Senam irama atau disebut juga senam ritmik adalah

gerakan senam yang dilakukan dengan irama musik, atau
latihan bebas yang dilakukan secara berirama.[1] Senam
ritmik dapat dilakukan dengan menggunakan alat ataupun
tanpa alat.[ ] Alat yang sering digunakan adalah ganda,
simpai, tongkat, bola, pita dan topi.[ ]
Unsur-unsur yang diperlukan dalam senam irama adalah :
1. Kelentukan[ ]
2. Keseimbangan[ ]
3. Keluwesan[ ]
4. Fleksibilitas[ ]
5. Kontinuitas[ ]
6. Ketepatan dengan irama[ ]
kita perlu menguasai teknik gerakan pada senam irama agar
mencapai gerakan yang serasi dan bermanfaat bagi jasmani
dan rohani.[ ] Hal ini sesuai dengan tujuan senam yaitu
membentuk keindahan tubuh, kebugaran dan kekuatan.[ ]
Ada tiga hal yang harus ditekankan pada senam irama, yaitu :
[ ]
a. Ketepatan musik/irama
b. Kelentukan (fleksibilitas)
c. Kontinuitas gerakan
Gerakan Dasar Irama
1. Gerakan Langkah Kaki
a. Gerakan biasa
caranya[ ]:
1. berdiri dengan sikap tegak
2. langkah kaki kiri dan kedua lengan di samping badan
3. melangkahkan kai kanan dan jatuhkan pada tumit
4. dilanjutkan melangkah dengan kaki kiri secara bergantian
b. Langkah Biasa
Caranya[ ]:
1. berdiri dengan sikap tegak
2. langkahkan kaki kanan di depan kaki kanan ke depan

berdiri tegak melangkah ke kiri .pandangan ke depan. langkahkan kaki kiri di depan kaki kanan dilanjutkan kedua kaki rapat c. Tahap Gerakan . sebelum kaki kanan (tumit masih terangkat) kaki mundur diikuti kaki kanan mundur rapat. langkah kiri . langkah ke kiri .kedua lengan lurus ke depan .gerakan dilakukan 6 x 4 dihitung dengan irama 4/4 ketukan c.berdiri tegak. Ayunan satu lengan depan belakang Caranya[ ]: a. Ayunan Satu Lengan dari Depan ke Samping Caranya[ ]: a.ayunkan tangan satu per satu ke belakang dan ke depan .[2] [sunting] 2. Ayunan Satu Lengan 1. Langkah Keseimbangan Caranya[ ]: 1. berdiri dengan sikap tegak 2. hitungan 1.saat mengayun diikuti kedua lutut mengeper . malangkahkan kaki kiri kedepan 3.pandangan ke depan b.[3] 2. Tahap Persiapan .kedua lengan lurus ke depan .3. Gerakan Ayunan Lengan [sunting] a. Tahap Persiapan . hitung 2. Akhir Gerakan .berdiri tegak. kaki kanan menyusul melangkah ke depan 4.

mengayun lengan kanan dan kiri ke arah kiri dan kanan .pandangan ke depan.pandangan ke depan.kedua lengan lurus ke depan .pandangan ke depan. langkah kiri .berdiri tegak . Akhir Gerakan . Akhir Gerakan .[5] .kedua lengan terlentang .berdiri tegak .[4] 3. Tahap Persiapan .kedua lengan lurus ke depan . Tahapan Gerakan .berdiri tagak kedua kaki dibuka.gerakan di lakuakan 6 x 4 hitungan dengan irama 4/4 ketukan c.berdiri tegak. Ayunkan Satu Lengan ke Samping Bersamaan memindahkan Berat Badan Caranya[ ]: a.gerakan dilakukan 6 x 4 dihitung dengan irama 4/4 ketukan c.saat mengayunkan diikuti kedua lutut mengeper .saat mengayun diikuti kedua lutut mengeper dan berat badan dipindahkan kekanan dan kiri .. kedua lengan terlentang .kedua lengan lurus ke depan . Tahap Gerakan .pandangan kedepan b. Akhir Gerakan . c.pandangan ke depan b.ayunkan lengan satu per satu .

provided that this thickness is of the same material as the .Rhythmic Gymnastics Equipment There are five pieces of rhythmic gymnastics hand apparatus: rope. At the ends (to the exclusion of all other parts of the rope). clubs and ribbon. Rope Specifications Material The rope may be of hemp or synthetic material. provided that it possess the identical qualities of lightness and suppleness as rope made of hem Length The length should be proportionate to the size of the gymnast. (Note — there is form to complete if your athlete has a disability that necessitates their using equipment that does not meet Special Olympics specifications). b in competition. Equipment should be color coordinated with the athlete's leotard. Ends Handles of any kind are not allowed. but one or two knots are permitted each end. a maximum of 10 centimeters may be covered by an anti-slip material. all apparatus must be the correct size. hoo ball. Shape The rope may be either of a uniform diameter or progressively thicker in the center. you will find the required dimensions for each apparatus. either colored or neutral. Athletes may use smaller apparatus as a training aid. Below. bas on the gymnast's size and skill level. T size of the apparatus can range from child size to senior equipment.

