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ENGINE TROUBLESHOOTING
To assist in correction of malfunctions which could occur, refer to Table 101.
Table 101
Troubleshooting
Item

Trouble

Probable Cause

Remedy

Engine fails to
reach 15% cranking
speed.

Inadequate torque at starter


pad.

Check output of starter and


battery.

Binding N1.

Check inlet for foreign object


damage. Rotate N1 by hand
and listen for abnormal noise.

Preservation oil fouling the


spark igniter.

Try a second start.

Air in the gas producer fuel


control and lines.

Purge air from the system.


(Refer to para 2.D,
730000.)

Faulty circuit to ignition unit.

Listen for ignition operation.


Observe for fuel vapor coming
out of the exhaust. Check
input power to ignition unit.
Isolate and replace defective
part.

Faulty ignition exciter.

Listen for igniter operation.


Observe for fuel vapor coming
out of exhaust. Replace with
known satisfactory unit. (Refer to Ignition Exciter, para 1.,
741001.)

Faulty spark igniter.

Listen for igniter operation.


Observe for fuel vapor coming
out of exhaust. Replace with
known satisfactory unit. (Refer to Spark Igniter, para 1.,
742001.)

Insufficient fuel in tanks.

Fill tanks with fuel.

Gas producer fuel control


remains in cutoff.

Check linkage.

Insufficient fuel pressure to


fuel pump.

Turn on aircraft boost pump.

Spark igniter firing intermittently.

Check input voltage to exciter.


Check ignition exciter by
replacing temporarily with a
known satisfactory unit.

Fuel nozzle valve stuck.

Replace fuel nozzle.

Fuel pump inoperative. (Fuel


vapor will not be observed
leaving the exhaust.)

Check pump for sheared


drives or internal damage.
Check for air leaks at inlet or
fluid leaks at outlet.

Engine fails to light off.

720000
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Table 101
Troubleshooting (cont)
Item

Trouble

Probable Cause

Remedy

2 (cont)

Engine fails to light off.


(cont)

Water or other contaminant


in fuel.

Check a sample of fuel from


the bottom of the tank, if contaminated, disconnect the fuel
line at the fuel nozzle, drain all
fuel then flush the system with
clean fuel.

Fuel nozzle orifice clogged.

Check fuel pump filter, replace


nozzle. (Refer to Fuel Nozzle,
para 1.A., 731003.)

Fuel check valve fails to open.

Replace fuel check valve.

Early lightoff.

Fuel control cutoff valve not


closed.

Make a fuel control cutoff


valve operational check.
(Refer to Cutoff Valve Operational Check para, 2.F.,
732002.)

Engine lights off but will not


accelerate to idle speed at a
normal rate.

Loose pneumatic fitting,


cracked accumulator, or
cracked pneumatic line causing air leak in control system.

Pressurize the system to


check for leaks. (Refer to Fuel
Control System Pneumatic
Leak Check, para 2.B.,
730000.)
Check for crack in air tubes or
outer combustion case.
Check for air seal leaks.

Dirty Pc filter.

Clean Pc filter. (Refer to


Cleaning and Inspection, para
3., 732003.)

Cracked accumulator.

Replace accumulator. (Refer


to Accumulator Removal, para
1.A., 731004.)

Inadequate torque at starter


pad.

Check condition of battery and


starter to determine if sufficient N1 cranking speed is
attainable.

Dirty compressor.

Clean compressor and bleed


valve. (Refer to Compressor
Cleaning, para 6., 723000.)

Insufficient fuel supply to gas


producer fuel control.

Check fuel system to make


sure all valves are open and
pumps are operative.

Insufficient fuel pressure to


fuel pump.

Turn on aircraft boost pump.

Gas producer fuel control


bypass valve stuck open.

Disconnect the fuel line at the


fuel nozzle, flush system with
clean fuel; then replace control.

720000
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Table 101
Troubleshooting (cont)
Item

Trouble

Probable Cause

Remedy

4 (cont)

Engine lights off but will not


accelerate to idle speed at a
normal rate.
(cont)

Fuel nozzle partially clogged


with carbon.

Clean fuel nozzle. (Refer to


Fuel Nozzle, para 2.,
731003.)

Fuel nozzle check valve stuck


partially open.

Replace fuel nozzle.

Start derichment adjustment


too low.

Make start derichment adjustment. (Refer to Engine Starting Characteristic Adjustments, para 3.C., 732002.)

Gas producer fuel control


incorrectly adjusted or calibration has shifted.

Replace control.

Antiicing air valve open and


cabin heat on.

Turn off engine antiice and


cabin heat.

Foreign object damage (FOD), Replace the case or compressor assembly if damage or
eroded blades, vanes and/or
erosion exceeds acceptable
abradable tip seal coating.
limits. (Refer to Inspection/
Check, para 5., 723000.)
Faulty power turbine governor. Replace governor.
Faulty overspeed solenoid
valve. (250C20R,
250C20R/1,C20R/1(RS)
only)
5

Slow starts or low turbine


Control schedule has shifted
temperature in the 3550% N1 lean.
speed range.

Engine lights off but flames


out during ground starts at
high altitude, especially above
5000 feet (1524 meters), during cold ambient conditions.

Fuel nozzle partially clogged.

