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Assignment Problems

Paul Dawkins

Calculus I

Table of Contents

Preface ........................................................................................................................................... iii

Outline ........................................................................................................................................... iii

Review............................................................................................................................................. 2

Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 2

Review : Functions ................................................................................................................................... 2

Review : Inverse Functions ...................................................................................................................... 7

Review : Trig Functions ........................................................................................................................... 8

Review : Solving Trig Equations .............................................................................................................. 9

Review : Solving Trig Equations with Calculators, Part I .....................................................................10

Review : Solving Trig Equations with Calculators, Part II ....................................................................12

Review : Exponential Functions .............................................................................................................13

Review : Logarithm Functions ................................................................................................................13

Review : Exponential and Logarithm Equations ...................................................................................14

Review : Common Graphs .......................................................................................................................17

Limits ............................................................................................................................................ 19

Introduction .............................................................................................................................................19

Rates of Change and Tangent Lines........................................................................................................20

The Limit ..................................................................................................................................................23

One-Sided Limits .....................................................................................................................................26

Limit Properties .......................................................................................................................................28

Computing Limits ....................................................................................................................................29

Infinite Limits ..........................................................................................................................................33

Limits At Infinity, Part I ...........................................................................................................................34

Limits At Infinity, Part II .........................................................................................................................36

Continuity.................................................................................................................................................37

The Definition of the Limit ......................................................................................................................42

Derivatives.................................................................................................................................... 43

Introduction .............................................................................................................................................43

The Definition of the Derivative .............................................................................................................44

Interpretations of the Derivative ...........................................................................................................45

Differentiation Formulas ........................................................................................................................49

Product and Quotient Rule .....................................................................................................................52

Derivatives of Trig Functions .................................................................................................................54

Derivatives of Exponential and Logarithm Functions ..........................................................................56

Derivatives of Inverse Trig Functions ....................................................................................................58

Derivatives of Hyperbolic Functions ......................................................................................................58

Chain Rule ................................................................................................................................................59

Implicit Differentiation ...........................................................................................................................63

Related Rates ...........................................................................................................................................65

Higher Order Derivatives ........................................................................................................................69

Logarithmic Differentiation ....................................................................................................................71

Applications of Derivatives ......................................................................................................... 72

Introduction .............................................................................................................................................72

Rates of Change........................................................................................................................................73

Critical Points ...........................................................................................................................................73

Minimum and Maximum Values .............................................................................................................77

Finding Absolute Extrema ......................................................................................................................81

The Shape of a Graph, Part I....................................................................................................................83

The Shape of a Graph, Part II ..................................................................................................................89

The Mean Value Theorem .......................................................................................................................94

Optimization ............................................................................................................................................96

More Optimization Problems .................................................................................................................98

© 2007 Paul Dawkins

i

http://tutorial.math.lamar.edu/terms.aspx

Calculus I

Indeterminate Forms and L’Hospital’s Rule ........................................................................................100

Linear Approximations .........................................................................................................................102

Differentials ...........................................................................................................................................103

Newton’s Method...................................................................................................................................104

Business Applications ...........................................................................................................................105

Integrals...................................................................................................................................... 107

Introduction ...........................................................................................................................................107

Indefinite Integrals ................................................................................................................................108

Computing Indefinite Integrals ............................................................................................................109

Substitution Rule for Indefinite Integrals ............................................................................................112

More Substitution Rule .........................................................................................................................115

Area Problem .........................................................................................................................................117

The Definition of the Definite Integral .................................................................................................118

Computing Definite Integrals ...............................................................................................................120

Substitution Rule for Definite Integrals ...............................................................................................123

Applications of Integrals ........................................................................................................... 125

Introduction ...........................................................................................................................................125

Average Function Value ........................................................................................................................125

Area Between Curves ............................................................................................................................126

Volumes of Solids of Revolution / Method of Rings ............................................................................128

Volumes of Solids of Revolution / Method of Cylinders .....................................................................130

More Volume Problems.........................................................................................................................132

Work .......................................................................................................................................................134

© 2007 Paul Dawkins

ii

http://tutorial.math.lamar.edu/terms.aspx

aspx . Outline Here is a list of sections for which problems have been written. Part I Limits At Infinity. These are intended mostly for instructors who might want a set of problems to assign for turning in. Part II Review : Exponential Functions Review : Logarithm Functions Review : Exponential and Logarithm Equations Review : Common Graphs Limits Tangent Lines and Rates of Change The Limit One-Sided Limits Limit Properties Computing Limits Infinite Limits Limits At Infinity.math. These problems do not have any solutions available on this site.edu/terms. I try to put up both practice problems (with solutions available) and these problems at the same time so that both will be available to anyone who wishes to use them. Part II Continuity The Definition of the Limit Derivatives © 2007 Paul Dawkins iii http://tutorial.Calculus I Preface Here are a set of problems for my Calculus I notes.lamar. Review Review : Functions Review : Inverse Functions Review : Trig Functions Review : Solving Trig Equations Review : Solving Trig Equations with Calculators. Part I Review : Solving Trig Equations with Calculators.

edu/terms.aspx . Part I The Shape of a Graph.lamar. Part II The Mean Value Theorem Optimization Problems More Optimization Problems L’Hospital’s Rule and Indeterminate Forms Linear Approximations Differentials Newton’s Method Business Applications Integrals Indefinite Integrals Computing Indefinite Integrals Substitution Rule for Indefinite Integrals More Substitution Rule Area Problem Definition of the Definite Integral Computing Definite Integrals Substitution Rule for Definite Integrals Applications of Integrals Average Function Value Area Between Two Curves Volumes of Solids of Revolution / Method of Rings © 2007 Paul Dawkins iv http://tutorial.math.Calculus I The Definition of the Derivative Interpretation of the Derivative Differentiation Formulas Product and Quotient Rule Derivatives of Trig Functions Derivatives of Exponential and Logarithm Functions Derivatives of Inverse Trig Functions Derivatives of Hyperbolic Functions Chain Rule Implicit Differentiation Related Rates Higher Order Derivatives Logarithmic Differentiation Applications of Derivatives Rates of Change Critical Points Minimum and Maximum Values Finding Absolute Extrema The Shape of a Graph.

aspx .edu/terms.Calculus I Volumes of Solids of Revolution / Method of Cylinders More Volume Problems Work © 2007 Paul Dawkins v http://tutorial.lamar.math.

lamar.math.aspx .Calculus I © 2007 Paul Dawkins 1 http://tutorial.edu/terms.

aspx . Most sections should have a range of difficulty levels in the problems although this will vary from section to section. Note that some sections will have more problems than others and some will have more or less of a variety of problems. Part II Review : Exponential Functions Review : Logarithm Functions Review : Exponential and Logarithm Equations Review : Common Graphs Review : Functions For problems 1 – 6 the given functions perform the indicated function evaluations. Here is a list of topics in this chapter that have problems written for them.math. Review : Functions Review : Inverse Functions Review : Trig Functions Review : Solving Trig Equations Review : Solving Trig Equations with Calculators.lamar. The main intent of these problems is to have a set of problems available for any instructors who are looking for some extra problems.edu/terms.Calculus I Review Introduction Here are a set of problems for which no solutions are available. x ) 10 x − 3 1. Part I Review : Solving Trig Equations with Calculators. f (= (a) f ( −5 ) ( (d) f t 2 + 2 ) (b) f ( 0 ) (c) f ( 7 ) (e) f (12 − x ) (f) f ( x + h ) (b) h ( −3) (c) h ( 5 ) 2 2. h ( y ) = 4 y − 7 y + 1 (a) h ( 0 ) © 2007 Paul Dawkins 2 http://tutorial.

Calculus I (d) h ( 6 z ) (e) h (1 − 3 y ) (f) h ( y + k ) t +5 1− t (a) g ( 0 ) (b) g ( 4 ) (c) g ( −7 ) (e) g ( t + h ) (f) g 4 t + 9 (a) f ( 0 ) (b) f ( −1) (c) f ( −2 ) (d) h ( 5 − 12 y ) (e) f 2 z 2 + 8 3.aspx . Y ( t )= 3−t − (a) Y ( 0 ) t 2t + 5 (d) Y ( 5 − t ) ( ) (f) f ( z + h ) (c) z (1) 3x + 4 ) (f) z ( x + h ) (b) Y ( 7 ) ( (e) Y t 2 − 10 (c) Y ( −4 ) ) ( (f) Y 6t − t 2 ) The difference quotient of a function f ( x ) is defined to be. f ( x + h) − f ( x) h For problems 7 – 13 compute the difference quotient of the given function. g ( t ) = 42 x ) 2x2 + 9 9.math. z ( x ) = ) ( ) 4z + 5 ( x2 + 9 4x + 8 (a) z ( 4 ) (b) z ( −4 ) (d) z ( 2 − 7 x ) (e) z 6. Q ( t )= 4 − 7t 8. g ( t ) = ( (d) g x 2 − 5 4.lamar. z ( y ) =3 − 8 y − y © 2007 Paul Dawkins 3 http://tutorial.edu/terms. 7. H (= 2 10. f = ( z) 5.

y ( x ) = 4 + 3z −4 1− 2x t2 13.aspx .math. f ( x ) = x − 8 x + 3 2 23. f ( x ) = 6 x − 5 x − 4 x 6 11 p − p 2 16. 2 22. f ( t ) = t +7 For problems 14 – 21 determine all the roots of the given function. Z ( p ) =− 6 5 4 17. 2 14.Calculus I 11. g ( t ) = 3t + 2t − 3 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 4 http://tutorial. z ( w ) =4 − 7 w − w 2 24. h ( y ) =4 y + 10 y + y 7 4 18. = h ( w) w 3w + 4w + 5 w − 8 21. g ( z= ) 12. g= ( w) w w+2 − w + 3 4w − 1 For problems 22 – 30 find the domain and range of the given function. g ( z ) =z + 6 z − 16 z 1 1 19.lamar. y ( t ) = 40 + 3t − t 4 3 2 15.edu/terms. f ( t ) =t 2 − 8t 4 + 15 20.

math.lamar. 31. h ( t ) = 2 t3 − t 2 +1−1 35t 3 + 2t 4 − t 5 35.aspx . g ( x ) = 3x + 1 5 x − 3x − 2 34. y ( x ) = 12 + 9 x 2 − 1 For problems 31 – 51 find the domain of the given function. f ( x ) =− 12 5 2 x + 9 −6 5 − t 29. f ( t ) = 4 − 12t + 8t 2 16t + 9 32. B ( z ) =10 + 9 + 7 z 2 27.edu/terms. f ( z ) = z2 + z z3 − 9z 2 + 2z 3 − p4 36. V ( t ) = 30.Calculus I 25. h ( y ) =+ 1 6−7y 28. v ( y ) = y 3 − 27 4 − 17 y 33. g ( x )= 5 − 2 x 26. V ( p ) = 4 p 2 + 10 p + 2 z) 37. g (= z 2 − 15 38. f = (t ) 36 − 9t 2 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 5 http://tutorial.

© 2007 Paul Dawkins 6 http://tutorial.math. f ( z ) = z − 6z3 + 9z 2 4 45. P ( t ) = 42. h ( x ) = x2 − 7 x + 3 z +1 44. Q ( y ) = 4 y3 − 4 y 2 + y 41. C ( z ) =z 3 − z 6 + z 2 For problems 52 – 55 compute ( f g )( x ) and ( g f )( x ) for each of the given pairs of functions. h ( t ) = t2 + 7 6t − t 2 t2 5 + 3t − t 2 6 43.edu/terms.lamar.Calculus I 39. A ( x ) = x +1 + 4 x 2 + 10 x + 9 x−4 49. A ( x ) = 15 x − 2 x 2 − x3 40. S ( t )= 8 − t + 2t 46. g ( x= ) 5x − 8 − 2 x + 9 47. h ( y ) = 49 − y 2 − y 4 y − 12 48.aspx . f ( t ) = 8 3 + t − 3t − 4 12 − 7t − 3t 2 50. R= ( x) 3 + 5 x2 − x − 6 2 x +x 2 4 4 51.

x ) 11x − 8 1.math. g ( x ) = 1− x 9 − 12 x 6 − 18 x © 2007 Paul Dawkins 7 http://tutorial. g ( x= ) 7 x − x2 55. g ( x )= 4 − 10 x x ) 2 x7 − 9 3.Calculus I 52. f (= 2. g (= 53.aspx . Verify your inverse by computing one or both of the composition as discussed in this section. g ( x )= 8 − 23 x x ) 2 x2 − 9 2 − x . h ( x ) =+ 7 ( 2 x + 1) 5. g ( x )= 8 + 5 x 3 + 2x Review : Inverse Functions For each of the following functions find the inverse of the function.lamar. f ( x ) = x . f ( x= ) 2 54. h ( x= ) 3 7.edu/terms. f ( x )= 2 x + x − 4 . Z (= 4. f ( x )= 5 + 2 x . R ( x ) = 2 x + 14 6x +1 8. W= ( x) 7 3 15 x + 2 6.

sec − 5π 4 8.edu/terms. cos 5π 4 5.aspx . csc 4π 3 11. cot 5π 6 6. cos 11π 6 10.Calculus I Review : Trig Functions Determine the exact value of each of the following without using a calculator. sin − 4π 3 4. Note that the point of these problems is not really to learn how to find the value of trig functions but instead to get you comfortable with the unit circle since that is a very important skill that will be needed in solving trig equations. 3π 4 1.math. cot − © 2007 Paul Dawkins 8 http://tutorial. tan 7π 6 2. sin 3π 4 3.lamar. sin − π 6 7. cos 11π 6 9.

10 cos ( 8t ) = −5 π π 2.aspx . 2sin = 3 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 9 http://tutorial.edu/terms. cos − 2π 3 13. If no interval is given then find all solutions to the equation. 4 4 z 4 3. 10 cos ( 8t ) = −5 in − .lamar. cos − 23π 4 18. tan 15π 4 17.math. cot Review : Solving Trig Equations Without using a calculator find the solution(s) to the following equations. csc 17π 6 14. sec − 11π 4 19. 1. sin − 31π 6 16. sec 23π 3 15. If an interval is given then find only those solutions that are in the interval.Calculus I π 4 12.

7 3 + 7 cot ( 2 w ) = 0 in . 3sec 14.5π ] = 2 7 in [ −π . 3π 12 cos ( 2 z ) − 2sin ( 2 z ) = 0 in .Calculus I z 4 4. 2π x 3 11. 3 3 in [ −π . 5π 6 = − 8 cos ( 3x ) in 0. 2sin = 3 in [ 0. π ] 9.5π ] + 2 = 3 5. If no interval is given then find all solutions to the equation. 20π ] +9 = 5 13.edu/terms. − 12. 2sin 6.lamar. 0 2 cos − 2 in [ −4π . 2π 2 Review : Solving Trig Equations with Calculators. 2 csc + 8 = 0 in [ 0.16π ] 2t 0 in [ 0. 10 + 7 tan ( 4 x ) = y 8. If an interval is given then find only those solutions that are in the interval.math. 0] 7. 3cos ( 5 z ) − 1 = π 3 10.aspx . Part I Find the solution(s) to the following equations. 3 − 4sin ( 4t ) = π 2 y 15 in [ −3π . © 2007 Paul Dawkins 10 http://tutorial. 2π ] 3π 2 5 in − .

15csc (15 x ) + 14 = 20 − 12 csc (15 x ) in [1.1] 3 0 in [ 2. 1 y 10 3 csc − = in [ 0.32] 2 3 7 14 t 8 11. 4 cos ( 4 x ) + 8 = 10 − cos ( 4 x ) 25 3.5] 2 5.edu/terms. 4 1 − 2sec = 12 in [ 0. 2 = 4 − 3sec (11x ) in [ 0. 31= 1 + 40 cos in [ −50. 3sin ( 4v ) + 18cos ( 4v ) = 2t 2t = + 3 7 cos + 6 in [ −10. 1 1 cos ( 6t ) + 3 =1 + cos ( 6t ) in [ 0.15] © 2007 Paul Dawkins 11 http://tutorial.math.aspx .5] 2 3 z 5 14. 2sin w in [ −20. 60] 12.lamar. 2] 13.15] 5 5 5 4. 45sin = − 9 7 sin + 17 in [ −10. 20] 7. 1= 3 + 8cos x 2 x 2 6.5] 8. 2 tan ( 3w ) + 3 = 3x 7 1 − = in [ 0.Calculus I t 3 1.30] 7 7 9. 2 cos 10. 2 − 14sin = 5 2.

10 tan ( 4 x + 10 ) − 7 = w w 0 sin ( 2 w ) − tan = 3 3 3. 4 tan 0 4.lamar. 35csc ( 4 z ) = z 3 csc ( 4 z ) = 10. 2 − sin ( 2 y ) = 2 −1 6. 11 − 7 sin Review : Solving Trig Equations with Calculators.math. 4 cos ( 2t + 5 ) − 4 cos ( 2t + 5 ) = x 4 x 4 7. 6 − 5sin 2 = 7 sin 2 = 8.edu/terms. 22 cos ( 8 − x ) + 10 = 31 2. 60] = 13 13 15. Part II Find all the solution(s) to the following equations. 0 1. These will require the use of a calculator so use at least 4 decimal places in your work.aspx . 3t 8t cos ( 5 + t ) x−6 0 + 25 x + 5 = 2 11.Calculus I 2x 2x 23 − 19sin in [ −60. 3 tan ( 4 z ) sec ( 2 z − 1) + sec ( 2 z − 1) = 3sin 2 ( 2 y ) 5. ( 5 x + 1) sin ( ) 4w 9 12. 5w2 − 20 = 8 − 2 w2 sec © 2007 Paul Dawkins 12 http://tutorial. 2 2 tan ( 8t ) + 3 tan ( 8t ) 9.

lamar. log 4 1024 3.math. ln 1 e 5 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 13 http://tutorial. log 7 343 2. f ( t )= 7 + 9e 2− 3t 5 Review : Logarithm Functions Without using a calculator determine the exact value of each of the following. log 0. log 3 8 4. f ( x )= 3 − 5 = 3.1 0. log16 4 7. 1. 1.aspx . g ( t ) = 7 3− t 2 4 x +1 2.Calculus I Review : Exponential Functions Sketch the graphs of each of the following functions. log11 27 512 1 121 5.0001 6. log10000 8. h ( x ) 6e2 x−1 − 3 4.edu/terms.

15 = 12 + 5e10 w−7 2. 4e 2 x + x − 7 = 2 2 3. 8 + 3e 4−9 z = 1 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 14 http://tutorial. ln Combine each of the following into a single logarithm with a coefficient of one. log 7 10a 7 b3c −8 ( ) ) 3 10.lamar. log 5 7 1 8 Review : Exponential and Logarithm Equations For problems 1 – 14 find all the solutions to the given equation.math. If there is no solution to the equation clearly explain why. 7 ln t − 6 ln s + 5ln w 13. 2 log 3 ( x + y ) + 6 log 3 x − 1 3 Use the change of base formula and a calculator to find the value of each of the following. 1 log ( z + 1) − 2 log x − 4 log y − 3log z 2 14.aspx . 15. log 7 100 16.Calculus I Write each of the following in terms of simpler logarithms ( 9. 12. log z 2 x 2 + 4 w2 4 t 3 t+w 11.edu/terms. 1.

2 log ( z ) − log z 2 + 4 z + 1 = 0 3 14. 12 + 207 − 2t = 50 17. ln ( x ) + ln ( x − 2 ) = 15. if interest is compounded continuously we will have.math. 1 + 3z 2 −2 = 5 Compound Interest. If we put P dollars into an account that earns interest at a rate of r (written as a decimal as opposed to the standard percent) for t years then.Calculus I 4. 16 + 4 ln ( x + 2 ) = z 1 = 3− z 9.aspx . a. b. 7 x + 16 xe x 3 −5 x 0 = 6. 4t 2 − 3t 2e 2−t = 0 5. ln ( 3 x + 1) − ln ( x ) = 2 0 12.lamar. r = A P 1 + m tm dollars after t years. 2 log ( w ) − log ( 3w + 7 ) = −2 11. t log ( 6t + 1) − 3t log ( 6t + 1) = ( ) 13. 3 − 11ln 1 10. 3e7 t − 12e8 t +5 = 0 2 7.edu/terms. 11 − 59 w−1 = 3 16. if interest is compounded m times per year we will have. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 15 http://tutorial. 2 ye y − 7 ye1−5 y = 0 7 8.

000 if the interest is compounded (a) quarterly (b) monthly (c) continuously 20.lamar. How much money will we have if we put the money into an account that has an annual interest rate of 9% and interest is compounded (a) quarterly (b) monthly (c) continuously 19.500 to invest and 80 months.000 and we’re going to put it into an account that earns an annual interest rate of 7. Many quantities in the world can be modeled (at least for a short time) by the exponential growth/decay equation.aspx . 18. (b) How long will it take for half of the element to decay? (c) How long will it take until there is 250 grams of the element left? 23. A population of bacteria initially has 90. We have $2. 21. We initially have 2 kg grams of some radioactive element and in 7250 years there will be 1.math.5%.000? 22. Suppose that we put some money in an account that has an annual interest rate of 10. How long will it take to triple our money if the interest is compounded (a) twice a year (b) 8 times a year (c) continuously Exponential Growth/Decay. Q = Q0e k t If k is positive then we will get exponential growth and if k is negative we will get exponential decay. We are starting with $60. (a) How long will it take for a quarter of the element to decay? (b) How long will it take for half of the element to decay? (c) How long will it take 90% of the element to decay? © 2007 Paul Dawkins 16 http://tutorial.000825 .Calculus I A = Pe r t dollars after t years. (a) Determine the exponential growth equation for this population. For a particular radioactive element the value of k in the exponential decay equation is given by k = 0.25%.000 to a population of 150.000 present and in 2 weeks there will be 200.000 bacteria present. How long will it take for the money in the account to reach $100. (b) How long will it take for the population to grow from its initial population of 90.5 kg left. (a) Determine the exponential decay equation for this element.edu/terms.