. The hoop may be smooth or ridged. rectangular. Weight A minimum of 150-300 grams and up. provided that the latter retains its shape during movement.rope. Foreign particles should be removed from insid the hoop before use. How to select the appropriate size hoop for your athlete Find a hoop that the athlete can pass through and handle easily. the upper rim will come to her hip. Color The rope may be any color or combinations of colors. Diameter The interior diameter of the hoop should be 60-90 centimeters. How to select the appropriate size rope for your athlete Holding one knot in each hand. The hoop may be partially or fully covered with tape to add colors. oval. The knots should come up to her armpits. Genera when the hoop is placed at the athlete's side. the athlete stands on the middle of the rope. Hoop Specifications Material The hoop may be of wood or plastic. Shape The cross-section of the hoop may be in several different shapes: circula square. Color The hoop may be any color or combination of colors. etc.

The wider part is called the body. Shape A shape similar to that of a bottle. The head may be replaced by an enlargement of the end of the neck. ends in a small sphere. How to select the appropriate size ball for your athlete Find a ball that the athlete can hold without gripping and catch easily. The narrow part. An anti-slip material may cover the head. . The neck and the body of the club can al be covered with adhesive tape. The head has a maximum diameter of 3 centimeters. Diameter 14-20 centimeters. Length Each club is 40 to 50 centimeters from one end to the other. Clubs Specifications Material The clubs may be made of wood or synthetic material. Color The ball may be of any color. the head. provided that the latter possesses the same elasticity as rubber. the neck.Ball Specifications Material The ball may be made of rubber or synthetic material (pliable plastic). provided that the diameter for this part remains at the regulatory specification of 3 centimeters.

including the ring. Ribbon Specifications Stick Material Wood. The bottom end of the stick may be covered by an adhesive. The top of the stick where the ribbon will be attached may consist of: A supple strap (string or nylon) held in place by a nylon thread wound . plastic. Diameter A maximum of 1 centimeter at its widest part. or a combination of the two shapes. Length 45-60 centimeters. How to select the appropriate size clubs for your athlete Find clubs that are shorter than the distance between the athlete's wrist and shoulder. Shape Cylindrical or conical.Color The clubs may be of a neutral color or may be colored (all or partially) w one or several colors. bamboo. which permits the fastening of the ribbon to the stick. anti-slip tape or may have a rubber handle a maximum length 10 centimeters at the level of the grip. fiberglass.

Color Any choice. to permit attaching the ribbon. A metal ring (vertical. a very thin reinforcement or rows of machine stitching for a maximum of 5 centimeters is authorized. Length From one end to the other. A metal ring fixed by two metal pins held by a metal tip of 3 centimeter long. The end that is attached to the stick is doubled for a maximum length o meter. Attachment of the ribbon to the stick . two colors or multicolored. At the top. the finished length of the ribbon should be a minimum of 3 meters to a maximum of 6 meters. which is lengthened by nylon or metallic thread wound around the stick. A metal ring (fixed. This is stitched down both sides. mobile or pivoting) or a supple strap fixed to a meta tip of no more than 3 centimeters. This extremity may end in a strap. Width 4-6 centimeters.around the stick for a maximum of 5 centimeters. Color Any choice of a single color. This part must be in o piece. or have an eyelet (a small hole. A metal ring fixed directly onto the stick. edge with buttonhole stitch or metal circle). Ribbon Material Satin or similar non-starched material. adding up to a maximum length of 5 centimeters. horizontal or oblique) fixed to the stick by two me pins held in place by nylon or metallic thread wound around the stick fo maximum of 5 centimeters.

How to select the appropriate size ribbon for your athlete Find a ribbon that the athlete can use to perform the patterns easily. it should not touch the floor.The ribbon is fixed to the stick by means of a supple attachment. nylon cord or a series of articulated rings. How to select the appropriate size ribbon stick for your athlete When the athlete holds the ribbon stick down to her side. The length of this attachment is a maximum of 7 centimeters (not counting the strap or metal ring at the end of the stick where it will be fastened). . such a thread. without knots.