EASTERN REGIONAL POWER COMMITTEE

MINUTES OF SPECIAL PCC MEETING FOR REVIEW OF ZONE SETTINGS
HELD AT ERPC, KOLKATA ON 10.04.2015 (FRIDAY) AT 11:00 HOURS

List of participants enclosed at Annexure-I.
Member Secretary, ERPC welcomed all the participants to the meeting and informed that zone
settings of distance protection for interstate lines are to be implemented as per the revised
Protection Philosophy of Eastern Region for better protection coordination within the region. He
requested all constituents to compute zone setting values for their respective distance relays and
submit the revised settings for reference and record.
ITEM NO. A.1: PROTECTION PHILOSOPHY OF EASTERN REGION
A special meeting was held on 30.12.2014 to review the zone settings based on CEA
recommendations at ERPC, Kolkata. After detailed deliberation, members decided the zone
settings of distance protection as follows:

Sl.
No.
1

Zone

Direction

Zone-1

Forward

Zone-2
(for 400
kV and
above)

Forward

Forward

3

Zone-2
(for 220
kV and
below)
Zone-3

4

Zone-4

Reverse

2a

2b

Forward

Protected Line Reach
Settings
80%

Time Settings
(in Seconds)
Instantaneous (0)

For single ckt- 120 % of
0.35
the protected line
For double ckt- 150 % 0.5 to 0.6 - if Z2
of the protected line
reach overreaches
the 50% of the
shortest line ;
0.35- otherwise
120 % of the protected
0.35
line or 100% of the
protected line + 50% of
the adjacent shortest line
120 % of the (Protected
0.8 - 1.0
line + Next longest line)
10%- for long lines (for 0.5- if Z4 reach
line length of 100 km overreaches the 50
and above)
%
of reverse
20%- for shot lines (for shortest line;
line length of less than 0.35- otherwise
100 km)

Remarks
As per CEA
As per CEA
As per CEA

As per CEA with
minor changes

As per CEA
As per CEA

In 28th PCC, Powergrid informed that the revised settings will be discussed at their Engineering
Wing in a separate meeting scheduled to be held in March, 2015. Powergrid informed that they
will communicate their views.
It was decided that a Special meeting for finalization of Zone settings as per the revised protection
philosophy will be held in the month of April, 2015. All constituents are requested to submit the
zone settings as per revised philosophy by 30th March, 2015.

Xo parameters for various conductors used in 132 kV.1. 2 .35. then Z3 time must be coordinated with the fault clearing time of remote end transformer.1. JUSNL.2015 has communicated their views on revised protection philosophy which is enclosed at Annexure-A. 1 Zone Direction Zone-1 Forward Zone-2 (for 400 kV and above) Forward Forward 3 Zone-2 (for 220 kV and below) Zone-3 4 Zone-4 Reverse 2a 2b Forward Protected Line Reach Settings 80% Time Settings (in Seconds) Instantaneous (0) For single ckt. ER-II & Odisha projects) are requested to submit for finalization of zone settings. Ro.for shot lines (for line shortest line.03. Thereafter. All constituents agreed to submit revised settings within a month. Powergrid was advised to submit the values of R. Zone-4:. NTPC and Powergrid (ER-I.150 % of 0. Zone-3:.35.35 protected line For double ckt. which is as given below: Sl. It should cover the LBB of local bus bar and should be coordinated with Z2 time of the all other lines. All the constituents agreed on the principles and ryder note as above. Powergrid agreed. Till date. No.5. length of less than 100 km) 0.otherwise Remarks As per CEA As per CEA As per CEA As per CEA with minor changes As per CEA As per CEA Note: Zone-2:.If utility uses carrier blocking scheme.if Z2 the protected line reach overreaches the 50% of the shortest line .120 % of the 0. 220 kV and 400 kV lines so that values can be standardized for zone settings computation. And it was observed that Z-3 settings were not as the above philosophy.for long lines (for line 0. then the Z4 reach may be increased as per the requirement. only BSPTCL has submitted the revised zone settings.35 or 100% of the protected line + 50% of the adjacent shortest line 120 % of the (Protected line 0. OPTCL. Deliberation in the meeting The Protection Philosophy was reviewed again on the basis of comments received from NTPC and Powergrid also in agreement with the principles.Z2 Reach should not encroach the next lower voltage level.If Z3 reach encroaches in next voltage level.otherwise 120 % of the protected line 0. DVC. 0.if Z4 reach length of 100 km and overreaches the 50 above) % of reverse 20%. X. PCC advised all constituents to submit their revised settings at the earliest as per the above agreed philosophy so that the finalization of the zone settings can be done in the next meeting.0 + Next longest line) 10%.6 .NTPC vide mail dated 18. WBSETCL.5 to 0.8 .

