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M250--C20R SERIES OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

FUEL AND CONTROL SYSTEM -- MAINTENANCE PRACTICES


WARNING: WATER OR CONTAMINATION IN THE FUEL CAN CAUSE FLAMEOUT OR POWER
LOSS.
WARNING: AIR LEAKS IN THE FUEL SYSTEM OR THE PNEUMATIC SENSING SYSTEM CAN
CAUSE FLAMEOUTS, POWER LOSS OR OVERSPEED.
WARNING: FAILURE TO PROPERLY ASSEMBLE COMPONENTS/PARTS OF THE ENGINE COULD
RESULT IN AN ENGINE FAILURE.
WARNING: PROPER TIGHTENING OF ENGINE TUBING CONNECTIONS IS CRITICAL TO FLIGHT
SAFETY. CORRECT TORQUE VALUES MUST BE USED AT ALL TIMES. EXCESSIVE
TORQUE ON PNEUMATIC SENSING SYSTEM CONNECTIONS RESULTS IN
CRACKING OF THE FLARE CAUSING AN AIR LEAK WHICH CAN CAUSE FLAMEOUT,
POWER LOSS, OR OVERSPEED.
1.

General
NOTE:

The vacuum check is a troubleshooting procedure to detect engine or airframe fuel system leaks,
and not mandatory inspection unless otherwise specified by the airframe manufacturer.

NOTE:

The M250--C20R/1 series engines contain either a large compressor scroll or a reduced scroll.
A M250--C20R/1 engine assembly containing a large compressor scroll (single port customer
bleed) is identified as P/N 23034148. A M250--C20R/1 engine assembly containing a reduced
scroll (Dual port customer bleed) is identified as P/N 23038200. For illustration purposes, the
reduced scroll engine configuration P/N 23038200 will be referred to as M250--C20R/1(RS)
throughout this manual.

A.

Fuel System Maintenance


WARNING: FAILURE TO PROPERLY INSTALL, ALIGN AND TIGHTEN FUEL, OIL, AND AIR
FITTINGS AND TUBES COULD RESULT IN AN ENGINE FAILURE.
Maintenance includes purging the fuel system, cleaning the Pc filter and fuel control and governor
airflow restrictors; inspecting, cleaning, and/or replacing the fuel system filters; adjusting the gas
producer fuel control; replacing the fuel control, power turbine governor, fuel pump and filter assembly; inspecting and cleaning the fuel nozzle; and inspecting and cleaning the accumulators.
Proper maintenance of the fuel and control air system includes the correct installation of tubes,
unions, fittings, and clamping systems employed on each engine. Illustration of the location of
these items is provided in Figures 201, 202 and 203 of this section.

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250-C20R SERIES OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Fuel System Components 250C20R/1


Figure 201 (Sheet 1 of 5)

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Fuel System Components 250C20R/1


Figure 201 (Sheet 2 of 5)

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Legend for Figure 201 (Sheets 1 and 2 of 5)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

ScrolltoPc filter tube assy


Pc filtertogovernor tee tube assy
Nut
Bolt
Clamp
Clamp
Governortofuel control tube assy
Check valvetogovernor hose assy
Fuel controltoaccumulator tube assy
Fuel controltogovernor tube assy
Nut, bolt, spacer, clamp (2)
Nut, bolt, bushing, clamp (2)
Fuel controltofireshield tube assy
Fireshieldtofuel nozzle hose assy
Fuel pumptocontrol tube assy

16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.

Fuel controltopump tube assy


Nut
Bolt
Bushing
Clamp (2)
Governor Py to fuel control tube assy
Cover
Nut (4)
Washer (4)
Gasket
N2 pickup cooling air tube assy
Nut, bolt, spacer, clamp
Nut, bolt, bracket, clamp
Governor Pytosolenoid tee tube assy

Legend for Figure 201 (Sheet 3 of 5)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.