Q= ( x ) e − x −3 + 6 8. R ( x ) = − ln ( x ) 15.math. g ( x= ) ln ( − x ) © 2007 Paul Dawkins 17 http://tutorial.aspx .lamar. f ( y ) =( y − 9 ) − 2 2 13. y = −2 x + 7 2. V ( x ) = x−6 +3 9. 1. W ( y ) =( y + 5 ) + 3 2 12. = 6. h ( x ) = x + 2 − 4 7. g ( = x) x+4 x −5 π 4. h ( x ) =( x + 6 ) − 8 2 11.Calculus I Review : Common Graphs Without using a graphing calculator sketch the graph of each of the following. = g ( x ) tan x + 3 f ( x ) sec ( x ) + 2 5. f ( x ) = ( x − 1) + 6 2 14.edu/terms. g ( x )= sin x + π −1 6 10. f ( x )= 3.

h ( y ) = 2 y + 2 y − 3 20. x 2 + y 2 + 10 y = −9 22. h ( x ) = x 2 + 8 x − 1 −3 x 2 − 6 x + 5 17.Calculus I 16. 25. ( x + 6) 2 4 ( y − 1) 2 25 + 16 ( y − 5 ) = 1 2 ( x − 3) − 4 2 = 1 26.aspx . x 2 − 6 x + y 2 + 8 y + 24 = 0 21.edu/terms. ( x − 4 ) − 9 ( y + 7 ) = 1 2 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 2 18 http://tutorial. f ( y ) = 2 19. Y ( x ) = − y2 − 4 y − 2 18.math. x 2 − 2 x + 4 y 2 − 16 y + 16 = 0 24.lamar. ( x + 4) 2 25 ( y + 2) + 2 = 1 25 23.

Part I Limits At Infinity. Here is a list of topics in this chapter that have problems written for them.edu/terms.aspx . Tangent Lines and Rates of Change The Limit One-Sided Limits Limit Properties Computing Limits Infinite Limits Limits At Infinity. Most sections should have a range of difficulty levels in the problems although this will vary from section to section. Note that some sections will have more problems than others and some will have more or less of a variety of problems.lamar. Part II Continuity The Definition of the Limit © 2007 Paul Dawkins 19 http://tutorial.math. The main intent of these problems is to have a set of problems available for any instructors who are looking for some extra problems.Calculus I Limits Introduction Here are a set of problems for which no solutions are available.

1 (vii) 2. (i) -2. of the secant line through points P and Q.9999 (b) Use the information from (a) to estimate the slope of the tangent line to h ( x ) at x = −2 and write down the equation of the tangent line.aspx . (i) 1 (vi) -1 (ii) 0.5 (ii) 3.math. (a) For the points Q given by the following values of x compute (accurate to at least 8 decimal places) the slope.999 (v) 3.01 (ix) -0.Calculus I Rates of Change and Tangent Lines 1.1 (viii) -0.01 (viii) -1.99 (iv) -2.edu/terms.5 (vi) 2. 2. (a) For the points Q given by the following values of x compute (accurate to at least 8 decimal places) the slope.001 (x) -0.001 (ix) -1.lamar.9 (iii) 3.1 (vii) -1.5 (ii) -2. mPQ .999 (v) -2.99 (iv) 3.01 (viii) 2. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 20 http://tutorial. For the function g ( x ) = x and the point P given by x = 0 answer each of the following x +4 2 questions.1 (iv) 0. For the function f ( x= ) x3 − 3x 2 and the point P given by x = 3 answer each of the following questions. of the secant line through points P and Q. For the function h ( x ) =2 − ( x + 2 ) and the point P given by x = −2 answer each of the 2 following questions. mPQ . 3.0001 (x) -1. (i) 3.9999 (b) Use the information from (a) to estimate the slope of the tangent line to f ( x ) at x = 3 and write down the equation of the tangent line.5 (vi) -1.9 (iii) -2.001 (ix) 2.5 (vii) -0. of the secant line through points P and Q.01 (v) 0.5 (iii) 0. mPQ .001 (b) Use the information from (a) to estimate the slope of the tangent line to g ( x ) at x = 0 and write down the equation of the tangent line.0001 (x) 2. (a) For the points Q given by the following values of x compute (accurate to at least 8 decimal places) the slope.

01 (iv) 6.9999 (b) Use the information from (a) to estimate the instantaneous rate of change of the volume of air in the balloon at t = 6 .1 (iii) 6.5 (ii) 4. of the secant line through points P and Q. The amount of water in a holding tank is given by V ( t ) = 8t − t + 7 answer each of the following questions.01 (iv) 4. Make sure your calculator is set to radians for the computations.001 (v) 4.49 (iii) 0.001 (v) 6.9 (viii) 5. The population (in thousands) of insects is given by P ( t )= 2 − πt cos ( 3π t ) sin answer π 2 1 each of the following questions.5 and write down the equation of the tangent line. (a) Compute (accurate to at least 8 decimal places) the average rate of change of the population of insects between t = 4 and the following values of t. (i) 4.4999 (v) 0. The amount of grain in a bin is given by V ( t ) = 11t + 4 answer each of the following t+4 questions.99 (ix) 5. 4 2 7.499 (iv) 0.9999 (b) Use the information from (a) to estimate the instantaneous rate of change of the population of the insects at t = 4 .Calculus I 4.math.lamar.501 (viii) 0. For the function P ( x ) = e 2−8 x and the point P given by x = 0.50001 (x) 0.edu/terms.1 (iii) 4.5 answer each of the following 2 questions.aspx .5 (ii) 6.5 (vii) 5.99 (ix) 3.999 (x) 5.0001 (vi) 3. mPQ .25 and the following values of t. 5. (a) Compute (accurate to at least 8 decimal places) the average rate of change of the amount of grain in the bin between t = 6 and the following values of t. (a) Compute (accurate to at least 8 decimal places) the average rate of change of the amount of grain in the bin between t = 0. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 21 http://tutorial.9 (viii) 3.0001 (vi) 5.5001 (ix) 0. (a) For the points Q given by the following values of x compute (accurate to at least 8 decimal places) the slope.51 (vii) 0. 6. (i) 1 (vi) 0 (ii) 0. (i) 6.49999 (b) Use the information from (a) to estimate the slope of the tangent line to h ( x ) at x = 0.5 (vii) 3.999 (x) 3.

2499 (v) 0.001 (v) 2.251 (viii) 0.e.9999 (b) Use the information from (a) to estimate the instantaneous velocity of the object at t = 5 and determine if the object is moving to the right (i.edu/terms.aspx .25001 (x) 0. Answer each of the following questions.5 (vii) 1. The position of an object is given by = negative position here simply means that the position is to the left of the “zero position” and is perfectly acceptable.9999 (b) Use the information from (a) to estimate the instantaneous velocity of the object at t = 2 and determine if the object is moving to the right (i. Answer each of the following questions. 2 10.0001 (vi) 4. (i) 5.999 (x) 1. or not moving (i. Make sure your calculator is set to radians for the computations. The position of an object is given by s ( t= ) x2 + 72 answer each of the following x +1 questions. The position of an object is given by s ( t ) =t − 10t + 11 .1 (iii) 2. 8.01 (iv) 2.99 (ix) 1. (a) Determine the time(s) in which the position of the object is at s = −5 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 22 http://tutorial. Note that a negative position here simply means that the position is to the left of the “zero position” and is perfectly acceptable.5 (ii) 5. moving to the left (i.99 (ix) 4.e.lamar.25 .9 (viii) 4.e. (a) Compute (accurate to at least 8 decimal places) the average velocity of the object between t = 2 and the following values of t.0001 (vi) 1. or not moving (i. the instantaneous velocity is positive).24999 (b) Use the information from (a) to estimate the instantaneous rate of change of the volume of water in the tank at t = 0. (i) 2. Note that a 9. the instantaneous velocity is zero).5 (vii) 0. the instantaneous velocity is negative).5 (ii) 2.5 (vii) 4.9 (viii) 1.math.2501 (ix) 0.249 (iv) 0.e.e. s ( t ) 2 cos ( 4t − 8 ) − 7 sin ( t − 2 ) .1 (iii) 5. (a) Compute (accurate to at least 8 decimal places) the average velocity of the object between t = 5 and the following values of t.Calculus I (i) 1 (vi) 0 (ii) 0.001 (v) 5. the instantaneous velocity is positive). the instantaneous velocity is negative).999 (x) 4.1 (iii) 0. the instantaneous velocity is zero).e. moving to the left (i.01 (iv) 5.

Calculus I

**(b) Estimate the instantaneous velocity of the object at each of the time(s) found in part (a)
**

using the method discussed in this section.

The Limit

1. For the function g ( x ) =

x2 + 6 x + 9

answer each of the following questions.

x 2 + 3x

**(a) Evaluate the function the following values of x compute (accurate to at least 8 decimal
**

places).

(i) -2.5

(ii) -2.9

(iii) -2.99

(iv) -2.999

(v) -2.9999

(vi) -3.5

(vii) -3.1

(viii) -3.01

(ix) -3.001

(x) -3.0001

x2 + 6 x + 9

.

x →−3

x 2 + 3x

(b) Use the information from (a) to estimate the value of lim

10 z − 9 − z 2

answer each of the following questions.

2. For the function f ( z ) =

z2 −1

(a) Evaluate the function the following values of t compute (accurate to at least 8 decimal

places).

(i) 1.5

(ii) 1.1

(iii) 1.01

(iv) 1.001

(v) 1.0001

(vi) 0.5

(vii) 0.9

(viii) 0.99

(ix) 0.999

(x) 0.9999

10 z − 9 − z 2

.

z →1

z2 −1

(b) Use the information from (a) to estimate the value of lim

3. For the function h ( t ) =

2 − 4 + 2t

answer each of the following questions.

t

**(a) Evaluate the function the following values of θ compute (accurate to at least 8 decimal
**

places). Make sure your calculator is set to radians for the computations.

(i) 0.5

(ii) 0.1

(iii) 0.01

(iv) 0.001

(v) 0.0001

(vi) -0.5

(vii) -0.1

(viii) -0.01

(ix) -0.001

(x) -0.0001

**(b) Use the information from (a) to estimate the value of lim
**

t→0

© 2007 Paul Dawkins

23

2 − 4 + 2t

.

t

http://tutorial.math.lamar.edu/terms.aspx

Calculus I

4. For the function g (θ ) =

cos (θ − 4 ) − 1

answer each of the following questions.

2θ − 8

**(a) Evaluate the function the following values of θ compute (accurate to at least 8 decimal
**

places). Make sure your calculator is set to radians for the computations.

(i) 4.5

(ii) 4.1

(iii) 4.01

(iv) 4.001

(v) 4.0001

(vi) 3.5

(vii) 3.9

(viii) 3.99

(ix) 3.999

(x) 3.9999

**(b) Use the information from (a) to estimate the value of lim
**

θ →0

cos (θ − 4 ) − 1

.

2θ − 8

5. Below is the graph of f ( x ) . For each of the given points determine the value of f ( a ) and

**lim f ( x ) . If any of the quantities do not exist clearly explain why.
**

x→a

(a) a = −2

(b) a = −1

(d) a = 3

(c) a = 2

6. Below is the graph of f ( x ) . For each of the given points determine the value of f ( a ) and

**lim f ( x ) . If any of the quantities do not exist clearly explain why.
**

x→a

(a) a = −3

© 2007 Paul Dawkins

(c) a = 1

(b) a = −1

24

(d) a = 3

http://tutorial.math.lamar.edu/terms.aspx

Calculus I

7. Below is the graph of f ( x ) . For each of the given points determine the value of f ( a ) and

**lim f ( x ) . If any of the quantities do not exist clearly explain why.
**

x→a

(a) a = −4

(c) a = 1

(b) a = −2

(d) a = 4

8. Explain in your own words what the following equation means.

lim f ( x ) = 6

x →12

**9. Suppose we know that lim f ( x ) = 18 . If possible, determine the value of f ( −7 ) . If it is
**

x →− 7

**not possible to determine the value explain why not.
**

10. Is it possible to have lim f ( x ) = −23 and f (1) = 107 ? Explain your answer.

x →1

© 2007 Paul Dawkins

25

http://tutorial.math.lamar.edu/terms.aspx

and lim f ( x ) .edu/terms. For each of the given points determine the value of f ( a ) . x→a − x→a (a) a = −5 x→a (b) a = −2 (c) a = 1 (d) a = 4 2. lim f ( x ) . lim+ f ( x ) . If any of the quantities do not exist clearly explain why. Below is the graph of f ( x ) .lamar. If any of the quantities do not exist clearly explain why. Below is the graph of f ( x ) . lim+ f ( x ) . x→a − x→a (a) a = −3 © 2007 Paul Dawkins x→a (b) a = −1 (c) a = 1 26 (d) a = 2 http://tutorial. If any of the quantities do not exist clearly explain why. lim f ( x ) . Below is the graph of f ( x ) .aspx . For each of the given points determine the value of f ( a ) .math. For each of the given points determine the value of f ( a ) . lim f ( x ) . and lim f ( x ) .Calculus I One-Sided Limits 1. and lim f ( x ) . x→a − x→a (a) a = −1 x→a (b) a = 1 (c) a = 3 3. lim+ f ( x ) .

Suppose we know that lim f ( x ) = 18 . determine the value of lim− f ( x ) and the x→ 6 value of lim+ f ( x ) .aspx . Explain in your own words what each of the following equations mean. 9. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 27 http://tutorial. −1 lim f ( x ) = lim f ( x ) = 7 f ( −5 ) = 4 x →−5 − x →−5 + lim f ( x ) = 6 f ( 4 ) does not exist x→4 7. If possible. lim f ( x ) = 3 lim f ( x ) = −1 x →8 − x →8 + 8. = lim− f ( x ) 1 = lim+ f ( x ) 1 x → −3 = f ( −3) 4 x → −3 6. Sketch a graph of a function that satisfies each of the following conditions. Suppose we know that f ( 6 ) = −53 . If it is not possible to determine one or both of these values explain x →− 7 why not. Sketch a graph of a function that satisfies each of the following conditions.lamar.math. −2 lim f ( x ) = lim+ f ( x ) = 3 f (1) = 6 x →1 − x →1 5. determine the value of lim− f ( x ) and x →− 7 x →− 7 the value of lim+ f ( x ) . If possible.Calculus I 4. If it is not possible to determine one or both of these values explain why x→ 6 not.edu/terms. Sketch a graph of a function that satisfies each of the following conditions.

At each step clearly indicate the property being used. lim g ( x ) = 6 and lim h ( x ) = 9 use the limit properties given in this x →12 x →12 x →12 section to compute each of the following limits. If it is not possible to compute any of the limits clearly explain why not.Calculus I Limit Properties 1. Given lim f ( x ) = 0 . If it is not possible to compute any of the limits clearly explain why not.aspx . If it is not possible to compute any of the limits clearly explain why not. lim 3 x 2 − 9 x + 2 x→4 © 2007 Paul Dawkins ) 28 http://tutorial.lamar. lim g ( x ) = 9 and lim h ( x ) = −7 use the limit properties given in this x →−1 x →−1 x →−1 section to compute each of the following limits. (a) lim 11 + 7 f ( x ) x →0 (b) lim 6 − 4 g ( x ) − 10h ( x ) x →0 (c) lim 4 g ( x ) − 12 f ( x ) + 3h ( x ) x →0 (d) lim g ( x ) 1 + 2 f ( x ) x →0 ) ( 2. Given lim f ( x ) = 5 . ( (a) lim g ( x ) x →−1 (c) lim x →−1 ) − ( h ( x ) ) 2 (b) lim 3 + 6 f ( x ) − h ( x ) 3 x → −1 f ( x) − g ( x) h ( x) (d) lim x →−1 4 2 + g ( x) 1 − 10h ( x ) For each of the following limits use the limit properties given in this section to compute the limit.edu/terms. Given lim f ( x ) = 2 . lim g ( x ) = −1 and lim h ( x ) = −3 use the limit properties given in this x →0 x →0 x →0 section to compute each of the following limits. ( 4. (a) lim h ( x ) f ( x ) + x →12 1+ g ( x) g ( x) ( )( ) (b) lim 3 − f ( x ) 1 + 2 g ( x ) x →12 f ( x) +1 x →12 3 g ( x ) − 2h ( x ) f ( x) − 2g ( x) x →12 7 + h ( x ) f ( x ) (c) lim (d) lim 3.math. If it is not possible to compute any of the limits clearly explain why not.

lamar.Calculus I ( ( 5. lim x →8 ( 4 ) 3x − 8 + 9 + 2 x ) Computing Limits For problems 1 – 20 evaluate the limit. lim 4t 2 − 8t + 1 t →1 12. lim 6z 2 + 3z 2 t →0 z →4 5. lim 8x x − 14 x + 49 8.edu/terms. lim 3 w→− 6 8 + 7w ( 11. lim w − w2 + 3 w→−1 ) 2 ) ( 6.aspx . if it exists. lim w→ − 2 ) w+2 w − 6 w − 16 2 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 29 http://tutorial. lim 6 y 4 − 7 y 3 + 12 y + 25 y →1 3. lim 1 − 4 x 3 x → −9 ) ( 2.math. lim t2 + 6 t2 − 3 4. lim 2 x→ 7 y 3 − 20 y + 4 y →−3 y 2 + 8 y − 1 9. lim t 4 − 4t 2 + 12t − 8 t →0 ) 10 + z 2 z →2 3 − 4 z 7. ( 1. lim 10.

lim 5 x 2 − 16 x + 3 7. lim (2 + h) 12. lim h →0 3 h 5− t t → 25 t − 25 14. lim x →3 9 − x2 10 − 9 z − z 2 z →1 3 z 2 + 4 z − 7 8. lim 15. lim t →8 t ( t − 5 ) − 24 t 2 − 8t w2 − 16 w→− 4 ( w − 2 )( w + 3 ) − 6 11. lim 10. lim h →0 −8 4 −1 h (1 + h ) 13. lim x−2 2− x 16. lim z −6 3z − 2 − 4 x→ 2 z →6 3 − 1− 4z z → −2 2z + 4 17.math.Calculus I t 2 + 6t + 5 t →−5 t 2 + 2t − 15 6.lamar. lim © 2007 Paul Dawkins 30 http://tutorial. lim x3 + 8 x →− 2 x 2 + 8 x + 12 9.aspx .edu/terms.

