7 views

Uploaded by mann123

ok

- Topic 2
- Results psychology
- 1 D Motion Notes
- M727A1N
- Jr.Inter phy-mp-E
- Unidirectional Transport
- 3rd_term_exam_and_solution
- Focus on Physics
- 2.4 Momentum
- Newton's Laws
- Phys1121 Notes
- Buoyancy 10
- Sol.Paper-1
- lecture no 17 18 conservation of momentum
- Mechanics Mgc Tcm4-121263
- phy lab
- L2 - 321Anthropometrics_Lec2
- phy lab
- Class 3
- MassEnergy

You are on page 1of 7

The centre of mass of an object is a point that represents the entire body and moves in the same

way as a point mass having mass equal to that of the object, when subjected to the same external

forces that act on the object. That is, if the resultant force acting on an object (or system of

objects) of mass m is F-> , the acceleration of the centre of mass of the object (or system) is given

by acm = ( F/m).

If the system is composed of a system of particles having masses m1 , m2 , m3 and so on , at coordinates (x1, y1, z1) , (x2, y2, z2) and so on , then the co-ordinates of the centre of mass are given

by

where mi = M = total mass and the summations extend over all masses composing the object

Illustration 1: Find out the centre of mass of a system of three particles of 1 kg, 2 kg and 3 kg

respectively; kept at the vertices of an equilateral triangle of side 1 m.

Solution: Assume the origin of the co-ordinate system at the position of the 1kg mass

= 2/3

= 3/6

Exercise 1: A thin uniform lamina is in the form of a circular disc of radius R. From it a circular

hole is cut off having exactly half the radius of the lamina and touching the laminas

circumference. Find the centre of mass of the remaining part

Centre of mass of continuous distribution of particles

Illustration 2: Find the centre of mass of a uniform semi-circular ring of radius R and mass M.

Solution: Consider the centre of the ring as origin. Consider a differential element of length dl of

the ring whose radius vector makes an angle with the x axis. Let be the mass per unit length.

Then mass of this element is dm = Rd

xcm = by symmetry,

ycm = 2R/

Exercise 2: Find the centre of mass of a uniform semi-circular plate of radius r and mass M.

Velocity & Acceleration of centre of mass

Illustration 3: Two particles of mass 1 kg and 0.5 kg are moving in the same direction with

speeds of 2 m/sec and 6 m/sec respectively on a smooth horizontal surface. Find the speed of the

c.m. of the system

Solution: Velocity of c.m. of the system is given by

Since the particles m1 & m2 are moving in the same direction are parallel.

= 3.33 m / sec

Exercise 3 : In this illustration, if the second particle approaches the first with same speed, what

will be the speed of centre of mass of the system?

Acceleration of the c.m. of a system of particles.

Hence in absence of any external resultant force, centre of mass of a system of particles is either

at rest or in uniform motion on straight line.

Illustration 4 : Two particles of mass 2 kg & 4 kg are approaching towards each other with

accelerations 1 m/sec2 & 2 m/sec2 respectively on a smooth horizontal surface. Find the

acceleration of centre of mass of the system.

Solution: The acceleration of c.m. of the system is given by

acm = 1m/sec2

Since m2a2 > m1a1, the direction of acceleration of c.m. will be directed in the direction of a2.

Exercise 4: Find the acceleration of the centre of mass of two particles approaching towards

each other under their own gravitational field.

Conservation of linear momentum

System of particles

Since ,

where P1-> , P2-> , P3-> .and Pn->are the linear momenta of the particles

In absence of a net external resultant force along a certain direction there will be no change in the

state of motion of the centre of mass. i.e. if it had been at rest it will remain at rest and if it had

been moving with uniform velocity, it will continue moving with the same velocity.

Illustration 5: A body explodes in mid-air. Does its momentum remain conserved?

Solution: During explosion, the net force acting on the system is the weight of the system, that is

mg, where m is the mass of the body. In this case we see the change in momentum in time t is

given as

The momentum of the system first before and after the impact remains practically equal. Then

the external force, that is gravitational force changes the momentum of the c.m. of the system for

considerable time interval not during explosion.

Exercise 5: A body when thrown upwards, changes its velocity, therefore it changes its

momentum. Does this violate the conservation of momentum principle? Justify.

Characteristic of linear momentum

It depends on the frame of reference, e.g., the linear momentum of a body at rest in a moving

train, is zero relative to a person sitting in the train while it is not zero for a person standing on

the ground.

Two bodies of same mass and moving with same speed will have different momenta unless their

directions of motion are same.

Relation between kinetic energy and momentum.

(a) If p = constant

i.e. if different bodies have same momentum, KE will be maximum for the lightest one

(b) If K = constant

i.e. if different bodies have same KE, the heaviest body will have the maximum momentum

(c) If m = constant

i.e. if different bodies have same mass, the body having maximum KE will have maximum

momentum.

Exercise 6: A boy of mass 30 kg is standing on a flat boat so that he is 20 meters from the shore.

He walks 8 m on the boat towards the shore and then stops. The mass of the boat is 90 kg and

friction between the boat and the water surface is negligible. How far is the boy from the shore

now?