Union (2)
Not used
Elbow
Not used
Not used
Packing (2)
Accumulator (6 cu in.)
Not used
Nut
Bolt
Spacer
Clamp
Union (2)
Packing (2)
Bushing
Packing
Fuel pump and filter assy
Nut (3)
Washer (3)

20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.

Gasket
Packing
Not used
Packing
Filter element
Packing
Fuel nozzle
Nut
Washer (2)
Check valve
End piece
Gasket
Spring
Poppet
Packing
Spring guide
Housing
Backup ring
Shroud

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Fuel System Components 250C20R/1


Figure 201 (Sheet 3 of 5)

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250-C20R SERIES OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Fuel System Components 250C20R/1


Figure 201 (Sheet 4 of 5)

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Fuel System Components 250C20R/1


Figure 201 (Sheet 5 of 5)

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Legend for Figure 201 (Sheets 4 and 5 of 5)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
12A.
13.
14.

Elbow
Nut
Packing
Pc filter
Nut
Bolt
Clamp
Element
Seal
Housing
Not used
Not used
Plug
Packing
Elbow

15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.

Nut
Packing
Union (2)
Packing
Governor
Nut (3)
Washer (3)
Packing
Fuel control
Nut (3)
Washer (3)
Packing (2)
Plug
Packing
Spring

30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.

Clip
Filter
Pin
Washer
Spring
Strainer
Sleeve
Tee
Nut
Packing
Shutoff valve assy
Nut (2)
Bolt (2)
Plug and bleeder
Packing

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Fuel System Components 250C20R, C20R/1(RS), C20R(ST)


Figure 202 (Sheet 1 of 7)

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Fuel System Components 250C20R, C20R/1(RS), C20R(ST)


Figure 202 (Sheet 2 of 7)

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Legend for Figure 202 (Sheets 1 and 2 of 7) (250C20R, C20R/1(RS), C20R(ST))

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

ScrolltoPc filter tube assy


Pc filtertogovernor tee tube assy
Nut
Bolt
Clamp
Clamp
Governortofuel control tube assy
Check valvetogovernor hose assy
Fuel controltoaccumulator tube assy
Fuel controltogovernor tube assy
Nut, bolt, spacer, clamp (2)
Nut, bolt, bushing, clamp (2)
Fuel controltofireshield tube assy
Fireshieldtofuel nozzle hose assy
Fuel pumptocontrol tube assy

16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.

Fuel controltopump tube assy


Nut
Bolt
Bushing
Clamp (2)
Governor Py to fuel control tube assy
Cover
Nut (4)
Washer (4)
Gasket
N2 pickup cooling air tube assy
Nut, bolt, spacer, clamp
Nut, bolt, bracket, clamp
Governor Pytosolenoid tee tube assy

Legend for Figure 202 (Sheet 3 of 7) (250C20R, C20R/1(RS), C20R(ST))

1.
*2.
3.
*4.
*5.
6.
7.
*8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

Union (2)
Union
Elbow
Elbow
Nut
Packing (2)
Accumulator (6 cu in.)
Accumulator (3 cu in.)
Nut
Bolt
Spacer
Clamp
Union (2)
Packing (2)
Bushing
Packing
Fuel pump and filter assy
Nut (3)
Washer (3)
Gasket

21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.

Packing
Not used
Packing
Filter element
Packing
Fuel nozzle
Nut
Washer (2)
Check valve
End piece
Gasket
Spring
Poppet
Packing
Spring guide
Housing
Backup ring
Shroud

*Used on 250C20R only.

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Fuel System Components 250C20R, C20R/1(RS), C20R(ST)


Figure 202 (Sheet 3 of 7)

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Legend for Figure 202 (Sheets 4 and 5 of 7) 250C20R, C20R/1(RS), C20R(ST))

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.

Accumulator (6 cu in.) (2)


Doublecheck valve assy
Nut (2)
Bolt (2)
Washer
Spacer
Spacer
Clamp (2)
Union (3)
Packing (6)
Tee
Plug
Union (2)
Packing (2)
Bushing
Packing
Fuel pump & filter assy
Nut (3)
Washer (3)

20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.

