# VELAMMAL ENGINEERING COLLEGE

CHENNAI-66

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
CONCRETE AND HIGHWAY ENGINEERING
LABORATORY

PREPARED BY
P.SUDHA

N O DATE TITLE OF THE EXPERIMENT FLOW TABLE TEST AGGREGATE IMPACT TEST VEE BEE CONSISTOMETER TEST SLUMP TEST COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF CONCRETE BY CUBE TEST COMPRESSIVE STRNGTH OF CONCRETE BY CYLINDER TEST COMPACTION FACTOR TEST FLEXURE TEST PENETRATION TEST WATER ABSORPTION TEST VISCOSITY TEST SOFTENING POINT TEST (OR) RING AND BALL APPARATUS LECTURER’ S INITIAL REMARK S .INDEX EX.

TABULATION: Total diameter of flow table= S.no Mix W/c ratio CALCULATION: Spread reading cm Average spread cm Flow percentage .

PROCEDURE:          The top is cleaned of all the sandy materials and wetted.  mix with w/c ratio  mix with w/c ratio  mix with w/c ratio = = = .150 %.EX. The flown of concrete is the % increase in avg diameter. Flow % = ( spread dia (cm) .NO: DATE: FLOW TABLE TEST AIM: To find out the percent of concrete which gives an idea about workability of concrete with respect to consistancy and cohesiveness .25 *100 ) / 25 The value could range anything from 0 . The nearest 5mm avg spread is naked. After the top layer is loaded evenly the excess of concrete which has over flown. The mould is kept on the center of table firmly filled and is filled in two layers. The table is raised and topped 25 times. RESULT: Flow % of concrete. The diameter of this concrete is measured in about to direction.

OBSERVATION:     Empty weight of the pan w1= weight of the pan with aggregate w2= weight of surface dry sample taken in mould (A)= w2-w1 = weight of fraction passing through 2.36mm sieve (B)= CALCULATION: .

The measure was filled to over flowing and then scrach off the level. The whole it was filled in to the cylinder steep up firmly fixed on the base of machine. The furthure similar quantity of aggregate was added and tampered in standard manner. FORMULA USED: Aggregate sample value = (B/A )*100. The net weight of the aggregate in this manner is determined (a). RESULT: Aggregate impact value of given aggregate sample is .EX.5. Where A-weight of oven dried sample. APPARATUS REQUIRED: Aggregate sample testing machine sieve size 12.1gm.10. The aggregate was removed from the cup and it was weighted to accuracy 0. PROCEDURE:       The test sample consist of an aggregate passing through 12mm retaining an 100mm sieve.36mm. B-weight of fraction passing through 2.12.36mm sieve.NO: DATE: AGGREGATE IMPACT VALUE AIM: To determine the aggregate impact value of given sample.

TABULATION: S.no CALCULATION: Mix Ratio W/c ratio Vee-bee Degree .

They can be judged by observed the glass disc from top. This method is suitable for very dry concrete whose slump valve cant measured by slump test. tamping rod. The glass disc attached to the suivawel arm is turned and then it is placed on top of concrete. The electrical vibrator it switched on. PROCEDURE:      Slump test is performed by placing the slump concrete cylindrical pot of the consistometer.NO: DATE: VEE-BEE CONSISTOMETER TEST AIM: The measure of the workability of concrete by vee-bee consistometer. RESULT: For concrete mix when w/c ratio is vee-bee degree= when w/c ratio is vee-bee degree= when w/c ratio is vee-bee degree= sec sec sec . APPARATUS REQUIRED:     vibrating table. sheet metal cone. metal pad.EX.

TABULATION: S.no Mix ratio CALCULATION: w/c ratio Height of cone cm Height of the slump cm .

PROCEDURE:     The mould is placed on a smooth rigid and non-absolent square such as carefully levelled metal plates. APPARATUS REQUIRED:      Mould in the form of concrete.NO: DATE: SLUMP TEST AIM: To determine the workability of concrete by using slump test. RESULT:    The slump values of w/c ratio The slump values of w/c ratio The slump values of w/c ratio and workability of concrete by slump test = and workability of concrete by slump test = and workability of concrete by slump test = . Trowel. Scale.6m long. The mould is field firmly on a place before the concrete filled.EX. Trough. Tampering rod 16mm dia concrete 0. Concrete under test is filled in the mould in four layers. After the top layer been loaded like concrete should be strucks of level with a trowel.

no Dimensions in cm CALCULATION: Ultimate load in KN Ultimate compressive strength in N/mm2 .TABULATION: S.