Low power and high TOT.

Contaminated bleed valve jet.

Start derichment adjustment


too low.

Replace solenoid valve.

Turn the start/acceleration


adjuster cw to increase turbine
temperature and decrease
start time. Make a one detent
adjustment; then observe
starting temperature. One
detent changes temperature
3040C (86104F). Make
an additional one detent
adjustment if necessary.
(Refer to Start/Acceleration
Fuel Flow Adjustment, para
3.C.(2), 732002.)
Inspect fuel nozzle for carbon
buildup. Clean or replace as
necessary.
Make start derichment adjustment. (Refer to Start Derichment Adjustment, para
3.C.(1), 732002.)
Clean bleed valve (Refer to
Bleed Valve Cleaning, para
6.C., 723000.)

720000
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Table 101
Troubleshooting (cont)
Item

Trouble

Probable Cause

Remedy

Hot starts or high turbine temperature.

Control schedule has shifted


rich.

Turn the start/acceleration


adjuster ccw to decrease turbine temperature and to prevent hot starts. Make a one
detent adjustment; then
observe starting temperature.
One detent changes temperature 3040C (86104F).
Make an additional one detent
adjustment if necessary.
(Refer to Start Acceleration
Fuel Flow Adjustment, para
3.C.(2), 732002.)

Acceleration temperature too


high during start.

Insufficient time allowed for


draining after an unsuccessful
starting attempt.

Purge the engine by motoring


with the gas producer lever
and ignition switch in OFF for
approximately 10 sec. before
attempting a second start.

Reduced battery capacity


(This can produce low cranking speed.)

Recharge or replace battery.

High residual TOT in excess


of 150C (302F).

Motor engine with starter leaving gas producer lever and


ignition OFF.

Depreciated starter which is


not capable of dry motoring
gas producer (N1) above 15
percent.

Replace starter.

Gas producer lever (twist grip)


in ground idle (start) position
prior to and during starter
engagement.

Review starting procedure.

Dirty compressor.

Clean compressor and bleed


valve. (Refer to Compressor
Cleaning, para 6., 723000.)

Fuel nozzle valve stuck full


open.

Replace fuel nozzle.

Excessive compressor air


leaking.

Check for leaks. Be sure that


engine antiice switch is off.

Bleed control valve stuck


closed.

Replace bleed control valve.

720000
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Table 101
Troubleshooting (cont)
Item

Trouble

Probable Cause

Remedy

9 (cont)

Acceleration temperature too


high during start.
(cont)

Gas producer fuel control


incorrectly adjusted or calibration has shifted.

Adjust FCU per para 3.C.


(732002). If proper starts
cannot be obtained, replace
the faulty control.

Gas producer fuel control start Adjust start derichment.


derichment too rich.
(Refer to StartDerichment
Adjustment, para
3.C.(1),732002.)
10

Acceleration temperature too


low during starting

Loose pneumatic fitting,


cracked accumulator, or
cracked pneumatic line causing air leak in control system.

Pressurize the system to


check for leaks. (Refer to Fuel
Control System Pneumatic
Leak Check, para 2.B.,
730000.)

Gas producer fuel control


incorrectly adjusted or calibration has shifted.

Adjust FCU per para 3.C.


(732002). If proper starts
cannot be obtained, replace
the faulty control.

Gas producer fuel control start Adjust start derichment.


derichment too lean.
(Refer to StartDerichment
Adjustment, para 3.C.(1),
732002.)
11

Engine speed cycles at idle.

Gas producer fuel control


bypass valve not operating
freely.

Disconnect the fuel line at the


fuel nozzle; flush system with
clean fuel. Inspect and clean
the fuel control fuel filter.
(Refer to Cleaning the Gas
Producer Fuel Control
FuelStrainer para 4.A.,
732002.) If the same
condition still exists, replace
control.

12

Engine instability above idle


speed.

Double check valve. (Some


installations)

Replace double check valve.

13

Engine instability in power


range.

Loose pneumatic fitting,


cracked accumulator, or
cracked pneumatic line causing air leak in control system.

Pressurize the system to


check for leaks. (Refer to Fuel
Control System Pneumatic
Leak Check, para 2.B.,
730000.)

14

Idle speed too low.

Incorrect gas producer lever


setting.

Check lever position and rigging. (Refer to Rigging


Check, para 2.E., 732002.)

Malfunctioning tachometer.

Replace tachometer.

Excessive generator load.

Reduce electrical load requirement.

Dirty compressor.

Clean compressor and bleed


valve. (Refer to Compressor
Cleaning, para 6., 723000.)

720000
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Table 101
Troubleshooting (cont)
Item

Trouble

Probable Cause

Remedy

14 (cont)

Idle speed too low. (cont)

Gas producer fuel control idle


adjustment incorrectly set.

Correct the setting. (Refer to


Idle Speed Setting, para 3.A.,
732002.)

Loose pneumatic fitting,


cracked accumulator, or
cracked pneumatic line causing air leak in control system.

Pressurize the system to


check for leaks. (Refer to Fuel
Control System Pneumatic
Leak Check, para 2.B.,
730000.

Incorrect gas producer lever


setting.

Check lever position and rigging. (Refer to Rigging


Check, para 2.E., 732002.)