Given the function 15 f ( x) = 6 − 2 x x < −4 x ≥ −4 Evaluate the following limits. lim t →3 3−t t + 1 − 5t − 11 1 1 − 19.aspx . Given the function 2 w2 w ≤ 6 h ( w) = w − 8 w > 6 Evaluate the following limits. if they exist. if they exist.lamar. lim 7 x x →7 x − 7 1 1 + 4 + 3y y 20. lim y →−1 y +1 21. (a) lim g ( t ) (b) lim g ( t ) t →2 t →−3 23.edu/terms. (a) lim h ( w ) (b) lim h ( w ) w→ 6 w→ 2 24.math. if they exist. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 31 http://tutorial. (b) lim f ( x ) (a) lim f ( x ) x →−4 x →− 7 22. if they exist. Given the function t2 − t3 t < 2 g (t ) = 5t − 14 t ≥ 2 Evaluate the following limits. Given the function x < −3 5 x + 24 2 = g ( x) x −3 ≤ x < 4 1− 2x x≥4 Evaluate the following limits.Calculus I 18.

lim h h 28. Use the Squeeze Theorem to determine the value of lim x 4 cos . if it exists. lim w→−5 30. x →−4 32. Given that x + 7 ≤ f ( x) ≤ x −1 for all x determine the value of lim f ( x ) . lim 9 + 8 − 2 x x→4 27. x →0 1 . lim x→4 ) 2 w + 10 w+5 x−4 x 2 − 16 31. Use the Squeeze Theorem to determine the value of lim x cos . Use the Squeeze Theorem to determine the value of lim ( x − 1) cos x →1 2 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 32 http://tutorial. Given that 3 + 2 x ≤ f ( x ) ≤ x − 1 for all x determine the value of lim f ( x ) . x −1 35.math. lim 2−t t −2 h →0 t →2 29. lim ( t + 10 + 3) z → −10 ( 26.lamar.Calculus I (a) lim g ( x ) (b) lim g ( x ) x→ 0 x →−3 (c) lim g ( x ) (d) lim g ( x ) x→ 4 x →12 For problems 25 – 30 evaluate the limit.aspx .edu/terms. x →0 1 x 34. 25. x →9 2 3 x 33.

aspx . (a) lim− R ( y ) y →π © 2007 Paul Dawkins (b) lim+ R ( y ) y →π 33 (c) lim R ( y ) y →π http://tutorial. (a) lim − W ( t ) (b) lim + W ( t ) w→−8 w→−8 (c) lim W ( t ) w→−8 7. For f ( x ) = x →1 evaluate. if they exist.math. 3 (a) lim− h ( z ) 3. For f ( x ) = x →− 2 (x x −1 2 z→4 evaluate. (a) lim− f ( x ) (b) lim+ f ( x ) x→3 x→3 (c) lim f ( x ) x→3 6. For W = ( t ) ln ( t + 8) evaluate. For h ( z ) = (4 − z) (b) lim+ h ( z ) (c) lim h ( z ) (b) lim+ g ( t ) (c) lim g ( t ) z→4 z→4 4t 2 ( t + 3) 7 t →−3 (a) lim − f ( x ) t →−3 1+ x evaluate. 2 (a) lim− g ( x ) (b) lim+ g ( x ) x →1 x →1 17 2.edu/terms.lamar. For g ( t ) = (c) lim g ( x ) − 9) 4 t →−3 (c) lim f ( x ) x →− 2 evaluate. For h ( z ) = ln z evaluate. For g ( x ) = ( x − 1) evaluate. (a) lim− h ( z ) z →0 (b) lim+ h ( z ) z →0 (c) lim h ( z ) z →0 8. For R ( y ) = cot ( y ) evaluate. (a) lim− g ( t ) 4.Calculus I Infinite Limits For problems 1 – 8 evaluate the indicated limits. −4 1. x3 + 8 (b) lim + f ( x ) x →− 2 5.

lamar.math.aspx . 9. (b) lim f ( x ) (a) lim f ( x ) x →∞ x →−∞ 2 4 2. f ( x ) = 10 x3 − 6 x 7 x3 + 9 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 34 http://tutorial. (a) Evaluate lim f ( x ) x →−∞ (b) Evaluate lim f ( x ) x →∞ (c) Write down the equation(s) of any horizontal asymptotes for the function. g ( z ) = (z z2 +1 2 − 1) ( z + 15 ) 5 6 Limits At Infinity.edu/terms. (a) lim h ( t ) (b) lim h ( t ) t →−∞ t →∞ 3. For f ( x ) =8 x + 9 x − 11x evaluate each of the following limits.Calculus I For problems 9 – 12 find all the vertical asymptotes of the given function. 3 (a) lim g ( z ) z →−∞ (b) lim g ( z ) z →∞ For problems 4 – 17 answer each of the following questions. h ( x ) = −6 9− x 10. For h ( t )= 10t + t + 6t − 2 evaluate each of the following limits. f ( x ) = x +8 x2 (5 − 2 x ) 3 5t 11. For g ( z ) =7 + 8 z + z 4 evaluate each of the following limits. Part I 3 5 1. 4. g ( t ) = t ( t + 7 )( t − 12 ) 12.

f ( x ) = 10 − 5 x + x 3 10.lamar. f ( x ) = 2 − 6 x − 9 x2 15 x 2 + x − 4 8. f ( x ) = 3 x + 10 x 5 − 3 x8 7. f ( x ) = 8 + 4 x6 3 2 − 8 x3 4 + 7x © 2007 Paul Dawkins 35 http://tutorial. f ( x ) = 25 x + 7 5x2 + 2 13. f ( x ) = 1 + 4 3 x2 9 + 10 x 12. f ( x ) = 5 − x8 2 x3 − 7 x + 1 11. f ( x ) = 12 + x 3 x − 8 x + 23 2 5 x8 − 9 6. f ( x ) = 6 + x3 16.aspx . f ( x ) = 5x + 7 x4 4 − x2 4 x3 − 3x 2 + 2 x − 1 9.math.Calculus I 5.edu/terms. f ( x ) = 8 + 11x 2 −9 − x 14. f ( x ) = 9 x4 + 2 x2 + 3 5x − 2 x2 15.

f ( x ) = −14 x 2x − ex 7. f ( x= ) 20e−8 x − e5 x + 3e2 x − e−7 x 6e 4 x + e −15 x 9. f ( x ) =9e − 7e 8. x →−∞ 1. f ( x ) = e x 4 +8 x 2.math. f ( x ) = e3 x + 9e − x − 4e10 x 2e7 x − e − x 11. f ( x ) = e x −8 x 4 e x + 12e −3 x − 2e −10 x 6. Part II For problems 1 – 11 evaluate (a) lim f ( x ) and (b) lim f ( x ) . f ( x ) = 11e 4 x + 6e −15 x 10. f ( x ) = 1+ x 4 5 + 2x4 Limits At Infinity.edu/terms.aspx . f ( x ) = e 7 +3 x 5 + 2 x6 5. f ( x ) = x →∞ 2 + 2 x5 3 − x3 2 x e +x 5−9 x 4. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 36 http://tutorial.Calculus I 17. f ( x ) = e 2 x + 4 x 3.lamar. f ( x ) = 3e −14 x − e18 x e − x − 2e 20 x − e −9 x For problems 12 – 20 evaluate the given limit.

lim ln 5 x 2 + 12 x − 6 x →∞ ( 13.math.aspx . lim ln 5 − 7 y 5 y →−∞ ) ) 3+ x 3 1 + 5x 14. The graph of f ( x ) is given below. lim tan z →−∞ Continuity 1. lim tan −1 7 + 4 x − x 3 x →−∞ ( 18. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 37 http://tutorial. lim tan −1 t →∞ z4 + 4 2 3 3z + 5 z −1 19.edu/terms. lim ln t →−∞ 10 z + 8 z 2 2 z −1 16. lim ln z →∞ ( 17.Calculus I ( 12. lim ln x →∞ 2t − 5t 3 2 4 + 3t 15.lamar. Based on this graph determine where the function is discontinuous. lim tan −1 4 w2 − w6 w→∞ ) ) 4t 3 + t 2 1 + 3t 18.

Based on this graph determine where the function is discontinuous.lamar.edu/terms.aspx . 3.Calculus I 2. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 38 http://tutorial.math. The graph of f ( x ) is given below. The graph of f ( x ) is given below. Based on this graph determine where the function is discontinuous.

(b) z = 2 ? © 2007 Paul Dawkins 39 http://tutorial. W ( x ) = 2 2z2 z < −1 4 z + 6 z ≥ −1 8. (b) z = 0 .Calculus I For problems 4 – 13 using only Properties 1. g ( z ) = 2+ x x + 6x − 7 (a) x = −7 .math.edu/terms. 6 + 2x 7 x − 14 (a) x = −3 . (b) t = 5 ? z+2 11. (b) y = −1 . (b) x = 4 ? t <5 8 1 − 6t t ≥ 5 10. Z ( t ) = (a) t = 0 .aspx . R ( y ) = 2 5 z − 20 z 2 − 12 z (a) z = −1 . (c) z = 4 ? 6. one-sided limit properties (if needed) and the definition of continuity determine if the given function is continuous or discontinuous at the indicated points. (b) z = −1 ? x + ex x < 0 9. (c) y = 3 ? 5. (c) x = 2 ? 4. f ( x ) = 2y y − 25 (a) y = −5 .9 from the Limit Properties section. (b) x = 0 . h ( z ) = (a) z = −6 . (c) x = 1 ? 7. g ( x ) = 2 x≥0 x (a) x = 0 .lamar. h ( z ) = 0 18 − z 2 z < −4 z = −4 z > −4 (a) z = −4 . (b) x = 0 .

Q ( z ) = 3 2 z + 3z − 4 16.Calculus I 1 − x2 x<2 2 x= −3 12. h ( t ) = 2 2 t 2 −1 t 3 + 6t 2 + t 17.math. f ( x ) = 11 − 2 x 2 x − 13 x − 7 15.aspx .lamar. (b) x = 7 ? w<0 3w 0 w=0 13. R ( w ) = w e − 2e1− w 2 21. (b) w = 8 ? For problems 14 – 22 determine where the given function is discontinuous. f ( x ) = 3 4e x −7 −1 e w +1 20. f ( x ) = 2 x − 7 2 < x < 7 0 x=7 2 x x>7 (a) x = 2 . h ( x ) = 1− x x sin ( x − 1) 19. 14. g ( w ) = w + 6 0 < w < 8 14 w=8 w>8 22 − w (a) w = 0 . f ( z ) = 4z +1 5cos ( 2z ) + 1 18. g ( x ) = cot ( 4 x ) © 2007 Paul Dawkins 40 http://tutorial.edu/terms.

5] . f ( 20 ) = −100 and f ( 40 ) = −100 on the interval [ 20. f ( t ) = sec ( t) For problems 23 – 27 use the Intermediate Value Theorem to show that the given equation has at least one solution in the indicated interval. 30. 31.lamar.8] 23. 12 and f ( 0 ) = −3 on the interval [ −5. f ( −4 ) = x →1 x →1 2 . t −8 ( ) ( ) 0 on [ −1. f (1) = 23 . f ( −5 ) = 29.aspx .Calculus I 22. 1 + 7 x − x = 2 3 on [ −15. 4] For problems 28 – 33 assume that f ( x ) is continuous everywhere unless otherwise indicated in some way.math. and lim+ f ( x ) = 4 on the interval [ −4. f (1) = 30 and f ( 9 ) = 6 on the interval [1. 10 = w +w e 3 2 − 5 on [ 0. 0] . Note that you are NOT asked to find the solution only show that at least one must exist in the indicated interval.1] . −5] 24. 3 4 0 on [ 4. ln 2t + 1 − ln t + 4 = 2 2 −w 27. f ( 5 ) = 17 .9] . 32. z + 11z = t 2 + t − 15 = 0 on [ −5. lim− f ( x ) = −2 .edu/terms. 40] . If it is not possible to determine if there is a root in the interval sketch a graph of two functions each of which meets the given information and one will have a root in the given interval and the other will not have a root in the given interval. lim− f ( x ) = 35 .1] 25. and lim+ f ( x ) = 1 on the interval [ −8. f ( −8 ) = x→ −4 © 2007 Paul Dawkins x →− 4 41 http://tutorial. From the given information is it possible to determine if there is a root of f ( x ) in the given interval? If it is possible to determine that there is a root in the given interval clearly explain how you know that a root must exist. −10 . 28. 2] 26.

x→ 2 x→ 2 The Definition of the Limit Use the definition of the limit to prove the following limits. lim x 2 = 4 x→ −2 6.lamar. lim x 2 + 3 x − 1 = −3 x →−2 9. 1. f ( 0 ) = −1 . lim ( 2 x + 8 ) = x →3 3 4. lim x 2 = 16 x→ 4 ( ) 7.math. lim ( −7 x ) = x →1 14 3.aspx . and lim+ f ( x ) = −3 on the interval [ 0.Calculus I 33. lim x 2 + x + 6 = 8 x →1 ( ) 8. lim x 4 = 1 x →1 10. lim x →−6 1 ( x + 6) 2 = ∞ © 2007 Paul Dawkins 42 http://tutorial. lim ( 2 x ) = −8 x →−4 −7 2.edu/terms. f ( 9 ) = 10 .9] . lim ( 5 − x ) = x→2 5. lim− f ( x ) = −12 .

math. The Definition of the Derivative Interpretation of the Derivative Differentiation Formulas Product and Quotient Rule Derivatives of Trig Functions Derivatives of Exponential and Logarithm Functions Derivatives of Inverse Trig Functions Derivatives of Hyperbolic Functions Chain Rule Implicit Differentiation © 2007 Paul Dawkins 43 http://tutorial. lim− 1 = −∞ x −1 14. Most sections should have a range of difficulty levels in the problems although this will vary from section to section. lim 1 =0 x2 x →0 x →1 x →−∞ 15.lamar.aspx . The main intent of these problems is to have a set of problems available for any instructors who are looking for some extra problems.Calculus I −3 = −∞ x →0 x 2 11. lim x →∞ 1 =0 x3 Derivatives Introduction Here are a set of problems for which no solutions are available. Here is a list of topics in this chapter that have problems written for them. Note that some sections will have more problems than others and some will have more or less of a variety of problems.edu/terms. lim 12. lim+ 1 = ∞ x 13.

g ( x ) = 10 2.aspx . f ( x= ) 5x + 7 4. Y ( t ) = 2t + 9t + 5 3 2 12. Q ( t ) = 2t 2 − 8t + 10 1 + 10 z − 7 z 2 9. f ( t ) = 2 t −3 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 44 http://tutorial. T ( y ) = −8 3. R ( w ) = w − 8w + 20 7. Z ( x ) = 2 x − x − x 13. 1.math. f ( z= ) z2 + 3 2 6.lamar.Calculus I Related Rates Higher Order Derivatives Logarithmic Differentiation The Definition of the Derivative Use the definition of the derivative to find the derivative of the following functions. g ( z ) = 10. Q ( t ) = 1 − 12t 5.edu/terms. f ( x= ) 5 x − x3 3 11. V ( t= ) 6t − t 2 8.

lamar. G ( x= ) 2 − 5x 19. Q ( t= ) 1 + 4t x) 20. V = (t ) 14 + 3t 18. f ( w = ) w+8 17. g ( x ) = x+2 1− x t2 15. f ( x )= x + x 24.math. 1. estimate the value of f ′ ( a ) for the given values of a. f (= x2 + 1 21. g ( x ) = 4 1− x 23.edu/terms. Q ( t ) = t+2 16.aspx . f ( x ) . W ( t ) = 1 t 22. (a) a = −5 (b) a = 1 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 45 http://tutorial.Calculus I 14. f ( x )= x + 1 x Interpretations of the Derivative For problems 1 – 3 use the graph of the function.

Calculus I 2. (a) a = −3 (b) a = 4 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 46 http://tutorial.lamar.edu/terms.math. (a) a = −2 (b) a = 3 3.aspx .

Calculus I

For problems 4 – 6 sketch the graph of a function that satisfies the given conditions.

5 , f ′ ( −7 ) =

−3 , f ( 4 ) = −1 , f ′ ( 4 ) = 1

4. f ( −7 ) =

5. f (1) = 2 , f ′ (1) = 4 , f ( 6 ) = 2 , f ′ ( 6 ) = 3

0 , f ( 2 ) = −1 , f ′ ( 2 ) = 3 , f ( 5 ) = 4 , f ′ ( 5 ) = −1

−9 , f ′ ( −1) =

6. f ( −1) =

For problems 7 – 9 the graph of a function, f ( x ) , is given. Use this to sketch the graph of the

derivative, f ′ ( x ) .

7.

8.

9.

© 2007 Paul Dawkins

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Calculus I

1 + 10 z − 7 z 2 .

10. Answer the following questions about the function g ( z ) =

(a) Is the function increasing or decreasing at z = 0 ?

(b) Is the function increasing or decreasing at z = 2 ?

(c) Does the function ever stop changing? If yes, at what value(s) of z does the

function stop changing?

11. What is the equation of the tangent line to f ( x=

) 5 x − x3 at x = 1 .

12. The position of an object at any time t is given by s ( t ) = 2t 2 − 8t + 10 .

(a) Determine the velocity of the object at any time t.

(b) Is the object moving to the right or left at t = 1 ?

(c) Is the object moving to the right or left at t = 4 ?

(d) Does the object ever stop moving? If so, at what time(s) does the object stop

moving?

2

13. Does the function R ( w ) = w − 8w + 20 ever stop changing? If yes, at what value(s)

**of w does the function stop changing?
**

14. Suppose that the volume of air in a balloon for 0 ≤ t ≤ 6 is given by V ( t=

) 6t − t 2 .

(a) Is the volume of air increasing or decreasing at t = 2 ?

(b) Is the volume of air increasing or decreasing at t = 5 ?

(c) Does the volume of air ever stop changing? If yes, at what times(s) does the

volume stop changing?

15. What is the equation of the tangent line to f ( x=

) 5 x + 7 at x = −4 ?

3

2

16. Answer the following questions about the function Z ( x ) = 2 x − x − x .

© 2007 Paul Dawkins

48

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Calculus I

**(a) Is the function increasing or decreasing at x = −1 ?
**

(b) Is the function increasing or decreasing at x = 2 ?

(c) Does the function ever stop changing? If yes, at what value(s) of x does the

function stop changing?

17. Determine if the function V =

(t )

14 + 3t increasing or decreasing at the given points.

(a) t = 0

(b) t = 5

(c) t = 100

18. Suppose that the volume of water in a tank for t ≥ 0 is given by Q ( t ) =

t2

.

t+2

**(a) Is the volume of water increasing or decreasing at t = 0 ?
**

(b) Is the volume of water increasing or decreasing at t = 3 ?

(c) Does the volume of water ever stop changing? If so, at what times(s) does the

volume stop changing?

19. What is the equation of the tangent line to g ( x ) = 10 at x = 16 ?

20. The position of an object at any time t is given by Q ( t=

)

1 + 4t .

**(a) Determine the velocity of the object at any time t.
**

(b) Does the object ever stop moving? If so, at what time(s) does the object stop

moving?

21. Does the function Y ( t ) = 2t 3 + 9t + 5 ever stop changing? If yes, at what value(s)

of t does the function stop changing?

Differentiation Formulas

For problems 1 – 20 find the derivative of the given function.

8 4 x 3 + 2 x8

1. g ( x ) =−

2. f ( z ) = z10 − 7 z 5 + 2 z 3 − z 2

3. y = 8 x 4 − 10 x 3 − 9 x + 4

© 2007 Paul Dawkins

49

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f ( x )= 3 x −4 + x 4 − 3 x 5. g ( t ) = (1 + 2 x ) 2 − x + x 2 18. f ( t= ) x (1 − 9 x 3 ) ( 3 − 2t ) 3 2 ( 17. z =6 x − 7 4 x + 3 x 9 3 9. y = 2 1 + 3 − 9t 2 − t 3 9 3t 7t 13. g ( t ) = t + 2t − 6t + 8t − 1 8. g ( w ) = ( w − 5 ) w2 + 1 15. h ( y ) = 6 y + 6 y 5 + 7 y2 9 4 1 1 + 5− 2 z 7z 2z 11. W ( x ) = x 3 − 1 1 + 6 5 x x2 ( ) 14.lamar.edu/terms. h= ( x) 16. y = ) 4 − 8x + 2 x2 x © 2007 Paul Dawkins 50 http://tutorial.math. f ( x ) = 7 x 4 − 2 2 x 7 + x 4 10.Calculus I 4.aspx . h ( y ) = 3 y − 8 y + 9 y 4 −7 −3 −2 7. g ( z ) = 12. R ( t ) =9t10 + 8t −10 + 12 −6 −3 −1 6.

h ( w ) = 2 w3 + 3w2 + 4 w + 5 9 8 x 2 + 3x3 − x 4 25.math.lamar. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 51 http://tutorial. 3 2 21. if anywhere. Find the tangent line to h= ( x ) 2 x − 8 4 x at x = 16 . 28. Y ( t ) = t 4 − 2t 2 + 7t t3 20. The position of an object at any time t is given by s ( t ) =3t 4 − 44t 3 + 108t 2 + 20 . the function is not changing. g ( x ) =+ 26. 30. (b) Does the object ever stop changing? (c) When is the object moving to the right and when is the object moving to the left? 32. x 29. G= ( z ) z 2 ( z − 1) 2 5 2 27. S ( w ) = w2 ( 2 − w ) + w5 3w For problems 21 – 26 determine where.Calculus I 19. Determine where the function f ( x ) =4 x 3 − 18 x 2 − 336 x + 27 is increasing and decreasing. 31. (b) Does the object ever stop changing? (c) When is the object moving to the right and when is the object moving to the left? 1 − 150t 3 + 45t 4 − 2t 5 . f ( x ) = 2 x − 9 x − 108 x + 14 2 3 4 22. u ( t ) =45 + 300t + 20t − 3t 23. (a) Determine the velocity of the object at any time t. Q ( t ) = t 3 − 9t 2 + t − 10 24.edu/terms. Find the tangent line to f ( x ) = 3 x − 4 x + 9 x − 12 at x = −1 . The position of an object at any time t is given by s ( t ) = (a) Determine the velocity of the object at any time t. Find the tangent line to g ( x ) = x2 + 1 at x = 2 .aspx .

34.edu/terms. 2 3 37. ( 1. 2 3 39. t 3 − 24t 2 + 192t − 50 is increasing and decreasing.aspx . Determine where.lamar. the tangent line to f (= 13 x 1 + is parallel to the line x 9 y = x. h ( z ) = 2− z ) (3 + 8 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 3 z2 ) 52 http://tutorial. Determine where. Product and Quotient Rule For problems 1 – 7 use the Product Rule or the Quotient Rule to find the derivative of the given function. Determine where the function V ( t ) = 7 10 x3 − 5 x 4 − 2 x5 is 35. if anywhere. the tangent line to f ( x ) =8 + 4 x + x − 2 x is perpendicular 1 4 8 3 to the line y = − x+ . the tangent line to f ( x )= 12 x − 9 x + 3 is parallel to the line y = 1 − 7 x . the tangent line to f ( = x) 3 x − 8 x is perpendicular to the line = y 2 x − 11 .1] ? 2 38. 2] on which f ( x ) = 3 x 4 − 8 x 3 − 144 x 2 is decreasing. 36. Determine the percentage of the interval [ −6. Determine the percentage of the interval [ −5. if anywhere. Is h ( x ) = 3 − x + x + 2 x increasing or decreasing more on the interval [ −1. Determine where the function g ( w ) =w + 2 w − 15w − 9 is increasing and decreasing. 40. Determine where. 4] on which f ( x ) =+ increasing. x) 41.math. if anywhere. if anywhere.Calculus I 4 3 2 33. Determine where.

f ′ ( −3) = 9 .lamar.edu/terms. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 53 http://tutorial. g ′ ( −3) = 7. ( f g )′ ( −3) h ′ 9. ( −3) g f g ′ ( −3) h 10. Z ( y ) = 4 y − y2 6− y 6. dy 11. x = −3 . Find the equation of the tangent line to f ( x ) = 8 − x 2 1 + x + x 2 at x = −2 . g ( x ) = x 1 + x2 5. If = y x − f ( x ) h ( x ) determine dx 12. For problems 8 – 12 use the fact that f ( −3) = h ( −3) = −2 and h′ ( −3) = 5 determine the value of the indicated derivative. x = −3 ( )( ) 13. If y = 1− g ( x) h ( x) dy determine dx x + f ( x) . f ( w ) = (1 − 4w )( 2 + w ) 3 + 9w 12 . y = (x 2 3 (7 − 2x ) x − 5 x + 1)(12 + 2 x − x3 ) 2 3 4. f ( x ) = x− 3. g ( −3) = −4 . 8.math. V ( t ) = 1 − 10t + t 2 5t + 2t 3 7.Calculus I 2.aspx .

lim cos ( x ) − 1 x→ 0 9x 5. lim sin ( 9 w ) w→ 0 10 w 2. Determine where R ( x ) = ( 3 − x ) 1 − 2 x + x 2 is increasing and decreasing. lim sin ( x + 4 ) x →− 4 3 x + 12 4.math.lamar. Find the equation of the tangent line to f ( x ) = 15. lim sin ( 2θ ) θ → 0 sin (17θ ) 3. Using the Product Rule for two functions prove the Product Rule for three functions. 3t t → 0 sin ( t ) 1. x + 2 x2 2− z is increasing and decreasing. (f g h )′ = f ′ g h + f g ′ h + f g h′ Derivatives of Trig Functions For problems 1 – 6 evaluate the given limit. Determine where f ( x ) = 1+ x is increasing and decreasing. Determine where g ( z ) = 4 − x3 at x = 1 . 1 + 2t 2 18. lim © 2007 Paul Dawkins 54 http://tutorial.Calculus I 14.aspx . 1− x 19. Determine where h ( t ) = 7t − t 2 is increasing and decreasing. 12 + z 2 ( ) 16.edu/terms. 17.

