India’s relations with the West Asian countries are historical since the
independence of India. India has interests in economic, political, security and
strategic fields with the West Asian nations.

In the post-colonial era both side work along the ideology of non-alignment.
India’s ‘Look West Policy’ indicates India’s emerging economic and strategic
relations with countries of West Asia in order to boost its energy security and a
counterbalance to the strategic influence of other major powers in the region.

During the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh emphasised on a ‘Look West Policy
like India’s famed “look East policy’ but he failed to get much more.

The new Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has started to reinforcement of
‘Look West’ or ‘Link West’ policy since May 2014.

Why India and the West Asia important to each other:

The West Asian region is one of the most instable and conflicted region in the
contemporary world. Multifaceted factors, including regional and international
powers’ interest produced vast turmoil in the post-Arab Spring era in the region.

A range of Islamic terrorist groups, Civil wars and external intervention made the
West Asia most horrible region. The whole West Asia is now in big socio-political,
economical turmoil and boundaries are regularly fragmenting and integrating.
The Islamic State and other terror groups are rapidly getting more ground in
Iraq, Syria and Yemen and beyond.

The Islamic State became the biggest challenge for this region.

The West Asia region is also in the process of re-settlement and re-alignment of
regional politics due to the recent entry of Iran in the international arena through
the historic nuclear deal.

India’s growing relations with Iran may be a bridge in Saudi Arabia and Israel to
Teheran. A trustful relation between regional powers only can bring peace and
stability in the region. In the midst of these challenges, the West Asian nations
and India should develop their relations in near future.

. particularly in the Gulf Arab countries.  Also.  India’s burgeoning entrepreneurial class also views West Asia as a potential bull market. India’s foreign policy establishment is devoting no small amount of effort to understand their country's role in a politically unstable. area of the world for Indian interests. The Indian navy’s ongoing strategic concerns involve access to the Persian Gulf and the western Indian Ocean.  India’s relationship with the Arab countries of the Gulf is complex. Pakistan’s reported willingness to serve as a nuclear weapons supplier of last resort to Saudi Arabia in the event that Iran armed itself with nuclear missiles. with the prospect of the country’s exceedingly competitive tech industries finding ready sales and investment in the Gulf Arab states. is also a lingering question that complicates India’s geo-political arrangements in the region. hard logic of realism. denied wages. With the nation's growing population that is in dire need of employment. including a significant amount from Iran — that originate from the region. India’s rivalry with Sunni-majority Pakistan — whose manpower has been organized through the Fauji Foundation that is linked to the powerful Pakistani military and deployed as enforcers to be used against restive. official United Nations term of "West Asia" — is driven by the cold. or sexually abused — belying the darker aspects of international labor migration. India’s relationship with the Middle East — which Indian policymakers refer to by the perhaps more geographically correct. The West Asian monarchies of the Arabian Gulf are an important site of labor for an estimated 6 million Indians. are also sometimes mistreated. mainly Shi'ite populations by Gulf Arab Sunni monarchies. remittance money that is sent back from Indian nationals becomes exceedingly important. and is not easily diminished by Pakistan’s genuine affinity for the Sunni monarchies that dominate the Arabian Gulf. Indian naval forces are playing an instrumental role in the international effort to guarantee the safety of navigation from piracy off the coast of eastern Africa in the Gulf of Aden. such as Saudi Arabia and Bahrain — is an ongoing saga. Indian laborers in West Asia. but exceedingly important.  In the context of the civil society upheavals that are ongoing in many nations of the greater West Asian region. The Arab Monarchies  Of particular importance to India in West Asia is its enduring energy needs — perhaps as high as 70%. however.

 India’s diplomatic relationship with Iran. and to broker a ceasefire that leads to a transitional government in Syria. The exertion of Indian influence through naval force in the areas of West Asia that border the Indian Ocean is most likely . It is a means for India to negotiate a position as a necessary interlocutor between the West and the Islamic Republic. presents a difficult choice to Indian policymakers over the need to weigh international commitments against the safety of its troops. both of whom have turned to India as a market for their sanctioned energy exports. India is also looking to aggressively purchase US weapons and engage with the United States’ navy in the Indian Ocean and West Asia — a potential long-term security relationship that will impact India’s engagement in the Arabian Gulf and complicate its position vis-à-vis the Islamic Republic. India. will maintain a greater presence in the West Asian region. A significant amount of India’s economic development will be spurred by energy resources originating from West Asia. Russia.  Beyond the potential role of India in the machinations of global diplomatic intrigue.  The issues over New Delhi’s relationship with Tehran notwithstanding. BRICS (Brazil. which continues to maintain diplomatic relations with the Bashar al-Assad government. could yet — even if it is unlikely in the current state of Syria's civil war — work with Russia and China to engage with anti-Assad states within the international community. but less vital to India’s existential needs. An Enduring Presence  India’s relationship to West Asia is complex and will increase in the coming years. South Africa) nations. the presence of 150 Indian soldiers participating in the longstanding United Nations peacekeeping deployment to the Golan Heights between Israel and Syria. is a source of tension with the West. which mirrors the Chinese financing of Gwadar port in Pakistan — although it may promise to extend Indian export markets into Central Asian countries such as Afghanistan — adds another point of contention between it and the United States. India’s military presence. India.The Pariah States: Iran and Syria  Also important. particularly its navy. but still important. the object of a considerable amount of consternation from the United States and the European Union. China. The partially Indian-financed construction of the Iranian port of Chabahar. and as a potentially powerful advocate in the halls of international organizations as a leading member of the recently-maligned. is its relationship with international pariah states such as Iran and Syria. In protecting these interests in the region.

and as a site of unskilled labor migration for remittances. as was done in its participation in anti-piracy operations in East Africa and the Gulf of Aden.  Indian entrepreneurs will also continue to view West Asia as a potentially lucrative market for their investment. West Asia. diversifying India’s economic interests in West Asia beyond securing energy resources. .to be engaged through international efforts. especially the Arabian Gulf. can expect the enduring future presence of India.