Malfunctioning tachometer.

Replace tachometer.

15

Idle speed too high.

Fuel control Py orifice contam- Clean orifices, (Refer to para


inated.
4., 732002.)

16

17

Oil pressure drops off


severely.

Gas producer fuel control idle


adjustment incorrectly set.

Correct the setting. (Refer to


Idle Speed Setting, para 3.A.,
732002.)

Oil supply low.

Check oil supply and refill as


necessary.

Oil pressure transmitter or


indicator giving false indication.

Check transmitter or indicator


and repair or replace if necessary.

Regulator valve sticking or


broken spring.

Clean or replace spring.

Defective oil pump.

Replace pump or send power


and accessory gearbox to an
overhaul facility. (Refer to applicable part of Gearbox Disassembly and Assembly, para
2., 726000.)

Engine operated more than 30 Low oil quantity.


seconds without oil pressure.

Remove engine and send to a


RollsRoyce authorized facility
for investigation. (Refer to Engine Servicing, para 10.,
720000.)

Improper servicing after oil


change.

Remove engine and send to a


RollsRoyce authorized facility
for investigation. (Refer to Engine Servicing, para 10.,
720000.)

Oil pump failure.

Remove engine and send to a


RollsRoyce authorized facility
for investigation. (Refer to Engine Servicing, para 10.,
720000.)

720000
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Table 101
Troubleshooting (cont)
Item

Trouble

18

Excessive oil pressure fluctua- Air in sensing line.


tion.

19

Probable Cause

Low oil pressure.

NOTE:

Bleed line.

Gage records inaccurately.

Check gage and transmitter.

Faulty pressure regulating


valve.

Replace the valve.

Oil contamination.

Drain and replace filter.


Inspect magnetic chip detectors for metallic particles.
Thoroughly flush with engine
oil while motoring engine.
Drain and refill with engine oil.

Low oil quantity.

Check for excessive consumption.

Wear of filter housing due to


vibration of filter inlet and filter
bypass tubes.

Replace packings on the inlet


and bypass tubes and/or
replace the filter housing (as
required).

Oil filter inlet tube assembly


too short.

Dimensionally inspect tube


assembly length per para 4.H.,
726000.

Lack of oil in reservoir.

Fill reservoir with correct oil.

Gage records inaccurately.

Check gage and transmitter.

Oil leaks.

Check all piping connections


and the gearbox splitline.
(Refer to Gearbox Coverto
Housing Assembly, para 2.I.,
726000.)

Clogged oil filter.

Clean or replace oil filter.


(Refer to para 1.C.,
726000.)

If oil filter is clogged with carbon, inspect and clean the power turbine support pressure oil
nozzle, the power turbine support scavenge oil strut and the external scavenge oil sump.
(Refer to paras 6.E. and 6.F., 725000.)

CAUTION:

DO NOT MAKE A PRESSURE REGULATING VALVE ADJUSTMENT TO CORRECT FOR


A RAPID CHANGE IN OIL PRESSURE. THESE CONDITIONS ARE CAUSE TO SUSPECT OTHER OIL SYSTEM PROBLEMS HAVE DEVELOPED.
Oil pressure not adjusted.

NOTE:

Remedy

Adjust oil pressure regulating


valve. (Refer to Oil Pressure
Regulating Valve, para 3.A.,
726000.)

Before attempting oil pressure regulator adjustment, make sure that minimum N1 rpm of 94% is
attained during periods of reported low oil pressure readings.

720000
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Table 101
Troubleshooting (cont)
Item

Trouble

Probable Cause

Remedy

19 (cont)

Low oil pressure.


(cont)

Increase in oil pump internal


clearances or sheared drive.

Replace pump or send power


and accessory gearbox to an
overhaul facility. (Refer to
applicable part of Gearbox
Disassembly and Assembly,
para 2., 726000.)

Oil contamination.

Drain and replace filter. Inspect magnetic chip detectors


for metallic particles. Thoroughly flush with engine oil
while motoring engine.
If carbon and sludge deposits
are found, inspect the oil tank
for similar deposits. If deposits are found, remove and
clean the airframe oil tank and
flush the airframe engine oil
system in accordance with the
applicable airframe manufacturers manuals.
Drain and refill with engine oil.

Replace packings on the inlet


Wear of oil filter housing due
to vibration of filter inlet and fil- and bypass tubes and/or replace the filter housing (as reter bypass tubes.
quired).

20

High oil pressure.


CAUTION:

Oil filter inlet tube assembly


too short.

Dimensionally inspect tube assembly length per para 4.H.,


726000.

Oil pressure gage and transmitter records inaccurate.

Check gage and transmitter.

EXCEPT FOR INITIAL ADJUSTMENT ON NEWLY INSTALLED ENGINES, DO NOT


ADJUST THE PRESSURE REGULATING VALVE TO CORRECT FOR HIGH OIL PRESSURE. DO NOT MAKE A PRESSURE REGULATING VALVE ADJUSTMENT TO CORRECT FOR A SUDDEN INCREASE OR RAPID CHANGE IN OIL PRESSURE. THESE
CONDITIONS ARE CAUSE TO SUSPECT OTHER OIL SYSTEM PROBLEMS HAVE
DEVELOPED.
Pressure regulating valve
improperly adjusted.

