IF103

Underground Tank
Applications
Installation Guide
Coro-Flo® Pumps

the design of the suction piping system. This means that for aboveground pumps pumping from underground tanks. 2. special safety measures and techniques have been implemented to improve the integrity and safety of the LPG dispensing stations. Since LPG is stored at exactly its boiling point. This requires venting product to the atmosphere. are rapidly increasing worldwide. but also in many cases contributed to cavitation in the pump. or a “blanket” of an inert gas. without suffering the destructive effects of cavitation.Background: Because of the environmental problems caused by traditional fuels such as gasoline and diesel.0 Padding the storage tank using a compressor. the net positive suction head available (NPSHA) of an installation is reduced to the height of the liquid level above the pump (net static suction head) minus the frictional losses. any increase in temperature. the pump cavitates continuously. so the pump can effectively handle a certain amount of vapor. this vapor will be drawn into the pump. Since autogas is typically used in highly populated cities with air pollution problems. not positive. the net static suction head becomes the net suction lift. several methods have been used. Special design criteria must be incorporated in the design of LPG pumps. which is negative. The Challenge of Pumping LPG: The pumping of boiling liquids. 3. Upon starting the pump. Since this system must use a pump with a higher capacity than what the application requires. and the pump will always handle vapor in the liquid stream. 4. is an important aspect. One of the techniques widely implemented is the use of underground storage tanks. like LPG and other liquefied gasses. will cause the product to boil and form vapor. offers a unique set of challenges to the manufactures and users of LPG pumps. as well as any decrease in pressure. causing cavitation.0 The use of a “foot-valve”. but each one of them not only complicated the pumping system. To limit the amount of vapor formation at the pump’s inlet port. For an underground tank where the pump is located above the liquid level. Some examples are: 1.0 The “Parkhill-Wade” method developed in the 1940’s. To reduce air pollution. like LPG. the installation NPSHA will always be negative. which is not a safe practice.0 Blowing down the vapor in the pump until the pump is primed with liquid. 2 . This method is ineffective: eventually vapor will be formed in the dip tube when the pump is shut-off. For boiling liquids. many governments are adopting energy policies that promote the use of autogas. the use of alternative fuels. using a small receiver tank with an eductor at the pump’s discharge port. or a backpressure check valve at the end of the suction dip tube. Over the years.

0 . Dry-run tolerances are very limited. increased noise and vibration will occur.Minimize the net static suction lift to approximately 14 feet (4.Use a minimal number of fittings and elbows • Special and costly protection system to avoid running the pump dry. there is only one moving par t. severe wear. neither the pump nor the electric motor can be replaced separately. Installation Design Criteria for Underground Tanks’ Applications: Minimize frictional losses: • Requires a special construction storage tank . throwaway pumps) .Vent the vapor eliminator on the liquid meter back to the tank.Types of LPG Pumps: Submersible Pumps: Although these types of pumps have been used with some degree of success in the LPG industry. . limit the pump to 15 gpm (56. the pump of choice for an underground tank application.0 or 2..Pump should be as close as possible to the tanks liquid outlet connection • More expensive pump . or low restriction valves • The pump’s well must be evacuated in order to remove the pump for repairs or to be replaced. when positive displacement pumps run dry.Use vapor eliminator valves (Corken B166 by-pass valves have this feature) . Since a pump for an underground tank application will run dry until they are primed with liquid. • Due to its weight.Use at least the minimum piping sizes shown in the charts for figures 1.785 liter) tank. The complete assembly must be replaced. there are many disadvantages. not to the by-pass line .e. its impeller.8 L/min) Regenerative Turbine Pumps: Unlike the positive displacement pumps. they do move vapor more readily and have an excellent tolerance level for running dry without noise and vibration.Use back-pressure check valves downstream of the pump .5% of the tank’s capacity.3 m) . 3 . • Since some of the submersible pumps are integral pump/motor units.No strainer is necessary since the tank itself acts as a gravity collector • Many of these pumps cannot be repaired (i. these characteristics make the regenerative turbine pump. However. which floats freely without metal-to-metal contact. . Although this type of pump does not have the vapor handling capability of positive displacement pumps. Positive Displacement (PD) Pumps: Positive displacement pumps such as piston pumps.Limit the capacity of the pump to a maximum of 1. the use of a crane is typically required to remove the pump from the tank’s well before servicing the pump.Use full-port ball valves. gear pumps and sliding-vane pumps are widely used in the LPG industr y due to their good suction characteristics and their vapor handling capability. with a 1000 gallon (3. (For example.

use and installation of Corken products must comply with Corken instructions. 14 Model 150 3/4” 1" 1-1/4" 2" 3/4” 9. applicable laws and safety standards such as NFPA 58 for LP-Gas and ANSI K6. Maintenance. 4 . dangerous. 15 Model 12 Model 13.1-1972 for Anhydrous Ammonia.267 mm) maximum Underground tank Minimum liquid level of 12 inches (304 mm) above end of dip tube 1 Bill of Materials Ref. 10. If local regulations require the use of excess flow valves. if required Size Remarks Model 9. No. Transfer of toxic. Periodic inspection and maintenance of Corken products is essential. flammable or explosive substances using Corken equipment is at the user’s risk.5 hp (5.524 mm) maximum 6 7 9 5 5 8 11 4 3 10 2 Approximately 14 feet (4.0 Underground Tank Application 5 feet (1. Only experienced. trained and qualified personnel must make inspection. maintenance and installation of Corken products. its closing flow should be approximately 1.10 or 15 1" 12 1-1/4" 13 or 14 2" 150 Existing Manual or remote control With 7. full port Corken pump 1/4" NPT pressure gauge Corken B166 by-pass valve 1 inch NPT 1/4" NPT hydrostatic relief valve In-line excess flow valve Back pressure check valve By-pass return line’s valve Eccentric reducer. Only qualified personnel should operate Corken equipment according to the applicable laws and safety standards.5 times higher than the pump’s rated capacity for the operational conditions.5 kW) electric motor 0–400 psig (0–28 bar g) With spring code C Set at 450 psig (31 bar g) Closing flow of 10–15 gpm (37–57 L/min) Like Corken’s Flo-Chek valve Existing WARNING: No excess flow valves on the tank’s liquid outlet connections are shown in these schematics.1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Description Schedule 80 pipe Man way cover Ball valve.