Y ( x ) = cos ( z ) z3 1 + cos ( x ) 1 − sin ( x ) 14.lamar. lim z→0 cos ( 8 z ) − 1 2z For problems 6 – 10 differentiate the given function.math. y = 6 cot ( w ) − 8cos ( w ) + 9 9. Find the tangent line to= 17. f ( x ) cos ( x ) + sec ( x ) at x = π . x 4 − 9sin ( x ) + 2 tan ( x ) 6. Find the tangent line to f ( x ) = x sec ( x ) at x = 2π . f ( x ) = 8sec ( x ) csc ( x ) 9 10. 18. h ( z= ) 3z − 13. f ( w= ) 3w − 15. h ( t )= 8 − t tan ( t ) = 11. 16.aspx . Find the tangent line to = © 2007 Paul Dawkins 55 http://tutorial.edu/terms. g ( t ) = sec ( w ) 1 + 9 tan ( w ) t cot ( t ) t2 +1 f ( x ) 2 tan ( x ) − 4 x at x = 0 . R ( x ) 6 5 x 2 + 8 x sin ( x ) 12. g ( t ) = 8sec ( t ) + cos ( t ) − 4 csc ( t ) 8. h ( x ) = 7.Calculus I 6.

Prove that d ( cot ( x ) ) = − csc2 ( x ) . Prove that d ( csc ( x ) ) = − csc ( x ) cot ( x ) .Calculus I 19. The position of an object is given by s ( t = ) 8t + 10sin ( t ) determine where in the interval [0.math. Where in the range [ 0. dx Derivatives of Exponential and Logarithm Functions For problems 1 – 12 differentiate the given function.5] is the function R ( w )= 7 cos ( w ) − sin ( w ) + 3 is increasing and decreasing. dx 27.edu/terms. 6] is the function f ( z= ) 3z − 8cos ( z ) is increasing and decreasing. g ( = = 2. 21. The position of an object is given by s ( t ) = 9sin ( t ) + 2 cos ( t ) − 7 determine all the points where the object is not changing. Where in the range [ −6. 23. h ( t = ) 6t − 4et = R ( x ) 20 ln ( x ) + log123 ( x ) 4.aspx . f ( x ) 9 log 4 ( x ) + 12 log11 ( x ) 3. Using the definition of the derivative prove that 25. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 56 http://tutorial. 24.lamar.10] is the function h ( t )= 9 − 15sin ( t ) is increasing and decreasing. Prove that d ( sec ( x ) ) = sec ( x ) tan ( x ) . dx 26. 22. z ) 10 z − 9 z 1.12] the object is moving to the right and moving to the left. 20. Where in the range [ −3. dx d ( cos ( x ) ) = − sin ( x ) .

math. (a) y = −2 (c) y = 3 (b) y = 0 z2 is increasing or decreasing at the following points.= U ( z ) log 4 ( z ) − z 6 ln ( z ) 8. Determine if y ( z ) = ln ( z ) (a) z = 1 2 (b) z = 2 (c) z = 6 2 x 18. 15.lamar. Find the tangent line to f ( x )= (1 − 8 x ) e x at x = −1 .aspx .edu/terms. Find the tangent line to f (= 16. x ) 3e x + 8ln ( x ) at x = 2 . V ( t ) = t 4 et ln ( t ) 13. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 57 http://tutorial. Determine if U ( y= ) 4 y − 3e y is increasing or decreasing at the following points.Calculus I 5. y= v + 8v 9v 7. f ( t ) = 1 + 4 ln ( t ) 5t 3 r 2 + log 7 ( r ) 11. g ( r ) = 7r 12. 14. 17. Q ( t ) = (t 2 − 6t + 3) et 6. Find the tangent line to f ( x ) = 3 x 2 ln ( x ) at x = 1 . Determine if h ( x ) = x e is increasing or decreasing at the following points. f ( w ) = 1 − ew 1 + 7e w 10. h ( x ) = log 3 ( x ) log ( x ) 9.

A ( r ) = tan ( r ) tanh ( r ) © 2007 Paul Dawkins 58 http://tutorial. A ( t ) = ) z +1 tan −1 ( z ) 1 + sin −1 ( t ) 1 − cos −1 ( t ) Derivatives of Hyperbolic Functions For each of the following problems differentiate the given function. = = 3. H ( t ) 3csch ( t ) + 7 sinh ( t ) 4.edu/terms. = −1 −1 = 2. Q ( z ) = 8.Calculus I (b) x = 0 (a) x = −1 (c) x = 2 Derivatives of Inverse Trig Functions For each of the following problems differentiate the given function.lamar. h ( w= ) w2 − 3sinh ( w ) g ( x ) cos ( x ) + cosh ( x ) 2. C ( t ) 5sin ( t ) − cos ( t ) = g ( z ) tan −1 ( z ) + 4 cos −1 ( z ) 3.aspx . = h ( t ) sec −1 ( t ) − t 3 cos −1 ( t ) 4. y = x − cot −1 ( x ) 1 + csc −1 ( x ) 7. f ( w= ) −1 2 ( )( 6. f ( x ) sin ( x ) + 9sin −1 ( x ) 1. ( w − w ) sin ( w) 5. 1.math.

H ( w ) = 2 − 3v ) −2 2 ( 6 − 5w ) 8 ( 7.= y 5. g ( z ) = 9 z 3 ( 3.aspx . = f ( x ) sin 4 x + 7 x 4 ( 8.= h ( u ) sec u 2 − u © 2007 Paul Dawkins ) 59 http://tutorial. 1. T= ( x ) tan 1 − 2e x ) ) 9.math. h ( t ) = 9 + 2t − t 3 4.lamar. f ( z ) = sech ( z ) + 1 1− z 7.edu/terms. g ( z ) cos ( sin ( z ) + z 2 ) = ( 10. Q ( w ) = coth ( w ) w + sinh ( w ) Chain Rule For problems 1 – 46 differentiate the given function. g ( x= ) (3 − 8x ) 11 7 2. R= (v) ) 6 w3 + 8w2 (14v 6.Calculus I x 5. f ( x ) = e cosh ( x ) 6.

k ( w ) = (w 4 − 1) + 2 + 9 w © 2007 Paul Dawkins 5 60 http://tutorial.= 21. f ( z ) = e 2 6 z + ln ( z ) 15. B ( x ) = 7 16. = ( ) 24.Calculus I ( = y cot 1 + cot ( x ) 11.aspx .= f ( x ) tan 4 ( x ) + tan x 4 25. A (= t ) cos ( t ) − 6 1 − sin ( t ) H ( z ) ln ( 6 z ) − 4sec ( z ) 23.math. z = 3x ) cos( x ) −9 x ( 17. 12.lamar.= g ( z ) sec8 ( z ) + sec z 8 27. f ( t ) = e1−t 2 13.edu/terms. g = ( t ) ln 1 − csc ( t ) ) ) f ( v ) tan −1 ( 3 − 2v ) 20. f ( u ) =e 4u − 6e − u + 7eu 2 −8 u ( ) 26. h ( t ) = sin −1 ( 9t ) 22. J ( z ) = e12 z − z 14. h ( w= ) ln w7 − w5 + w3 − w ( 19. R = ( z ) ln 6 z + e z ) ( 18.

f ( x ) = ( ) 33. g ( t ) = 38. A ( z ) = sec ( 4 z ) tan z 2 34. T ( x ) = 2 x 3 − 1 ( 5 −7 4 ) 30.= h ( t ) tan 5 − t 2 ln ( t ) ) 3+ x 2 2− x 41. w = z 2 + 4 z sin (1 − 2 z ) 8 4 31. z = ln © 2007 Paul Dawkins 61 http://tutorial. h ( x= ) 3 x2 − 5x + 1 + (9 x + 4) ( ) ( 5 − 3x ) 29.edu/terms.aspx . Y ( t ) = t cos ( t ) 6 − x 4 ln (10 x + 3) 32. h = (v) 5v + ln ( v 4 ) e6+9 v 35. V ( z ) = 2 3 − x) 6 csc (1 − t ) 1 + e−t sin 2 ( z ) 1 + cos ( z 2 ) ( 39.math. f ( x ) = ex 36. U ( w ) = ln e w cos ( w ) (( ) ) 40. g ( x ) 2 +8 x x4 + 7 ( 4 x + 1) = (x 37.Calculus I 28.lamar.

© 2007 Paul Dawkins 62 http://tutorial. = f ( z ) cos 2 1 + cos 2 ( z ) ) 52.math. Find the tangent line to f ( x ) = e 2 x + 4 − 8ln x 2 − 3 at x = −2 . f ( x ) = x2 + 1 + 4x 44.lamar. 54. Is h ( x ) = ( 2 x + 1) 4 3 (2 − x) (9 − t ) 5 4 is increasing and decreasing. Determine where = U ( w ) 3cos [ −10. = A ( y ) ln 7 y 3 + sin 2 ( y ) ) 6 47. V ( w= ) 4 cos ( 9 − w2 ) + ln ( 6 w + 5 ) ( 49. Find the tangent line to f ( x= ) ( 2 − 4x ) 2 5 at x = 1 . = B (r ) (e sin ( r ) ) − sin ( e r ) ) 8 ( 51. u= ( 6 + cos (8w) ) 45. g ( v ) = ev 7 + 2v 43.3] ? w + w − 3 is increasing and decreasing in the interval 2 56. ( ) 53.edu/terms.aspx . h ( z ) = ( 5 7 z − z 2 + e5 z 2 +z ) −4 ( 46.Calculus I 42. h ( t ) = sin t 3e −6t 50. g ( x ) = csc ( 8 x ) 48.10] . Determine where A= (t ) t 55. increasing or decreasing more in the interval [ −2.

math. (b) Where the function is increasing and decreasing. (a) Find y′ by solving the equation for y and differentiating directly. Implicit Differentiation For problems 1 – 6 do each of the following. 2] . During the first 10 hours of motion (assuming the motion starts at t = 0 ) what percentage of the time is the object moving to the right? 62. 59.aspx . If the position of an object is given by s= ( t ) 4sin ( 3t ) − 10t + 7 .edu/terms. = 1 x4 + 5 y3 4. The position of an object is given by s ( t= ) ln 2t 3 − 21t 2 + 36t + 200 . the object is not moving in the interval [ 0. (b) Find y′ by implicit differentiation. Determine where. 58. x 2 y 9 = 2 2. 8 x − y 2 = 3 5.lamar.Calculus I 57. What percentage of (w 2 − 1) e 2− w is increasing and decreasing. Determine where H ( = w) 60. 4 x − 6 y 2 = xy 2 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 63 http://tutorial. if anywhere. For the function f ( x ) =1 − x − ln ( 2 + 9 x − x 2 ) determine each of the following. 2 ( z) [ −3.5] is the function g= ez 2 −8 + 3e1− 2 z decreasing? 2 ( ) 61. 1. 6x =4 y7 3. (c) Check that the derivatives in (a) and (b) are the same. Determine where f ( x ) = 6sin ( 2 x ) − 7 cos ( 2 x ) − 3 is increasing and decreasing in the interval [ −3. 2 (a) The interval on which the function is defined. 4] .

8 xy + 2 x 4 y −3 = x3 3 7x 16. x 2 + x 3 + 2 y = y2 6 4 x −1 19. 10 x 4 − y −6 = 7 y 3 + 4 x −3 e4 y 11. e x = ex 2 y2 +1 x 3 4 + x =2 − y y 21.aspx . ln ( x y ) = x For problems 7 – 21 find y′ by implicit differentiation. x + ln ( y ) = ( ) 13. 7. 6 x −2 − x 3 y 2 + 4 x = 0 15. tan ( 3 x + 7 y ) =− 2 2 +y 20. 3 y 7 + x10 = y −2 − 6 x 3 + 2 9.edu/terms. sin © 2007 Paul Dawkins 64 http://tutorial. y 2 − 12 x 3 = 8y 8.Calculus I 6. sin ( x ) + cos ( y ) = sec ( y ) 12. e cos ( y ) + sin ( xy ) = 18. y 2 4 − x 2 =y 7 + 9 x 14. y −3 + 4 x −1 = 8 y −1 10. yx − cos ( x ) sin ( y ) = x 9 17.math.lamar.

aspx . 28.− 4 4 24. sin (π − x ) + y cos ( x ) = For problems 28 . x 2= y y 2 − 6 x at ( 2. 25. 0 ) 2 π .Calculus I For problems 22 . x 4 − 6 z =3 − y 2 29. cos z 2 x 3 + ) 10 + z −4 y 2 + x2 = 0 Related Rates 1.31 assume that x = x ( t ) . 6 ) π π . x 2 − y 3 = 4 y + 9 at ( 2.1 2 2 y at 27. x3 − y 4 = x 2 y − 7 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 65 http://tutorial.3) 23. y = 2 and y′ = 7 determine x′ for the following equation. e1− x e y = x 3 + y at (1. decreasing or not changing at the given point. −1) 26.24 find the equation of the tangent line at the given point. z 7 e6 y = y 2 − 8 x ( ) 31. y = y ( t ) and z = z ( t ) and differentiate the given equation with respect to t.lamar. 3 x + y 2 = x 2 − 19 at ( −4.edu/terms. In the following assume that x and y are both functions of t. x y 4 = y 2 z 3 ( 30. Given x = 3 . 22.math. 2sin ( x ) cos ( y ) = 1 at For problems 25 – 27 determine if the function is increasing.

y and z are all functions of t. The sides of a square are increasing at a rate of 10 cm/sec. y = −4 and x′ = 12 determine y′ for the following equation.edu/terms.25 ft3/sec. y and z are all functions of t. y′ = 6 and z ′ = 0 determine x′ for the following equation. x y 2 z 2 = x3 − z 4 − 8 y 5.math. x′ = −4 and y′ = 7 determine z ′ for the following equation. How fast is the area enclosed by the square increasing when the area is 150 cm2. y x4 + = 2 x2 z 2 − 3 z 4. Given x = π6 . A cylindrical tank of radius 2. The sides of an equilateral triangle are decreasing at a rate of 3 in/hr. In the following assume that x.5 feet is being drained of water at a rate of 0. How fast is the area enclosed by the triangle decreasing when the sides are 2 feet long? 7. How fast is the height of the water decreasing? 9. In the following assume that x and y are both functions of t. In the following assume that x.Calculus I 2. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 66 http://tutorial. z = 2 . Given x = −2 . z = 4 . A hot air balloon is attached to a spool of rope that is 125 feet away from the balloon when it is on the ground. y = 8 .lamar. y = 3 . How fast is the hot air balloon rising 20 seconds after it lifts off? See the (probably bad) sketch below to help visualize the problem.aspx . Given x = −1 . x 2 ( y 2 − 16 ) − 6 cos ( 2 x ) =+ 1 y 3. A spherical balloon is being filled in such a way that the surface area is increasing at a rate of 20 cm2/sec when the radius is 2 meters. The hot air balloon rises straight up in such a way that the length of rope increases at a rate of 15 ft/sec. At what rate is air being pumped in the balloon when the radius is 2 meters? 8. 6.

Four seconds later Person B starts walking towards the southeast corner at a rate of 2 ft/sec. Person A is on the northeast corner and Person B is on the southwest corner. Repeat problem 12 above except for this problem assume that Car A starts traveling 4 hours after Car B starts traveling. 12. At what rate is the distance between the rock and the second person increasing just as the rock hits the ground? 11. A rock is dropped straight off a bridge that is 50 meters above the ground and falls at a speed of 10 m/sec. See the sketch below for placement and distances. At what rate is the distance between them changing (a) 10 seconds after Person A starts walking and (b) after Person A has covered half the distance? © 2007 Paul Dawkins 67 http://tutorial. At the same time Car A starts driving at 35 mph to the east while Car B starts driving at 55 mph to the north (see sketch below for this initial setup). For parts (a). At what rate is the distance between the two cars changing after (a) 5 hours of travel. At what rate is the distance between the person and the car changing (a) 5 seconds after the start.Calculus I 10. Another person is 7 meters away on the same bridge. Person A starts walking towards the southeast corner at a rate of 3 ft/sec.math. (b) when the car is directly in front of the person and (c) 10 seconds after the car has passed the person.lamar.edu/terms.aspx . (b) 20 hours of travel and (c) 40 hours of travel? 13. A person is 8 meters away from a road and there is a car that is initially 800 meters away approaching the person at a speed of 45 m/sec. Two people are on a city block. See the (probably bad) sketch below to help visualize the problem. 14. (b) and (c) assume that these are travel times for Car B. Two cars are initially 1200 miles apart.

Calculus I 15. 16. After moving for 8 seconds at what rate is the tip of the shadow moving (a) away from the person and (b) away from the pole? 20.aspx . Assume that the two equal length sides of the triangle are the sides of the water tank and the other side of the triangle is the top of the tank and is parallel to the ground. Is the distance between the person and the rocket increasing or decreasing (a) 6 seconds after launch and (b) 12 seconds after launch? 17. When the pole is 6 meters tall at what rate is the tip of the shadow moving (a) away from the pole and (b) away from the wall? 19. A person lights the fuse on a model rocket and starts to move away from the rocket at a rate of 3 ft/sec. The kite starts to rise straight up in the air at a rate of 2 m/sec and at the same time the person starts to move towards the kites launch point at a rate of 0. A 6 foot tall person is on the ground and 8 feet away from the pole.lamar. At what rate is the persons shadow increasing then the light is 15 feet above the ground? 18.25 meters at what rate is the (a) depth changing and (b) the radius of the top of the water changing? 21.75 m/sec. When the depth of the water is 1. The base radius of the tank is 1 meter and the height of the tank is 2. A person is standing 75 meters away from a kite and has a spool of string attached to the kite. A trough of water is 20 meters long and its ends are in the shape of an isosceles triangle whose width is 7 meters and height is 10 meters. A tank of water is in the shape of a cone (assume the “point” of the cone is pointing downwards) and is leaking water at a rate of 35 cm3/sec. A light is fixed on a wall 10 meters above the floor.5 meters.5 ft/sec. A 5 foot tall person starts at the pole and moves away from the pole at a rate of 2. Twelve meters away from the wall a pole is being raised straight up at a rate of 45 cm/sec. A light is on a pole and is being lowered towards the ground at a rate of 9 in/sec. A light is on the top of a 15 foot tall pole. Is the length string increasing or decreasing after (a) 4 seconds and (b) 20 seconds.edu/terms. Five seconds after lighting the fuse the rocket launches straight up into the air at a rate of 10 ft/sec.math. When the water is 6 meters deep at what rate is (a) depth changing and (b) the width of the top of the water changing? © 2007 Paul Dawkins 68 http://tutorial. Water is being pumped into the tank at a rate of 2 m3/min.

Calculus I 22. The angle of elevation is the angle formed by a horizontal line and a line joining the observer’s eye to an object above the horizontal line.15 radians/sec. f ( z ) =z + 2 z − 7 z + 20 z − 3 2. (a) At what rate is the angle of elevation changing as Person B watches the rock fall when the rock is 35 feet above Person B? (b) At what rate is the angle of depression changing as Person B watches the rock fall when the rock is 65 feet below Person B? 24. Assuming that the elevator started moving from the ground at the same time that the person started walking is the angle of elevation increasing or decreasing after 10 seconds? Higher Order Derivatives For problems 1 – 9 determine the fourth derivative of the given function.math. A trough of water is 9 feet long and its ends are in the shape of an equilateral triangle whose sides are 1.75 feet? 23.edu/terms. A person is standing 15 meters away from a building and watching an outside elevator move down the face of the building. A person is 24 feet away from a building and watching an outside elevator move up the face of the building. g ( x ) = − 1 3 + 5 3 4x 2x 5. The angle of elevation (depression) is the angle formed by a horizontal line and a line joining the observer’s eye to an object above (below) the horizontal line.5 feet long.aspx . At this point in time what is the speed of the elevator? 25.lamar. Assume that the top of the tank is parallel to the ground.75 ft/sec. Person A is 100 feet above Person B and drops a rock off the roof of their building and it falls at a rate of 3 ft/sec. y = 6t 4 − 5t 3 + 4t 2 − 3t + 2 3. V ( t ) = 6t −2 + 7t −3 − t −4 3 x 4. 8 6 4 2 1. The elevator is moving up at a rate of 4 ft/sec and the person is moving towards the building at a rate of 0. If water is being pumped out of the tank at a rate of 2 ft2/s at what rate is the depth of the water changing when the depth is 0. The angle of elevation is the angle formed by a horizontal line and a line joining the observer’s eye to an object above the horizontal line. When the angle of elevation is 1 radians it is changing at a rate of 0. Two people are on the roof of buildings separated by at 25 foot wide road. h ( x ) = 8 x − 3 x + 5 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 4 x9 69 http://tutorial.