Readjust oil pressure regulating valve. (Refer to Oil Pressure Regulating Valve, para
3.A., 726000.)

720000
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M250--C20R SERIES OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE


Table 101
Troubleshooting (cont)
Item

Trouble

21

Oil consumption exceeds 0.05 Loose fittings, connections, or


gal (0.19 liter) per hour [1
splitlines.
quart (0.9 liter) per 5 hours].

NOTE:

Probable Cause

Remedy
Check all fittings, connections,
and splitlines for sealant and
proper torque. Wash entire
engine and coat with whitener
in suspected area. Operate
engine to locate source of
leakage. (Refer to Gearbox
Cover--to--Housing Assembly,
para 2.I., 72--60--00.)

Check the engine oil quantity within 15 minutes of engine shutdown to avoid a false indication
of excessive oil consumption. If the 15 minutes has been exceeded, motor the engine for 30
seconds with the starter before checking tank quantity. Motoring normally scavenges oil from
the gearbox back to the aircraft oil tank. Check the airframe flight manual; some installations
may require engine to be operated for at least a minute at ground idle to assure proper
scavenging of the engine gearbox.
Always refer to the airframe flight manual for proper oil servicing instructions; specific requirements may vary for different aircraft models.
Oil leakage from power turbine Replace seal. (Refer to Recarbon face seal.
moval of the Oil Bellows Seal,
para 5.A., 72--50--00.)
Leaking accessory oil seals as Replace defective seals. (Reevidenced by oil draining from fer to Oil Seals Replacement,
weep hole (on gas producer
para 1.B., 72--60--00.)
fuel control and power turbine
governor) or from drain on fuel
pump.

22

Oil consumption exceeds 0.05 Coking and carbon buildup in


gal (0.19 liter) per hour [1
power turbine support.
quart (0.95 liter) per 5 hours]

Clean power turbine support


scavenge oil strut, power turbine support pressure oil
nozzle and the external scavenge oil sump. (Refer to paras 6.E. and 6.F.,72--50--00.)

Improper fit between the power turbine inner and outer


shafts.

Send engine to an overhaul


facility for repair.

23

Oil blowing from gearbox vent


or oil venting into exhaust (on
aircraft installations in which
gearbox vent is connected to
the exhaust collector or exhaust duct.)

Leaking accessory pad seal.

Replace seal.

24

Oil spewing from diffuser vent


orifice.

Orifice improperly sized;


smaller orifice needed.

Refer to Diffuser Vent Orifice


Selection, para 1.B.,
72--00--00, Engine-- Adjust-

ment/test.

72--00--00
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Table 101
Troubleshooting (cont)
Item

Trouble

Probable Cause

Remedy

25

Oil spewing at compressor


bleed control valve.

No. 1 bearing seal failure.

Replace seal. (Refer to


Replacing the Compressor
Front Bearing and/or Oil Seal
Replacement, para 3.,
723000.)

26

Oil temperature exceeds


107C (225F).

Oil cooler fan inoperative.

Check fan, repair or replace.


Inspect engine. (Refer to Oil
Temperature Limit Exceeded,
para 10.B, 720000, Engine
Servicing.)

Oil cooler bypass valve inoperative.

Check valve, repair or replace.


Inspect engine. (Refer to Oil
Temperature Limit Exceeded,
para 10.B., 720000,
EngineServicing.)

27

Oil temperature exceeds


107C (225F) remains less
than 120C (248F) for a
period not exceeding 10 minutes.

Contamination or carbon
buildup in the turbine.

Inspect and clean oil system


and passages. (Refer to Oil
System Maintenance, para
6.F., 725000.)

28

Low power with high TOT.

Dirty compressor.

Clean compressor and bleed


valve. (Refer to Compressor
Cleaning, para 6., 723000.)

Foreign object damage (FOD), Replace the case or compreseroded blades, and vanes.
sor assembly if damaged or
erosion exceeds the acceptable limits. (Refer to Inspection/Check, para 5.,
723000.)
New compressor case misaIf noise monitoring indicates
rub, remove and reinstall the
ligned at installation.
case. (Refer to Compressor
Case Replacement, para 2.,
723000.)
Bleed control valve failed to
close.

Check compressor discharge


pressure sensing line for leaks
and for security.

Bleed control valve failed to


close.
(cont)

Clean valve nozzle, filter and


jet. (Refer to Bleed Valve
Cleaning, para 6.C.,
723000.)
Replace bleed control valve.
(Refer to para 2., 751002.)

Excessive compressor air


leaks.

Repair leaks.

Faulty TOT indicator.

Replace indicator.

720000
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Table 101
Troubleshooting (cont)
Item

Trouble

Probable Cause

Remedy

28 (cont)

Low power with high TOT.


(cont)

Antiicing air valve leaking.

Check solenoid and lines or


replace valve.

Heat control valve leaking.

Cap off engine bleed manifold


to isolate trouble.

Faulty torquemeter indicating


system.

Replace gage or transmitter.

Antiicing solenoid failed.

Replace.

Failed compressor discharge


air tube bellows assy

Replace. (Refer to para 4.A.,


724000.)

NOTE:

29

30

31

No leakage is allowed in rear of bellows assembly.

