navigation equipment fit An ATPL(A) licence Who is responsible for deciding what the minimum flight altitude for IFR operations is? a. d. 48. 6 . b. d. you must complete the flight under'IFR Yes. but only if you are sure that you can maintain VMC for a reasonable period No. Can you cancel IFR and continue VFR again? a. SI. What is the VMC criteria in class B airspace above FLI00? a. 49.

but you can relay the message if ATC doesn't acknowledge Yes. FL390 FL410 FL400 It depends whether or not RVSM is being applied in the area You are flying IFR outside of controlled airspace. have made a Mayday call because he is grave an imminent danger and needs immediate assistance. REVISION QUESTIONS He has an intermittent fault in his lights He has a problem and needs to land but is otherwise OK He has a communications problem as well as a more serious problem and requires help He has never been to this aerodrome before and is unsure of the correct procedures If you are intercepted by a military aircraft over foreign territory. engine on fire attempting an emergency landing in a field just north of Woodstock".500MHz (the VHF distress and calling frequency) No specific frequency. d. No. 56. you can only declare a state of urgency for someone else You see an aeroplane join the visual circuit and then repeatedly switch on and off his landing lights. c. Pan Pan. on what frequency should you attempt to speak to the military pilot? a. You realise that he should. Can you upgrade his Pan Pan message to a Mayday? a. c. 55. you have the right to declare distress for him No. but only after you get his permission to do so Yes. Try the lot until you get contact 6 .AIR LAW 52. 54. The ATC frequency in use 243 Mhz (the military distress and calling frequency) 121. b. b. You are tracking 165 0 mag with no drift. d. but only in the Upper Information Region (UIR) You are flying in formation (Ugh!) with your mate Fred. What is the next available IFR flight level above FL370? a. of course. Fred suddenly calls "Pan Pan. d. c. but only in areas designated by the authority as areas where a flight plan is to be submitted Yes. Are you required to maintain a radio watch? a. Pan Pan. What does it mean? a. c. d. d. 53. c.49 © Oxford Aviation Services Limited . b. b. b. No Yes Yes.

b. Descend and try and see what the problem is It is probably a fireworks display. c. What do they want you to do? a. c. d. b. move the ailerons Give-away to the tractor towing the aeroplane ahead. d. 60. but make them fully aware that their instructions conflict with the signals from the interceptor Land at which ever is the nearest aerodrome and sort it out on the ground If you are not in communications with the interceptor. 61. Land immediately this is a military aerodrome and you have violated the MATZ Give way to the other aeroplane that has just joined the circuit behind you Go away. but the ATC centre tells you to land at the nearby international aerodrome. b. c. Somebody on the ground is trying to attract you attention. stop 6 . On the down wind leg you see a flashing red light pointed at you from the ATC tower. What does this mean? a. Its time for a cup of tea so you carry out a visual join to land. d. It may be prudent to tum away It is probably a military live firing area and they are obviously not aware that you are there It is a military live firing area and they are warning you to go away You are flying VFR non radio in good VMC and you see an aerodrome below you. c. what would it mean and how would you acknowledge? a. d. Return to the starting point. but how do indicate to the tower that you understand the light signal and will comply? a. d. b. flash your landing lights Beware other aeroplanes are taxiing. If the interceptor directs you to land at a military aerodrome. c. b. Common-sense dictates that you comply with the instruction from the man with his finger on the trigger! You must comply with ATC instructions. tell A TC to sort out the confliction and in the mean time go into a holding pattern Fly by the tower and rock your wings Fly directly towards the tower flashing your landing lights Rock your wings and depart Switch on the navigation lights for ten seconds If you were on the ground (in day light and non radio) and the tower shined a flashing a white light at you.REVISION QUESTIONS AIR LAW 57. waggle the rudder Taxi clear of the landing area.50 © Oxford Aviation Services Limited . with whom do you comply? a. The aerodrome is unsafe for use Climb to 1500 ft and hold in the overhead until given a green to land You decide to abandon the cup of tea. 59. You are flying along VFR in super VMC and suddenly you see a series of red and green 'star burst' pyrotechnics being fired in your from the ground. 58.

d. mean? a. you see the marshaller raise his right arm bent at the elbow with the palm towards you. come back All clear. (Like a red indian saying "How") What does this mean? a. have a nice day! Move on to the next marshaller Stop at you convenience whilst I reconnect the nosewheel steering 6 . What is he indicating? a. What does a white cross with a line under it on a runway. d. The runway is closed but it is regularly inspected It is the place where banners are dropped It means that the runway is not to be used for instrument approaches It means that there are no designated holding points for this runway What do two red balls hanging from the signal mast indicate? a. 64. c. and then he moves his arms up and down several times.51 © Oxford Aviation Services Limited . 65. The locals are not very friendly Take offs and landing are not necessarily in the same direction A right hand circuit is in force Glider flying is in progress You are taxiing towards a marshaller and he put out his arms horizontally with palms face down. 63. c. b. c. b. REVISION QUESTIONS This is where I want you to stop Slow down You are clear to start shutting down engines Keep coming forward As you taxi out of the parking bay. c. b. b. d. You have left a passenger behind.AIR LAW 62. d.

97 23 B 48 B 73 98 24 D 49 D 74 99 25 A 50 C 75 100 6 .52 © Oxford Aviation Service$ Limited .AIR LAW REVISION QUESTIONS ANSWERS TO REVISION QUESTIONS FOR CHAPTER 6 1 B 26 D 51 C 76 2 B 27 D 52 D 77 3 A 28 B 53 C 78 4 A 29 D 54 A 79 5 D 30 B 55 B 80 6 B 31 D 56 C 81 7 D 32 B 57 A 82 8 A 33 C 58 D 83 9 D 34 C 59 C 84 10 D 35 A 60 C 85 11 C 36 B 61 A 86 12 D 37 C 62 A 87 13 D 38 A 63 D 88 14 A 39 C 64 B 89 15 C 40 C 65 B 90 16 D 41 B 66 91 17 A 42 C 67 92 18 D 43 B 68 93 19 C 44 A 69 94 20 A 45 B 70 95 21 A 46 A 71 96 22 C 47 B 72.