© 2007 Paul Dawkins 70 http://tutorial. f ( u ) = e 2 +9u ( 15. f ( x ) = ) 1 6 x + x4 18. h ( y ) = 3 y2 − 32 1 + 4 y 3 y5 7.math. A ( w ) = tan ( w ) For problems 21 – 23 determine the third derivative of the given function.aspx . g = ( z ) ln 3 + cos ( z ) 17. h= ( x ) ln x 2 − 3x ( ) 16.lamar. f ( t ) = sin ( 2t ) 4 20.edu/terms. y = 9sin ( z ) − sin ( 4 z ) + 7 cos ( 23z ) 8. z = csc ( 8w ) 4u 14. f= ( z ) sin 1 + e2 x ) ) 12. ( 10. Q= ( w ) cos 2 − 7 w2 ( 11. = f ( x ) 3sin ( x ) + 8cos ( 2 x ) −3 3 19.Calculus I 6. f ( t ) =ln t 6 − cos ( 4t ) + 9sin ( 2t ) + e7 t For problems 10 – 20 determine the second derivative of the given function. y = tan ( 3 x ) 13. R ( x ) =2e − x − 3e1+8 x + 9 ln ( 6 x ) ( ) 9.

g ( x ) = sec ( 3 x ) 22.Calculus I 21.lamar. = h ( w ) cos w − w2 ) For problems 24 .math. 1.edu/terms. y = e1− 2t 3 ( 23.aspx . e y + 4 x = y 3 − 1 27. y cos ( x )= 3 + 4 y 2 Logarithmic Differentiation For problems 1 – 6 use logarithmic differentiation to find the first derivative of the given function. 24. g ( x ) = 4 + 2 w − 9 w2 5 4 7 w + 2 w3 + w5 (1 + 7 z ) 2 3 ( 2 + 3z + 4 z ) 2 4 1 + sin ( 2 x ) 2 x − tan ( x ) ( 9 − 3t ) 5. f ( w ) = 3. h ( t ) = 2 t sin ( 7t ) 10 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 71 http://tutorial. h ( x ) x8 cos ( 3 x ) ( 6 + 3 x 2 ) = 2.27 determine the second derivative of the given function. 6 y − y 2 = 3 x 4 + 9 x 25. y 3 − 4 x 2 =11x − 2 y 2 26. h ( z ) = 4.

Rates of Change Critical Points Minimum and Maximum Values Finding Absolute Extrema The Shape of a Graph. R ( t ) = sin ( 4t ) 8. Most sections should have a range of difficulty levels in the problems although this will vary from section to section. g = ( z ) z 2 [3 + z ] 1− z 2 Applications of Derivatives Introduction Here are a set of problems for which no solutions are available.lamar.math. y = 3 + 8x cos (1 − x ) (1 + 2 x ) ( 5x + x ) 2 4 2 7 For problems 6 – 9 find the first derivative of the given function. Here is a list of topics in this chapter that have problems written for them.aspx . The main intent of these problems is to have a set of problems available for any instructors who are looking for some extra problems. y = x ( ) 7. ln x 6.edu/terms. Part II The Mean Value Theorem Optimization Problems More Optimization Problems © 2007 Paul Dawkins 72 http://tutorial. h ( w= ) 6t (6 − w ) 3 2 2 +8 w+ w 9. Note that some sections will have more problems than others and some will have more or less of a variety of problems. Part I The Shape of a Graph.Calculus I 6.

g ( z ) = 4 3 2 4.lamar. As such there aren’t any problems written for this section.aspx . Critical Points Determine the critical points of each of the following functions. Note that a couple of the problems involve equations that may not be easily solved by hand and as such may require some computational aids. Instead here is a list of links (note that these will only be active links in the web version and not the pdf version) to problems from the relevant sections from the previous chapter. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 73 http://tutorial.math. 3 2 1. f ( z ) =2 z − 16 z + 20 z − 7 8 − 12 z 5 − 25 z 6 + 907 z 7 3. R ( x ) =8 x − 18 x − 240 x + 2 4 3 2 2. These are marked are noted below.edu/terms. g ( t ) =3t − 20t − 132t + 672t − 4 Note : Depending upon your factoring skills this may require some computational aids. Each of the following sections has a selection of increasing/decreasing problems towards the bottom of the problem set.Calculus I L’Hospital’s Rule and Indeterminate Forms Linear Approximations Differentials Newton’s Method Business Applications Rates of Change As noted in the text for this section the purpose of this section is only to remind you of certain types of applications that were discussed in the previous chapter. Differentiation Formulas Product & Quotient Rules Derivatives of Trig Functions Derivatives of Exponential and Logarithm Functions Chain Rule Related Rates problems are in the Related Rates section.

A ( t )= 7t − 3t + t − 15 2 3 4 8. f ( x ) = 3 x − 20 x + 6 x + 120 x + 5 Note : This problem will require some computational aids. f ( t ) = (t − 2) t 2 + 1 3 2 2 w2 + 2 w + 1 3w − 5 14. 5 4 3 10.= h ( x) 5 x ( 2 x + 8) x−7 − 25t ) © 2007 Paul Dawkins 2 3 2 74 http://tutorial. P ( w ) = w − 4 w − 7 w − 1 3 2 7.Calculus I 5. h ( v ) = v + v + 10v − 15 11. f ( w ) = 15. a ( t ) =4 − 2t − 6t − 3t 4 3 2 9.lamar. R ( q ) = ( q + 2) 4 (q − 8) 2 ( ) 13. f ( t= ) (t 3 19. R ( y ) = 17.aspx .edu/terms.math. h ( x ) = 10 x 2 − 15 x 3 + 152 x 4 − x 5 Note : Depending upon your factoring skills this may require some computational aids. g ( z ) = ( z − 3) ( 2 z + 1) 5 12. Y ( x= ) 3 18. h ( t ) = 4 3 − 4t t2 +1 y2 − y y2 + 3y + 8 16. 3 2 6.

edu/terms. 3 25.aspx . A ( x= ) (3 − 2x ) ex 33. P (= t) ( 6t + 1) e8t −t 34. f = ( x ) e 3+ x − e 2 x 2 35. = h ( t ) 6sin ( 2t ) + 12t 24. h ( y ) = e6 y −4 z 3 2 2 2 −4 + e8 z − 2 z 2 −8 y 2 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 75 http://tutorial. w ( z ) = cos ( 5z ) U ( z ) tan ( z ) − 4 z 26. F ( w ) = e14 w+3 2 1− z 31. Q ( w ) = 6 − w2 ) w2 − 4 3 = Q ( t ) 7 sin ( 4t ) − 2 21.math. = f ( z ) ez 2 36.= 30. = g ( x ) 3cos ( 2 x ) − 5 x 22. = f ( x ) 7 cos ( x ) + 2 x 23.lamar. = h ( x ) 2 cos ( x ) − cos ( 2 x ) 28. g ( z ) = z e 32.Calculus I ( 20. f ( w ) cos 2 ( w ) − cos 4 ( w ) 29. = = h ( x ) x cos ( x ) − sin ( x ) 27.

f ( x ) = x − 4 ln x 2 + x + 2 ) 42. is shown. f ( x ) . G ( r ) = r − ln r 2 + 1 40. Based on the graph. Based on the graph.math. g ( t ) = e 2t 3 + 4 t 2 −t ( 38.aspx .edu/terms. The graph of some function. The graph of some function. 45. h (= t ) ln t 2 − t + 1 + ln ( 4 − t ) 44. estimate the location of all the critical points of the function. g ( x= ) ln ( 4 x + 2 ) − ln ( x + 4 ) ( ) 43.Calculus I 37.lamar. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 76 http://tutorial. A ( z ) =2 − 6 z + ln ( 8 z + 1) ( 41. f ( x ) . Z (= t ) ln t 2 + t + 3 ( ) ) 39. is shown. estimate the location of all the critical points of the function.

Calculus I 46. The graph of some function. Below is the graph of some function. Minimum and Maximum Values 1. Identify all of the relative extrema and absolute extrema of the function. f ( x ) .edu/terms. is shown.math. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 77 http://tutorial. estimate the location of all the critical points of the function. Based on the graph.lamar. f ( x ) .aspx .

Identify all of the relative extrema and absolute extrema of the function.edu/terms.math. 3. f ( x ) . Below is the graph of some function. Below is the graph of some function.Calculus I 2. Identify all of the relative extrema and absolute extrema of the function.lamar. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 78 http://tutorial. f ( x ) .aspx .

(a) ( −∞.5] (d) [ −1. 4 ) 6.3) (f) ( 2.lamar.edu/terms.5 ) 5. 2] (c) [ −4. (a) ( −∞. ∞ ) (b) [ −3.math. Sketch the graph of g ( x ) =( x − 2 ) + 1 and identify all the relative extrema and absolute 2 extrema of the function on each of the following intervals. f ( x ) . Identify all of the relative extrema and absolute extrema of the function.1) (d) ( 0. Below is the graph of some function.Calculus I 4. Sketch the graph of h ( x ) = e3− x and identify all the relative extrema and absolute extrema of the function on each of the following intervals.3] © 2007 Paul Dawkins 79 http://tutorial. Sketch the graph of f ( x )= 3 − 12 x and identify all the relative extrema and absolute extrema of the function on each of the following intervals. 4. (a) ( −∞. ∞ ) (b) [ 0. ∞ ) (b) [ −1.3] (c) [ −1.1] (e) [1.aspx .

11. (c) Has an absolute maximum at the discontinuity in part (b). −1] (d) (1. 10.10] . Sketch the graph of a function on the interval [3. Do.Calculus I (c) [ −6. (d) Has an absolute minimum at the discontinuity in part (b). 13.9] that has an absolute maximum at x = 5 and an absolute minimum at x = 4 . (b) Has a discontinuity at some point interior to the interval. Sketch the graph of= extrema of the function on each of the following intervals. 12. Sketch the graph of a function that meets the following conditions : (a) Graphed on the interval [ 2. (b) Has one relative minimum.aspx . all work for this problem in radians. (c) Has no absolute minimum.9] . Sketch the graph of a function on the interval ( −∞. 3 4 (b) − π . ∞ ) that has a relative minimum at x = −7 .1 2 (c) − 8.math. a relative maximum at x = 2 and no absolute extrema. (c) Has an absolute maximum at one end point. (b) Has no relative extrema. 2π 2 1 (d) . © 2007 Paul Dawkins 80 http://tutorial. ∞ ) π π . Sketch the graph of a function that meets the following conditions : (a) Graphed on the interval [ −4.lamar.edu/terms.10] that has an absolute minimum at x = 5 and an absolute maximums at x = 0 and x = 10 . Sketch the graph of a function on the interval [ 0. 4] h ( x ) cos ( x ) + 2 and identify all the relative extrema and absolute 7. (a) ( −∞. 9. Sketch the graph of a function that meets the following conditions : (a) Has at least one absolute maximum.

4 3 2 1. g ( t ) =3t − 20t − 132t + 672t − 4 on [ −2. Finding Absolute Extrema For each of the following problems determine the absolute extrema of the given function on the specified interval. Q ( w ) = 20 + 280w3 + 75w4 − 12w5 on [ −1.1] 6.1] 2 3 4 10. h ( x ) =8 + 3 x + 7 x − x on [ −1. (b) Has an absolute maximum and an absolute minimum. Q ( w ) = 8 − 12 z 5 − 25 z 6 + 907 z 7 on [ −1. g ( z ) = 4 3 2 7. 2] 4. f ( x ) = 3 x − 20 x + 6 x + 120 x + 5 on [ −1. f ( z ) =2 z 4 − 16 z 3 + 20 z 2 − 7 on [ −2.8] 5.lamar. 14.edu/terms. 3 2 9.Calculus I (d) Has an absolute minimum at the other end point. f ( z ) =2 z − 16 z + 20 z − 7 on [ −2. 4] 4 3 2 3.math.8] Note : Depending upon your factoring skills this may require some computational aids.5] © 2007 Paul Dawkins 81 http://tutorial. g ( t ) =3t − 20t − 132t + 672t − 4 on [ −5. a ( t ) =4 − 2t − 6t − 3t on [ −2. 2] 20 + 280w3 + 75w4 − 12w5 on [ −3. Sketch the graph of a function that meets the following conditions : (a) Has a discontinuity at some point.aspx .8] Note : Depending upon your factoring skills this may require some computational aids. 4 3 2 8.1] 2 3 11. 6] 2. f ( z ) =2 z − 16 z + 20 z − 7 on [ 0. (c) Neither absolute extrema occurs at the discontinuity.5] 4 3 2 12. V ( x )= 14 x + 11x − 4 x + 3 on [ −1.

3] 5+ 9 x + e1−3 x + 6 on [ −1. 2] 14. 4] t2 +1 17. 4] 23. g ( x ) = 6 + 9x + x2 on [ −6. 25.38] = f ( x ) 7 cos ( x ) + 2 x on [ −5. 5 4 3 13. 22.Calculus I Note : This problem will require some computational aids. 0] 27. f ( x ) = e © 2007 Paul Dawkins 82 http://tutorial. h ( v ) = v + v + 10v − 15 on [ −3. 52 26. Q ( w ) = 6 − w2 ) w2 − 4 on [ −5. s ( w= ) 3w − 10sin ( w3 ) on [10. P (= t) ( 6t + 1) e8t −t 2 on [ −1. F ( t ) = 2 + t 5 1 + t + t 2 on [ −2. 12 ] 3 = g ( x ) 3cos ( 2 x ) − 5 x on [ 0.math. −5] 24.3] 5 15. h ( t ) = 4 4 (q 2 − 8 ) on [ −4. 6] 21. 0] 1 + x + x2 18.edu/terms.1] 2 3 − 4t on [ −2. g ( z ) = z 2e1− z on − 12 .aspx . R ( q ) = ( q + 2) 16. = h ( x ) x cos ( x ) − sin ( x ) on [ −15. 6] 2 ( ) 19.1] ( 20. f ( t= ) (t 3 2 3 − 25t ) on [ 2.lamar. g ( z ) = ( z − 3) ( 2 z + 1) on [ −1.

Calculus I 28. h (= t ) ln t 2 − t + 1 + ln ( 4 − t ) on [1. 1.lamar.3] The Shape of a Graph. 2] ) ( 30. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 83 http://tutorial.math. 2.edu/terms.1] ( ) 29. h ( y ) = e6 y 3 −8 y 2 on [ − 12 .aspx .9] ( ) 31. Determine the open intervals on which the function increases and decreases. Part I For problems 1 – 4 the graph of a function is given. f ( x ) = x − 4 ln x 2 + x + 2 on [ −1. Z (= t ) ln t 2 + t + 3 on [ −2.

Calculus I 3. From this graph determine the open intervals in which the function increases and decreases.aspx . 5.edu/terms. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 84 http://tutorial.lamar. For problems 5 – 7 the graph of the derivative of a function is given. 4.math.

© 2007 Paul Dawkins 85 http://tutorial. From this information answer each of the following questions. For problems 8 – 10 The known information about the derivative of a function is given.Calculus I 6. 7.lamar.aspx .edu/terms.math.

= g ′ ( −2 ) 0 = g′ ( 0) 0 = g ′ ( 3) 0 = g′ ( 6) 0 g ′ ( x ) < 0 on ( 0. (c) Classify the critical points as relative maximums. (b) Determine the open intervals on which the function increases and decreases. ∞ ) 9. f ( x ) =x 5 + 54 x 4 − 20 x 3 − 7 15.1) . P ( x ) =5 − 4 x − 9 x 2 − 3 x 3 5 4 3 16. h′ ( −1) 0 = h′ ( x ) < 0 on h′ ( 2 ) 0 = h′ ( 5 ) 0 = ( −∞. ( 6. (8. = f ′ (1) 0= f ′ ( 3) 0= f ′ (8) 0 f ′ ( x ) < 0 on ( −∞. (c) Classify the critical points as relative maximums. 32 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 86 http://tutorial. 0 ) . 3 2 11. 2 ) h′ ( x ) > 0 on ( 2.math.3) .aspx .lamar.8) f ′ ( x ) > 0 on (1. 6 ) 10. (b) Determine the open intervals on which the function increases and decreases. Q ( t ) = 7 − t + sin ( 4t ) on − 32 . ( 3. relative minimums or neither.3) . ∞ ) g ′ ( x ) > 0 on ( −∞. R ( z ) = z + z − 6 z + 5 1 − 12 z 2 − 9 z 3 − 2 z 4 17. f ( t ) =t − 15t + 63t + 3 2 3 4 12. 8. g ( x ) =20 + 8 x + 4 x − x 3 2 13.edu/terms.5) . ( 3. −2 ) . ( −2. relative minimums or neither. (a) Identify the critical points of the function. h ( z ) = 18. ( −1. Q ( w ) = 8w − 18w − 24 w − 10 14. −1) . ( 5. ∞ ) For problems 11 – 28 answer each of the following.Calculus I (a) Identify the critical points of the function.

f ( t ) = t2 − 8 ) ) ( w + 2) 3 2 3 t2 − 4 25. 22] g ( x ) 24 cos ( 3x ) + 8 x + 2 on [ −30. f ( x ) = e 3 1 x 3 − x 2 −3 x 26. For some function. Note (c) Given that f ( −4 ) = : There are many possible answers here so just give one of them. Answer each of the following questions. 0] 22. f ( z= ) 6 z − 20 cos ( 2z ) on [0.edu/terms. it is known that there is a relative minimum at x = −4 . 25] 20. Answer each of the following questions about this function. h ( = z) (z 2 − 8 ) e3 − z ( 27.Calculus I 19. W ( z ) = 10 − w2 ( 24.lamar. f ( x ) . (a) What is the minimum degree of a polynomial that has exactly one relative extrema? (b) What is the minimum degree of a polynomial that has exactly two relative extrema? (c) What is the minimum degree of a polynomial that has exactly three relative extrema? (d) What is the minimum degree of a polynomial that has exactly n relative extrema? 30. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 87 http://tutorial.math.aspx . (a) What is the simplest form that the derivative of this function? Note : There really are many possible forms of the derivative so to make the rest of this problem as simple as possible you will want to use the simplest form of the derivative. h ( w= ) 9w − 5sin ( 2w ) on [ −5. = 21. = h ( x) 5 x ( x + 7) ( 23. (b) Using your answer from (a) determine the most general form that the function itself can take. 6 find a function that will have a relative minimum at x = −4 . A ( t= ) ln t 2 + 5t + 8 ( ) 28. g ( x ) = x − 3 + ln 1 + x + x 2 ) 29.

Note (c) Given that f ( −1) = : There are many possible answers here so just give one of them. f ( x ) . For some function.aspx .lamar. Answer each of the following questions about this function. it is known that there is a critical point at x = 3 that is neither a relative minimum or a relative maximum. prove that h ( x ) will be an increasing function. 3 find a function that will have a relative maximum at x = −1 . Note : There are many possible answers here so just give one of them. (c) Given that f ( 3) = 2 find a function that will have a critical point at x = 3 that is neither a relative minimum or a relative maximum. 32. Answer each of the following questions about this function. (b) Using your answer from (a) determine the most general form that the function itself can take. (a) What is the simplest form that the derivative of this function? Note : There really are many possible forms of the derivative so to make the rest of this problem as simple as possible you will want to use the simplest form of the derivative. Answer each of the following questions about this function. Given that f ( x ) and g ( x ) are increasing functions will h= ( x) f ( x ) − g ( x ) always be an increasing function? If so. (b) Using your answer from (a) determine the most general form that the function itself can take. f ( x ) and g ( x ) . (b) Using your answer from (a) determine the most general form that the function itself can take. For some function. it is known that there is a relative maximum at x = −1 . Note : There are many possible answers here so just give one of them. find increasing functions. 33. f ( x ) . (c) Given that f (1) = 6 and f ( 4 ) = −2 find a function that will have a relative maximum at x = 1 and a relative minimum at x = 4 . © 2007 Paul Dawkins 88 http://tutorial. 34.math. f ( x ) . (a) What is the simplest form that the derivative of this function? Note : There really are many possible forms of the derivative so to make the rest of this problem as simple as possible you will want to use the simplest form of the derivative. so that h ( x ) will be a decreasing function and find a different set of increasing functions so that h ( x ) will be an increasing function. For some function.edu/terms. (a) What is the simplest form that the derivative of this function? Note : There really are many possible forms of the derivative so to make the rest of this problem as simple as possible you will want to use the simplest form of the derivative.Calculus I 31. it is known that there is a relative maximum at x = 1 and a relative minimum at x = 4 . If not.

