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Session: 1 Electrical circuits and its solution

1. A 30-volt electromotive force is applied to an LR-series circuit in which the


i t
i 0 0
inductance is 0.1 H and the resistance is 50 ohms. Find the current
if
.
t

Determine the current as


.
2. A 200-volt electromotive force is applied to an RC-series circuit in which the
q t
5 106
resistance is 1000 ohms and the capacitance is
farad. Obtain the charge
q 0 0.4.
on the capacitor if
. Determine the charge and current at t = 0.005 s.
t .

Determine the charge as


Home work
1. A 12-volt battery is connected to an LR-series circuit in which the inductance is 0.5
i t
henry and the resistance is 10 ohms. Determine the current
if the initial current is
zero.
2. A 100-volt electromotive force is applied to an RC-series circuit in which the
104
resistance is 200 ohms and the capacitance is
farad. Determine the charge q(t) on
i t
the capacitor if q(0) = 0 also obtain the current
.
Session: 2 Practice problems of electrical circuits through tutorial and MATLAB
120, 0 t 20
E t
0, t 20
1. An electromotive force
is applied to an LR-series circuit in
i t
which the inductance is 20 H and the resistance is 2. Determine the current
if
i 0 0.

L 0.5H, C 0.005F, E=2t 2 V,


2. Determine the current when
and charge zero.

and the initial current

L 0.25H, R 10, E=48 V,


3. Determine the current when
charge zero.

and the initial current and

4. Model the RL-circuit and solve the resulting ODE for the current A (amperes), where
t

is time. Assume that the circuit contains as an electromotive force a battery of


E t 48 V
L 0.1H
R 11
, which is constant, a resistor of
, and an inductor of
and that the current is initially zero.

Session: 3 Modeling of exponential growth/decay and its solution


1. If the growth rate of a culture of bacteria is proportional to the number of bacteria
present and after 1 day is 1.25 times the original number, within what interval of time
will the number of bacteria (a) double, (b) triple?
2. The half-life of Carbon -14 is 5730 years. If the decay of Carbon-14 is modeled by the
du
ku ,
dt
u
differential equation
where
is the amount of Carbon-14, determine the
decay constant.
3. The number N of bacteria in a culture grew at a rate proportional to N. The value of N
was initially 125 and increased to 278 in one hour. What would be the value of N after
2 hours?
Home work
1. A bacteria culture initially contains 100 cells and grows at a rate proportional to its
size. After an hour the population has increased to 420. a) Find an expression for the
number of bacteria after t hours. b) Find the number of bacteria after 3 hours. c) Find
the rate of growth after 3 hours. d) When will the population reach 10,000?
2. Suppose that the half-life of a certain substance is 20 days and there are initially 10
grams of the substance. How much of the substance remains after 75 days?
3. A radioactive material is known to decay at a yearly rate of 0.2 times the amount at
each moment. Suppose there are 1000 grams of the material now. What is the amount
after 10 years?
4. At the start of an experiment, there are 100 bacteria. If the bacteria follow an
exponential growth pattern with rate k= 0.02, what will be the population after 5
hours? How long will it take for the population to double?
Session: 4 Practice problems on exponential growth/decay through tutorial and
MATLAB
1. Suppose a material decays at a rate proportional to the quantity of the material and
there were 2500 grams 10 years ago. If there are 2400 grams now, what is the halflife?
2. Carbon-14 has a half-life of 5730 years. a) If the initial amount is 300g, how much is
left after 2000 years? b) If initial amount is 400 grams, when will there be 350g left?
3. A colony of bacteria is growing exponentially. At time t=0 it has 10 bacteria in it, and
at time t=4 it has 2000. At what time will it have 100,000 bacteria?
4. The rate at which bacteria multiply is proportional to the instantaneous number
present. If the original number doubles in 2 hours, in how many hours will it triple?
t 0, y 2,
t 2, y 4
y
5. The rate of change of . When
and when
. What is the value
y

of

when

t 3?

