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Mental Health: Delusional Disorder


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ArticleLink:http://www.webmd.com/schizophrenia/guide/delusionaldisorder?page=2

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Mental Health and Delusional Disorder


(continued)

What Are the Symptoms of Delusional


Disorder?

In this article

The presence of non-bizarre delusions is the most


obvious symptom of this disorder. Other symptoms that
mighty appear include:

What Are the Symptoms of Delusional


Disorder?

An irritable, angry, or low mood


Hallucinations (seeing, hearing, or feeling things that
are not really there) that are related to the delusion
(For example, a person who believes he or she has an
odor problem may smell a bad odor.)

What Causes Delusional Disorder?


As with many other psychotic disorders, the exact cause
of delusional disorder is not yet known. Researchers

Types of Delusional Disorder

What Causes Delusional Disorder?


How Is Delusional Disorder Diagnosed?
How Is Delusional Disorder Treated?
What Are the Complications of Delusional
Disorder?
What Is the Outlook for People With
Delusional Disorder?
Can Delusional Disorder Be Prevented?

are, however, looking at the role of various genetic, biological, environmental or psychological factors.
Genetic: The fact that delusional disorder is more common in people who have family members with
delusional disorder or schizophrenia suggests there might be a genetic factor involved. It is believed that,
as with other mental disorders, a tendency to develop delusional disorder might be passed on from
parents to their children.
Biological: Researchers are studying how abnormalities of certain areas of the brain might be involved in
the development of delusional disorders. Abnormalities in the functioning of brain regions that
control perception and thinking may be linked to the formation of delusional symptoms.
Environmental/psychological: Evidence suggests that delusional disorder can be triggered by stress.
Alcohol and drug abuse also might contribute to the condition. People who tend to be isolated, such as
immigrants or those with poor sight and hearing, appear to be more vulnerable to developing delusional
disorder.

How Is Delusional Disorder Diagnosed?


http://www.webmd.com/schizophrenia/guide/delusional-disorder?page=2

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Mental Health: Delusional Disorder

If symptoms of delusional disorder are present, your doctor will likely perform a complete medical history
and physical exam. Although there are no lab tests to specically diagnose delusional disorder, the doctor
might use various diagnostic tests, such as imaging studies or blood tests, to rule out physical illness as the
cause of the symptoms.
If the doctor nds no physical reason for the symptoms, he or she might refer the person to a psychiatrist or
psychologist, health care professionals who are specially trained to diagnose and treat mental illnesses.
Psychiatrists and psychologists use specially designed interview and assessment tools to evaluate a person
for a psychotic disorder. The doctor or therapist bases his or her diagnosis on the person's report of
symptoms, and his or her observation of the person's attitude and behavior. The doctor or therapist then
determines if the person's symptoms point to a specic disorder. A diagnosis of delusional disorder is made
if a person has non-bizarre delusions for at least one month and does not have the characteristic symptoms
of other psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia.

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