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Chinas Smart City policy,

standard and practice


Ph.D WAN Biyu
wanbiyu@scitylab.org
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We live in a world of cities

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Contents

1. New-Type Urbanization in China


2. Smart City Policy in China
3. National Smart City Pilot Project
4. Standardization Research
5. International Collaboration
6. About us

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Policy about Smart City in China


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Urbanization in theWorld
The two major events which will affect the human civilization
process in the 21st century are the new technological
revolution led by the U.S. and the
Chinas urbanization.
Joseph StiglitzAmerican Ecomonist

China will become the largest economy in the


world within less than two decades and then
proceed rapidly out-distance that of the U.S.;
By 2020 China is envisaged as being a
moderately prosperous country. The Chinese
will, more cosmopolitan, more global, more
empathetic, more confident, more boardminded, more environmentally aware.
Martin Jacques: Author of When China
Rules the World
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Urbanization in China
Industrial
Civilization

Agricultural
Civilization

2015
56.10%
1978
18%

2012
50%

Post-Industrial
Civilization

2030
70~72%

IT
Civilization

2050

75%

Development of Chinas urbanization has reached the medium level and to enter the rapid urbanization stage. According to the
Statistical Yearbook, GDP of 35 major cities in China's mainland in 2009 accounted for 41% of the total output value . Taipei's
GDP accounted for 31% of Taiwan's GDP, and by 2020 ,this proportion will increase to 60%. Urbanization has become the
significant trend of the social development.
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Urbanization process in the world


1. Urbanization rate:
From 20% to 50% the 1st time:
Britain:
> 100 years,
France:
> 100 years,
Germany: < 80 years,
USA:
< 60 years,
Japan:
< 50 years,
China: takes 33 years.
1980-2012
2. The year of urbanization rate over 50%:
Britain:
in 1850,
France:
in 1931,
Germany: in 1892,
USA:
in 1918,
Japan:
in 1968,
China:
in 2012 ( the rate is 52.57% )
in 2013the rate is 53.37%
in 2014 ( the rate is 54.77% )
in 2015the rate is 56.10%

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Urbanization in China
For a sustainable development: economic growth; population control and population
quality improvement; resources conservation and environmental protection; improving
peoples livelihood.

Transportation problems.
Need better public services and
administrative efficiency

Air pollution, global warming,


resource un-sustainability

Need develop new industries and


Improving traditional industries.

Urban-rural gap.
Need better infrastructures.
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Water pollution disaster.


Need monitor water quality

Social security problem.


Health care and education.

Smart City Policy in China


Ministry of
Housing &
Urban-Rural
Development

National Smart City Pilot Project, 299

cities and districts involved

Ministry of
Communications

Smart Publish Transportation Pilot Project

in 10 cities

Smart Taxi Management Project in 25

cities

National Information Consumption Pilots

Cities Project

Ministry of
Industry &
Information
Technology

National
Development
& Reform
Commission

China and Europe Green Smart City

Cooperation Pilot Cities Project


Smart City Pilot Project with Zhejiang
ProvinceSmart City Pilot in Changzhou
and Yangzhou
Issued Carry Out Government and Social
Investment Cooperation Guidance
Issued Government and Social Capital
Cooperation Projects General Guidance

Ministry of
Public
Security

National To
urism Admi
nistration

National High Technology Research and


Ministry of
Science &
Technology

Development Program("863"Program) of
China - Smart City Survey
Smart City Pilot Project with 20 cities and
districts

Safe City Project in whole China


Automatic Alarm and Monitoring Network

System Pilot Project in 473 cities

National Smart Tourism Pilots Cities

Project, 33 cities involved

Issued Government and Social Capital


Ministry of
Finance

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Cooperation Projects General Guidance

Smart City Policy in China


Green City

Sponge City

Humanity City

Smart City

National New-Type Urbanization Planning 2014-2020

Comply with trends of modern urban development, promote urban green development, improve the level of
intelligence, enhance the charm of history and culture, improve the inner quality of the city.