y Ce

kt

, C 2, k 0.3466, y 5.657

226
88

Ra

6. A sample of radium-226 has a mass of 100 mg. find the formula for the mass of
that remains after t years. (b) Find the mass after 1000 years correct to the nearest
milligram. When will the mass be reduced to 30 mg?
7. Carbon-14 is a radioactive isotope of carbon that has a half life of 5600 years. It is
used extensively in dating organic material that is tens of thousands of years old.
What fraction of the original amount of Carbon-14 in a sample would be present after
10,000 years?
Session: 5 Modeling and solution of the Newtons law of cooling
1. A thermometer which has been at the reading of 70F inside a house is placed
outside where the air temperature is 10F. Three minutes later it is found that the
thermometer reading is 25F. Find the thermometer reading after 6 minutes.
2. A body cools in air of constant temperature T0=200 C. If the temperature of the
body changes from 1000 C to 600 C in 20 minutes. Determine how much more
time it will need for the temperature to fall to 300 C?
3. A metal bar of temperature 10000 F is placed in a room at constant temperature of
200 F. After 20 minutes the temperature of the bar is 500 F. Obtain the time it will
take the bar to reach a temperature of 250 F?
Home work
1. A thermometer of reading 60C, is brought in a room whose temperature is 10 0 C.
One minute later the thermometer reading is 120 C. How long does it take until the
reading is practically 240 C, say 23.90C?
2. A small solid initially of temperature 220C is placed in an ice bath of 00C. If the
temperature of the object is 80C degrees after two hours, what is the heat loss
coefficient? When will the solid be 20C?
3. A small turkey at room temperature 70 0F is placed into an oven at 3500F. If h =
0.42 per hour is the heat loss coefficient for turkey meat, how long should you
cook the turkey so that it is uniformly 2000F?
4. A pan of water at 460C was put into a refrigerator. Ten minutes later the water was
390C, and ten minutes after that it was 33 0C. Estimate the temperature inside the
refrigerator?
5. Suppose that a corpse was discovered in a hotel room at midnight and its
temperature was 800F. The temperature of the room is kept constant at 60 0F. Two
hours later the temperature of the corpse dropped to 75 0F. Determine the time of
death?
6. The body of a murder victim was discovered at 11:00 A.M. The medical examiner
arrived at 11:30 A.M. and found the temperature of the body was 94.6 0F. The
temperature of the room was 700F. One hour later, in the same room, he took the
body temperature again and found that it was 93.40F. Estimate the time of death.

Session: 6

Modeling and solution of the freely falling of a motion of a body

1. If a body of mass 10 pounds is drooped vertically from a height of 256 feet from
V0 0
the ground with initial velocity
, determine the distance covered by the
t 4 sec .
body at
2. If a body is dropped vertically from a height of 68 feet with initial velocity
V0 2
feet per second, determine the velocity of the body when its grounded.
3. A 50 kg mass is shot from cannon straight up with an initial velocity of 10m/s off
a bridge that is 100 meters above the ground. If air resistance is given by 5v
determine the velocity of the mass when it hits the ground.
Home work
1. If a body is dropped vertically from a height of 150 feet with initial velocity
V0 0
, determine the velocity of the body when its grounded.
V0 0
2. If a body is drooped vertically from a height of 175 feet with initial velocity
, then how long will it take to achieve the velocity of 15 feet per second?
3. A body of mass m falling from rest is subjected to the force of gravity and an air
resistance proportional to the square of the velocity. If it falls through a distance x

and possesses a velocity v at that instant, then show that

mg
2kx
log
2
m
mg kv

Session 7: Modeling and solution of the mixing problems


1. A tank contains 200 a liter of fluid in which 30 grams of salt is dissolved. Brine
containing 1 gram of salt per liter is then pumped into the tank at a rate of 4 L/min;
the well-mixed solution is pumped out at the same rate. Determine the number A(t) of
grams of salt in the tank at time t.
2. A large tank is filled to capacity with 500 gallons of pure water. Brine containing 2
pounds of salt per gallon is pumped into the tank at a rate of 5 gal/min. The well
mixed solution is pumped out at the same rate. Find the number A(t) of pounds of salt
in the tank at time t.
Home work
1. A large tank is partially filled with 100 gallons of fluid in which 5 pounds of salt is
dissolved. Brine containing pound of salt per gallon is pumped into the tank at a
rate of 3 gal/min. The well-mixed solution is then pumped out at a slower rate of 2
gal/min. Find the number of pounds of salt in the tank after 20minutes.
2. A tank contains 100 a liter of fluid in which 15 grams of salt is dissolved. Brine
containing 1 gram of salt per liter is then pumped into the tank at a rate of 24 L/min;
the well-mixed solution is pumped out at the same rate. Determine the number A(t) of
grams of salt in the tank at time t.