Determine the open intervals on which the function is concave up and concave down. 1. but try to determine the “simplest” set of conditions. There are several possible conditions that we can impose on g ( x ) so that h= ( x) f ( x ) − g ( x ) will be an increasing function. Repeat #38 for h ( x ) = f ( x) . different from those given in #15 in the practice problems. For a function f ( x ) determine a single condition on f ( x ) for which h ( x ) = f ( x ) will be an increasing function. For a function f ( x ) determine a set of conditions on f ( x ) . g ( x) ( ) 40. 3 38. Part II For problems 1 & 2 the graph of a function is given. Given that f ( x ) and g ( x ) are positive functions. Given that f ( x ) is an increasing function. Given that f ( x ) and g ( x ) are increasing functions prove that h ( x ) = f g ( x ) will also be an increasing function.aspx . Note that there are several possible sets of conditions here. The Shape of a Graph. 2 37. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 89 http://tutorial. 36. Determine as many of these possible conditions as you can.math.lamar. 39.Calculus I 35. Determine a set of conditions on them for which h ( x ) = f ( x ) g ( x ) will be an increasing function.edu/terms. for which h ( x ) = f ( x ) will be an increasing function.

aspx .edu/terms.Calculus I 2. From this graph determine the open intervals in which the function is concave up and concave down. 3.math.lamar. For problems 3 – 5 the graph of the 2nd derivative of a function is given. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 90 http://tutorial.

Calculus I 4. Q ( t ) =t − 2t − 120t − 84t + 35 5 4 3 8.edu/terms. (b) Determine the inflection points of the function. (a) Determine the open intervals on which the function is concave up and concave down. h ( z ) =3 z − 20 z + 40 z © 2007 Paul Dawkins 91 http://tutorial.math. For problems 6 – 18 answer each of the following.lamar. 5. f ( x ) =x 3 + 9 x 2 + 24 x − 6 4 3 2 7.aspx . 6.

(f) Use the information from steps (a) – (e) to sketch the graph of the function.lamar.math. 10 − 30 x 2 + 2 x3 19. h ( w ) = w e ( ) 18.Calculus I 4 3 2 9. 4] 13.11] f ( x ) 3cos ( 2 x ) − x 2 − 14 on [ 0. G ( t ) =14 + 4t − t 4 3 2 21. (a) Identify the critical points of the function. g ( z ) = 10 z + 10 z + 3 z © 2007 Paul Dawkins 92 http://tutorial. f ( x ) = 3 4 20. (e) Determine the inflection points of the function. A ( w ) = w2 − ln w2 + 1 For problems 19 – 33 answer each of the following. g ( w ) = 5w − 2 w − 18w + 108w − 12 4 5 6 10.edu/terms. R (= 1 15. g ( x ) =10 + 360 x + 20 x + 3 x − x 2 11.aspx . h ( w ) =w + 4 w − 18w − 9 3 4 5 22. h ( t ) =+ v ) v ( v − 8) 3 14. g ( x ) = ( x − 1)( x + 3) 5 2 x ) e4 x − e− x 16. f ( = 2 −w 17. relative minimums or neither. (d) Determine the open intervals on which the function is concave up and concave down. = 1 2t 2 − sin ( 2t ) on [ −2. (c) Classify the critical points as relative maximums. (b) Determine the open intervals on which the function increases and decreases. 6] 12. A ( x ) =9 x − 3 x − 160sin ( 4x ) on [ −20.

(a) What is the minimum degree of a polynomial that has exactly two inflection points. h (= 1 27. g ( w ) e4 w − e6 w 30. 4] 25. For some function. h (= z ) ln z 2 + z + 1 ( 33. (a) What is the simplest form that the 2nd derivative of this function? . Answer each of the following questions about this function. 0] x ) x ( x − 4)3 26. g ( x= ) ( x + 1) 3 e− x ( ) 32.edu/terms. f ( w ) =− 2 w 8ln w2 + 4 ) 34.math. g ( x= ) 1 2 x + cos ( 13 x ) on [ −25. A= ( z ) z 5 ( z − 27 ) 4 = 29. Q ( t = ) 3t − 5sin ( 2t ) on [ −1. f= (t ) t t2 +1 28. (c) Given that f ( 0 ) = −6 and f ( 3) = 1 find a function that will have an inflection point at x = 3. P ( t ) = 3te 1− 14 t 2 31. f ( z ) =z − 9 z + 20 z + 10 24. (b) What is the minimum degree of a polynomial that has exactly three inflection points.Calculus I 6 5 4 23. f ( x ) .lamar. it is known that there is an inflection point at x = 3 . 35.aspx . (c) What is the minimum degree of a polynomial that has exactly n inflection points. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 93 http://tutorial. Answer each of the following questions. (b) Using your answer from (a) determine the most general form that the function itself can take.

Given that f ( x ) and g ( x ) are concave down functions. x = 0 and x = 5 . 41. x = 4 and x = 7 . © 2007 Paul Dawkins 94 http://tutorial. f ′′ ( x ) =23 + 18 x − 9 x 2 − 4 x 3 . (a) Determine the critical points for the function. The critical points are : x = −2 . f ′′ ( x ) = 4 x − 21x − 24 x + 68 . Use f ( x ) = ( x + 1) 3 ( x − 1) 4 for this problem. 43. f ′′ ( x ) = 3 x − 4 x − 15 . How many of them can you find? 2 The Mean Value Theorem For problems 1 – 4 determine all the number(s) c which satisfy the conclusion of Rolle’s Theorem for the given function and interval.lamar.Calculus I For problems 36 – 39 f ( x ) is a polynomial. Determine a condition on g ( x ) for which h= ( x ) f ( x ) + g ( x ) will be a concave up function. 3 2 37.math. The critical points are : x = −3 . 39. The critical points are : x = −4 .edu/terms. x = 4 and x = 5. f ′′ ( x ) =216 − 410 x + 249 x 2 − 60 x 3 + 5 x 4 . if possible. (b) Use the 2nd derivative test to classify the critical points as relative minimums or relative maximums. relative maximums or neither. The critical points are : x = 1 . Note that there are several sets of conditions that can be used here. (c) Use the 1st derivative test to classify the critical points as relative minimums. If it is not possible to classify the critical point(s) clearly explain why they cannot be classified. For a function f ( x ) determine conditions on f ( x ) for which h ( x ) = f ( x ) will be a concave up function. If it is not possible to classify the critical point(s) clearly explain why they cannot be classified. x = −1 and x = 3 . If we define h= ( x ) f ( x ) + g ( x ) show that h ( x ) is a concave down function. 42. 38. each of the given critical points as relative minimums or relative maximum. 40. Given the 2nd derivative of the function classify. Given that f ( x ) is a concave up function.aspx . 2 36.

g ( t ) = 2t + t + 7t − 1 on [1. Show that f ( x ) =x 7 + 2 x 5 + 3 x 3 + 14 x + 1 has exactly one real root. 0] 8.9] . 5. g ( w ) = 1 + cos [π w] on [5. h ( x= ) 9 x − 8sin ( 2x ) on [ −3.edu/terms.3] 4. that f ( −6 ) = −23 and that f ′ ( x ) ≥ −4 . Show that f ( x ) = 6 x 3 − 2 x 2 + 4 x − 3 has exactly one real root.lamar. 4] 3. 6] 7.9] For problems 5 – 8 determine all the number(s) c which satisfy the conclusion of the Mean Value Theorem for the given function and interval. that f ( 9 ) = 0 and that f ′ ( x ) ≥ 8 . f ( x ) =x 3 − 4 x 2 + 3 on [ 0. Suppose we know that f ( x ) is continuous and differentiable on the interval [ −3. that f ( 5 ) = 14 and that f ′ ( x ) ≤ 10 . −1] . that f ( −3) = 7 and that f ′ ( x ) ≤ −17 .math. What is the smallest possible value for f ( −1) ? 11. −1] 9.5] . What is the smallest possible value for f ( −2 ) ? 10. f ( x ) = x 3 − x 2 + x + 8 on [ −3. 4] 3 2 6. h ( t ) = 1 − et 2 −9 on [ −3. Suppose we know that f ( x ) is continuous and differentiable on the interval [ −2. 14. What is the largest possible value for f (1) ? 13.aspx . What is the largest possible value for f ( 4 ) ? 12. Q ( z ) = 15 + 2 z − z 2 on [ −2.Calculus I 1. Suppose we know that f ( x ) is continuous and differentiable on the interval [1. P ( t ) = e 2t − 6t − 3 on [ −1. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 95 http://tutorial. 4] 2. 4] . Suppose we know that f ( x ) is continuous and differentiable on the interval [ −6.

If the cost of the material for of one pair of parallel sides is $3/ft and cost of the material for the other pair of parallel sides © 2007 Paul Dawkins 96 http://tutorial. 4. Let x and y be two positive numbers such that y ( x + 2 ) = Determine x and y. Determine x and y. 3. 9. Find two positive numbers whose product is 250 and such that the sum of the first and four times the second is a minimum. 10. Find a positive number such that the sum of the number and its reciprocal is a minimum. 7. If we have $1000 to buy fencing material determine the dimensions of the field that will maximize the enclosed area. $9/ft. We are going to fence in a rectangular field that encloses 200 m2. Determine the dimensions of the field that will require the least amount of fencing material to be used. Determine the dimensions of the field that will enclose the maximum area.math. Let x and y be two positive numbers whose sum is 175 and ( x + 3)( y + 4 ) is a maximum. 6. We are going to fence in a rectangular field. Find two positive numbers whose sum of six times one of them and the second is 250 and whose product is a maximum.lamar.Calculus I x ) 20 x − e −4 x has exactly one real root. 11. 2. Show that f (= Optimization 1. 12. 8. We are going to fence in a rectangular field that encloses 75 ft2. Starting at the bottom of the field and moving around the field in a counter clockwise manner the cost of material for each side is $6/ft.edu/terms. Find two positive numbers whose sum of twice the first and seven times the second is 600 and whose product is a maximum. We are going to fence in a rectangular field and have 200 feet of material to construct the fence. Find two positive numbers whose product is 400 and such that the sum of twice the first and three times the second is a minimum.aspx . $12/ft and $14/ft respectively. 5. Find two positive numbers such that the sum of the one and the square of the other is 200 and whose product is a maximum. 100 and whose sum is a minimum. 15.

Determine the height of the box that will give a maximum volume. We have a piece of cardboard that is 5 in by 20 in and we are going to cut out the corners and fold up the sides to form a box.Calculus I is $8/ft determine the dimensions of the field that will minimize the cost to build the fence around the field. 21. 22. the material for the bottom of the can costs $7/mm2 and the material for the top of the can costs $2/mm2. 20. Determine the dimensions of the box that will minimize the amount of material needed to construct the box. Determine the dimensions of the box that will minimize the cost. The cost of the material of the sides is $0. 19. Show that a rectangle with a fixed perimeter and a maximum area is a square. 15. Determine the height of the box that will give a maximum volume. 18. We have a piece of cardboard that is 30 cm by 16 cm and we are going to cut out the corners and fold up the sides to form a box. We want to build a box whose base is a square. We want to construct a cylindrical can with a bottom but no top that will have a volume of 65 in3. We want to construct a cylindrical can whose volume is 105 mm3. Show that a rectangle with a fixed area and minimum perimeter is a square.edu/terms. Determine the dimensions of the box that will maximize the enclosed volume. Determine the dimensions of the can that will minimize the amount of material needed to construct the can.lamar. We have $1000 to buy the materials to build a box whose base length is seven times the base width and has no top. 17.5/ft2 and the cost of the top/bottom is $3/ft2. We have 350 m2 of material to build a box whose base width is four times the base length. A printer needs to make a poster that will have a total of 500 cm2 that will have 3 cm margins on the sides and 2 cm margins on the top and bottom. The material for the wall of the can costs $3/mm2. If the material for the sides cost $10/cm2 and the material for the bottom cost $15/cm2 determine the dimensions of the box that will maximize the enclosed volume. 16. 14.math. What dimensions of the poster will give the largest printed area? © 2007 Paul Dawkins 97 http://tutorial. has no top and will enclose 100 m3. 13. Determine the dimensions of the can that will minimize the cost of the materials needed to construct the can. We want to build a box whose base length is twice the base width and the box will enclose 80 ft3.aspx . 23.

Find the point(s) on = x y 2 − 8 that are closest to ( 5. Find the point(s) on x2 y 2 + = 1 that are closest to ( 0. 5.aspx . Determine where. 2 inch margin on the left and 4 inch margin on the top. A printer needs to make a poster that will have a total of 125 in2 that will have ½ inch margin on the bottom. Determine where.edu/terms. 10. 9. A 250 cm piece of wire is cut into two pieces. We want to construct a window whose bottom is a rectangle and the top of the window is an equilateral triangle. A 6 ft piece of wire is cut into two pieces. 1 inch margin on the right. 7. Determine the area of the largest rectangle whose base is on the x-axis and the top two corners lie on semicircle of radius 16. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 98 http://tutorial. the wire should be cut to maximize the area enclosed by the two figures.math. Find the point(s) on y= 2 − x 2 that are closest to ( 0. We want to construct a window whose middle is a rectangle and the top and bottom of the window are equilateral triangles.Calculus I 24. What dimensions of the poster will give the largest printed area? More Optimization Problems 1. −3) . We want to construct a window whose middle is a rectangle. If we have 75 inches of framing material what are the dimensions of the window that will let in the most light? 2. if anywhere. If we have 4 feet of framing material what are the dimensions of the window that will let in the most light? 3. Determine the area of the largest rectangle whose base is on the x-axis and the top two corners lie y= 4 − x 2 . 11. if anywhere. the wire should be cut to minimize the area enclosed by the two figures. the top of the window is a semicircle and the bottom of the window is an equilateral triangle. One piece is bent into an equilateral triangle and the other will be bent into a rectangle with one side twice the length of the other side.lamar. If we have 1500 cm of framing material what are the dimensions of the window that will let in the most light? 4. 4 36 8. 6. Determine the area of the largest rectangle that can be inscribed in a circle of radius 5.1) . 0 ) . One piece is bent into an equilateral triangle and the other will be bent into circle.

the wire should be cut to maximize the area enclosed by the two figures. Two poles. one 15 meters tall and one 10 meters tall. Two poles. 15. if anywhere. 13. A length of wire is attached to the top of each pole and it is staked to the ground somewhere between the two poles. Determine where. A piece of pipe is being carried down a hallway that is 14 feet wide. Where should the wire be staked so that the minimum amount of wire is used. A 250 cm piece of wire is cut into two pieces. Where should the wire be staked so that the angle formed by the two pieces of wire at the stake is a maximum? 21. Determine the equation of the line that will minimize the area of this triangle. One piece is bent into an equilateral triangle and the other will be bent into circle. One piece is bent into a circle and the other will be bent into a rectangle with one side three times the length of the other side. A length of wire is attached to the top of each pole and it is staked to the ground somewhere between the two poles. are 40 meters apart. What is the longest pipe (always keeping it horizontal) that can be carried around the turn in the hallway? 17. Two poles. one 15 meters tall and one 10 meters tall.lamar. At the end of the hallway there is a right-angled turn and the hallway widens up to 21 feet wide. Determine the equation of the line that will minimize the area of this triangle. A trough for holding water is to be formed as shown in the figure below. if anywhere. 14. Where should the wire be staked so that the minimum amount of wire is used? 19. A length of wire is attached to the top of each pole and it is staked to the ground somewhere between the two poles. 16. A line through the point ( 3.? 20. Determine where.Calculus I 12. Where should the wire be staked so that the angle formed by the two pieces of wire at the stake is a maximum? 22. Determine the angle θ that will maximize the amount of water that the trough can hold.aspx . © 2007 Paul Dawkins 99 http://tutorial. A 4 m piece of wire is cut into two pieces. are 3 feet apart.1) forms a right triangle with the x-axis and y-axis in the 2nd quadrant.math.3) forms a right triangle with the x-axis and y-axis in the 1st quadrant. Two poles. A length of wire is attached to the top of each pole and it is staked to the ground somewhere between the two poles. are 40 meters apart. At the end of the hallway there is a right-angled turn and the hallway narrows down to 6 feet wide. A piece of pipe is being carried down a hallway that is 9 feet wide. one 2 feet tall and one 5 feet tall. A line through the point ( −4. What is the longest pipe (always keeping it horizontal) that can be carried around the turn in the hallway? 18. are 3 feet apart. the wire should be cut to minimize the area enclosed by the two figures.edu/terms. one 34 inches tall and one 17 inches tall.

lim 3 x →1 x − 2 x 2 − 5 x + 6 t 3 − 7t 2 + 16t − 12 t →2 t 4 − 4t 3 + 4t 2 5. lim 3 x →−4 x + 5 x 2 + 4 x e −6 w w→−∞ 4 + e −3 w 2. lim y 2 − e6 y y →∞ 4 y 2 + e 7 y 7.aspx . lim © 2007 Paul Dawkins 100 http://tutorial. lim w2 − 4 w + 1 w→−∞ 3w2 + 7 w − 4 6.Calculus I 23. lim t →0 sin ( 6t ) sin (11t ) x2 + 8x − 9 4. Indeterminate Forms and L’Hospital’s Rule Use L’Hospital’s Rule to evaluate each of the following limits. x3 + 6 x 2 − 32 1.edu/terms. A trough for holding water is to be formed as shown in the figure below. Determine the angle θ that will maximize the amount of water that the trough can hold.math.lamar. lim 3.

lim+ ln ( t ) sin ( t ) t →0 2 z 14. lim+ x 1 x x →0 18. lim h →0 © 2007 Paul Dawkins f ( x + h) − f ( x − h) = f ′( x) 2h 101 http://tutorial. lim z e z →−∞ 7 15. lim ∫ 11. lim e −2 x − 3 x x →∞ 1 x 20.math. lim w ln 1 − w→∞ 3w 13. lim+ z 2 ( ln z ) z →0 17. lim x sin x →∞ x 2 16. lim x t2 0 e dt x →0 x 2 12. lim+ et + t t →0 1 t 19. lim sin (π z ) z → 6 ln ( z − 5 ) 10.Calculus I 2 cos ( 4 x ) − 4 x 2 − 2 8. Suppose that we know that f ′ ( x ) is a continuous function.lamar.aspx . lim x → 0 sin ( 2 x ) − x 2 − 2 x 3e 2 x + 6 + x 2 − 12 x →−3 x 3 + 6 x 2 + 9 x 9.edu/terms. Use L’Hospital’s Rule to show that.

lim h →0 f ( x + h) − 2 f ( x) + f ( x − h) = f ′′ ( x ) h2 Linear Approximations For problems 1 – 4 find a linear approximation to the function at the given point.1) 9. 8.edu/terms. 1− x 7. 1. For problems 8 – 10 estimate the given value using a linear approximation and without using any kind of computational aid. Compare the approximated values to the exact values.aspx . Find the linear approximation to h ( x ) = e at x = 1 . Find the linear approximation to h= ( y ) sin ( y + 1) at y = 0 .9 10. Use L’Hospital’s Rule to show that. g ( x ) =2 − 9 x − 3 x − x at x = −1 sin t 4.Calculus I 21. Compare the approximated values to the exact values. f ( x ) = cos ( 2 x ) at x = π ( ) 2. 6. Suppose that we know that f ′′ ( x ) is a continuous function.math. h= ( z ) ln z 2 + 5 at z = 2 2 3 3. 8. Use the linear approximation to −4 approximate the value of e and e . Use the linear approximation to approximate the value of 5 31 and 5 3 . Find the linear approximation to R ( t ) = 5 t at t = 32 .1) © 2007 Paul Dawkins 102 http://tutorial. Compare the approximated values to the exact values. ln (1.lamar. Use the linear approximation to approximate the value of sin ( 2 ) and sin (15 ) . g ( t ) = e ( ) at t = −4 5. sec ( 0.

07 cm. x−2 1x 8.05 radians.99.1. The sides of a cube are found to be 6 feet in length with a possible error of no more than 1.5 inches. 6 3 2 1.edu/terms. 9. 7. R = ( x) 4 6 x + e− x 5.Calculus I Differentials For problems 1 – 5 compute the differential of the given function.math. Compute dy and ∆y for = y ln x 2 + 1 as x changes from -2 to -2. f ( x ) = 3 x − 8 x + x − 9 x − 4 2. The radius of a sphere is found to be 22 cm in length with a possible error of no more than 0.lamar.02. Compute dy and ∆y for y = 1 as x changes from 3 to 3.04 cm. y = e cos( z ) 4. Compute dy and ∆y for y = sin ( x ) as x changes from 6 radians to 6.aspx . The radius of a circle is found to be 7 cm in length with a possible error of no more than 0. ( ) 6. g ( z )= sin ( 3 z ) − cos (1 − z ) 5. u = t 2 cos ( 2t ) 3. What is the maximum possible error in the area of the circle if we use this value of the radius to compute the area? 11. Compute dy and ∆y for y = x e 4 as x changes from -10 to -9. What is the maximum possible error in the surface area of the cube if we use this value of the length of the side to compute the surface area? 10. What is the maximum possible error in the volume of the sphere if we use this value of the radius to compute the volume? © 2007 Paul Dawkins 103 http://tutorial.

