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You are on page 1of 3

R.S.E.F.

Th3

SOLUTION

1.

The only neutrons that will survive absorption at A are those that cannot cross H. Their turning points will be below H.

So that, for a neutron entering to the cavity at height z with vertical velocity vz , conservation of energy implies

1

M v z2 + M g z M g H

2

2.

2 g ( H z ) v z ( z ) 2 g (H z )

Lc

neutrons with velocities outside the allowed range. Therefore,

neutrons have to reach its maximum height at least once within the

cavity. The longest required length corresponds to neutrons that enter

at z = H with vz = 0 (see the figure). Calling tf to their time of fall

Lc = v x 2 t f

1 2

H = gtf

2

3.

Lc = 2v x

2H

g

Lc = 6.4 cm

The rate of transmitted neutrons entering at a given height z, per unit height, is proportional to the range of allowed

velocities at that height, being the proportionality constant

dN c ( z )

= v z ,max ( z ) v z ,min ( z ) = 2 2 g (H z )

dz

The total number of transmitted neutrons is obtained by adding the neutrons entering at all possible heights. Calling

y=z/H

N c (H ) =

4.

N c (H ) =

dN c ( z ) =

2 2 g (H z )dz = 2 2 g H 3 / 2

1/ 2

(1 y ) dy = 2

1

2 g H 3 / 2 (1 y )3 / 2

3

0

4

2g H 3/ 2

3

For a neutron falling from a height H, the action over a bouncing cycle is twice the action during the fall or the ascent

S=2

p z dz = 2 M 2 g H 3 / 2

(1 y )

1

1/ 2

dy =

4

M 2g H 3/ 2

3

1/ 3

4

S = M 2g H 3/ 2 = n h

3

9 h2

Hn =

32 M 2 g

n2/3

En = M g H n

9M g 2 h 2

En =

32

1/ 3

n2/3

Th 3 Solution Page 1 of 3

R.S.E.F.

1/ 3

9 h2

H1 =

32 M 2 g

= 1.65 10 5 m

H 1 = 16.5 m

E1 = M g H 1 = 2.71 10 31 J = 1.69 10 12 eV

E1 = 1.69 peV

Note that H1 is of the same order than the given cavity height, H = 50 m. This opens up the possibility for observing

the spatial quantization when varying H.

5.

The uncertainty principle says that the minimum time t and the minimum energy E satisfy the relation E t h .

During this time, the neutrons move to the right a distance

x = v x t v x

h

E

Now, the minimum neutron energy allowed in the cavity is E1, so that E E1 . Therefore, an estimation of the

minimum time and the minimum length required is

tq

h

= 0.4 10 3 s = 0.4 ms

E1

Lq v x

h

= 4 10 3 m = 4 mm

E1

Th 3 Solution Page 2 of 3

R.S.E.F.

Th 3

Question

ANSWER SHEET

Analytical results

Numerical results

2 g (H z ) v z ( z ) 2 g (H z )

1

M v z2 + M g z M g H

2

Marking

guideline

1.5

Lc = v x 2t f

2

H=

1 2

gt

2 f

dN c

= v z ,max v z , min

dz

N c (H ) =

dN

0

]

N c (H ) =

Lc = 6.4 cm

2H

g

Lc = 2v x

4

2g H 3 / 2

3

1.3 + 0.2

2.5

c ( z)

1/ 3

S=2

p z dz = nh

E t h

E E1

x = v x t

9 h2

Hn =

32 M 2 g

9M g 2 h 2

En =

32

tq

h

E1

Lq v x

h

E1

n2/3

1/ 3

n2/3

H 1 = 16.5 m

1.6 + 0.2

E1 = 1.69 peV

0.5 + 0.2

t q 0.4 ms

1.3 + 0.2

Lq 4 mm

0.3 + 0.2

Th 3 Solution Page 3 of 3

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