Low power with TOT below


max. limit.

Low measured TOT at normal


or high power.

Unable to obtain specified


power.

Cracked firststage turbine


nozzle diaphragm.

Replace firststage turbine


nozzle. (Refer to Replacing
the Firststage Turbine Nozzle
and Firststage Turbine
Nozzle Shield, para 2.,
725000.)

Heateroded firststage turbine nozzle vanes.

(same as above)

Gas producer control lever not Adjust linkage to the gas producer fuel control. (Refer to
reaching maximum speed
Rigging Check, para 2.E.,
adjustment stop.
732002.)
Gas producer control lever
maximum speed adjustment
stop not properly set.

Correct the maximum speed


adjustment setting. Adjust cw
to increase N1 speedone
turn equals approx 1% (Refer
to Maximum Speed Stop, para
3.B., 732002.)

Loose pneumatic fitting,


cracked accumulator, or
cracked pneumatic line causing an air leak in the control
system.

Pressurize the system to


check for leaks. (Refer to Fuel
Control System Pneumatic
Leak Check, para 2.B.,
730000.)

Faulty TOT indicator.

Replace indicator.

Faulty TOT thermocouple.

Replace thermocouple assembly. (Refer to Thermocouple


Inspection, para 2.,
772001.)

Foreign object damage (FOD)


eroded blades, vanes and/or
abradable tip seal coating.

Replace the case or compressor assembly, if damaged or


erosion exceeds the acceptable limits. (Refer to Inspection/Check, para 5.,
723000.)

720000
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Table 101
Troubleshooting (cont)
Item

Trouble

Probable Cause

Remedy

31 (cont)

Unable to obtain specified


power. (cont)

New compressor case


misaligned at installation.

If noise monitoring indicates


rub, remove and reinstall the
case. (Refer to Compressor
Case Replacement para 2.,
723000.)

32

Engine N1 or N2 overspeeds.

Gas producer fuel control linkage not properly set.

Check linkage for proper


operation and adjustment.

Defective gas producer fuel


control or power turbine fuel
governor.

Replace defective control or


governor.

Faulty N1 or N2 tachometer.

Replace tachgenerator or
indicator.

PT governor Pg orifice contamination.

Clean power turbine governor.


(Refer to 732001.)

Fuel control Py orifice contam- Clean fuel control.


ination.
(Refer to 732002.)
Pr line leaking or broken.
NOTE:

Repair or replace line.

During ground run after overspeed incident, note the idle speed with the twist grip at the 30
position. If idle speed is normal, suspect the governorif idle speed is high, suspect the gas
producer fuel control as the faulty component.

33

Fast or slow decelerations.

Dirty gas producer fuel control


air circuit.

Clean circuit. (Refer to


Cleaning the Gas Producer
Fuel Control Air Circuit, para
4.B., 732002.)

34

Auto accelerations.

Dirty gas producer fuel control


air circuit.

Clean circuit. (Refer to Cleaning the Gas Producer Fuel


Control Air Circuit, para 4.B.,
732002.)

35

Excessive exhaust torching


during transients.

Fuel nozzle malfunction.

Replace fuel nozzle. (Refer


to para 1.A., 731003.)

Excessively rich gas producer


fuel control.

Replace control.

Leaking accessory bleed lines. Repair or replace lines.


36

Slow to accelerate from idle to


power.

Dirty compressor.

Clean compressor and bleed


valve. (Refer to Compressor
Cleaning, para 6., 723000.)

Foreign object damage (FOD), Replace the case or compressor assembly if damage or
eroded blades, vanes and/or
erosion exceeds acceptable
abradable tip seal coating.
limits. (Refer to Inspection/
Check, para 5., 723000.)

720000
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Table 101
Troubleshooting (cont)
Item

Trouble

Probable Cause

Remedy

36 (cont)

Slow to accelerate from idle to


power. (cont)

New compressor case misaligned at installation.

If noise monitoring indicates


rub, remove and reinstall the
case. (Refer to Compressor
Case Replacement, para 2.,
723000.)

Bleed control valve malfunctioning.

Replace bleed control valve.


(Refer to para 2.,751002.)

Loose pneumatic fitting,


cracked accumulator, or
cracked pneumatic line causing air leak in control system.

Pressurize the system toting,


check for leaks. (Refer to
Fuel Control System Pneumatic Leak Check, para
2.B., 730000.)

Excessive compressor air


leakage.

Check for leaks and repair.

Dirty gas producer fuel control


air circuit.

Clean circuit. (Refer to


Cleaning the Gas Producer
Fuel Control Air Circuit, para
4.B., 732002.)

Same as in preceding trouble.

Correct as in preceding
trouble.

Governor linkage incorrectly


rigged.

Check rigging. Correct linkage as required.

37

Slow to accelerate to power


while in flight.

38

TOT approx 30C (54F) lower Bleed control valve stuck


than normal at idle.
closed.

Replace bleed control valve.


(Refer to para 2., 751002.)

39

Compressor surge during


Dirty compressor.
starting or near the idle speed.

Clean compressor and bleed


valve. (Refer to Compressor
Cleaning, para 6., 723000.)