03 inches.1] 8. x 5 = 6 in [1. x 2 = e 2− x in [ 0. 3 1. 2 x 3 − 9 x 2 + 17 x + 20 = 0 in [ −1. x + 4 x − 54 x − 92 x + 105 = 4 11.Calculus I 12.1] 6. 9. 4.= 3. The radius of a sphere is found to be ½ foot in length with a possible error of no more than 0. that lies in the given interval. 2] 5. −1] x 7. 2 x 3 + 5 x 2 − 10 x − 4 = 0 0 10.lamar. accurate to six decimal places. 2] 2 For problems 9 – 12 use Newton’s Method to find all the roots of the given equation accurate to six decimal places.aspx .math. e = 4 cos ( x ) in [ −1. 3 2 3 2 − e− x = cos ( x ) 2 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 104 http://tutorial.edu/terms. f ( x ) = 7 x − 8 x + 4 . x0 = 5 For problems 4 – 8 use Newton’s Method to find the root of the given equation. f ( x )= 7 − e 2 x −3 . x 0 = −1 f ( x ) cos ( 3 x ) − sin ( x ) . What is the maximum possible error in the surface area of the sphere if we use this value of the radius to compute the surface area? Newton’s Method For problems 1 – 3 use Newton’s Method to determine x 2 for the given function and given value of x 0 . x 0 = 0 2. 3 − 12 x − 4 x 3 − 3 x 4 = 0 in [ −3.

000 x + 1450 x 2 − 13 x3 How many widgets should they try to sell in order to maximize their profit? 2. A company can produce a maximum of 25 widgets in a day.9] . in dollars. Did you get the root you expected to? (e) What can you conclude about choosing values of x 0 to find roots of equations using Newton’s Method. If they sell x widgets during the day then their profit.edu/terms. in dollars. Suppose that we want to find the root to x 3 − 7 x 2 + 8 x − 3 = 0 . 14.540.aspx . P= ( x ) 500. Use the function= (a) Plot the function on the interval [ 0.math. If they sell x widgets during the year then their profit. Did you get the root you expected to? (c) Use x 0 = 5 to find one of the roots of this function to six decimal places. P ( x ) = 3000 − 40 x + 11x 2 − 13 x3 How many widgets should they try to sell in order to maximize their profit? © 2007 Paul Dawkins 105 http://tutorial. Did you get the root you expected to? (d) Use x 0 = 6 to find one of the roots of this function to six decimal places. (b) Use x 0 = 4 to find one of the roots of this function to six decimal places. 15. 000. Did we chose a good value of x 0 for this problem? Business Applications 1. is given by. is given by.lamar. Is it possible to use x 0 = 4 as the initial point? What can you conclude about using Newton’s Method to approximate roots from this example? f ( x ) cos 2 ( x ) − sin ( x ) for this problem. Use x 0 = 0 to find one of the roots of 2 x 5 − 7 x 3 + 3 x − 1 = 0 accurate to six decimal places.Calculus I 12. 000 − 1. A company can produce a maximum of 2500 widgets in a year. ln ( x ) = 2 cos ( x ) 13.

edu/terms. 000. will be. A management company is going to build a new apartment complex. 000 x If the company can produce at most 200 widgets how many should they produce to minimize the production costs? 5. marginal revenue and marginal profit when x = 2000 and x = 4800 ? What do these numbers tell you about the cost.002 x3 What is the marginal cost when x = 20 and x = 75 ? What do your answers tell you about the production costs? 6.math. C ( x ) = 400 − 3 x + 2 x 2 + 0. per day of producing x widgets is given by. in dollars.2 x 2 − 0. C ( x= ) 10. revenue and profit? © 2007 Paul Dawkins 106 http://tutorial.5 x What is the marginal cost. They know that if the complex contains x apartments the maintenance costs for the building. 3 211 2 1 C ( x )= 70. p= ( x ) 5000 − 0. 000 x2 What is the marginal cost when x = 80 and x = 150 ? What do your answers tell you about the production costs? 7. 000 + 4 x + 0. How many apartments should the complex have in order to minimize the maintenance costs? 4. C ( x )= 2000 + 4 x + 90.aspx . in dollars.lamar.Calculus I 3. per month of producing x widgets is given by. The production costs. landscaping etc. C (= x ) 65. in dollars.00002 x3 and the demand function for the widgets is given by. The production costs. The production costs of producing x widgets is given by. per week of producing x widgets is given by. The production costs. 000 + 14 x − 8. 000 + 2736 5 x − 50 x + 150 x The land they have purchased can hold a complex of at most 400 apartments.

The main intent of these problems is to have a set of problems available for any instructors who are looking for some extra problems. C ( x) = 800 + 0.lamar. Note that some sections will have more problems than others and some will have more or less of a variety of problems. revenue and profit? Integrals Introduction Here are a set of problems for which no solutions are available. 000 x and the demand function for the widgets is given by.aspx .05 x − 0.001x 2 What is the marginal cost. The production costs. p ( x) = 350 − 0. Here is a list of topics in this chapter that have problems written for them. Most sections should have a range of difficulty levels in the problems although this will vary from section to section. per week of producing x widgets is given by. marginal revenue and marginal profit when x = 175 and x = 325 ? What do these numbers tell you about the cost. Indefinite Integrals Computing Indefinite Integrals Substitution Rule for Indefinite Integrals More Substitution Rule Area Problem Definition of the Definite Integral Computing Definite Integrals Substitution Rule for Definite Integrals © 2007 Paul Dawkins 107 http://tutorial.math.008 x 2 + 56. in dollars.edu/terms.Calculus I 8.

math. ∫ 6 x − 7 x + 12 x − 10 dx (b) ∫ 6 x − 7 x dx + 12 x − 10 (c) ∫ 6 x dx − 7 x + 12 x − 10 (a) 5 3 5 3 5 2 2 3 2 4. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 108 http://tutorial.aspx . ∫t (b) ∫ t (a) 7 + 33t 2 + 8t dt 7 dt + 33t 2 + 8t 3. ∫x 9. Evaluate each of the following indefinite integrals. ∫ dw 8. Evaluate each of the following indefinite integrals. Determine f ( x ) given that f ′ ( x ) = 16 x − 9 x − x .Calculus I Indefinite Integrals 1. Evaluate each of the following indefinite integrals.lamar. 120 y 9 − 24 y 5 − 4 y 3 dy 7. 5. ∫ 21x (b) ∫ 21x (c) ∫ 21x (a) 6 − 9 x 5 − x 3 − x dx 6 − 9 x 5 − x 3 dx − x 6 − 9 x 5 dx − x 3 − x For problems 5 – 9 evaluate the indefinite integral. Evaluate each of the following indefinite integrals. ∫ 8t − 15t 2 − 1 dt 5 ∫ 6.edu/terms. ∫ 8x 9 + 14 x 6 − 10 x 3 + 13 x dx 6 − x 4 − 7 x 2 + 11x − 12 dx 4 2 10. ∫ (b) ∫ 10 x (a) 10 x 9 − 12 x 3 − 5 dx 9 − 12 x 3 dx − 5 2.

∫x 5.lamar. 1.edu/terms. ∫ −7 dz 6. Computing Indefinite Integrals For problems 1 – 43 evaluate the given integral. Determine R ( z ) given that R′ ( z= ) 4 z15 + 121z10 + 20 z 5 + z − 4 . 3 13. ∫ 2x −16 −9 10. ∫ 5z 11. Determine g ( t ) given that g ′ ( t ) = 4t 5 + 16t 2 − 18t + 72 . Determine f ( x ) given that f ′′ ( x ) = 8 x − 12 x + 3 .aspx . 12. ∫ 7x 2.math.Calculus I 11. ∫ 6t 12. ∫x + 24 y −12 − 14 y −8 − 2 y −4 dy + 12 x −5 + 7 x −3 − x −2 dx −4 3 −3 + 5 z 4 − 9dz + 8t −6 + t −10 dt + 9 x 2 + 11x8 − 7 x −12 dx © 2007 Paul Dawkins 109 http://tutorial. ∫t 3. 10 z −6 + 8 z −5 − z −2 + 1 dz 8. ∫ 4 dw 4 − 5 x 4 + 6 x 2 − 14 x + 3 dx 5 − 9t 3 + 12t 2 − 7t dt 11 − 9 w9 + 8w7 + 2 w5 dw − 6 x 4 − 21x 2 − 1 + 9 x dx 9 ∫ 7. ∫y 9. ∫ 4 − 18w 4.

3 t 5 − t 9 + t 4 dt ⌠ 2 1 − + 9 dz 6 ⌡ z 5 7 z8 20. 1 3 3 21.lamar. ⌠ 5 + 8 + 2 dx ⌡x 4x ⌠ ⌡ 7x 1 19. ∫ 2 − ( 3 + y ) ( 4 − y ) dy 25. 1 1 5 17.math. ∫ 6 2 + x 3 ) dx 3 ⌠ ⌡ w ( 3 ) w − 4 w dw 26. ∫ x (1 − 4 x 2 23. ∫w 15. ∫ ( 6 − 2u ) du 24. ∫6 w2 + 3 − 9 7 5 3 w7 dw + w5 − 5 w dw v 2 − 7 4 v dv 3 1 1 ⌠ 6 − 6 + 2 dy 3 y ⌡ y 7y 16. 3v v 2 − 1 + 3 v 2 dv 2 6v © 2007 Paul Dawkins 110 http://tutorial.Calculus I 13. ⌠ x + 3 − x dx ⌡ x 22. ⌠ 8 + u − 5 + 5 du ⌡ u 6u 12 1 6 18.edu/terms. ∫ 14.aspx .

4 6 ⌠ 9 − z + 2 z + 10 z dz z4 ⌡ 28. ∫w 2 + 2e w dw 2 t 38.aspx . ∫ sec ( u ) + 7 sec ( u ) tan ( u ) du 33. 31. ∫ 6sin ( t ) − 2 cos ( t ) dt 32.math. ⌠ (1 − x )( 2 + x ) dx x ⌡ 30. ∫ tan ( x ) cot ( x ) − cos ( x ) dx 2 2 2 ⌠ cos3 ( v ) + sin ( v ) dv 36. ⌠ − 2 dx ⌡ x 40. ⌠ 2 t − 4t + 3 t dt t2 ⌡ 29. ∫ 8cos ( z ) − 3csc ( z ) cot ( z ) dz 35. ∫ csc ( y ) − sec ( y ) dy 34.lamar. x −u u u ∫ e ( e + e ) du 2 © 2007 Paul Dawkins 111 http://tutorial.edu/terms.Calculus I 5 3 ⌠ 8 x − 2 x + 7 dx x2 ⌡ 27. cos 2 ( v ) ⌡ 37. ⌠ e + dt ⌡ t 14 3 39.

Determine f ( u ) given that f ′′= ( u ) 60u 4 − 60u 2 . 44. ⌠ ⌡ 7z 2 42. Determine f ( x ) given that f ′= ( x ) 12 x5 + 30 x 2 and f ( 4 ) = −23 .math. Determine g ( x ) given that g ′′ ( x ) = 12 x − 30 x + 4 . ∫ ( 2. f ( −1) = 3) 9e3 + 8 .edu/terms. g ( −1) = 14 and f ′ (1) = 6 . ∫(z − 4 )(12 z − z 3 ) dz 4. 3 2 8. ∫ 7 z (14 + 8 z ) 1. h ( 0 ) = 4 and h (= Substitution Rule for Indefinite Integrals For problems 1 – 31 evaluate the given integral. 2 7 and g ( 2 ) = 3 . Determine h ( t ) given that h′′ ( t ) = 6t − 14 + 9et . ⌠ 1+ w − ⌡ 4z e 6 dw 1 + w2 1 ⌠ 5 + dt 2 ⌡ 1 + t 10 1 − t 2 43. Determine P ( t ) given that P′ ( t )= 6e − 4 − 10t and P ( 0 ) = −6 . 49. 12v 7 + 6v 2 2 2 ) 9 dv − 12 x )( x 4 − 6 x 2 ) dx −3 4 3 −5 © 2007 Paul Dawkins dz 112 http://tutorial. 48. Determine h ( z ) given that h′ ( z ) = 12 z − 14 z + 10 and h ( −1) = 46.Calculus I 1 1 1 + − z + 8 dz 41. 45. 50.lamar. t 47. Determine g ( v ) given that g ′= (v) 1 2 v − 12 − 14 v − 43 and g (16 ) = 1 . ∫ ( 4x 3 3.aspx .

∫( 7. ∫ csc (1 + 2x ) dx 12. 2 4 ⌠ 6 x − 10 x dx ⌡ x5 − x3 17. ∫ ( 6w 8. ( ) ∫ 6v − 18sin ( 6v ) © 2007 Paul Dawkins 5 v 2 + cos ( 6v ) dv 113 http://tutorial. ∫ 7w 13. ∫ ( v − 2v ) cos ( v 6 1 2 x3 − 1) 8 x − x 4 dx −4 + 12 w−7 ) 3 10. ⌠ ⌡ 4 2 w−3 + w−6 dw − v 4 ) dv ) ( z sin 1 + z 3 dz 11. ∫ cos ( 7t ) dt 9. ⌠ 1 dw ⌡ 4 − 9w ⌠ 9y dy 2 ⌡ y +3 16.math. 1 18.lamar.Calculus I 5. 12 z −2e 4+ z dz 15.edu/terms. ⌠ sin 1 − ln ( t ) dt ⌡t 19.aspx . t t ∫ (2 − t )e 2 −5 sec ( w−4 ) tan ( w−4 ) dw 2 6 − 3 dt −1 ∫ 14. −3 −2 6 7 ∫ 3 ( y − 4 y )( y + 14 y − 7 ) dy 6.

∫ cos ( v ) cos (1 + sin ( v ) ) dv ⌠ y + sin ( 2 y ) dy 24. ⌠ x dx ⌡ 1 + x4 32. ∫ sec ( t ) tan ( t ) dt 26. 2 ⌡ y − cos ( 2 y ) 25. 31.aspx . ∫ ( cos ( x ) + sin ( x ) ) e −3 z sin ( x ) − cos( x ) dx 2 ⌠ ln ( w ) 22.lamar. ∫e 7 z sec 2 ( e z ) 1 + tan ( e z ) dz −3 27. ⌠ 7 dx ⌡ 1 + 5x2 28. ⌡ 16 − y 2 dy 3 ⌠ dv ⌡ 7 − 4v 2 30. (a) ⌠ 1 dx ⌡ 3+ x © 2007 Paul Dawkins 114 http://tutorial.Calculus I sec ( e −3 z ) tan ( e −3 z ) dz 20. dw w ⌡ 4 23.edu/terms. Evaluate each of the following integrals.math. ⌠ 2 dt ⌡ 3 + 4t 2 ⌠ 1 29. ∫e 21.

aspx . ⌠ (a) 4w dw ⌡ 25 + 9 w2 ⌠ 4w (b) 2 ⌡ ( 25 + 9 w ) dw 3 (c) ⌠ 4 dw ⌡ 25 + 9 w2 More Substitution Rule Evaluate each of the following integrals. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 115 http://tutorial. 5 + 4 − x 2 dx 13 dt 9 + 6t 12 w−5 w ∫ ( 6 − 5w ) e 2 + ( 20 w − 24 ) sec 2 (12 w − 5w2 ) dw ⌠ sin (1 + ln ( 2 x ) ) − 1 + ln ( 2 x ) dx x ⌡ 4. 4 ⌡ ( 9 + 6t ) 3.math. ∫ 3x cos ( 4 − x ) − 8 x 2 ⌠ 2. 1.edu/terms.Calculus I (b) ⌠ x dx ⌡ 3 + x2 ⌠ (c) x ⌡ (3 + x ) 2 7 dx (d) ⌠ 1 dx ⌡ 3 + x2 33.lamar. Evaluate each of the following integrals.

Calculus I

∫ (

) ( )

5. 17 xe x + e x sin xe x − 14sin ( x ) dx

1

sec( 9 t )

dt

6. ⌠

+ sec ( 9t ) tan ( 9t ) e

⌡ 3t

sin ( w ) + cos ( w )

⌠

dw

7. 8w2 +

sin ( w ) − cos ( w )

⌡

8.

∫ 8 + ( 3 + x ) cos ( 21x + x ) + 9 x

9.

∫ sin ( y ) cos ( y )

6

10.

⌠ 4x2 −1

⌡ 4 6 x − 8 x3

∫z

3

2

− 4 x dx

3 + sin 2 ( y ) + 5e y dy

∫ sin ( 2 − t ) + 8cos ( 5t ) − e

11.

12.

7

3t

dt

2

+ 9 xe x dx

+ 4 − 3 z − 4sec ( 8 z ) tan ( 8 z ) dz

17

+ sin ( w ) sin 1 + cos ( w ) dw

13. ⌠

⌡ 6−w

⌠ 1 + 2 ln ( 7 x ) 10 x 3

+ 4

dx

x

x +9

⌡

14.

15.

∫ x sin ( x ) cos ( x ) + 8cos ( x ) − 10 dx

16.

∫ csc ( t ) cot ( t ) csc ( t ) + 3csc ( t ) − 8csc ( t ) dt

2

4

2

2

6

2

2

2

4

2

2

2

⌠ 3+ 7y

dy

2

⌡ y +3

17.

15 z + 27

dz

18. ⌠

2

⌡ 100 z + 11

© 2007 Paul Dawkins

116

http://tutorial.math.lamar.edu/terms.aspx

Calculus I

⌠ 8x + 1

dx

⌡ 16 − x 2

19.

⌠ 2−w

dw

⌡ 25 − 2 w2

20.

9z5

⌠

21.

dz

⌡ 2 + 3z 3

22.

∫ 4t

23.

∫ cot ( x ) dx

24.

∫ csc ( x ) dx

15

1 − t 8 dt

25. ⌠

x

dx

⌡ 1 + x4

26.

t

t

∫ e (4 + e )

27.

∫x

8

8

4

−3

dt

2 − x 3 dx

Area Problem

For problems 1 – 3 estimate the area of the region between the function and the x-axis on the

given interval using n = 6 and using,

(a) the right end points of the subintervals for the height of the rectangles,

(b) the left end points of the subintervals for the height of the rectangles and,

(c) the midpoints of the subintervals for the height of the rectangles.

3

1. f ( x ) =15 + 4 x − x on [1,3]

−3 x 2 + 2 x − 1 on [ −4, 0]

2. g ( x ) =

h ( x ) 8ln ( x ) − x on [ 2, 6]

3.=

© 2007 Paul Dawkins

117

http://tutorial.math.lamar.edu/terms.aspx

Calculus I

4. f ( x ) = sin 2 ( 2x ) on [ 0,3]

=

5. g ( x ) sin ( x ) cos ( x ) − 1 on [ −2,1]

For problems 6 – 8 estimate the net area between the function and the x-axis on the given interval

using n = 8 and the midpoints of the subintervals for the height of the rectangles. Without

looking at a graph of the function on the interval does it appear that more of the area is above or

below the x-axis?

6. h ( x ) =8 x − x + 4 on [ −3, 2]

2

7. g ( x ) = 5 + x − x on [ 0, 4]

8. f ( x ) = xe − x on [ −1,1]

2

**The Definition of the Definite Integral
**

For problems 1 – 4 use the definition of the definite integral to evaluate the integral. Use the right

*

end point of each interval for x i .

∫

1

1.

∫

2

2.

3.

∫ ( x − 3)

4.

∫

−2

0

7 − 4x dx

3 x 2 + 4 x dx

1

−1

3

0

2

dx

8 x3 + 3 x − 2 dx

5. Evaluate :

∫

−123

−123

cos 6 ( 2 x ) − sin 8 ( 4 x ) dx

∫ f ( x ) dx = 1 and

5

For problems 6 – 8 determine the value of the given integral given that

−2

∫ g ( x ) dx = 8 .

5

−2

© 2007 Paul Dawkins

118

http://tutorial.math.lamar.edu/terms.aspx

∫ f ( x ) dx = 3 and 7 4 −8 .math. ∫ 4 14. ∫ f ( x ) dx = 2 7 −90 and ∫ f ( x ) dx = 45 . ∫ 5 7. ∫ −2 8.lamar. ∫ 3 16. Determine the value of ∫ −1 −5 f ( x ) dx given that ∫ −5 2 f ( x ) dx = 56 . © 2007 Paul Dawkins 119 http://tutorial. ∫ 1 13. Determine the value of 0 ∫ 2 f ( x ) dx given that f ( x ) dx = −9 and 7 ∫ −1 13 f ( x ) dx = −12 .aspx . ∫ f ( x ) dx = 10 and ∫ f ( x ) dx = 3 . 5 6 0 5 ∫ f ( x ) dx = 4 2 −1 . Determine the value of ∫ −1 f ( x ) dx given that 7 ∫ 10 11.Calculus I −3g ( x ) dx ∫ 5 6.edu/terms. 7 −1 For problems 13 – 17 sketch the graph of the integrand and use the area interpretation of the definite integral to determine the value of the integral. −2 0 −3 −1 1 12 − 5x dx 16 − x 2 dx 5 − 9 − x 2 dx 8 x − 3 dx x − 3 dx For problems 18 – 23 differentiate each of the following integrals with respect to x. 12. ∫ 3 15. ∫ 6 17. −2 7 f ( x ) − 14 g ( x ) dx −2 5 12 g ( x ) − 3 f ( x ) dx 9. Determine the value of ∫ f ( x ) dx = 7 10 13 4 f ( x ) dx given that ∫ 6 10.

