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Further Maths GCE syllabus

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1. Introduction

Further Mathematics is designed to prepare students for further studies and applications that are higher than

those provided by Advanced Level Mathematics. It examines concepts in pre-calculus, algebraic structures,

statistics, mechanics and applications. The style of the examination will continue to change and take into

account modern developments.

2. AIMS

In addition to the aims given in the general introduction for Advanced Level Mathematics (765/770), the aim of

the 775 syllabus is to enable schools to provide an option for:

i.

candidates with higher aptitude, ability, and inclinations to study more Mathematics at this level.

ii.

candidates who intend to proceed to areas of higher education requiring a deeper understanding and

broader knowledge of Mathematics.

iii.

candidates who wish to enter job market or into vocational training where a higher demand for

mathematics is needed.

3. GENERAL OBJECTIVES

The 775 syllabus should:

a. develop candidates deeper understanding of mathematical reasoning and processes.

b. develop candidates ability to relate different areas of Mathematics to one another.

c. provide candidates with a foundation for further study of Mathematics and give them adequate

mathematical basis for related disciplines and work at higher level.

d. enable candidates to appreciate the significance of Mathematics to the society in general.

4. ASSESSMENT OBJECTIVES

The objective of the assessment is to test the ability of the candidates to:

a) demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of the principles of the core mathematics topics,

mechanics, and simple probability distributions (AO1).

b) apply their knowledge of Mathematics to solve simple problems in mechanics and probability (AO2).

c) apply their knowledge of Mathematics to solve problems for which an immediate method of solution is

not available and may involve a knowledge of more than one topic of the syllabus (AO2).

d) select, organised, and use techniques of Pure and Applied Mathematics, as specified in the syllabus, to

analyse problems and issues (AO3).

e) interpret problems and write clear and accurate mathematical solutions (AO4).

f) evaluate mathematical statements and theories and justify them through the presentation of clear and

systematic proofs (or dis-proofs) (AO5).

5.1

Assessment Objectives

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Application of knowledge (AO2).

Analysis (AO3).

Synthesis (AO4).

Evaluation (AO5).

5.2

Scheme of Assessment

Paper Mode of Assessment

Weighting

MCQs

2

3

Essay questions

Essay questions

50 %

30 %

5.3

Table of Specification (TOS)

Paper

Category

Number of Marks

Number

questions

Knowledge and

5

5

Comprehension

Application

10

10

Analysis

15

15

1

Weighting of Assessment

Objectives

10 %

20 %

30 %

30 %

10 %

Synthesis

Evaluation

Total

Knowledge

Comprehension

Application

15

5

50

1

15

5

50

10

40

Analysis

Synthesis

Evaluation

40

10

Number of

Questions

50

10

8

Duration

1

1 2

hours

3 hours

1

2 2

hours

Level of difficulty

* i.e. single star or one star

*

Eight (8) of which shall be Single star and 7

double stars (**)

Seven (7) of which shall be Single star and **

***

*

two questions (20 marks) of single star (*)

strength the rest **

three single * questions (30 marks) and one

** questions

***

10

100

Knowledge

1

10

*

Comprehension

3

Application

3

40

single star (*) 20 marks strength the rest **

Analysis

3

40

single * 30 marks and 10 marks from **

questions or sections of the questions

Synthesis

Evaluation

1

10

***

The examination will consist of three written papers. Questions will be set in S I units.

Paper one. A multiple-choice paper of one and a half hours carrying one-fifth of the maximum mark.

Questions will be based on the entire syllabus; including topics of papers 2 and 3.

Electronic calculators may not be used.

Paper two. A paper of three hours carrying half of the maximum mark will consist of 10 questions of

varying length and strength for candidates to attempt all.

Paper three. A paper of two and a half hours carrying three tenths of the maximum mark and will

consist of eight questions of varying length for candidates to attempt all. Questions will not carry equal.

Remarks: For papers two and three, candidates will be expected to have non-programmable electronic

calculators and GCE standard booklets of mathematical formulae including statistical formulae and tables.