NO: DATE: COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF CONCRETE BY CUBE TEST AIM: To determine the ultimate strength of concrete cube. Dimensions of concrete cube is measured Concrete cube is placed in the compressive testing machine Load to the specimen is applied uniformly until the specimen fails Load at the failure is noted down which is the ultimate compressive load The procedure is repeated for remaining specimen RESULT: Ultimate compressive strength of cube = .EX. APPARATUS REQUIRED:      Cube moulds Trowel Tamping rod Glass rod Compressive testing machine FORMULA: Ultimate compressive strength after 7 days of curing=ultimate load / area (N/mm 2) PROCEDURE:       The data of casting is noted.

no CALCULATION: Dimensions in cm Ultimate load KN Ultimate compressive strength (N/mm2) .TABULATION: S.

Dimension of concrete cylinder is measured. Load to the specimen is applied uniformly until the specimen fails.NO: DATE: COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF CONCRETE BY CYLINDER TEST AIM: To determine the ultimate strength of concrete cylinder. APPARATUS REQUIRED:      Cylinder mould Trowel Tamping rod Glass rod Compressive testing machine FORMULA: Ultimate compressive strength at 7 days curing = ultimate load / area (N/mm 2).EX. Concrete cylinder is placed in the compressive testing machine. The procedure is repeated for remaining specimen. Load at the failure is noted down which is the ultimate compressive load. RESULT: The ultimate compressive strength of concrete cylinder = . PROCEDURE:       The date of casting is noted.

OBSERVATION: Weight of the empty cylinder= Weight of cylinder + partially compacted concrete = Weight of the cylinder + fully compacted concrete = Weight of the partially compacted concrete = Weight of fully compacted concrete = CALCULATION: .

This weight is known as “weight of partially compacted concrete”. The trap door is opened so that the concrete falls into the lower hopper. The outside of the cylinder is wiped clean. In such a case. The cylinder is emptied and refilled with concrete from same sample in layers of 5cm. It is weighed to the nearest 10 grams.NO: DATE: COMPACTION FACTOR TEST AIM: To determine the compaction factor for given fresh concrete. In the case of a dry-mix. . FORMULA: Compaction factor = (weight of the partially compacted concrete) (Weight of fully compacted concrete) PROCEDURE:          The sample of concrete to be tested is placed in the upper hopper up to the brim.EX. Then the trap door of the lower hopper is opened and the concrete is allowed to fall into the cylinder. a slight poking by a rod is required to set concrete in motion. The concrete is filled up exactly up to the top level of the cylinder. APPARATUS REQUIRED:      Compaction factor apparatus Trowel Bond Weighing machine Fresh concrete. it is likely that the concrete may not fall on opening the trap door.

The top surface of the fully compacted concrete is then carefully struck off level with the top of the cylinder and weighed to the nearest 10gm. This weight is known as “weight of fully compacted concrete”.   The layers are heavily rammed or preferably vibrated so as to obtain full compaction.no CALCULATION: Dimensions mm Load (N) Flexural strength in N/mm2 . RESULT: The compaction factor for this concrete = and degree of workability is TABULATION: S.

The specimen is then placed in the machine in such a manner that the load is applied at constant rate.5:3 is selected i.e..EX. The mix is thoroughly mixed. the correct proportion of water is also added. The dimension of each specimen should be noted before resting. PREPARATION OF THE SPECIMEN: Concrete mix of ratio 1:1. EEI-sum of flexural rigidities of the individual components of the beam section. . They are tested immediately on removal from the water while they are still on a wet condition. The bearing surfaces of the supporting and loading rollers are wiped. APPARATUS REQUIRED:   Universal testing machine Specimen FORMULA: M/I =f/y f = (My)= (3 *WP * leff ) N/mm2 I (2 * bd2) THEORY: The slope and deflection of a composite beam are same.NO: DATE: FLEXURE TEST AIM: To determine the flexural strength of the prepared specimen concrete. PROCEDURE:      The test specimen is stored in water at a temperature of 240c to 300c for 48 hrs before the testing. clean and any loose sand or other materials removed from surface of the specimen where they are to make contact with the rollers. one unit of cement concrete is mixed with two units of five aggregate and 4 units of CA.

RESULT: The flexural strength of the given concrete beam = . The load at failure is noted and the flexural strength of the beam is calculated using the moment equation.