1 a.aspx . ⌡3 3x © 2007 Paul Dawkins 120 http://tutorial. Evaluate each of the following integrals.lamar. ⌡9 x cos ( t ) + 2 dt sin ( t ) + 4 Computing Definite Integrals 1. ⌠ 3 z − 4 + 2 dz ⌡−2 z 2. ∫ x ∫ x2 −8 e cos( t ) dt cos ( t ) + 3 dt 2 3x e 1 ⌠ 20. x ∫x 3 cos 4 ( t ) − sin 2 ( t ) dt tan ( x ) ⌠ 23. dt 4 ⌡0 t + t 2 + 1 8 et ⌠ dt 21. ⌠ 3 z − 4 + 2 dz ⌡ z 4 4 2 b.math. 4 2 a.Calculus I 18. ⌠ 6 x + dx ⌡ 3x 7 1 b. ⌡sin (9 x ) 7t 22.edu/terms. ⌠ 3 z − 4 + 2 dz ⌡1 z 1 4 2 c. Evaluate each of the following integrals. ⌠ 6 x + dx ⌡0 3x 7 ⌠ 6 x + 1 dx c. 19.

math. ∫ 16 9. if possible. 2 0 24 z 2 + 5 z 4 dz −1 9 w − 3w2 + 4 w3 dw 1 15t 2 − 10t − 2dt −3 −2 10. 8w3 − 25w4 + dw ⌡6 3w5 14.edu/terms. ⌠ −3 4 6 − 3 dz 2 ⌡−1 3 z z © 2007 Paul Dawkins 121 http://tutorial. 3 2 ⌡1 x 3x −3 4 ⌠ 13.Calculus I 3. a.lamar. + 9 dt v3 − 7v 2 + 3v dv 0 ∫ 9 x + 10 4 x dx 2 −1 8 3 z − 12 4 ⌠ 11. If it is not possible clearly explain why it is not possible to evaluate the integral. Evaluate each of the following integrals. c.aspx . ∫ 0 6. b. ⌡1 y5 − 3 5 z dz 1 dy y 4 ⌠ 6 − 1 dx 12. ∫ −1 7. 3 4. ∫ sin ( y ) + sec ( y ) dy 2 ∫ π 4 0 ∫ sin ( y ) + sec 2 ( y ) dy 2π 3 0 sin ( y ) + sec 2 ( y ) dy Evaluate each of the following integrals. ∫ 10t − 6t ∫ 4 5. ∫ 4 8.

Calculus I 15. y2 ⌡1 2 21. 10 6 2 ⌠ 7v + 4v − 3v dv v5 ⌡−8 2 19.math. −4 4 3 ⌠ 9 x − 8 x + x dx 3x 2 ⌡−2 18. ∫ π 4 0 ∫ 8sec 2 ( t ) + 2sec ( t ) tan ( t ) dt π 3cos ( w ) + sin ( w ) dw 6 − π3 ∫ π 12sec 2 ( y ) − 9 csc 2 ( y ) dy 4 − π4 24.edu/terms. 2w + 4w ew dw ew 1 7 ⌠2 3 27. + 2 dx 2 x +1 ⌡0 1 − x © 2007 Paul Dawkins 122 http://tutorial.lamar.aspx . ∫ π 3sin ( v ) + 8csc ( v ) cot ( v ) dv 4 2π 3 1 −3 4 x − 7e x dx 1 ⌠ 4e ⌡−2 26. 23. ∫ ( 3 − t ) ( 2t 16. ∫ 25. 22. ∫ 6 0 2 + 3) dt x ( x − 2 x 2 + 1) dx 1 4 5 4 2 ⌠ 6 z − 8 z + 2 z dz z4 ⌡2 5 17. ⌠ ( y − 2 )( y + 2 ) dy 20.

lamar.Calculus I 3 ⌠ ⌡−2 28. 5sin ( t ) + 1 1− t2 dt 10 4 1 29.math. ∫ 6 37. ∫ 8x −1 −4 9 + 6t 2 f ( t ) dt where f ( t ) = 8t t > −3 t ≤ −3 9 − 2e x x > 0 32. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 123 http://tutorial. If it is not possible clearly explain why it is not possible to evaluate the integral. −3 2 0 −3 w>6 w≤6 x>5 1< x ≤ 5 x ≤1 8 + 4x dx 3v − 12 dv 10 − 2z dz t 2 − 4 dt Substitution Rule for Definite Integrals Evaluate each of the following integrals. if possible. ∫ g ( x ) dx where g ( x ) = −2 8sin ( x ) x ≤ 0 4 ∫ h ( w) dw where h ( w) = 3w + 1 4 9 33. ∫ f ( x ) dx where f ( x ) = −7 −1 3 − 8 x ∫ 1 35. ∫ 6 38. ⌠ + 2 dz ⌡6 z 2z 6 3 3 30. ∫ 8 36. ⌠ 2 x + dx ⌡1 31.aspx .edu/terms. 4 9 x 2 7 34.

dt + 2 t 2 cos 3 + ( ) t 2 cos 3 + ( )) ( ⌡0 8.math. ∫ x 2 cos ( x3 + 2 ) − x 2e x 1 −1 3 +2 dx π ⌠ 3 4sin ( 3t ) 7 sin ( 3t ) 7.edu/terms. 2 − 4t −1 ∫ 7 − 3w + 2 w3 dw 7 cos ( π2z ) ( 4 + sin ( π2z ) ) dz 6 5 1 1 3 ⌠ w dw ⌡0 6 w4 + 3 5. sec 2 ( w ) − dw ⌡0 4 w2 + 1 11. ∫ 0 3 e −4t 2 + e −4t + 8et dt ln ( 2 x ) ⌠ 9e x + dx 12. x x ⌡3 e + 4 7 13. t ∫ (t − 2) e dt 0 2 1 4 4. ∫ π 0 2 sin ( v2 ) 6 + 3cos 2 ( v2 ) − 4 cos 4 ( v2 ) dv © 2007 Paul Dawkins 124 http://tutorial.lamar. ⌡1 x5 + sin ( x ) dx x 1 2 ⌠ 10. 6. ∫ 10 (1 − 2w ) 4 3.aspx . 3 ⌡−2 ( 5 + 2 x ) 2. ∫ π 0 sec 2 ( y ) 2 + tan ( y ) dy 9 ⌠ 9.Calculus I 3 ⌠ 4 dx 1.

6 16.aspx .math. The main intent of these problems is to have a set of problems available for any instructors who are looking for some extra problems.edu/terms. Note that some sections will have more problems than others and some will have more or less of a variety of problems. ∫ 17.Calculus I 14. Here is a list of topics in this chapter that have problems written for them. ∫e 2 1 0 1 + 2 y + ( 4 − y ) ( y 2 − 8 y + 5 ) dy 4 2z sin ( e 2 z − 1) + sin ( z ) e 2−cos( z ) dz Applications of Integrals Introduction Here are a set of problems for which no solutions are available. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 125 http://tutorial.lamar. Average Function Value Area Between Two Curves Volumes of Solids of Revolution / Method of Rings Volumes of Solids of Revolution / Method of Cylinders More Volume Problems Work Average Function Value For problems 1 – 4 determine f avg for the function on the given interval. ∫ 2 1 2 e −t + 3te5−t dt 6 3 ⌠ 8t − 7t dt ⌡0 2t 4 + 1 t 2 − 9 15. Most sections should have a range of difficulty levels in the problems although this will vary from section to section.

f ( x )= 8 − cos ( 4x ) on [ 0. 2 2. 4. f ( x )= 9 − 2e 8. f ( x ) = 10 − 4 x − 6 x 2 on [ 2. 6. f ( x= ) ( 4 − x ) ex 3. 2 3. π6 = 4 For problems 5 – 8 find f avg for the function on the given interval and determine the value of c in the given interval for which f ( c ) = f avg . f ( x ) cos ( 3 x ) 2 + sin ( 3 x ) on 0. 2] 7.1] 4 x +1 on [ −1. −4 y 2 + 24 y − 20 and to the right of the y-axis. f ( x= ) 6x − 2 −8 x on [1.edu/terms. 5. f ( x ) = 8 x 4 − 7 x 3 + 2 on [ −2.math.lamar.aspx . f ( x ) = 7 x 2 + 2 x − 3 on [ −1. 4] 4x on [ −3. 4π ] Area Between Curves 1. 6] 6. Determine the area above f ( x ) = 3 x + 6 x − 9 and below the x-axis. Determine the area above f ( x ) = x 2 + 2 x + 3 and below the line y = 11 .Calculus I 1. Determine the area below f ( x= ) 10 − 2 x 2 and above the line y = 3 . Determine the area below f ( x= ) 8 x − 2 x 2 and above the x-axis.1] 2. Determine the area to the right of g ( y ) = y + 4 y − 5 and to the left of the y-axis. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 126 http://tutorial. Determine the area to the left of g ( y ) = 5. 0] x +1 2 4.

= x 4 y − y 2 and the y-axis. x = 1 . y = x 2 − 6 x + 10 . x = 1 . 2 8. x = 4 and the x-axis. y = 1 and x = 2 . = x 6 y − y 2 . = y x 3 + 2 . = y 3 x + 6 . = y x 2 + 8 . y = 7 1 .aspx .edu/terms. y= 5 − x . 9. y = 3 x 2 . y = x 2 + 2 x + 4 . x = 4 and the y-axis. 2 y + 6 . x = −3 and x = 4 . y= 7 − x . Determine the area to the right of g ( y ) = y + 2 y − 4 and to the left of the line x = −1 .Calculus I 2 7. x = y 2 + 2 y + 4 and x = 4 .lamar. x = e y . y = 1 and y = 6 . x = y 2 . © 2007 Paul Dawkins 127 http://tutorial. 19. Determine the area to the left of g ( y ) =2 + 4 y − y and to the right of the line x = −1 .math. y = 1 and y = 2 . π 4 . y = x 2 − 6 x + 10 and y = 5 . x = 2 y . y = sin ( 12 x ) . x = −3 and x = 3 . For problems 9 – 26 determine the area of the region bounded by the given set of curves. y = −2 and y = 5 . x = 0 and x = = x 23. 10. x = 1 . 14. x = −1 and x = −4 . 16. 12. 11. x= y − 1 . y= − 3 . 15. y= 3 + cos ( 2 x ) . x = 5 and the x-axis. x = y 3 and y = 2 .= y 2 x 2 + 1 . 22. 17. x x 21. 20. 13. 18.

y = 9 . 8. y = 2 and the y-axis about the y-axis. Rotate the region bounded by y= 4 + 3e − x . Rotate the region bounded by y = 1 . x = − 13 about the y-axis. y = e5− x . x = 1 2 and x = 3 about the x-axis.aspx . Rotate the region bounded by x = y 3 . Rotate the region bounded by x = y 3 . Note : These functions do not intersect. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 128 http://tutorial. Rotate the region bounded by y = 2 x 2 . 7. Rotate the region bounded by y = 2 x 2 . Rotate the region bounded by x= 5 − y 2 and x = 4 about the y-axis. x = 3 . 26. 12. 3. Rotate the region bounded by y = 1 . x = cos (π y ) . 9. x = 2 and the x-axis about the x-axis. x2 10. y = 2 . 4. y = 8 and the y-axis about the x-axis. x = 2 and the x-axis about the y-axis. Rotate the region bounded by x = y 3 . x = 8 and the x-axis about the y-axis. 25. 1. x = 8 and the x-axis about the x-axis.math. x2 11. Volumes of Solids of Revolution / Method of Rings For problems 1 – 16 use the method disks/rings to determine the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region bounded by the given curves about the given axis. x = −2 . y= 2 − e 2− x . x = 3 and the y-axis. y = 9 . 2. Rotate the region bounded by y = 2 x 2 . y = x 2 − 4 x + 7 .Calculus I 24. y = 2 and the y-axis about the x-axis. Rotate the region bounded by y = 2 x 2 . y = 0 and y = 4 .lamar. y = 8 and the y-axis about the y-axis. x = − 13 about the x-axis. 6. 5. x = −2 .edu/terms. x = 0 and x = 3 . Rotate the region bounded by x = y 3 . y = e 2 x −1 .

y= 3 + x and x = 3 about the x-axis.Calculus I 13.math. Use the method of disks/rings to determine the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region bounded by y = 2 x 2 . 14. y = 5 and x = 4 about the (a) line y = 8 (b) line y = 2 (c) line y = −2 23. ( 7. Rotate the region bounded by = x ( y − 3) 2 and x = 16 about the y-axis. Use the method of disks/rings to determine the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region bounded by y= 4 + 3e − x . 2 ) . Rotate the region bounded by y= 6 − 2 x .14 ) about the (a) line x = 12 (b) line x = 2 (c) line x = −1 (e) line y = 1 y = 14 (d) line (f) line y = −3 20. 16. y = 2 .lamar. 17. Use the method of disks/rings to determine the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the x 2 y + 11 about the region bounded by x= 3 + y 2 and = (a) line x = 23 (b) line x = 2 (c) line x = −1 22. 15. Use the method of disks/rings to determine the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the triangle with vertices ( 3. y = 8 and the y-axis about the (a) line x = 3 (c) line y = 11 (b) line x = −2 (d) line y = −4 18. x = (a) line y = 7 1 2 and x = 3 about the (b) line y = 1 (c) line y = −3 21. Use the method of disks/rings to determine the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region bounded by y= 5 + x .edu/terms. Rotate the region bounded by y= 6 − 2 x . Use the method of disks/rings to determine the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region bounded by x = y 2 − 6 y + 9 and x = − y 2 + 6 y − 1 about the (a) line x = 10 (b) line x = −3 19.aspx . Use the method of disks/rings to determine the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region bounded by = y 10 − 2 x . y= x + 1 and y = 7 about the (a) line x = 8 © 2007 Paul Dawkins (b) line x = 1 129 (c) line x = −4 http://tutorial. y= 3 + x and y = 6 about the y-axis. 2 ) and ( 7. Rotate the region bounded by y = x 2 − 2 x + 4 and y= x + 14 about the x-axis.

6. Rotate the region bounded by x = y 3 . x = 8 and the x-axis about the y-axis. Rotate the region bounded by x = y 3 . 1. Rotate the region bounded by y= 6 − 2 x . y = 2 and the y-axis about the x-axis.Calculus I 24. y = 8 and the y-axis about the x-axis. y= 3 + x and x = 3 about the y-axis. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 130 http://tutorial. Rotate the region bounded by x = y 3 . 12. 7. x = 2 and the x-axis about the y-axis. Rotate the region bounded by y = 2 x 2 . Rotate the region bounded by y = 1 1 1 . y = 8 and the y-axis about the y-axis. 2. 8. x = 2 and the x-axis about the x-axis. x = 8 and the x-axis about the x-axis. y = and x = about the x-axis. Rotate the region bounded by y = 2 x 2 . 3. Rotate the region bounded by y= 6 − 2 x . Use the method of disks/rings to determine the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region bounded by x = −2 y 2 − 3 and x = −5 about the (a) line x = 4 (b) line x = −2 (c) line x = −9 Volumes of Solids of Revolution / Method of Cylinders For problems 1 – 8 use the method cylinders to determine the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region bounded by the given curves about the given axis. Rotate the region bounded by x = y 3 . 3 x 2 11. 4. 5.math. Rotate the region bounded by y = 1 1 1 . 2 x 3 10. 9. y = 2 and the y-axis about the y-axis. Rotate the region bounded by y = 2 x 2 .edu/terms.aspx . Use the method of disks/rings to determine the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the y 2 x − 17 about the region bounded by y = − x 2 − 2 x − 5 and = (a) line y = 3 (b) line y = −1 (c) line y = −34 25. Rotate the region bounded by y = 2 x 2 . y= 3 + x and y = 6 about the x-axis.lamar. y = and x = about the y-axis.

Rotate the region bounded by x = y 2 − 8 y + 19 and = x 2 y + 3 about the x-axis.math.14 ) about the (a) line x = 12 y = 14 (b) line x = 2 (e) line y = 1 (c) line x = −1 (f) line y = −3 (d) line 19. Use the method of cylinders to determine the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region bounded by x = y 3 . Use the method of cylinders to determine the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the triangle with vertices ( 3. 2 ) . Use the method of cylinders to determine the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region bounded by x = y 2 − 8 y + 19 and = x 2 y + 3 about the (a) line y = 9 (c) line y = −3 (b) line y = 1 21. Rotate the region bounded by y = x 2 − 6 x + 11 and y = 6 about the y-axis. x = (a) line x = 5 1 2 and x = 3 about the (b) line x = (c) line x = −1 1 4 20. Use the method of cylinders to determine the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region bounded by y = 2 x 2 . y = 8 and the y-axis about the (a) line x = 3 (c) line y = 11 (b) line x = −2 (d) line y = −4 16. y = 2 . Use the method of cylinders to determine the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region bounded by y = 5 + x − 3 . 14. ( 7.lamar. y = 5 and x = 4 about the (a) line x = 9 (c) line x = −1 (b) line x = 2 22. Use the method of cylinders to determine the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the y 2 x + 26 about the region bounded by y = − x 2 − 10 x + 6 and = © 2007 Paul Dawkins 131 http://tutorial. x = 8 and the x-axis about the (a) line x = 10 (c) line y = 3 (b) line x = −3 (d) line y = −4 17. Use the method of cylinders to determine the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region bounded by y= 4 + 3e − x . Use the method of cylinders to determine the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region bounded by x = y 2 − 6 y + 9 and x = − y 2 + 6 y − 1 about the (a) line y = 7 (b) line y = −2 18.aspx .Calculus I 13. 2 ) and ( 7.edu/terms. 15.

Use the method of finding volume from this section to determine the volume of a sphere of radius r. Find the volume of the solid whose base is a disk of radius r and whose cross-sections are rectangles whose height is half the length of the base and whose base is perpendicular to the xaxis.edu/terms. 2.math.Calculus I (a) line x = 2 (b) line x = −1 (c) line x = −14 23. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 132 http://tutorial. x = 3 and x = (a) line x = 6 (b) line x = 1 3 2 about the (c) line x = −2 More Volume Problems 1. See figure below to see a sketch of the cross-sections (the positive x-axis and positive y-axis are shown in the sketch). 3.aspx .lamar. Find the volume of the solid whose base is the region bounded by x= 2 − y 2 and = x y2 − 2 and whose cross-sections are squares with the base perpendicular to the y-axis. Use the method of cylinders to determine the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region bounded by= y 2 x 2 + 1 . See figure below to see a sketch of the cross-sections. y= 7 − x . Use the method of cylinders to determine the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region bounded by x =y 2 − 10 y + 27 and x = 11 about the (a) line y = 10 (b) line y = 1 (c) line y = −3 24.

5.lamar.Calculus I 4. Find the volume of a wedge cut out of a “cylinder” whose base is the region bounded by y = cos ( x ) and the x-axis between − π2 ≤ x ≤ π2 . The angle between the top and bottom of the © 2007 Paul Dawkins 133 http://tutorial. See figure below to see a sketch of the cross-sections. 6.aspx . Find the volume of the solid whose base is the region bounded by = y x 2 − 1 and y = 3 and whose cross-sections are equilateral triangles with the base perpendicular to the y-axis.math.edu/terms. Find the volume of the solid whose base is the region bounded by x= 2 − y 2 and = x y2 − 2 and whose cross-sections are the upper half of the circle centered on the y-axis. See figure below to see a sketch of the cross-sections.

7.Calculus I wedge is π 4 . Work 1. acts on an object. See the figure below for an illustration of the angle ϕ .edu/terms.lamar. See the figure below for a sketch of the “cylinder” and the wedge (the positive x- axis and positive y-axis are shown in the sketch). A force of F ( x= ) xe−2 x + 6 x − 2 acts on an object. What is the work required to move the 2 object from x = 1 to x = 4 ? 2.aspx . x is in meters. For a sphere of radius r find the volume of the cap which is defined by the angle ϕ where ϕ is the angle formed by the y-axis and the line from the origin to the bottom of the cap.math. A force= of F ( x ) 4 cos ( 2 x ) − 7 sin ( 12 x ) . What is the work required to move the object 10 meters to the right of x = 2 ? © 2007 Paul Dawkins 134 http://tutorial.

The bucket is 200 meters below a bridge. What is the work required to move the object 6.5 N is required to stretch and hold the spring to a length of 32 cm. If the initial depth of the water is 4 meters how much work is required to pump all the water to the top of the tank. A cable that weighs 1. Assume that the density of water is 1000 kg/m3. A cable that weighs 2 kg/meter is lifting a load of 50 kg that is initially at the bottom of a 75 meter shaft. If the tank is completely filled with water how much work is required to pump all of the water to the top of the tank. Initially there are 500 kg of grain in the bucket and as the bucket is raised 2 kg of grain leaks out of a hole in the bucket for every meter the bucket is raised.5 kg/meter and is attached to a bucket that weighs 75 kg.5 meters to the left of x = 9 ? 4. Assume that the density of water is 1000 kg/m3. If there is initially 12 feet of water in the tank determine the amount of work needed to pump all of the water to the top of the tank. How much work is required to raise the bucket to the top of the bridge? 8.Calculus I 3.lamar. A spring has a natural length of 25 cm and a force of 3. How much work is required to lift the load 40 meters? 7.math. A tank of water is in the shape of an inverted pyramid that is 18 feet tall and whose top is a square with sides 4 feet long. 10. A spring has a natural length of 9 inches and a force of 7 lbs is required to stretch and hold the spring to a length of 21 inches. A tank of water is in the shape of a cylinder of height 25 meters and radius of 7 meters. © 2007 Paul Dawkins 135 http://tutorial.aspx . What is the work required to stretch the spring from a length of 12 inches to a length of 30 inches? 6. A force of = F ( x ) sin ( x ) ecos( x ) − 4 x + 1 . What is the work required to stretch the spring from a length of 30 cm to a length of 45 cm? 5.edu/terms. 9. acts on an object. Assume that the density of water is 62 lb/ft3. A tank of is the shape of the lower half of a sphere of radius 6 meters. x is in meters.

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