In papers two and three, candidates are advised to show all the steps in their work, giving their answer at each

stage. The value of the acceleration of free fall, g, quoted in paper three will be

9.8 ms 2

6. The Syllabus

This syllabus brings together the Modern and Traditional approaches to Advanced Level Mathematics, the

use and notation of set theory will be adopted where appropriate. The Further Mathematics examination will be

such that candidates will be expected to cover the entire syllabus. Knowledge of the syllabus for Advanced

Level Mathematics (765 and 770) will be assumed and may be tested. Questions will be simple and direct.

Complicated and excessive manipulation will not be required. If a numerical answer is required, the question

will specify to do many significant figures or decimal places, otherwise, the answer may be left in a form

such as

32

29

or

( 3 5)

TOPIC

NOTES

p q

The negation and

Meaning of p q ,

p q , Propositions, compound

contrapositive of

pq

equivalence, negation and

contrapositive, Qualifiers and

quantifiers.

their ability to:

use theorems and mathematical

reasoning, techniques to write proofs

especially the direct and indirect

methods of proofs.

Mathematical proof.

by deduction.

-Proofs by induction and

Relationship between a theorem and contradiction.

its converse.

2. FURTHER CONTINUITY OF REAL-VALUED FUNCTIONS

f

Continuity at a point.

Points of discontinuity.

Continuity on an interval.

for continuous functions and

application.

Sum, product and quotient of

continuous functions.

Continuity of the composite of two

functions.

is continuous at

ao

if

lim f ( x) f (ao )

x ao

.

The greatest integer function and

other simple examples with

emphasis on the geometrical

properties of continuous

functions are expected. Simple

discussion of the continuity of a

simple function.

The theorem that if function f is

continuous on an interval I then f

(I) is an interval expected

without proof.

Application for theorem that: If f:

[a,b] is continuous and

f (a) f (b)<0, then s(a,b)

their ability to:

Use theorems and notions of

continuity for a real valued

function to determine points on a

set where a function is continuous

or discontinuous. Applications for

intermediate value theorem shall

be tested.

Properties of hyperbolic and inverse Properties of the hyperbolic

Candidates will be assessed on

hyperbolic functions.

functions will be obtained from

their ability to:

Derivatives and integrals of

the basic definitions

use the definition of the

x

x

hyperbolic functions.

hyperbolic and equivalent

(e +e )

coshx=

and

Derivatives of inverse hyperbolic

logarithmic forms of the

2

functions.

hyperbolic functions to solve

Logarithmic equivalents of inverse

problems and functional equations

( e x ex4 )

hyperbolic functions.

involving the hyperbolic and

sinhx=

2

hyperbolic functions.

Algebraic operation in a given set.

Associatively, Closure, identity and Candidates will be assessed on

CAMEROON GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION BOARD A/L 775 FURTHER MATH

inverse elements. Commutativity.

their ability to show mastery

and understanding of

concepts from group theory

Concept of a group. Axioms of

Special emphasis on integers and

for example,

group (G,*). Abelian groups.

rational numbers, and groups of

Properties of a group. Cayley Tables. symmetries of simple plane

(i)

problems on construction

The groups include:

figures.

of groups from binary

(i) , , , under addition.

Permutation groups, groups of

operations.

(ii) matrices of the same order under

functions, complex numbers,

(ii)

establishing (cyclic)

addition.

matrices, and integers modulo m.

properties of groups, etc.

(iii)

22 invertible matrices under

Commutative groups and

multiplication.

subgroups.

(iv)modular arithmetic and addition,

Finite group and divisibility.

modular arithmetic and

multiplication.

(v) groups of transformations.

(vi)symmetries of an equilateral

Triangle rectangle and square.

(vii) invertible functions under

composition of functions,

permutations under composition

of permutations. Finite and

infinite groups. The order of

group element, cyclic groups and

generators. Lagranges Theorem

Isomorphism between two groups.