Session: 8 Solve first order ODE by Eulers method, and modified Eulers method

1. Determine the value of

y 0.5

y
, if

y 2 x y, y 0 1

is the solution of IVP


h 0.1
using Eulers method with step length
x
2. The concentration of salt in a homemade soap maker is given as a function of
dx
time by dt =37.5- 3.5 x . At the initial time the salt concentration in the tank
is 50 gm/lit. Using Eulers method and a step size of h=1.0 minutes. Obtain the
salt concentration after 5 minutes.
3. A cup of coffee originally has temperature of 680C. The temperature of the
ambient is 210C and the thermal constant is 0.0170C/min. Determine the
temperature of the coffee from t = 0 to 10 minutes in steps of 5 minute, applying
Modified Eulers method.

Home work
1. Determine the value of

y 0.5

y x / y, y 0 1

, if is the solution of IVP


using
h 0.1
Eulers method with step length
y 0.1
y x y xy, y 0 1
y
2. Determine the value of
, if is the solution of IVP
h 0.1
using Eulers method with step length
.
3. Solve the IVP xy' = x - y, y(2) = 2 at x = 2.3Practice for first order ODE by
Eulers method and modified Eulers method.
Session: 9 Practice problems for Eulers method and modified Eulers method
1. Solve the IVP xy' = x - y, y(2) =4 at x = 2.3 by Eulers method.
2. Determine the value of y(1.0) accurate upto four decimal places using
Modified Euler's method by solving the IVP y' = -2xy2, y(0) = 1 with step
lengh 0.2.
3. Determine the value of
y in [0,3] by solving the initial value
y x y / 2
problem
, y(0) = 1 by Eulers method
x y2
4. Determine the value of y(0.1) for y' =
, y(0) = 1 correct upto four decimal
places by modified Eulers method.

5. Using Eulers modified method, determine the approximate solution of


y x , y 0 1.0 at x 0.1
y
y x
h 0.02
by taking
.
Session: 10 To solve first order ODE by RK method
y 1.0
1. Obtain the value of
using RK method of order four by solving the IVP
2
y 2 xy , y 0 1
with step length 0.2
y 0.1
2. Using RK method of order four, determine the value of
for
y x y 2 , y 0 1.
Home work

y 1.1

1. Obtain the value of


y x 2 y 2 , y 1 2.3

using RK method of order four by solving the IVP

x 0.1, 0.2, 0.3

y
2. Using RK method of order four, determine the value of
y x y , y 0 1.

at

3. Solve for y at x = 1.0 with step length 0.1, y' = -0.9y/(1+2x), y(0) = 1by RK
method.
Session: 11 MATLAB programs for Eulers method, modified Eulers method and R-K
method
6. Using Eulers method, determine the approximate solution of
y x , y 0 1.0 at x 0.1
y
y x
h 0.02
by taking
.
7. Solve the IVP xy' = x - y, y(2) =4 at x = 2.3 Practice for first order ODE by
Eulers method and modified Eulers method.
8. Determine the value of y(1.0) accurate upto four decimal places using
Modified Euler's method by solving the IVP y' = -2xy2, y(0) = 1 with step
lengh 0.2.
9. Determine the value of
y in [0,3] by solving the initial value
y x y / 2
problem
, y(0) = 1. Compare solutions for h = 1/2, 1/4 and 1/8.
x y2
10. Determine the value of y(0.1) for y' =
, y(0) = 1 correct upto four decimal
places.
Session: 12