Foreign object damage (FOD), Replace the case or compressor assembly if damaged or
eroded blades, vanes and/or
erosion exceeds the acceptabradable tip seal coating.
able limits. (Refer to Inspection/Check, para 5.,
723000.)

40

New compressor case misaligned at installation.

If noise monitoring indicates


rub, remove and reinstall the
case. (Refer to Compressor
Case Replacement, para 2.,
723000.)

Excessively rich gas producer


fuel control.

Replace gas producer fuel


control. (Refer to para 2.,
732002.)

Bleed control valve stuck


closed.

Replace bleed control valve.


(Refer to para 2., 751002.)

Removed

720000
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Table 101
Troubleshooting (cont)
Item

Trouble

Probable Cause

Remedy

41

Compressor surge during


acceleration.

Bleed control valve closing


early.

Clean bleed control valve.


(Refer to para 6.C.,
723000.) Replace bleed
control valve. (Refer to para
2., 751002.)

Excessively rich gas producer


fuel control.

Replace gas producer fuel


control. (Refer to para 2.,
732002.)

Foreign object damage (FOD), Replace the case or compressor assembly if damage or
eroded blades, vanes and/or
erosion exceeds the
abradable tip seal coating.
acceptable limits. (Refer to
Inspection/Check, para 5.,
723000.)

42

Compressor surge during low


power operation.

New compressor case misaligned at installation.

If noise monitoring indicates


rub, remove and reinstall the
case. (Refer to Compressor
Case Replacement, para 2.,
723000.)

Bleed control valve failed to


open.

Clean bleed valve filter, jet


and strainer. If condition still
exists, replace bleed control
valve. (Refer to Bleed Valve
Cleaning, para 6.C.,)
723000.)

Foreign object damage (FOD), Replace the case or compressor assembly if damage or
eroded blades, vanes and/or
erosion exceeds the acceptabradable tip seal coating.
able limits. (Refer to Inspection/Check, para 5.,
723000.)

43

44

More than 20 drops per minute fuel leaking from fuel


pump overboard drain ports.

New compressor case misaligned at installation.

If noise monitoring indicates


rub, remove and reinstall the
case. (Refer to Compressor
Case Replacement, para 2.,
723000.)

Fuel pump drive shaft seal


leaking.

Replace fuel pump.

Gearbox seal leaking.

If leakage is fuel, replace


pump; if leakage is oil, replace
seal.

More than 5 drops per min fuel Gas producer fuel control failleakage from the fuel control.
ure.

Replace fuel control. (Refer to


para 2., 732002.)

720000
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Table 101
Troubleshooting (cont)
Item

Trouble

Probable Cause

Remedy

45

Faulty torquemeter indication.

Clogged fixed area torquemeter piston bleed port.

Clean bleed port or send gearbox to an overhaul facility.


(Refer to applicable part of
Gearbox Disassembly and
Assembly, para 2., 726000,
for assembly procedure.)

Clogged torquemeter pressure Flush passage or send gearsensing oil line.


box to an overhaul facility.
(Refer to applicable part of
Gearbox Disassembly and
Assembly, para 2., 726000,
for assembly procedure.)
Torquemeter supporting
bearing failure.

Replace bearing or send


gearbox to an overhaul facility.
(Refer to applicable part of
Gearbox Disassembly and
Assembly, para 2., 726000,
for assembly procedure.)

46

Loss of power sharing on


acceleration.

Power turbine governor


incompatibility.

Adjust governor rigging or


replace governor. (Refer to
para 2., 732001.)

47

Severe N1 oscillation at
approximately the 30 throttle
lever position.

PrPg reset dump valve


cycling.

Move throttle out of affected


throttle range.

48

Lack of antiicing air.

Cracked antiice air tubes.

Check tubes.

Defective switch.

Replace switch.

Plug installed in solenoid


valve.

Remove plug.

Antiicing air valve stuck


closed.

Replace valve. (Refer to para


2., 751001.)

Solenoid valve not operating.

Check cause, replace defective part.

Dirt collected in vane trailing


slots.

Remove antiicing air line at


the compressor front support,
cap the bullet nose outlet
holes and blow through struts
and out slots at 40 psig (276
kPag) maximum.

Oil leakage from forward compressor bearing oil seal or


power turbine carbon face
seal.

If oil consumption exceeds


limits, replace faulty component(s) as necessary. (Refer
to para 6.D., 725000.)

49

Continuous exhaust smoking.

NOTE:
50

Remove external sump and measure oil flow.


Heavy smoking out exhaust.

Contamination or carbon
buildup in the turbine.

Inspect and clean oil system


and passages. (Refer to Oil
System Maintenance, para
6.F., 725000.)

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Table 101
Troubleshooting (cont)
Item

Trouble

51

Compressor rear bearing laby- Seal vent orifice improperly


rinth seal vent smoking.
sized or improperly seated.

Replace or repair vent orifice.


(Refer to Diffuser Vent Orifice
Selection, para 1.B.,
720000, EngineAdjustment/Test.)

52

Engine power reset to the


takeoff setting.

Aircraft gas producer linkage


broken or disengaged.

Replace linkage or reconnect.

P.T. Governor Pg orifice contaminated.

Clean Pg air circuit (Refer to


para 2.D.,732001.)