Promoting Smart City Sound Development Guidance


Promoting Smart City Sound Development Guidance is issued in August 2014, and it is co-issued by
8 different ministries.
This guidance proposed that a group of smart cities should be constructed to 2020, and by that
time, their aggregation and radiation effects and comprehensive competitive advantages will be
strengthened, which reflected on guaranteeing and improving civic livelihood, innovating social
governance, and maintaining Internet safety, etc.
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Smart City Policy in China

Plan of National NewType Urbanization


(2014-2020 )
Describes the
direction of smart city
in China

Wideband network
Information technology of management
intelligent Infrastructure
Convenient public service
Modern industry

Fine governance

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National Smart City Pilot Project


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Smart City Pilot Project General Situation


National Smart City Pilot Project, 277 cities and
districts involved

National Smart
Cities Pilot
MOHURD

277

National Pilot
Cities regarding
Information
Consumption
MIIT

80

National Pilot
Cities regarding
Information for
Public Wellbeing
NDRC

80

Broadband
China pilot
Cities
MIIT and
NDRC

39

City Level
District Level
Town Level
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National Pilot
Smart Cities
MOST

20

Demonstration
city of
geographic
information
mapping

Total
> 400

National Smart Cities Pilot Project


Map of National Smart Cities
Pilot of the MOHURD

Total
Provinces
Provincial Capital Cities
First-level Cities
Second-level

Cities

Zones/New Zones
Towns

90
28
5
30
18
34
3
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Smart City Pilot Project General Situation


Beijing

Global Smart Cities (excerpt)

Tianjin

Shijiazhuang
Stockholm

Ningbo

Tallinn
Edinburgh

Madison

Chicago

Tokyo

Shenyang
Nanjing
Kitakyushu

Amsterdam
London

Dubuque

New Songdo
Suwon City

Ottawa

Windsor

Oregon

Stratford

Dundee

Ireland

Eindhoven

Meng Dayton

New York

Besancon
Southampton

Yokohama
Trikala

Grenoble

Boston

Danville

Toyota City

Tel Aviv

Kochi
Arlington

Kyoto Prefecture
Barcelona

Dongying

Riverside

Dublin

Austin
Chattanooga

Santander
Kunshan
Madrid
Malta

San Antonio

Chong qing
Wu Han
Singapore
Dubai

Masdar

Bristol

Shanghai

Chengdu

Taiwan
Porto Alegre

Shenzhen
Gold Coast

Ballarat
Guang zhou
Kun Ming Foshan

Brisbane

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INTERNATIONAL PARTNERSHIP

China Smart Cities (Pilot Cities)

Global Smart Cities

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Investment analysis
Other funds

Bank loans

-190 projects

Other funds
12.59 bRMB

Bank loans
21.61bRMB

11.0%

Financial input
20.47 bRMB
Financial input

-823 projects
-62% of the project has financial
input

National Smart Cities Pilot of the MOHURD

-140 projects
-The proportion of
investment funds is
not high

Total investment of
about 114 billion 500
million RMB

18.9%

52.2%
17.9%

Social investment
59.8 bRMB

Social investment -

257 projects
-Participation is more difficult
-High rate of funds in place
62.2%
- Focus on those projects that
can be applied

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The three batch of pilot


included the construction
of more than 3600 smart
city projects The total
investment budget is
about 1.3 trillion RMB.

Top-level design

Leading cities with high strategic attention


comprehensive and top-level design.

Towns

Second-level Cities

Zones/New Zones

First-level Cities

Provincial Capital Cities

National Smart Cities Pilot of the MOHURD

13

81

85

90

By the end of 2015:


65% pilot
cities :Top-level
design has been
completed.
.
11% pilot cities :
The top-level
design is being
carried out

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The number of pilot cities in East China


(more than 36% of the total), which
reflects the economic developed areas
are better able to carry out the smart
city. These areas is urgent need for
through the smart city construction to
solve the outstanding problems they
faced In the process of Urbanization.

Sichuan Province, Hubei Province, Anhui


Province, Jiangsu Province, Jilin province and
Beijing City, and other provinces and
municipalities carry out the top-level design
work better

Smart City and Standards


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INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS

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INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS
Standardization Cooperation
2012TC 268 SC1
ISO/TMB/AG SmC
268 SC1 Sustainable development in communities-Smart community
infrastructures was founded in 2012, and China is the vice-chair country.

20136
5
IEC/SEG 1 was founded in June, 2013, and China undertook
5 WGs and 1 TG as convertor. (IEC/SyC on SmC)
2013,JTC1SG 1
ISO/IEC/JTC 1 SG1 was founded in 2013, and China is
convertor and secretariat . ()
ITU-T/FG-SSC 20136
ITU-T/FG-SSC/ Focus Group on Smart Sustainable Cities is
founded in June 2013, and China is the vice-chairman country.
(SG20)

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TC 268

ISO TC 268
Canada
Meeting

The 14th
Northeast
Asia
Standards
Cooperatio
n
2015

2015
Session of
ChineseGerman
Standardizat
ion
Cooperation
Commission

INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS
Residents
Schools
Facilitie
Energy
Offices
Water
Houses
Mobilit
yICT

(1) Community service layer


(2) Facility layer
(3) Community infrastructure layer
Figure 1. Three layers basic model
for the urban city infrastructures

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Evaluation Model and Performance Index

Systematic Viewpoint of Evaluation Model (Proposal submitted to SAC)

General Standards, Support Technologies and Public Platform, Infrastructure, Construction and Applications, Management and Service,
Industry and Economics, Security

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International Collaboration
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EU-China Green smart city


National Cooperation
EU-China Green smart city cooperation
The EU-China Green smart city cooperation stems from the agreement between DG CONNECT and the
Chinese Ministry for Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) to develop Green Smart City
cooperation, to establish an expert framework for promoting EU-China Smart Cities cooperation, to select
15 pilot cities from China and the EU, and to establish a technical experts group to carry out related
research and cooperation.