Free oscillation and forced oscillations without damping

1. A mass weighing 2 pounds stretches a spring 6 inches. At t = 0 the mass is


released from a point 8 inches below the equilibrium position with an upward
velocity of 4/3 ft/sec. Determine the equation of motion.
d 2x
4 x 16 sin 4t , x 0 0, x 0 0
dt 2
2. Determine the solution of IVP
.
3. A mass weighing 4 pounds is attached to a spring whose spring constant is 16
lb/ft. Determine the period of simple harmonic motion?
4. A mass weighing 24 pounds, attached to the end of a spring, stretches it 4 inches.
Initially, the mass is released from rest from a point 3 inches above the
equilibrium position. Determine the equation of motion.
Home work
8
9
1. A 16 lb object stretches a spring
ft by itself. There is no damping and no
external forces acting on the system. The spring is initially displaced 6 inches
upwards from its equilibrium position and given an initial velocity of 1 ft/sec
downward. Find the displacement at any time.
2. A spring with a mass of 2 kg has natural length 0.5 m. A force of 25.6 N is
required to maintain it stretched to a length of 0.7 m. If the spring is stretched to
a length of 0.7 m and then released with initial velocity 0, find the position of
the mass at any time t.
Session 13: Free and forced oscillations with damping
1. A spring with a 3-kg mass is held stretched 0.6 m beyond its natural length by a
force of 20N. If the spring begins at its equilibrium position but a push gives it
an initial velocity of 1.2 m/ s, find the position of the mass after t seconds.
2. A mass weighing 16 pounds, attached to the end of a spring, stretches it 4
inches, initially released from the equilibrium position with a downward
velocity of 2 ft/s. Determine the equation of motion.
3. A force of 400 Newtons stretches a spring 2 meters. A mass of 50 kilograms is
attached to the end of the spring and is initially released from the equilibrium
position with an upward velocity of 10 m/s. Determine the equation of motion.
4. A mass weighing 32 pounds stretches a spring 2 feet. Determine the amplitude
and period of motion if the mass is initially released from a point 1 foot above
the equilibrium position with an upward velocity of 2 ft/s. How many complete
cycles will the mass have completed at the end of 4p seconds?
5. A mass weighing 16 pounds stretches a spring feet. The mass is initially
released from rest from a point 2 feet below the equilibrium position. Determine
the equation of motion if the mass is driven by an external force equal to f (t)
=10 cos 3t.
Session 14: Practice problems on free, forced oscillations of a spring with/without
damping.
1. A mass weighing 8 pounds is attached to a spring. When set in motion, the
spring/mass system exhibits simple harmonic motion. Determine the equation of
motion if the spring constant is 1 lb/ft and the mass is initially released from a
point 6 inches below the equilibrium position with a downward velocity of 3/2
ft/sec.

2. A mass weighing 64 pounds stretches a spring 0.32 feet. The mass is initially
released from a point 8 inches above the equilibrium position with a downward
velocity of 5 ft /s.
(a) Find the equation of motion.
(b) What are the amplitude and period of motion?
3. A spring with a 4-kg mass has natural length 1 m and is maintained stretched to a
length of 1.3 m by a force of 24.3 N. If the spring is compressed to a length of 0.8
m and then released with zero velocity, find the position of the mass at any time t.
4. A spring with a mass of 2 kg has damping constant 14, and a force of 6 N is
required to keep the spring stretched 0.5 m beyond its natural length. The spring is
stretched 1 m beyond its natural length and then released with zero velocity. Find
the position of the mass at any time t.
5. A spring with a mass of 3 kg has damping constant 30 and spring constant 123.
(a) Find the position of the mass at time t if it starts at the equilibrium position
with a velocity of 2 m s. (b) Graph the position function of the mass.