10. Maintenance. if required 5" flange Pressure equalizing line 14 By-pass return line’s valve Size Model 12 Model 13.5 hp (5.10 or 15 1/4" NPT pressure gauge Corken B166 by-pass valve 1 inch NPT 1/4" NPT hydrostatic relief valve In-line excess flow valve Back pressure check valve 2" Ball valve Eccentric reducer.2. Transfer of toxic. full port 3/4” Corken pump 9. Existing WARNING: No excess flow valves on the tank’s liquid outlet connections are shown in these schematics. trained and qualified personnel must make inspection. dangerous. Only qualified personnel should operate Corken equipment according to the applicable laws and safety standards.524 mm) maximum 7 6 11 5 5 8 9 3 4 14 12 13 Approximately 14 feet (4. 14 Model 150 1" 1-1/4" 2" 1" 12 Remarks 1-1/4" 13 or 14 2" 150 Existing Manual or remote control With 7.0 Underground Tank with Manifold for Submersible Pump 5 feet (1. Only experienced. use and installation of Corken products must comply with Corken instructions. 15 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Schedule 80 pipe 3/4” 5" manifold Ball valve. No.267 mm) maximum Underground tank Minimum liquid level of 12 inches (304 mm) above end of dip tube 1 2 10 Bill of Materials Ref.5 kW) electric motor 0–400 psig (0–28 bar g) With spring code C Set at 450 psig (31 bar g) Closing flow of 10–15 gpm (37–57 L/min) Like Corken’s Flo-Chek valve Existing Existing Part of existing 5" manifold.5 times higher than the pump’s rated capacity for the operational conditions. 5 . applicable laws and safety standards such as NFPA 58 for LP-Gas and ANSI K6. its closing flow should be approximately 1. maintenance and installation of Corken products. Periodic inspection and maintenance of Corken products is essential. flammable or explosive substances using Corken equipment is at the user’s risk. Must be open for pump to operate properly. Description Model 9. If local regulations require the use of excess flow valves.1-1972 for Anhydrous Ammonia.

DL-Models Flow vs. Consult factory.DS-/DL/F-Model Performance Curves–Differential Pressure vs Capacity All F-. DS-. Differential Pressure 150 3450 RPM @ 60 Hz Differential Pressure (psi) 125 100 Model 14 Model 12 75 Model 13 50 Model 15 Model 10 Model 9 25 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 Capacity (gpm)1 1 The performance curves are based on aboveground LPG installations. Power Required 7 2880 RPM @ 50 Hz Differential Pressure (bar) 6 5 4 Model 15 3 Model 14 Model 10 2 Model 13 1 Model 12 0 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 Capacity (L / min)1 Flow vs. Performance curves for underground LPG tanks will vary based on the specific installation. 6 .

Performance curves for underground LPG tanks will vary based on the specific installation. DS-. Differential Pressure 6 3450 RPM @ 60 Hz Power Required (hp) 5 4 Model 15 Model 14 3 Model 13 Model 12 2 Model 10 1 Model 9 0 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 Capacity (gpm)1 1 The performance curves are based on aboveground LPG installations. Power Required 3. DL-Models Flow vs.5 1 Model 13 Model 10 .5 2 Model 12 Model 15 Model 14 1.DS-/DL/F-Model Performance Curves–Power Required vs Capacity All F-.5 0 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 Capacity (L /min)1 Flow vs. 7 . Consult factory.5 2880 RPM @ 50 Hz 3 Power Required (kW) 2.

0 0 0 0 0 50 10 100 20 LPM 30 150 40 0 250 200 50 0 60 GPM CAPACITY 1 The performance curves are based on aboveground LPG installations.0 15.0 psi 10.0 gpm 12.0 psi 10.0 5. Performance curves for underground LPG tanks will vary based on the specific installation.0 Example @ 3450 RPM 20.150 Model Performance Curves 20.0 Example @ 2880 RPM Curves based on LPG* 200 15.3 kW 8.5 2..0 10.0 15.0 50 2.5 250 Curves based on LPG* Capacity 15.4 hp 12.8 hp 12.0 10.5 DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE Differential Pressure 10.0 5.5 PSI BAR 150 HP Power Required 5.0 7.S. 36th St.0 Power required 200 15.5 3.corken@idexcorp. OK 73112 Phone (405) 946-5576 • Fax (405) 948-7343 E-mail info.W.5 Power required KW Flow 85 L/min 22.5 2.0 50 3.5 5. OK 73157 U.5 KW Flow 128 L/min 145.com Web address http://www.O.0 100 7.5 DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE Differential Pressure 10.A.0 0 0 0 0 50 10 100 20 LPM 30 150 40 0 250 200 50 0 60 GPM CAPACITY 17.0 PSI BAR 150 HP Power Required 6. Box 12338.0 15.A. P.5 5. Oklahoma City.0 2.S. 3805 N. November 2002 .0 100 7.5 7.5 17.5 7.0 bar 145.0 10.0 7.5 5.5 gpm Capacity 12. Oklahoma City.0 bar 145.1 kW 6.corken.0 10. Consult factory.com Printed in the U.5 5.