Gasket
Packing
Not used
Packing
Fuel filter element
Packing
Fuel nozzle assy
Nut
Washer (2)
Check valve assy
End piece
Gasket
Spring
Poppet
Oring
Guide
Housing
Ring
Shroud

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Fuel System Components 250C20R, C20R/1(RS), C20R(ST)


Figure 202 (Sheet 4 of 7)

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Fuel System Components 250C20R, C20R/1(RS), C20R(ST)


Figure 202 (Sheet 5 of 7)

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Legend for Figure 202 (Sheets 6 and 7 of 7) (250C20R, C20R/1(RS), C20R(ST))

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
*12A.
*13.
14.

Elbow
Nut
Packing
Pc filter
Nut
Bolt
Clamp
Element
Seal
Housing
Not used
Not used
Plug
Packing
Elbow

15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.

Nut
Packing
Union (2)
Packing
Governor
Nut (3)
Washer (3)
Packing
Fuel control
Nut (3)
Washer (3)
Packing (2)
Plug
Packing
Spring

30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
*37.
*38.
*39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.

Clip
Filter assy
Pin
Washer
Spring
Strainer assy
Sleeve
Tee
Nut
Packing
Shutoff valve assy
Nut (2)
Bolt (2)
Plug and bleeder
Packing

* Used on 250C20R, C20R/1(RS) only.

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Figure 202 (Sheet 6 of 7)

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Figure 202 (Sheet 7 of 7)

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Fuel System Components 250C20R/2, C20R/2(SP), C20R/4


Figure 203 (Sheet 1 of 8)

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Figure 203 (Sheet 2 of 8)

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Figure 203 (Sheet 3 of 8)

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Legend for Figure 203 (Sheets 1, 2, and 3 of 8) (250C20R/2, C20R/2(SP), C20R/4)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.

ScrolltoPc filter tube assy


Pc filtertogovernor tee tube assy
Nut
Bolt
Clamp
Clamp
Governortofuel control tube assy
Check valvetogovernor hose assy
Fuel controltoaccumulator tube assy
Fuel controltogovernor tube assy
Nut, bolt, spacer, clamp (2)
Nut, bolt, bushing, clamp (2)
Fuel controltofireshield tube assy
Fireshieldtofuel nozzle hose assy
Fuel pumptocontrol tube assy*
Fuel controltopump tube assy**
Fuel controltopump tube*

18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.

Fuel pumptocontrol tube assy**


Nut*
Bolt*
Bushing*
Not used
Not used
Clamp (2)
Nut (2)**
Bolt**
Bolt**
Bushing**
Clamp (4)**
Governor Pytofuel control tube
Cover
Nut (4)
Washer (4)
Gasket

* Used on 250C20R/2, C20R/4 only.


** Used on 250C20R/2(SP) only.

Legend for Figure 203 (Sheet 4 of 8) (250C20R/2, C20R/2(SP), C20R/4)

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.

Union (2)
Not used
Elbow
Not used
Not used
Packing (2)
Accumulator (6 cu in.)
Not used
Nut
Bolt
Spacer
Clamp
Union (2)
Packing (2)
Bushing
Packing
Fuel pump and filter assy
Nut (3)
Washer (3)

20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.

Gasket
Packing
Not used
Packing
Filter element
Packing
Fuel nozzle assy
Nut
Washer (2)
Check valve assy
End piece
Gasket
Spring
Poppet
Packing
Spring guide
Housing
Backup ring
Shroud

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Figure 203 (Sheet 4 of 8)

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Legend for Figure 203 (Sheet 5 and 6 of 8) (250C20R/2, C20R/2(SP), C20R/4)


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.

Union
Packing (2)
Accumulator (6 cu in.)
Accumulator
Nut (2)
Bolt (2)
Spacer (2)
Clamp (2)
Elbow
Union (2)
Packing (3)
Elbow
Nut
Packing
Tee Reducer
Cap Assy.
Nut
Packing
Pump And Filter Assy.
Nut (3)
Washer
Rubber Gasket
Packing
Fuel Pump Suction
Assy.
High Pressure Fuel
Filter Assy.
Bolt (3)
Washer (3)
Packing
Plug (2)
Packing(2)

31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.