Session 15: MATLAB programs on free and forced oscillations of a spring with/without
damping.
1. A mass weighing 8 pounds is attached to a spring. When set in motion, the
spring/mass system exhibits simple harmonic motion. Determine the equation of
motion if the spring constant is 1 lb/ft and the mass is initially released from a
point 6 inches below the equilibrium position with a downward velocity of 3/2
ft/sec.
2. A mass weighing 64 pounds stretches a spring 0.32 feet. The mass is initially
released from a point 8 inches above the equilibrium position with a downward
velocity of 5 ft /s.
(a) Find the equation of motion.
(b) What are the amplitude and period of motion?
3. A spring with a 4-kg mass has natural length 1 m and is maintained stretched to a
length of 1.3 m by a force of 24.3 N. If the spring is compressed to a length of 0.8
m and then released with zero velocity, find the position of the mass at any time t.
4. A spring with a mass of 2 kg has damping constant 14, and a force of 6 N is
required to keep the spring stretched 0.5 m beyond its natural length. The spring is
stretched 1 m beyond its natural length and then released with zero velocity. Find
the position of the mass at any time t.
5. A spring with a mass of 3 kg has damping constant 30 and spring constant 123.
(a) Find the position of the mass at time t if it starts at the equilibrium position
with a velocity of 2 m s. (b) Graph the position function of the mass.
Session 16: Modeling of L-C-R circuits with/without E.M.F and its solution

1. Obtain

the

charge

and

current

at

time

in

circuit,

if

R = 40 , L = 1H, C = 16 10 -4 F, E(t) = 100 cos 10t,

and the initially charge and current


are both zero.
2. A series circuit consists of a resistor with R= 20, an inductor with L=1H, a
capacitor with C =0.002 F, and a 12-V battery. If the initial charge and current are
both 0, determine the charge and current at time t.
3. A series circuit contains a resistor with R =24, an inductor with L=2 H, a
capacitor with C=0.005 F, and a 12-V battery. The initial charge is Q= 0.001 C
and the initial current is zero. (a) Find the charge and current at time t. (b) Graph
the charge and current functions.
Home work
1. Determine the charge on the capacitor in an LRC series circuit at t = 0.01 s when L =
0.05 h, R = 2, C= 0.01 f, E(t)= 0 V, q(0) =5 C, and i(0) =0 A.
2. Determine the steady-state charge and the steady-state current in an LRC series circuit
when L= 1 h, R = 2 C= 0.25 f, and E(t) =50 cos t V.
Session 17: Practice problems of L-C-R circuits
1. Obtain the steady-state current in an LRC series circuit when R =20, C= 0.001 f,
and E(t) = 100 sin 60t +200 cos 40t V.
I t
R 6 L 0.5H C 0.02 F
2. Obtain the current
in an RLC-circuit
,
,
, which
E t 24sin10t
is connected to a source of EMF
Assume that current and capacitor
t 0.
charge are zero when
I t
R 10 L 0.5H C 0.01F
3. Determine the current
in an RLC-circuit
,
,
,
E t 150 V .
which is connected to a source of EMF
initially charge q=1 coulomb
and current I=0.
R 4, L 0.5 H , C 0.1F and E 50sin 5t V
4. Given
, Obtain the current in the
RLC-circuit, if the initially current and charge are zero.
5. An inductor of 0.5 H is in series with constant 50 V emf and a capacitor 0.02 F. At
t=0, the charge q on the capacitor is 2 coulombs and the current I is zero amperes.
Determine the q and I in terms of t.
Session 18: MATLAB programs of L-C-R circuits wit/without EMF
1. Obtain the steady-state current in an LRC series circuit when R =20, C= 0.001 f,
and E(t) = 100 sin 60t +200 cos 40t V.

I t

R 6 L 0.5H C 0.02 F
in an RLC-circuit
,
,
, which
E t 24sin10t
is connected to a source of EMF
Assume that current and capacitor
t 0.
charge are zero when
I t
R 10 L 0.5H C 0.01F
3. Determine the current
in an RLC-circuit
,
,
,
E t 150 V .
which is connected to a source of EMF
initially charge q=1 coulomb
and current I=0.
R 4, L 0.5 H , C 0.1F and E 50sin 5t V
4. Given
, Obtain the current in the
RLC-circuit, if the initially current and charge are zero.
5. An inductor of 0.5 H is in series with constant 50 V emf and a capacitor 0.02 F. At
t=0, the charge q on the capacitor is 2 coulombs and the current I is zero amperes.
Determine the q and I in terms of t.
2. Obtain the current