2014 members raised the issue regarding finalizing settings of the Directional Earth Fault (DEF) and Back up O/C. which are of definite time characteristic.5 sec delay. DVC has submitted their present philosophy for DEF & DOC which is enclosed at Annexure-A. Earlier it was decided that all DEF and Back up O/C would be of IDMT characteristic because the operating time of IDMT relay will depend on the magnitude of fault current. Therefore. Deliberation in the meeting During the deliberations. Meeting ended with vote of thanks to the chair.2: SETTINGS OF DIRECTIONAL EARTH FAULT AND BACK UP O/C OF TRANSMISSION LINES. After detailed deliberations. the detail of these settings will be studied and final settings for Back up O/C and DEF will be decided in next meeting. it takes 1. It was decided that further deliberations were required and all constituents were advised to submit their views on the issue in the next PCC meeting In 27th PCC. It was viewed that some flexibility should be allowed in time setting because back up E/F relay should operate prior to or later than Z3 relay will depend on the nature/ importance of the network in the next line section/ next voltage level. Thereafter. During special meeting on 30. Meanwhile.8 sec. they can be coordinated only with other IDMT relay instead of line or back up O/C and E/F relay of auto-transformer. it was emerged that presently most of the constituents were using the following settings: i) ii) Back up O/C: As back up for VT fuse fail or loss of voltage. DEF: 30% of neutral current with 1. constituents were advised to send their views on revised settings. The house was informed that a separate meeting would be held after 29th TCC Meeting for finalization of the protection settings. So.2. Now. members raised the issue regarding finalizing settings of the Directional Earth Fault (DEF) and Back up O/C. Settings: 150 % with 1. PCC advised all constituents to submit their present settings of Back up O/C and DEF and the philosophy used behind such settings within a week. A.12. the question was how the back up E/F relay can be coordinated with Z3 of Distance relay.ITEM NO. Members may opine. Some constituents calculate its settings by creating a fault at 80 % of line and in co-ordination with Z2. **************** 3 .8 sec delay for definite time and for IDMT settings characteristics shall be such that at 150 %. Back up O/C relay can not be coordinated with Distance Protection Relay. Constituents agreed but the comments from the constituents are still awailed. All constituents agreed.

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.

Adopted transformer setting at remote end.  NTPC VIEWS The present philosophy of Z1 and Z2 reach setting followed by NTPC is in line with CEA recommendations. provided it does not reach into the next voltage level. In order to implement the recommended philosophy following inputs will be required: 1. 2. Presently.At the most Z2 time can be reduced to 350mS with LBB time delay of 200mS. 22 . 3.5-0.6s for long line followed by short lines which is adequate keeping in view the fault clearance time and LBB time. Z3 reach is set to cover 120% of protected line plus longest line emanating from remote sub-station. Zone 3 operation time shall be required to be co-ordinated with remote end Transformer protection ( Inverse OC/EF).Kahalgaon line to 100% is also acceptable as delayed fault clearance affects our auxiliaries. Z2 operation time being adopted is 0. and duplicated LBB at remote end for better co-ordination may be explored. A detailed system study is required to be done by respective RPCs with respect to infeed at remote end and to ensure that Z3 reach setting is well co-ordinated with remote end transformer protection. Availability of Bus Bar and LBB protection at remote end. As per latest CEA recommendation Zone 3 reach has been recommended to cover 120% of protected line plus longest line. Till such time present philosophy of Z3 as descried above may be continued.4 s and 0. The proposal of extending Z1 reach of 132 Kahalgaon (NTPC). Other options like installing impedance protection for transformers.

1. 400KV 400KV 220KV 220KV ICT Z3 = 800ms 67 / 67N = 1.0 to 1.1 sec so that Z3 operates earlier than 67 & 67N for faults within line section. Since generally ICT’s 67 & 67N operates at Zone 3 time of other voltage level + 100 to 200ms margin the tripping time comes to about 900ms .1s for a fault on remote bus and should remain coordinated for fault at 5% of other voltage level line. The time setting of both D/O/C & D/E/F protection of line should be more than Zone 3 time of line protection and should remain coordinated with Remote Bus ICT’s D/O/C & D/E/F Protection.0s – 1.1s Z3 = 800ms 67 / 67N = 900ms – 1. D/E/F is always activated and under VT Fail becomes Non Directional. D/O/C & D/E/F IN 400KV LINE PROTECTION: In our 400 KV system where two Distance Relays are present as Main 1 & Main 2 Protection O/C is only activated in Non Directional mode under Fuse Fail conditions and is not continuously ON. Thus Line D/O/C & D/E/F should operate at around 900ms + 100 to 200ms margin = 1.0 to 1. The P/U is kept sensitive at 20% of CT rating in most cases. If the Z3 time of other voltage level time is more this time has to be increased. Thus it is coordinated with Z2 fault clearance and we would like to keep it like that if there is no objection from the utilities with whom we are interconnected. It is being conceived as back up to Zone 3 protection to clear high resistive earth faults undetected by distance protection reach.2 D/O/C & D/E/F RELAY SETTING PHILOSOPHY USED IN DVC NETWORK D/O/C & D/E/F IN 220KV & 132KV SYSTEMS: In our 220KV & 132KV Systems where most of our lines have one Distance Relay & one Back Up D/O/C & D/E/F Relay the 67 time settings are based on the following philosophy: for a fault at 80 % of line the 67 relays shall operate after Zone 2 time + 100ms. The P/U is kept at 150% of Max Load in most cases.0s for a fault on other voltage level (considering Z3 time of other voltage level as 800ms). An optional IDMT Minimum time (if configurable in relay) may be set to Z3 time + 100ms margin = 1.0s Figure 1 FAULT .Annexure-A.