Fuel Filter Element


Packing
Diffuser Screen Cover
Screw (2)
Washer (2)
Packing
Spring
Screen Assy.
Packing
Plug
Fuel nozzle assy
Nut
Washer (2)
Check valve
End Piece
Gasket
Spring
Poppet
Packing
Spring guide
Housing
Backup ring
Shroud

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Figure 203 (Sheet 5 of 8)

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Figure 203 (Sheet 6 of 8)

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Legend for Figure 203 (Sheets 7 and 8 of 8) 250C20R/2, C20R/2(SP), C20R/4

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
12A.

Elbow
Nut
Packing
Pc filter assy
Nut
Bolt
Clamp
Element
Seal
Housing
Not used
Not used
Plug

13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.

Packing
Elbow
Nut
Packing
Union (2)
Packing
Governor
Nut (3)
Washer (3)
Packing
Fuel control
Nut (3)

25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.

Washer (3)
Packing (2)
Plug
Packing
Spring
Clip
Filter
Pin
Washer
Spring
Strainer
Sleeve

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Figure 203 (Sheet 7 of 8)

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Figure 203 (Sheet 8 of 8)

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PARA 1. (cont)
B.

Fuel System Air Leaks


The two principal reasons for fuel system air leaks are loose lines and damaged or impaired fittings.
NOTE:

(1)

Loose lines can develop from improperly tightened Bnuts. Damaged fittings are the
result of incorrect handling or improper installation procedures. Insufficient tightening
of the Bnut allows wear of the fitting through normal operating vibrations applied to a
loose flare.

When a loose line is detected, proceed as follows:


(a)

Remove the line and check the flares for wear, bends, dents, feathered edges or
other deformities.

(b)

Inspect nipple portion of fitting for damage, grooves or wear. Detect grooves in the
mating surface by placing a small metal straight edge on the beveled surface and
viewing for gaps.

(c)

Determine the cause of irregularities and take steps to correct the situation.

(d)

2.

Tube clamping should be in accordance with the 250C20R Series Parts Catalog (Pub. No. CSP23007).

If a tube requires replacement, the fitting to which it mates should also be


replaced.

For detailed installation instructions, refer to Rigid Tube Inspection and Installation,
para 8., 720000, EngineServicing.

Inspection/Check
A.

Fuel Leakage Inspection


If evidence of fuel leakage is found during postflight inspection of the fuel control, fuel pump,
governor, fittings and/or tubing, proceed as follows:
(1)

Isolate the source of leakage by immediately applying boost pump pressure to the system.
Fuel leakage shall be limited to the following specific areas and quantities.
Max. Leakage Rate
Drops/min
cc/min

Unit or Area
Seal drain of fuel pump
Splitlines, tubes and fittings
(2)

20
None

1
0

If the fuel leak cannot be isolated using only boost pump pressure, make an engine start;
then, carefully reinspect the engine compartment with the engine running. If necessary,
reinspect immediately upon shutdown.

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(3)

B.

Repair fuel leaks as follows:


(a)

Tighten all component fittings and coupling nuts to the recommended torque. If
leakage does not stop, replace the affected part.

(b)

After leakage repair has been accomplished, recheck the fuel system under boost
pump pressure.

Fuel Control System Pneumatic Leak Check


If any fuel system component (including piping) is removed/installed or any line is opened during
maintenance of the control system, check the pneumatic portion of the fuel control system for
leaks. Use the recommended method (1) or the alternative method (2) only if filtered air (10 micron) is not available as follows:
(1)

(2)

Recommended method of checking for pneumatic leaks in the fuel system:


(a)

Disconnect and remove the pressure sensing line between the scroll and the Pc
filter. Hold the filter and loosen the coupling nut.

(b)

Move the throttle to the full open position.

