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- Physics Phd Qualifying 97
- Physics Phd Qualifying 97
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- Physics Phd Qualifying 97
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Problem 1: There are two fixed heavy masses of magnitude M of high density on x-axis at a

distance 2d apart. A small mass m moves in a circle of radius R in the y-z plane between the

heavy masses. Find the speed of the small particle.

Solution :

The net force, which provides the centripetal force, is given by

Problem 2: Two satellites of same mass are launched in the same orbit around the earth so

that they rotate opposite to each other. If they collide in-elastically, obtain the total energy of

the system before and just after the collision. Describe the subsequent motion of the wreckage

.

Solution:

Potential energy of the satellite in its orbit = G M m/r

K.E. = |U| /2

= GMm/2r

where m is mass of satellite, M the mass of the earth and r the orbital radius.

Total energy of one satellite = K. E. + P.E.

Let v be the velocity after collision. By conservation of momentum

v = 0

The wreckage of mass (2m) has no kinetic energy, but it has only potential energy. So, energy

after collision

Problem 3 : A uniform sphere has a mass M and radius R. Find the gravitational pressure P

inside the sphere, as a function of the distance r from its centre.

Solution :

Now force due to the layer dF = 4r2dP

[ As, r = M/ (4/3)R3]

Problem 4: What is the gravitational potential energy of a particle of mass m kept

at a distance x from the centre of a disc of mass M on its axis ? The radius of the

disc is R.

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