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Europe-China Eco Cities Link


National Cooperation
Europe-China Eco Cities LinkEC-LINK
The Europe China Eco Cities Link project (EC Link) will be officially
launched as a sub-forum event of the Eleventh International Conference on
Green and energy Efficient Buildings. The project is supported by the
European Commission Directorate General for Development Cooperation,
and by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Rural Development in China. The
Project Management office is set in China Society for Urban Studies
(CSUS), which is responsible for the coordination. It has a total budget of
9,3 million EUR and its implementation will last until November 2017 from
Now, 2013.
The EC-Link pilot cities are: Zhuhai (Guangdong province), Luoyang
(Henan province), Weihai (Shandong province), Changzhou (Jiangsu
province), Qingdao (Shandong province), Zhuzhou (Hunan province), Guilin
(Guangxi province) , Xixian New Area (Shaanxi province), Hefei (Anhui
province), and Liuzhou (Guangxi province).
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Enterprise Cooperation
Enterprise Cooperation
On May 2015, Aliyun, Alibaba's cloud computing subsidiary, signed a deal to set up
a technology joint venture with Dubai-based Meraas on Tuesday, in order to boost
big data and cloud computing services in the Middle East and North Africa region
(MENA).

On March 2013, Huawei and SAP established all-level cooperation


especially focus on Smart City business and BYOD (bring your own
device) Project.

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the Future of Smart City


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CURRENT SITUATION AND TREND ANALYSIS


Extension

Smart City Group Competition and coordination between cities and region about
talent, funds and industry must exist,

Concentration

Basic unit (Smart community, parks, micro-city, etc.) The practical results
of the Construction of Smart City ,while it always is a long process .

Economic development

Social justice
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Beautiful environment

CHINA SMART CITY GROUP

Urban Agglomerations
32
32 City Groups

/Completion 11
/Under Construction 14
/Potential Agglomerations 7

(20142020)

China City Urban Agglomerations Development Strategy


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China Smart City Group


Single Smart City Hardly Can Achieve Interoperability
Northeast Area

Capital Area

Northwest Area

Shandong Peninsula Area


Yangzi River Delta Area
Chengyu Area
Middle Area

National Smart City Pilot Project,


277 cities and districts involved
3 Patches of Smart Pilot Cities
City Level
District Level
Town Level

Pearl River Delta Area

Single Smart City Can Turn to New Smart Isolated Island


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CHINA SMART CITY GROUP


City and Ecomomic Belts
China Global-regional Development
Strategy

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Focusing on building a new


Eurasian Land Bridge and
developing China-MongoliaRussia, China-Central AsiaWest Asia, and ChinaIndochina Peninsula
economic corridors by
taking advantage of
international transport
routes, relying on core cities
along the Belt and Road
and using key economic
industrial parks as
cooperation platforms
Up to 60 countries have
become involved

About US
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National Smart City Joint Labs


By supporting the China pilot smart cities,
National Smart City Joint Lab is a service
organization that involves in smart city
science

and

research,

standardization,

smart city planning consultant, test and


evaluation. So far, we have established
19 different labs..
Under the structure of Chinese Society for
Urban Studies, and with the background
of promoting the National Smart City Pilot
City Project from the Ministry of Housing
and Urban-Rural Development (MoHURD),
Smart City Joint Lab is founded to serving
for the China pilot smart cities.

National smart city pilot technical support


Smart city policy research and decision support
Smart city key common technology research
Smart city standardization
Smart City Industry Association
Smart city construction and operation fund

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ABOUT US---EXPERTS
The Self-Sufficient City

Internet has changed our life but it


cities, yet

hasnt changed our

Vincent Guallart

Many slow cities inside a smart city


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ABOUT US---EXPERTS
Ubiquity and the illuminated City

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THANKS
THANKS
Chief Scientist of National Smart City Joint Lab
(CSUS, MOHURD, China)
Vice-Chairman of ISO TC-268-SC1
Convener of IEC SEG1 WG2 & WG3
Ph.D WAN Biyu
wanbiyu@scitylab.org
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