(c)

Apply 50--80 psi (345--552 kPa) filtered air (10 micron) to the Pc filter. Air will immediately release from the pressure regulating air valve port on the power turbine governor.

(d)

Use a liquid soap solution to check all fittings and lines in the system for leaks.
Leakage is not permitted.

(e)

Use a liquid soap solution to check cover and parting surfaces on the fuel control
and governor. Cover and parting surfaces that produce small bubbles of the soap
solution does not indicate a leak of sufficient quantity to warrant concern. These
leaks were present during the initial calibration and were adjusted correctly at that
time.

(f)

Decrease the pressure to 20--22 psi (138--152 kPa) and check the govornor diaphragm for leakage. No leakage is permitted. If leakage is found from the governor
diaphragm, remove the safety wire from the screws, back off the screws and then
tighten to 8--11 lb in. (0.9--1.2 N m). After 20 minutes retighten the screws to
8--11 lb in. (0.9--1.2 N m). If diaphragm continues to leak, replace governor.

(g)

Return throttle to the closed position. Clean the soap solution from the engine after
the check is completed.

(h)

Reinstall Pc line. Tighten coupling nuts to 80--120 lb in. (9.0--13.6 N.m). Hold the Pc
filter while tightening the coupling nut.

Alternative methods for checking leaks in the fuel system (This alternative procedure must
not be considered standard practice, but only used when filtered air (10 micron) is not
available):
(a)

Install removed components. Refer to the OMM for installation procedures and
proper torque for all connections.

(b)

Operate the engine at idle.

(c)

Use a liquid soap solution to check all fittings and lines in the system for leaks.
Leakage is not permitted.

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C.

(d)

Use a liquid soap solution to check cover and parting surfaces on the fuel control
and governor. Cover and parting surfaces that produce small bubbles of the soap
solution does not indicate a leak of sufficient quantity to warrant concern. These
leaks were present during the initial calibration and were adjusted correctly at that
time.

(e)

Return throttle to the closed position. Clean the soap solution from the engine after
the check is completed.

(f)

Operate the engine at maximum power to check for proper function of the fuel system components before the aircraft is returned for service.

Fuel System Filters


The filters which are maintained as a part of the engine assembly fuel system include: a fuel
pump fuel filter, a fuel pump inlet filter (M250--C20R/2(SP) only), a gas producer fuel control fuel
filter, and a fuel nozzle filter. In addition to the fuel filters, the control system has an engine (system) Pc filter which is bracket mounted to the gearbox.
CAUTION:

(1)

WHEN THERE IS EVIDENCE THAT THE FUEL PUMP FILTER HAS BEEN BYPASSED, THE GAS PRODUCER FUEL CONTROL INLET FILTER, THE FUEL
NOZZLE FILTER,THE GOVERNOR FILTER, AND THE HIGH PRESSURE FUEL
FILTER, IF APPLICABLE, MUST BE CLEANED. (REFER TO SPECIAL INSPECTIONS, TABLE 603, 72--00--00, ENGINE--INSPECTION/CHECK, FOR DETAILS.)
IF ANY CONTAMINATION IS FOUND IN THE FUEL NOZZLE FILTER, THIS WILL
REQUIRE THAT THE FUEL CONTROL BE SENT TO AN AUTHORIZED REPAIR
FACILITY FOR INTERNAL CLEANING. REFERENCE MUST ALSO BE MADE TO
THE AIRFRAME MAINTENANCE MANUAL FOR FUEL SYSTEM MAINTENANCE
FOLLOWING FUEL CONTAMINATION.

Fuel Pump Filter (Sundstrand (Pesco) and Argo--Tech (TRW) pumps)


The fuel pump filter element is replaceable and has a 5 micron nominal/15 micron absolute
rating. Replace the filter at intervals specified in Table 602, 72--00--00, Engine--Inspection/
Check, unless an aircraft installed differential pressure warning system and/or operating experience dictate replacement at a lesser time interval.