Probable Cause

Remedy

Fuel control Py orifice contam- Clean fuel control air circuit.


inated.
(Refer to para 4.B.,
732002.)

53

54

Exhaust duct emitting sparks.

Excessive vibration.

P.T. governor failure.

Replace governor. (Refer to


732001.)

Pr line broken or leaking.

Repair or replace Pr line.

Combustion liner damage.

Inspect combustion liner and


repair or replace. (Refer to
Combustion Liner Inspection,
para 1.C.,724000.)

Turbine or compressor blade,


vane or seal damaged.

Replace faulty component.

Loose engine mounts.

Inspect for security and condition of mounts.

Turbine wheel blade failure.

Inspect the turbine wheel


blades. (Refer to Blade and
Vane Inspection, para 6.A.,
725000.)

Foreign object damage (FOD), Replace the case or compressor assembly if damage or
eroded blades, vanes and/or
erosion exceeds the acceptabradable tip seal coating.
able limits. (Refer to Inspection/Check, para 5.,
723000.)
Bearing failure or accessories
section internal failure.

Check the magnetic inspection


plugs for particles. If accumulated particles are found, send
engine to overhaul.

720000
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Table 101
Troubleshooting (cont)
Item

Trouble

Probable Cause

Remedy

54 (cont)

Excessive vibration. (cont)

Cause uncertain.

Refer to Vibration Test Procedure, EngineAdjustment/Test,


para 2., 720000 to analyze
vibration level and identify
vibration source. Install
engine in another aircraft or in
test stand for comparison.
Send engine to overhaul if
excessive vibration persists.

55

Unable to stop engine.

Gas producer fuel control fuel


cutoff valve not closed.

Close the aircraft fuel shutoff


valve to stop the engine. Then
check control linkage rigging
or replace gas producer fuel
control if faulty.

56

Afterfire.

Oil leak.

See trouble condition, static oil


leakage, item 61.

Burner drain valve line


obstruction.

Check the drain lines. Clean


or replace as necessary.

Sticking burner drain valve.

Replace valve. (Refer to para


3.A., 724000.)

Fuel nozzle valve stuck open.

Replace fuel nozzle. (Refer to


para 1.A., 731003.)

Fuel control not in cutoff.

Make a fuel control cutoff


valve operational check.
(Refer to Cutoff Valve Operational Check, para 2.F.,
732002.)

Inline check valve stuck open.

Replace inline check valve.

Oil seepage past No. 5 bearing oil bellows seal into hot
exhaust and collector.

If suspected, visually inspect


for evidence of puddling in
bottom of exhaust collector
after engine has been inoperative. If leakage is present,
replace No. 5 bearing oil bellows seal (Refer to Oil Bellows
Seal, para 5.A., 725000.)

Oil seepage past turbine oil


check valve onto hot turbine.

Remove and inspect turbine


check valve. (Refer to Turbine
Pressure Oil System Check
Valve, para 2.J., 726000.)

Residual oil in No. 6 and No.


7 bearing area, depositing on
hot turbine parts.

Remove external sump;


inspect and clean strut. (Refer
to Inspection and Cleaning of
Power Turbine Support Scavenge Oil Strut, para 6.E.
725000.)

57

Heavy smoking out exhaust


following engine shutdown.
(light wisps of smoke are normal and not cause for engine
rejection unless oil consumption limits are exceeded)

720000
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Table 101
Troubleshooting (cont)
Item

Trouble

Probable Cause

57 (cont)

Heavy smoking out exhaust


following engine shutdown.
(light wisps of smoke are normal and not cause for engine
rejection unless oil consumption limits are exceeded)
(cont)

Excessive clearance of rotatThis is usually accompanied


ing knife seals located in No. 6 by low power. If suspected,
and No. 7 bearing area.
replace turbine.

58

Heavy smoking out exhaust.

Contamination or carbon
buildup in the turbine.

Inspect and clean oil system


and passages. (Refer to
Inspection and Cleaning of
Power Turbine Support Scavenge Oil Strut, para 6.E.,
725000.)

59

Continuous exhaust smoking.

Oil leakage from forward compressor bearing oil seal or


power turbine carbon face
seal.

If oil consumption exceeds


limits, replace faulty component(s) as necessary.

60

Oil leakage at compressor


attachment insert in the Gearbox housing. (At insert adjacent to compressor oil supply
fitting.)

Insert loose.

Replace insert. (Refer to


Insert Inspection, para 4.E.,
726000.)

61

Static oil leakage from power


and accessory gearbox
breather.

Internal check valve stuck


open.

Clean or replace the internal


check valve. (Refer to the
Lube Oil Filter Housing
Replacement, para 1.D.,
726000.)

Remedy

Remove filter housing and


inspect housing and transfer
tubes (2) mating surfaces.
Check packings on housing
end of transfer tubes.
Replace defective items.
Power Turbine Governor
engine oil seal.

62

Oil leaking from weep holes at


power turbine governor. Oil
leakage may be blue in color.

63

Starter unable to rotate engine Turbine blade tip clearance.


immediately after shutdown.

64

Starter unable to rotate


engine.

Replace leaking seal. If oil


leakage is blue in color, this is
an indication of governor drive
bearing grease washout,
therefore replace the power
turbine governor.
If engine will rotate after cooldown, no corrective action
required. If unable to rotate
engine after cooldown,
remove turbine for further
examination.

