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AP PHYSICS C ELECTRICITY & MAGNETISM

2006 SCORING GUIDELINES


Question 1
15 points total
(a)

Distribution
of points

1 point

For a single arrow pointing to the upper-right negative charge

1 point

(b)
(i)

3 points
The components of the field at point P are opposites due to the two negative charges so the
field components sum to zero.
The components of the field at point P are equal and in the same direction due to the other
two charges so they add.
For identifying the distance between each charge and point P
a
r =
or r 2 = 12 a 2
2
For correctly summing the fields of the two contributing point charges
1 Q 2 kQ
= 2
E = 2
4 pe0 r 2
r
For substituting the distance relationship into an electric field relationship
2 kQ
E =
a 2
2
Note: use of the equation above with all substitutions overtly included earns full credit
4kQ
Q
E = 2 =
a
0 a 2
Note: because of the use of the word DERIVE in the question stem, NO CREDIT was
awarded for a final answer equation with no supporting work

1 point

1 point

1 point

( )

(ii)

3 points

For a correct expression for the potential of a point charge or charges which is subsequently
used in additional analysis
qi
q
1
V =
= k i

4 pe0 i ri
r
i i

1 point

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AP PHYSICS C ELECTRICITY & MAGNETISM


2006 SCORING GUIDELINES
Question 1 (continued)
Distribution
of points
For indicating the scalar sum of the four charges or potentials to indicate the total potential
1 point
2
kQ
2
Q
k
=V = ( -Q - Q - Q + Q ) = 4 0 r
r
r
For substituting the correct distance relationship into an electric potential relationship
1 point
-2Q
-2kQ
V =
= a
4 0 ( a 2 )
( 2)

2 2 kQ
Q
=a
2 0 a
Note: because of use of the word DERIVE in the question stem, two points were awarded for
the final expression with no supporting work
V =-

(c)

3 points
For checking Negative
For relating the charge motion to either a field direction or the potential difference
Examples:
The field is directed generally from R to P and the charge moves in the opposite direction.
Thus, the field does negative work on the charge.
The potential difference between P and R is positive and the charge moves through the
positive potential difference. Thus, the field does negative work on the charge.
Note: Only indicating the direction of the field or sign of the potential difference without
relating that to the charge motion earned one point
Note: Any obviously incorrect statement within an otherwise correct answer resulted in a
one point deduction
Examples:
The charges cancelled, or The field is a scalar, or The voltage is a vector.

1 point
2 points

(d)
(i)

2 points
For replacing the top-right negative charge with a positive charge OR replacing the bottomleft positive charge with a negative charge
For an appropriate justification
Example:
The vector fields/forces all cancel from oppositely located same charge pairs.
Note: Any obviously incorrect statement resulted in a one point deduction
Examples:
The charges cancelled, or The field is a scalar, or The voltage is a vector.

(ii)

1 point
1 point

3 points

For replacing the top-left negative charge with a positive charge OR replacing the bottomright negative charge with a positive charge

1 point

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AP PHYSICS C ELECTRICITY & MAGNETISM


2006 SCORING GUIDELINES
Question 1 (continued)

For an appropriate justification for zero electric potential


Example:
The scalar potentials all cancel from equidistant located opposite charge pairs.
For indicating the direction of the resultant non-zero field using words or diagram
Note: Any obviously incorrect statement resulted in a one point deduction
Example:
The charges cancelled, or The field is a scalar, or The voltage is a vector.

Distribution
of points
1 point

1 point

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AP PHYSICS C ELECTRICITY & MAGNETISM


2006 SCORING GUIDELINES
Question 2
15 points total
(a)

Distribution
of points

4 points
From Kirchhoffs loop rule, the sum of the potential differences around the circuit is zero.
For any statement of the loop rule
- VR - VC = 0
For correct substitution of potential difference across both resistor and capacitor
- iR1 - Cq = 0
For substituting the differential definition of current
dq
i=
dt
For a correct answer including correct signs (a correct answer with no supporting work was
awarded full credit)
q
- R1 dq
=0
dt C
Alternate solution
For an exponential function of current with time

1 point
1 point

1 point

1 point

Alternate points
1 point

I = I 0 e t / R1C
For Ohms Law with the initial current

I0

1 point

R1

For substituting the differential definition of current


dq
I =
dt
For a correct answer (a correct answer with no supporting work was awarded full credit)

dq t / R1C
= e
dt R1

(b)

1 point

1 point

3 points
Using the differential equation from part (a)
q
- dq
=0
R1 dt
C
For separating the variables of the differential equation
dq
dt
=
C - q R1C
q

dq
q - C =
0

1 point

dt

- R1C
0

For integrating the expression

1 point

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AP PHYSICS C ELECTRICITY & MAGNETISM


2006 SCORING GUIDELINES
Question 2 (continued)
Distribution
of points

t
ln(q C ) 0 =
R1C

ln ( q - C ) - ln ( - C ) = ln
q - C
= e -t
- C

q - C
1
=(t - 0 )
- C
R1C

R1C

q - C = - Ce -t R1C
For a correct answer (a correct answer without supporting work in parts (a) or (b) was
awarded 1 point)
q = C 1 - e -t R1C