(2)

Fuel Pump Filter (CECO Pump)


The CECO fuel pump has two filters. A course, self relieving, inlet filter protects the gears
against large particle contamination. The high pressure element (with a pop--out type impending bypass indicator) is a three micron nominal, seven micron absolute, non--cleanable, paper
element. Replace the element and clean and inspect the filter at intervals specified in
Tables 601, 602, 603, and 604, 72--00--00, Engine--Inspection/Check, unless an aircraft-installed differential pressure warning system, impending filter bypass indicator and/or operating experience dictate replacement at a lesser time interval.

(3)

Gas Producer Fuel Control Filter


The filter element in the fuel control is cleanable and has a rating of 64 microns. The filter shall
be inspected for contamination and cleaned if required any time a fuel pump filter bypass is
known or suspected to have taken place. (Refer to Cleaning the Gas Producer Fuel Control
Fuel Filter, PARA 4.A., 73--20--02.)

(4)

Fuel Nozzle Filter


The fuel nozzle filter should only be inspected and cleaned if a fuel filter bypass condition is
known or suspected, or evidence of contamination found in the fuel pump and fuel control.
(Refer to PARA 2., 73--10--03.)

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(5)

Engine (system) Pc Filter


The bracket mounted Pc filter shall be removed and cleaned when dictated by engine performance. (Refer to Table 101, 72--00--00, Engine--Troubleshooting, and to Pc Filter, Section
73--20--03.)

D.

Purging the Fuel System


WARNING: FAILURE TO PROPERLY INSTALL, ALIGN AND TIGHTEN FUEL, OIL, AND AIR
FITTINGS AND TUBES COULD RESULT IN AN ENGINE FAILURE.
(1)

Maintenance of the fuel system can result in air entrapment in the fuel lines. To prevent
subsequent false starts or flameouts, purge air from the fuel system whenever any of the
following conditions are encountered:
WARNING: THE FUEL/AIR DISCHARGE DURING PURGING IS IRRITATING TO THE
EYES AND HIGHLY FLAMMABLE. MECHANICS MUST TAKE SUITABLE
MEASURES TO PROTECT THEIR EYES AND PREVENT FIRE.
WARNING: MAKE SURE THAT THE AIRCRAFT IS ADEQUATELY GROUNDED. (SEE
AIRCRAFT MANUFACTURERS INSTRUCTIONS FOR PROPER
GROUNDING PROCEDURES.)

(2)

(a)

The fuel filter element or the fuel pump assembly has been replaced.

(b)

The fuel lines have been opened (anywhere between the fuel tank and the fuel
nozzle).

(c)

The engine has flamed out because of fuel exhaustion.

(d)

The engine has been motored without fuel in the tank.

(e)

The fuel pump fuel filter bowl has been drained without start or boost pumps on.

(f)

The engine has been shut down using the emergency fuel shutoff valve.

(g)

The fuel control is replaced.

(h)

Any symptom indicative of air being entrapped in the system is observed.

Purge the fuel system as follows:


(a)

Place a container under the aircraft to collect fuel drainage.

(b)

Disconnect the fuel supply hose from the fuel nozzle. Be prepared to catch fuel
from the fuel hose.

(c)

Deactivate the ignition system.

(d)

Open the firewall fuel valve.

(e)

Turn on the boost pump(s)/start pump.

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E.

(f)

Position the throttle to the 30 (Ground Idle) position.

(g)

Motor the engine for approximately 15 sec or until there is no evidence of air coming from the fuel supply hose.

(h)

Close the throttle and reconnect the fuel supply hose to the fuel nozzle. Tighten the
coupling nut at the fuel nozzle to 80--120 lb in. (9.0--13.6 N.m).

(i)

Turn off the boost pump(s)/start pump(s) and reactivate the ignition system.