Binding of compressor, turbine Determine which major comor gearbox.


ponent is binding; replace
component or engine.

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Table 101
Troubleshooting (cont)
Item

Trouble
NOTE:

65

Probable Cause

Remedy

To help alleviate turbine rub or carbon conditions which prevent the main rotor (N2) from turning
by 25% N1 speed, walk the main rotor backwards after a start attempt and/or while the engine
is cooling down. If chatter is encountered, stop the walkthrough. Repeat the procedure at the
next convenient shutdown.
Main rotor (N2) does not rotate Turbine blade tip (N2) rub.
by 25% N1 speed during start.

Shut down. Repeat start procedure. If not rotating after


second attempt, walk the main
rotor backwards before again
repeating the start procedure.
(See NOTE above.) Replace
turbine if condition persists.

Carbon formation around


rotating labyrinth seals.

Ensure that the oil being used


is MILL7808F or
MILL7808G or
MILL23699. Shut down.
Repeat start procedure. If not
rotating after second attempt,
walk the main rotor backwards
before again repeating the
start procedure. (See NOTE
above.) If repeated walk
through does not free N2,
clean carbon from rotating labyrinth seals. (Refer to Cleaning Power Turbine Labyrinth
Seals, para 6.J., 725000.)

Aircraft power train seizure.

Refer to aircraft maintenance


manual.

66

Engine tubing cracked or broken at the flare.

Excessive vibration.

Check the engine for possible


vibration causes. (Refer to
Vibration Inspection, para
1.D.(2), 720000, Engine
Inspection/Check.)

67

Bearing noise at compressor


which may be accompanied
by looseness of the impeller.

Bearing failure.

Inspect and/or replace compressor No. 1 and No. 2 bearings as required.

NOTE:

Inspect magnetic drain plugs to determine extent of contamination due to bearing failure.
(Refer to Magnetic Plug Inspection, para 10.G., 720000, EngineServicing.)

68

Magnetic plug warning light


illuminated.

Engine metal generation.

Refer to Magnetic Plug


Inspection, para 10.G.,
720000, EngineServicing.

69

Engine undershoots ground


idle setting during practice
autorotation.

Dirty fuel control PrPg valve.

Clean valve. (Refer to Cleaning the Fuel Control PrPg


Valve, para 4.C., 732002.)

720000
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Table 101
Troubleshooting (cont)
Item

Trouble
NOTE:

70

71

Probable Cause

Remedy

Items 70 through 78 apply only to the 250C20R, C20R/1, and C20R/1(RS) engines.
Push to test causes N1 & N2
decrease when activated
above 80% N2. (Should be
inhibited above 80%.)

No N2 limiting during push to


test when activated between
70 and 80%.

Faulty control box.

Replace box.

Intermittent N2 speed pickup.

Test pickup or replace.

Excessive air gap between


pickup and P.T. coupling nut
(outer).

Reset pickup gap.

Defective speed sense element on P.T. coupling nut


(outer).

Replace P.T. coupling nut


(outer).

Circuit breaker open.

Reset breaker.

Bad control box.

Replace box.

Bad control box ground.

Establish good ground strap


connection for control box.

Defective solenoid valve.

Replace valve.

Excessive air gap between


pickup and Power Turbine
coupling nut (outer).

Reset pickup gap.

Defective pickup.

Test and/or replace.

Defective harness.

Test and/or replace.

Defective push to test switch.

Test and/or replace switch.

Poor harness connections.

Inspect for poor and/or loose


connections.

72

Engine flameout during push


to test.

Fuel control min. flow calibration set to low.

Replace control. (Refer to


para 2., 732002.)

73

Excessive N1 and N2 fluctuation during push to test.

Defective solenoid valve.

Replace valve.

Intermittent N2 speed pickup.

Test and/or replace pickup.

Loose electrical connections.

Check all system connections.

Intermittent open in harness.

Test and/or replace harness.

Defective control box.

Replace box.

Noise on pickup signal.

Check pickup harness


shielding.
Replace valve.

74

Overspeed system activates


during normal engine operation (N2 between 80 and
112%.)

Solenoid valve defective.

75

N2 limited but exceeds 72%


during push to test when activated below 70% N2.

Defective speed sense element power turbine coupling


nut (outer).

Replace nut.

Intermittent N2 pickup.

Test and/or replace pickup.

Defective control box.

Replace box.

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Table 101
Troubleshooting (cont)
Item

Trouble

Probable Cause

Remedy

75 (cont)

N2 limited but exceeds 72%


during push to test when activated below 70% N2. (cont)

Excessive air gap between


pickup and spanner nut.

Reset gap.

Defective speed sensing element power turbine coupling


nut (outer).

Replace nut.

Bad indicator lamp.

Replace.

Bad lamp relay.

Replace.

Bad control box.

Replace.

Bad lamp relay.

Replace.

Bad indicator reset switch.

Replace.

76

77

78

Overspeed lamp doesnt light


during push to test.

Overspeed lamp comes on


intermittently.

Overspeed lamp will not reset. Bad lamp relay.


Bad indicator reset switch.

Replace.
Replace.

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