- Topic 2Uploaded byGenesse Brown
- Results psychologyUploaded byChase L-Strachan
- 1 D Motion NotesUploaded bySwapnil Patel
- M727A1NUploaded byabhinav_abhi_1
- Jr.Inter phy-mp-EUploaded bykrish
- Unidirectional TransportUploaded bybhuniakanishka
- 3rd_term_exam_and_solutionUploaded byapi-3767114
- Focus on PhysicsUploaded byNuralfinAnripa
- 2.4 MomentumUploaded byHusNa Radzi
- Newton's LawsUploaded byhkwame
- Phys1121 NotesUploaded byAlex Christal
- Buoyancy 10Uploaded bysatish448
- Sol.Paper-1Uploaded bySanjay Verma
- lecture no 17 18 conservation of momentumUploaded byapi-247714257
- Mechanics Mgc Tcm4-121263Uploaded byjazzery
- phy labUploaded byapi-296073547
- L2 - 321Anthropometrics_Lec2Uploaded byAnan Aghbar
- phy labUploaded byapi-295869462
- Class 3Uploaded byMohamed Aslam
- MassEnergyUploaded bySzarastro
- abcdUploaded byRohitDalal
- Me 3560 Chapter VUploaded byAmit Mondal
- srt journal rube goldbergUploaded byapi-364563344
- the secret of the magic mousetrap 2Uploaded byapi-293189177
- Essential Physics Unit 1 AnswersUploaded byAegis Chai
- Grade 11 Physics - Kinematics ReviewUploaded byfairwayhills702
- On a Circle Rough Draft _Author Rachel Sakhi_Gathering Resources Phase IUploaded byRachel Sakhi
- Applet InstructionUploaded byBryan Tan
- Gaurav Shankar 2013 PoFUploaded byVaratha Rajan
- brochureUploaded byapi-307809790

- PhD.ii .S07 Qqrl7dUploaded bymann123
- Part II Spring 2015 1yv05koUploaded bymann123
- PhD.I.S05 191uqwcUploaded bymann123
- PhD.I.S08-21r18hiUploaded bymann123
- S_03_part_2-1gf9hkhUploaded bymann123
- Part I Fall 2013 1bizp4eUploaded bymann123
- Part I Fall 2013 1bizp4eUploaded bymann123
- PhD.ii .F07 12kbb6hUploaded bypaimo
- Part II Fall 2014 1jc3c7jUploaded bymann123
- Part II Fall 2014 1jc3c7jUploaded bymann123
- Physics Phd Qualifying 97Uploaded bysaliya_kumara
- Physics Phd Qualifying 97Uploaded bysaliya_kumara
- Physics Phd Qualifying 97Uploaded bysaliya_kumara
- Part I Spring 2015 2ip1jfbUploaded bymann123
- Part I Spring 2015 2ip1jfbUploaded bymann123
- qm_f91Uploaded byrujinto
- qm_f91Uploaded byrujinto
- Mechanics s02Uploaded byrujinto
- Mechanics s02Uploaded byrujinto
- Part II Spring 2015 1yv05koUploaded bymann123
- em_s02Uploaded bymann123
- em_f94Uploaded byrujinto
- em_f94Uploaded byrujinto
- qm_f02Uploaded byrujinto
- qm_f02Uploaded byrujinto
- em_s96Uploaded bymann123
- em_f02.pdfUploaded bymann123
- em_s02.pdfUploaded bymann123
- em_f02Uploaded bymann123
- QE_S2013_part1Uploaded bymann123

- Content 10Uploaded byshizain shii
- INTERPRETATION OF 16O(D, )14N-REACTION’S MECHANISM AT E D = 1.876 - 40 MEVUploaded byBESTJournals
- cross walk of science standardsUploaded byapi-337817573
- TERI-Technical-Manual-Banks-FIs.pdfUploaded bySuresh
- rw1.2Uploaded byJhoanie Marie Cauan
- Lecture 1Uploaded byDirajen Pullay Marday
- Tarahan Coal Port - SourceWatchUploaded byWaris La Joi Wakatobi
- Atomic Structure 11Uploaded byaleena'
- Cowan 1956Uploaded byLuis de la Cruz
- Modern Physics Question BankUploaded byAman Bhutta
- TechnicalCommercialEvaluationSteamTracingVsSECT5km450NBMarch022008200C[1]Uploaded byleak
- Conservación de La Energía (Rueda de Maxwell)Uploaded byLuis Benavides
- Micro GridsUploaded byGopi Srikanth Vegi
- Cable sizing_v1_0.pdfUploaded byAnonymous 6rTs2z
- Cecilia Scannapieco- Supernova outflows in galaxy formationUploaded byManasvfd
- Lighting Retrofit on Existing Building Towards Energy Efficient and Energy Cost Saving BuildingUploaded byArmin AmirAzar
- Red Energy NSW-Standing Offer Business-AusgridUploaded byGenability
- Rooftop Solar – Andhra PradeshUploaded byJagan Mohan Deshpande
- Seminar ppt on solar updraft towerUploaded byM Sajid Chry
- 2015-question paper ngpe - 2015.pdfUploaded bysyedsb
- Effiency Energy Cooking Competition 2012Uploaded bySyukri Mustamam
- How Does a Hydro Plant WorkUploaded bylaloo01
- Unit - ScienceUploaded byJanelleWoodin
- 6108231eUploaded byUTS1234
- Resonance Fermi and the Theory of Weak Interactions RajasekaranUploaded byphantomtarzan
- 275_ftpUploaded byTiago Henriques
- Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Fuel Energy PlantsUploaded byEdutam
- Pak-China Economic Corridor (PCEC)Uploaded byali hassan
- Design And Experimental Analysis on Gas Turbine Model (Waste Heat Recovery System)Uploaded byIRJET Journal
- NUT STATUploaded byNorjana Otto Medal-Madale