Chilled Beams – What are they?

 They are a cooling device
 They are different from chilled ceilings – These rely solely on radiant
cooling (Output 50 to 55 watts per square metre)
 (A radiant cooling system refers to a temperature-controlled surface that
cools indoor temperatures by removing sensible heat and where more than
half of heat transfer occurs through thermal radiation. Heat will flow from
objects, occupants, equipment and lights in a space to a cooled surface as
long as their temperatures are warmer than that of the cooled surface and
they are within the line of sight of the cooled surface )
 They are an alternative to both Fan Coil Units and VAV systems
 Variable Air Volume (VAV) is a type of heating, ventilating, and/or airconditioning (HVAC) system. VAV systems vary the airflow at a constant
temperature.
 A fan coil unit (FCU) is a simple device consisting of a heating or cooling
coil and fan. Typically a fan coil unit is not connected to ductwork, and is
used to control the temperature in the space where it is installed, or serve
multiple spaces. It is controlled either by a manual on/off switch or by
thermostat.
 There are three kinds of chilled beams


Passive – No reliance on primary air supply. They work entirely on radiant
convection. (Output 130 to 170 watts per linear metre)
Active – These rely on primary air supply to provide the induction
required for performance. (Output 850 to 1400 watts per linear metre)
Multi Service – These are active beams with the additional components
(smoke detectors, lighting, sprinklers etc.) (Output 850 to 1050 watts per
linear metre)
 Active Chilled Beams can also be used for heating

The difference between passive and active beams focuses on the way airflow and
fresh air are brought into the space. Chilled beams are room air recirculation
devices, which are used to cool and ventilate spaces wherein user comfort and good
indoor air quality is desired and valued, typically in commercial office spaces,
hospital patient rooms, hotel rooms, classrooms and laboratories. Chilled beams
also supplement the flexible use of available space and are used where the primary
air is dehumidified.
With a passive chilled beam system (suitable for cooling only), outdoor air is
supplied into the airspace through a separate diffuser or grille.

fire and cable pathway services required for the building. These types of chilled beams are widely used throughout Europe. Benefits of chilled beams         Eliminates the fan for room air circulation thereby reducing the lan power requirements Chilled beams use water as energy carrier. Another advantage is the high energy carrying capacity of water via the copper pipes. thus enabling shorter commercial buildings but offering the same floor space for tenancy. making it efficient in terms of system energy use and space requirement of building services in a building. With active chilled beam systems.uk/download/asset/chilled-beams-event-. cheaper to buy Only require simple controls Variable self limiting output No condensate drainage required Source:https://www. The amount of outside air required to operate a typical chilled beam system is much less than that needed for a forced air system. A forced air system is significantly less efficient because of the low density of air.With active chilled beam systems (suitable for both heating and cooling). With a forced air system. outdoor air is supplied into the airspace through the beam itself. . using outside air to pressurize the space. that need grows to eight to 10 air changes of recirculated and fresh air into the space.co.pdf A key advantage is that a chilled beam system requires very little ceiling space and height. necessitating large ducts and taller.bsria. Multi service chilled beams can be of bespoke design and incorporate light. less efficient and costly buildings to deliver the same conditioning of the indoor air. Indoor air quality improves since the outdoor air is required to cater the internal latent load Chilled Beam system has limited maintenance requirements. energy to operate fans is reduced dramatically because of the low pressure and the relatively small amount of primary air being circulated by the central system. sound. A chilled beam system typically needs only one air change per hour. A chilled beam system can reduce electrical energy demand by almost 25 per cent.

The small. balancing valves.Installed within modern radiant systems such as Chilled Beams (active or passive). reliable circulators take the place of all of these components. or piping losses to overcome. . Water flow rates are reduced since there are no control valves. only two chilled water pipes are needed compared to the conventional four pipe system.