The greatest Common Divisor and

The theorem a|b and

Least Common multiple of integers. a|ca|(bx cy) where x, y., and

Relatively prime numbers and prime the division algorithm a=bq+r, should

numbers.

be emphasized. Proofs of the

Fundamental theorem of Arithmetic, fundamental theorem of arithmetic are

representation of integers in

not required. General solutions of

different basis, Linear Diophantine

Diophantine equation subject to

equations of the form ax + by = c,

constraints should be emphasized.

Modular Arithmetic, Linear

Chinese Remainder theorem and

congruencies.

Fermats little theorem are needed.

on their ability to:

articulate the division

algorithms over the integers.

Paper 3

17. MODELLING WITH DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION

Further setting up and solutions of

No particular knowledge of

differential equations from simple

physical, chemical, biological,

situations.

economic, etc., laws are required

but mathematical formulation of

6

stated laws is expected.

Fitting of

initial conditions and discussion of

results may be required.

their ability to:

apply Mathematics to real life

problems. All assumptions

needed to formulate a problem

will be explicitly specified in

each case.

Moments of inertia, radii of

Proof by integration of

Candidates will be assessed on

CAMEROON GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF EDUCATION BOARD A/L 775 FURTHER MATH

gyration, including use of the

standard results given in the

their ability to:

parallel and perpendicular axes

booklet of mathematical

i. calculate the moment of

theorems.

formulae supplied to

inertia for rigid body

candidates may also be

dynamics.

ii.

calculate the moment of

required.

momentum.

iii.

calculate the energy.(kinetic

and potential) for rigid body

Motion of a rigid body under the

Questions on connected

motion.

action of a constant torque.

particles and those involving

iv. Solve problems using the

impulse may be set.

principles of conservation of

mechanical energy.

Moment of momentum about a fixed Questions may involve

axis.

conservation of moment of

momentum.

Kinetic energy of a rigid body Questions may involve

rotating about a fixed smooth axis.

conservation of energy and

the force exerted on the axis.

Compound pendulum.

21. APPLICATION OF SCALAR AND VECTOR PRODUCTS

F

Vector component of a vector in a

The moment of a force about

given direction.

rF

Work done by a constant force.

O is to be defined as

.

Moment of a force.

Analysis of simple systems of forces A system of forces in three

in three dimensions.

dimensions is either in

equilibrium, or can be reduced

to a single force, a couple or a

couple and a force.

22. MOTION OF PARTICLE IN TWO DIMENSIONS

Velocity and acceleration

components using Cartesian

Derivation of the radialcoordinates.

transverse components of

Velocity and acceleration

components using polar coordinates. velocity and acceleration is

expected. Simple cases of

radial-transverse motion may

be set but tangent-normal

problems will not be set.

their ability to:

i.

use vectors algebra to solve

problems involving the action

of forces on a system of

particles.

their ability to:

use vectors to manipulate and analyse

the motion of particles in Cartesian

and polar coordinate systems, and to

transform from

Cartesian to polar coordinates and

vice-versa.

Impact between two smooth spheres. Determination of angle of

Candidates will be assessed on

Impact between a smooth sphere and deviation and the kinetic

their ability to:

a fixed plane.

energy lost during impact. Use analyse motions involving direct and

0 e 1

indirect collision between moving

of the relation

objects.

8

24. PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS

Discrete random variables

Knowledge of the expectation

7. Differences between the 2011 new Syllabus and the old 775 Syllabus

a. Good knowledge of the use of non-programmable calculators.

b. TEXT BOOKS AND REFERENCES:

i. Bostock, Chandler, Rourke (1982)

Further Pure Mathematics

StandleyThornes

Leckhampton.

ii.

Further Mechanics and Probability.

StandleyThornes.

Leckhampton.

iii.

Advanced Mathematics 3

Macmillan Educational Hampshire.

iv.

Further Pure Mathematics

Oxford University Press Oxford.

v.

Further Mechanics

Oxford University Press Oxford.

vi.

Mathematics- Mechanics and Probability.

Standley Thornes.

Leckhampton.

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