Session19: Fourier series and its significance


1. Compute the Fourier coefficient an for the function f(x)=x2 in -2<x<2 and f(x+4)=f(x).
2. Compute the Fourier coefficient an for the function f(x) =|x| in x .
x 2 ; 2 x 0

- x 2 ; 0 x 2.
3. Test the function for even and odd f(x)=
and hence determine
an.
4. Express f(x) =x/2 as Fourier series in (-, ).
Home work
1. Obtain the Fourier series for the function f(x)=

+ x ,if x 0
{x
, if 0 x

cos 2 x, x 0

f x

2
cos x,

2. Obtain the Fourier series for the function

0 x

a0 , an and bn
3. Obtain
the
Fourier
f x sin x , x
Session: 20
functions

coefficients

for

the

function

.
Practice problems on Fourier series for periodic and non-periodic

a0 , an and bn
1. Compute
the
Fourier
coefficients
x
f x 4 f ( x)
f x e , x
and
.

for

the

function

E sin t

2. A sinusoidal voltage
, where is time, is passed through a half wave rectifier.
Obtain the Fourier series of the resulting periodic function
if t 0
0,
u t
if 0 t
E sin t
3. Compute the Fourier coefficient an for the function f(x)=x2 in -2<x<2 and f(x+4)=f(x).
x 2 ; 2 x 0

- x 2 ; 0 x 2.
4. Test the function for even and odd f(x)=
and hence determine
an.
Session: 21 Practice problems and MATLAB on Fourier series for periodic and nonperiodic functions
1. Express f(x) =x/2 as Fourier series in (-, ).
2. Obtain the Fourier series for the function f(x)=

+ x ,if x 0
{x
, if 0 x

a0 , an and bn
3. Obtain
the
Fourier
f x sin x , x

coefficients

for

the

function

a0 , an and bn
4. Compute
the
Fourier
coefficients
for
the
function
x
f x 4 f ( x)
f x e , x
and
.
E sin t
t
5. A sinusoidal voltage
, where is time, is passed through a half wave rectifier.
Obtain the Fourier series of the resulting periodic function
Session: 22 Even, odd functions and half range Fourier series for periodic/non periodic
functions
f x x sin x, 0 x
6. Expand
as a half range Fourier cosine series.
2k
f x
x, 0 x L
L
7. Expand
as a half range Fourier cosine series
f x cos x, 0 x 1
8.
Determine the half range cosine series of
Home work
f x 1 x, 0 x
9. Obtain the half range Fourier sine series of

cos x, 0 x / 2
/2 x
0,

f x
10. Determine the half range Fourier cosine series of

Session: 23 Practice problems of half range Fourier sine and cosine series.

f x 1

x2
, 0 x3
4

1. Obtain the Fourier half range Fourier cosine series for


f x e x , 0 x
2. Determine the half range Fourier sine series for
f x x x 2 , if 0 x 1
3. Obtain the half range Fourier cosine series of
4. Use the graph to construct the periodic function along with period and obtain the
Fourier series

Session: 24

To determine the steady state solution ODE through Fourier series


x 64 x r t
1. Obtain
the
steady
state
solution
of
where
2
2
r t t , t and r t 2 r t
x 16 x r t
2. Determine the general solution
r t sin 2t sin 3t , t

Home work

of

the

ODE

where

x 0.49 x sin t , t

1. Determine the general solution of the ODE


x 0.05 x 25 x r t
2. Obtain the general solution of
where

t 2 , if t 0
r t
r t 2 r t
t , if 0 t
2
Session: 25
To determine the steady state solution ODE through Fourier series

x 0.05 x 25 x r t

1. Using Fourier series, Obtain the general solution of


where

if t 0
t,
and r t 2 r t
t , if 0 t

r t

x 5 x 6 x r t
2. Determine the transient and steady state oscillations of
where
if t
1,
r t
and r t 2 r t
if 0 t
1,
Session: 26
To determine the steady state solution ODE through Fourier series
1. Using Fourier series, Obtain the general solution of