1 point

Alternate solution
Using the differential equation from part (a) (alternate)

Alternate points

For separating the variables of the differential equation

1 point

dq t / R1C
= e
dt R1

dq =
q

R1
t

dq =
0

e t / R1C dt

R1

e t R1C dt

For integrating the expression

q0 =
q

- R1Ce
R1

-t

1 point

R1C

q = R1C e t R1C
R1
R1
For a correct answer (a correct answer without supporting work in parts (a) or (b) was
awarded 1 point)
q = C 1 - e -t R1C

(c)

1 point

3 points
The charge on the capacitor in terms of potential difference and capacitance is given by

q = CV

For setting charge expression from part (b) equal to this expression for charge on capacitor
C 1 - e-t R1C = CV

1 point

Solve for the time

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AP PHYSICS C ELECTRICITY & MAGNETISM


2006 SCORING GUIDELINES
Question 2 (continued)

t = R1C ln

Distribution
of points

( - V )

Substituting given values into the time expression


12 V
t = (4700 W)(0.060 F ) ln
12 V - 4 V
For the correct answer with units (a correct answer with units with no supporting work was
awarded full credit)
3
t = 114 s ( or equivalent such as t = 282 ln
s)
2
Note: An incorrect value of time greater than 0 s and less than 282 s (the time constant,
R1C) with correct units earned one point of credit

2 points

()

(d)

5 points

For having I2 start at a positive, non-zero value


For sketching I 2 as exponentially decreasing to a horizontal asymptote
For having I 1 starting at zero
For sketching I 1 as exponentially increasing to a horizontal asymptote
For showing the I 1 and I 2 converging at the same horizontal asymptote

1 point
1 point
1 point
1 point
1 point

2006 by College Entrance Examination Board. All rights reserved.


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AP PHYSICS C ELECTRICITY & MAGNETISM


2006 SCORING GUIDELINES
Question 3
15 points total
(a)

Distribution
of points

2 points

For showing at least one magnetic force perpendicular to any of the three lower arms in the
plane of the loop and no forces on the upper arm
For correctly showing the three forces on the bottom arm and two side arms
(b)

1 point
1 point

3 points
For recognizing the equilibrium condition with the spring force upward balancing the
magnetic force downward and NO inclusion of the gravitational force on the loop
FS = FM or kx = IlB

1 point

For explicitly solving for the initial magnetic field strength, B0 , using the correct

1 point

expressions for FS and FM

kx
Il
For substituting the width of the loop bottom, w , for the length, l , in the magnetic force
B0 =

1 point

l=w
B0 =

kx
Iw

(c)
(i)

2 points

For indicating the clockwise induced current direction in the loop

2 points

2006 by College Entrance Examination Board. All rights reserved.


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AP PHYSICS C ELECTRICITY & MAGNETISM


2006 SCORING GUIDELINES
Question 3 (continued)
Distribution
of points
(ii)

3 points

For noting that the potential difference around the loop results from the changing magnetic
flux through the loop area
df
e = - m = - B0 dA = - B0l dy = - B0lu0
dt
dt
dt
For explicitly and correctly solving for the current using Ohms law and the induced emf

I ind =

l=w

(d)

1 point

d m
dt

or I ind =
or equivalent
R
R
For identifying the length in the motional emf relationship is the width of the loop bottom
I ind =

1 point

1 point

B0 wu0
R

2 points
The power dissipated by a current carrying wire
V2
P = I ind V = I ind 2 R =
R
For recognizing the current from part (c) (ii) is the current in the expression for power
For using the current from part (c) (ii) in an algebraically correct expression for power
2
B 2 w2u0 2
B wu
P = 0 0 R = 0
R
R

1 point
1 point

Alternate solution:
Alternate points
The external force must balance the force on the current carrying wire in a magnetic field
Fext = FB = B0 wI ind
For substituting the current expression from (c) (ii) into the force expression
1 point
2 2
B w 0
B w
Fext = FB = B0 w 0 0 = 0
R
R
Power can be related to a constant force and constant speed
P = Fu
For relating the power to the force and speed with the current substitution
1 point
2 2
2 2 2
B w u0
B w u0
u0 = 0
P= 0

R
R

(e)

3 points
For choosing Increases
For a clear and complete justification identifying that the magnetic field affects the force
directly through the FM = B0 I ind l relationship and also through the induced current

1 point
2 points

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AP PHYSICS C ELECTRICITY & MAGNETISM


2006 SCORING GUIDELINES
Question 3 (continued)

I ind =

Distribution
of points

B0 w0
R

Example:
An increased magnetic field causes the magnetic force on the loop bottom to be larger for a
given current and wire length. The larger field also increases the size of the induced
current. Thus, the motion must be balanced by a larger applied force to keep the loop
moving at the same constant speed, 0 , through a larger field with a larger induced
current.
Note: A partially complete or unclear justification was awarded one point.

2006 by College Entrance Examination Board. All rights reserved.


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