CHAPTER 7

ISOLATOR
In electrical engineering, a disconnector or isolator switch is used to make sure
that an electrical circuit can be completely de-energized for service or maintenance. Such
switches are often found in electrical and industrial applications where machinery must
have its source of driving power removed for adjustment or repair. High-voltage
isolation switches are used in electrical substations to allow isolation of apparatus
such as circuit breakers and transformers, and transmission lines, for maintenance.
Often the isolation switch is not intended for normal control of the circuit and is only
used for isolation. The major difference between an isolator and a circuit breaker is
that an isolator is an off-load device intended to be opened only after current has been
interrupted by some other control device. Safety regulations of the utility must
prevent any attempt to open the disconnector while it supplies a circuit.
They are not equipped with any "arc quenching device" and cannot, therefore be
used to disconnect a circuit under full load in which cases the resulting arc may
cause flashover to earth which will destroy insulators and may be fatal for the operator.
Isolator is installed both at line and at bus bar. The difference between line isolator
and bus isolator is that there is a permanent earth switch with line isolator. That
provides the permanent earth to the supply line during the shutdown.
Isolator is also used to separate the line and bus bar.

7.1 DETAILED LABELING DIAGRAM OF AN ISOLATOR

Fig 7.1 Isolator
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1 .1 Features The moving contact blade is an Aluminum /copper tube with special copper profile with a bimetallic strip fitted with silver plated copper contacts.Moving contact 4 .Fixed contact 3 .1.2 TYPES OF ISOLATOR There are three types of isolators. spring loaded to maintain constant contact pressure. 89 .Drive insulator 7 .Support insulator 2 . Horizontal Isolator Vertical Isolator Pantograph Isolator In SAHIWAL grid station only vertical and horizontal Isolators are used. Robust design and construction Encapsulation of rotary pedestals and heads No significant changes of contact resistance over many years of services Constant contact pressure Stable rotary pedestals ensure no insulator deflection even with high static loads. Range of Terminal connectors to suit current requirements.Moving earthing contact 6 . The stationary contacts are silver plated copper.Coupling contact 5 . The electrical contact system is easily and quickly replaced should it be damaged due to a fault current or damaging event.Arcing contact 7. 7.

5. it is possible to mount the operating mechanism within reach from the ground. so that during manual operation. Motor coupled with a reduction worm gear to increase the output torque. by using additional intermediate and operating shaft. 1. Emergency local manual operation. 90 .3. requires only one operating mechanism with the exception of 420 KV 765 and 800 KV disconnect or which is single pole operated. 4. 3. Local /remote control facility.1 Motor Operating Mechanism Salient features are as follows. Disconnector and earthling switches can be mechanically inter locked with each other. Enclosure box/ casing made of steel sheet or aluminum painted with epoxy tank process for long life depending on requirement. Pole discrepancy relays in case if individual pole operation. Ele interlock between breaker and earth switch. Each three pole disconnect or earthling switch group. 6. 7.3 OPERATING MECHANISM All disconnects can be supplied with manual operating mechanisms or motor operating mechanisms. since the disconnects are installed on high levels. The operating mechanisms are fastened laterally to base frames.7. The motor operating interlocked electrically. Single phase preventer and over load protection device. 2. it is only possible to operate the earthling switch with the disconnector in the open position and vice mechanism of the disconnector is versa. Snap action auxiliary switches with silver plated contacts having normal as contacts for signaling. as requested by the customer. 7.

5. 2. Mechanism boxes are generally made out of sheet steel or aluminum sheet customer’s requirement. 3. Boxes confirm to IP 55 duly of ingress protection with doors with special gasket. 9.8.3.2 Manual Operating Mechanisms Supplied with manually operating handle and with reduction gear features on sp salient features are as follows: 1. Boxes are either painted after pre treatment is done with seven tank process galvanized. Fig 7. 4. Elector mechanical interlock. Provision for pad lock 91 . Boxes conform to IP 55 duty of ingress protection with front door fitted with gasket.2 motor operating 7. Provision for Padlock is provided.

the gear box and bearings are covered with permanent lubrication. for protection from exposure to atmospheric conditions. For example. Disconnector is practically maintenance free due to the selection of the materials used and the design. 92 .3 manual operating 7. Normal contact is maintained with compression springs pocketed inside the loop formed by the contact fingers and the contact housing conductivity HDC. Under normal climatic conditions the inspection intervals are 5 years. high pressure reverse loop configuration to increase the contact pressure during short circuit condition. The disconnector and earthling switches supplied by us are designed to ensure that they are virtually maintenance free.Fig 7.4 MAINTENANCE The contacts are self cleaning (maintenance free) and do not show any wear after mechanical endurance test silver to silver.

No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Code Make 132 KV E11-Q1 132 KV E1-Q1 132 KV CCW-3 132 KV CCW-4 132 KV E10-Q1 132 KV 101 132 KV50-1-2 132 KV81-1-2 132 KV82-1-2 MGRINI MGRINI MGRINI LK-NES LK-NES LK-NES MGRINI MGRINI MGRINI Date of Commissioning 21-05-01 10-01-02 21-05-01 21-05-01 21-05-01 21-05-01 21-05-01 21-05-01 21-05-01 Rated Voltage 145 KV 145 KV 145 KV 145 KV 145 KV 145 KV 145 KV 145 KV 145 KV Rated Current 1600 A 1600 A 1600 A 1250A 1600 A 1400 A 600A 1250A 1600A 93 .1 Sr.5 ISOLATORS AT SAHIWAL GRID Table 7.7.

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