x 0.05 x 25 x r t

where
0, 0 `t 1
r t
1, 1 t 2

x 5 x 6 x r t
1. Determine the transient and steady state oscillations of
where
0, 0 `t
1, t 2

rt

Session: 27 Introduction to matrices and solve the system of equations


1. Determine the system of non-homogenous linear equation by Gaussian elimination
method.
x y 3 z 5,2 x 4 y 7 z 7,4 x 9 y 2 z 15
2. Determine the following system of non-homogenous linear equation by Gaussian
elimination method.
5 x 10 y z 28, x y z 6,4 x 8 y 3 z 29
3. A firm can produce three types of cloths A, B and C. Three kinds of wool are
required for it, say red, green and blue wool. One unit of type A cloth needs 2 yards
of red wool, 8 yards of green and one yard of blue wool; one unit length of type B
cloth needs one yard of red, 3 yards of green and 5 yards of blue wool; one unit
length of type C cloth needs 6 yards red, 2 yards of green and one yard of blue
wool. The firm has only a stock of 9 yards red, 13 yards green and 7 yards of blue
wool. If total stock is used, then determine the number of units of cloth A, B and C
by applying LU decomposition method.
Session: 28 Practice problems of system of linear equations
x, y and z
4. Applying Gauss elimination, determine the values
from the linear system
4 y 3z 8; 2 x z 2; 3 x 2 y 5
of equations
.
5. A civil engineer involved in construction requires 4800, 5800, 5700 m 3 of sand, fine
gravel, coarse gravel respectively for a building project. There are 3 pits from which
these materials can be obtained. The composition of these pits is

Sand Fine gravel Coarse


%
gravel %

Pit1

55

30

15

Pit2

20

50

30

Pit3

25

20

55

How many cubic meters must be hauled from each pit in order to meet the engineers
needs using Jacobis method?
6. Ace Novelty wishes to produce three types of souvenirs: types A, B, and C. To
manufacture a type-A souvenir requires 2 minutes on machine I, 1 minute on
machine II, and 2 minutes on machine III. A type-B souvenir requires 1 minute on
machine I, 3 minutes on machine II, and 1 minute on machine III. A type-C souvenir
requires 1 minute on machine I and 2 minutes each on machines II and III. There are
3 hours available on machine I, 5 hours available on machine II, and 4 hours
available on machine III for processing the order. How many souvenirs of each type
should Ace Novelty make in order to use all of the available time?
Session: 29 Practice and MATLAB problems of system of linear equations
7. A farmer has 200 acres of land suitable for cultivating crops A, B, and C. The cost
per acre of cultivating crops A, B, and C is $40, $60, and $80, respectively. The
farmer has $12,600 available for cultivation. Each acre of crop A requires 20 labor
hours, each acre of crop B requires 25 labor hours, and each acre of crop C requires
40 labor hours. The farmer has a maximum of 5950 labor-hours available. If she
wishes to use all of her cultivatable land, the entire budget, and all the labor
available, how many acres of each crop should she plant?
8. The Johnson Farm has 500 acres of land allotted for cultivating corn and wheat. The
cost of cultivating corn and wheat (including seeds and labor) is $42 and $30 per
acre, respectively. Jacob Johnson has $18,600 available for cultivating these crops. If
he wishes to use all the allotted land and his entire budget for cultivating these two
crops, how many acres of each crop should he plant?
9. Cantwell Associates, a real estate developer, is planning to build a new apartment
complex consisting of one-bedroom units and two- and three-bedroom townhouses.
A total of 192 units is planned, and the number of family units (two- and threebedroom townhouses) will equal the number of one-bedroom units. If the number of
one-bedroom units will be 3 times the number of three bedroom units, find how
many units of each type will be in the complex.
10. Determine the system of non-homogenous linear equation by Gaussian elimination
method.
x y 3 z 5,2 x 4 y 7 z 7,4 x 9 y 2 z 15
11. Determine the following system of non-homogenous linear equation by Gaussian
elimination method.
5 x 10 y z 28, x y z 6,4 x 8 y 3 z 29