Effects of Lack of Sleep on University Students’ Performance

By Lamis Al-Hassanieh

Submitted to Ms. Mirna Karam

ENL 110

Fall 2015

One of the most concerning consequences of sleep deprivation and sleepiness is drowsy driving. However. 2011). College students spent long nights studying. These effects are of great importance for college students. 16% reported falling asleep while driving and 2% had had a motor vehicle accident due to sleepiness (Hersher & Chervin. . Among 1. reaction time and overall alertness (Oelschlager. The findings overall suggest that drowsy driving accidents or near accidents are too frequent by college students who have sleep deprivation (Hersher & Chervin. few studies have evaluated drowsy driving specifically in college students.d). 2014). In the 2011 Sleep in America Poll. 66% of young adults reported drowsy driving.039 undergraduate students. 2014).Effects of Lack of Sleep on University Students’ Performance Sleep is the body’s way of rejuvenating itself. n. Motor vehicle crashes have been linked to sleep deprivation: 20% of all serious car crashes in the general population are associated with driver sleepiness (Marhefka. Men were more likely to fall asleep while driving than women. as well as give our organs the opportunity to rest. There’s no doubt that sleep is very essential because it helps replenish the energy stores we have depleted throughout the day. finishing assignments. partying and forget the fact that they need to have a good sleep in order to drive to college the next day. Lack of sleep can lead to several negative consequences like deficiencies in concentration. Sleep relaxes us and helps with the overall health of the central nervous system.

and sex. Over time. certain chemicals are activated that keep the body from achieving extended periods in which heart rate and blood pressure are lowered.2%) or non-snorers (12. and hypersomnia (21%).26. Students with sleep disorders probably do not achieve optimal academic performance. . “One of the reasons we know how vital sleep is to the heart is that patients with sleep apnea often have compromised heart health. After adjustment for age. (Hersher & Chervin.Not only does sleep deprivation lead to drowsy driving but also affects students’ performance and grades. n. this can lead to higher blood pressure during the day and a greater chance of cardiovascular problems. 30% were at risk for academic failure. Students at risk for academic failure (GPA <2. As nearly one in four students is at risk for a sleep disorder. men with severe sleep apnea were 58 percent more likely to develop congestive heart failure than men without the nighttime breathing disorder. But it doesn't take a severe underlying sleep disorder to see effects on the heart. deep periods of rest.8%). 2014). One found that over an eight-year period. Medical students classified as frequent snorers more frequently failed their Internal Medicine examination (47%) than did occasional snorers (22. circadian rhythm sleep disorders (26%). A higher percentage of students at risk for academic failure screened positive for other sleep disorders including: periodic limb movement disorder/restless legs syndrome (21%). Many studies have shown the relationship between sleep apnea and cardiovascular disease. Poor sleeping can put you at risk as well” (National Sleep Foundation. and up to 27% of students may be at risk for at least one sleep disorder. insomnia (22%). screening for sleep disorders among students with poor academic performance may well be advisable. This is because without long. BMI.d).0) were at a disproportionately high risk for sleep disorders. Among those who screened positive for obstructive sleep apnea. the relative risk for snorers to fail the examination was 1.

toddler. sports and other activities. 2011).Most students do not recognize the effects sleep deprivation has on their quality of life. but as soon as children enter high school and college. family obligations. sleep is promoted in the infant. sleep is no longer an important focus. Interestingly. assignments. . This is probably because many of their peers complain about the same symptoms. thereby "normalizing" their condition. Rather. and projects contribute to a downward spiral in quality and quantity of sleep (Marhefka. college students forget the importance of having a good sleep every night and suffer the consequences. and childhood stages. Hence.

National sleep foundation (n. (2014. 23). 20-25.d).fit.K. . Retrieved October 31 2015 from http://www. J.6.edu/caps/documents/SleepandCollegeLife. Journal of psychosocial nursing & mental health services. Marhefka. J.D. Oelshlager.D.RN. MSN. Sleep deprivation: consequences for students. Retrieved October 31 2015 from https://sleepfoundation. R.R. 73-84. S. (n.org/sleep-news/how-sleep-deprivation-affects-your-heart. & Chevrin. June.49 (9). How sleep deprivation affect your heart. Cause and consequences of sleepiness among college students. (2011. Nature and science of sleep. September).d).Psy.D.References: Hersher. Sleep and college life.pdf.