Purging Air From Filter Bowl (Sundstrand (Pesco) and Argo--Tech (TRW) Pumps)
WARNING: THE FUEL/AIR DISCHARGE DURING PURGING IS IRRITATING TO THE EYES
AND HIGHLY FLAMMABLE. MAKE SURE TO PROTECT EYES AND PREVENT
FIRE.
WARNING: MAKE SURE THAT THE AIRCRAFT IS ADEQUATELY GROUNDED (SEE AIRCRAFT MANUFACTURERS INSTRUCTIONS FOR PROPER GROUNDING PROCEDURES.)

F.

(1)

Remove lockwire from the upper drain plug in the filter bowl cover.

(2)

Deactivate the ignition system and place the gas producer lever in FUEL OFF.

(3)

Turn on the aircraft boost pump.

(4)

Loosen the upper drain plug (approx 1/2 turn) until a solid stream of fuel is emitted. Use a
shop towel to catch the spray. Retighten the plug to 40--65 lb in. (4.5--7.3 N.m).

(5)

Turn off the aircraft boost pump.

(6)

Remove any fuel that may have spilled in the engine compartment.

(7)

Secure the drain plug with lockwire.

(8)

Purge the fuel system. (Refer to Purging the Fuel System, para 2.D., this section.)

Purging Air From Filter Bowl (CECO Pump)


WARNING: THE FUEL/AIR DISCHARGE DURING PURGING IS IRRITATING TO THE EYES
AND HIGHLY FLAMMABLE. MAKE SURE TO PROTECT EYES AND PREVENT
FIRE.
WARNING: MAKE SURE THAT THE AIRCRAFT IS ADEQUATELY GROUNDED (SEE AIRCRAFT MANUFACTURERS INSTRUCTIONS FOR PROPER GROUNDING PROCEDURES.)
(1)

Disconnect vapor line at tee fitting.

(2)

Deactivate the ignition system and place the throttle in cutoff.

(3)

Turn on the aircraft boost pump (if equipped) or motor engine with starter until a solid
stream of fuel is emitted from the tee.

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G.

(4)

Turn off the aircraft boost pump.

(5)

Remove any fuel that possibly spilled in the engine compartment.

(6)

Reconnect the vapor line to the tee fitting (if provided in aircraft fuel system).

(7)

Purge the fuel system. (Refer to Purging the Fuel System, para 2.D., this section.)

Vacuum Check of Fuel System Lines and Components (M250--C20R, --C20R/1, --C20R/1(RS),
--C20R/2, --C20R/4, --C20R(ST) Engines).
NOTE:

The vacuum check is a troubleshooting procedure to detect engine or airframe fuel


system leaks, and not a mandatory inspection unless otherwise specified by the
airframe manufacturer.

The following vacuum check procedure is provided to check both the engine and airframe fuel
system components to isolate the location of a possible leak in the fuel system. (Refer to the applicable airframe manual for additional information.)
NOTE:

(1)

Figure 204 provides a flow diagram of the check procedure. Circled numbers on the
flow diagram refer to procedural steps in this procedure.

Verify at the aircraft fuel tank that the fuel selector valve is in the closed position.
NOTE:

During the vacuum check procedure, it will be necessary to disconnect various fuel
lines. Prior to disconnecting any fuel line, verify that the coupling nuts and fittings
were tightened to the proper torque. If insufficient torque was applied, note how
far the coupling nut or fitting rotates to reach the proper torque. Inspect the
connection areas for damage, or indications of misalignment, over--tightening,
cracks, bends, grooves and fretting wear.

(2)

Remove the upper drain plug from the rear of the engine fuel pump filter housing. Check
the packing for damage. Connect a vacuum pump to the port. Ensure that the vacuum
set--up includes a negative pressure gage (in. Hg) and a shutoff valve between the gage
and pump. Apply 8 in. Hg vacuum and close the shutoff valve. Record gage reading after
two minutes. If vacuum loss exceeds 1/2 in. Hg after the two minutes, proceed to the next
step. If vacuum loss is 1/2 in. Hg or less, no further checks are required.

(3)

Disconnect the aircraft fuel line at the inlet to the engine fuel pump and cap the pump inlet
port. Repeat the vacuum leakage check. If vacuum loss exceeds 1/2 in. Hg, the leakage
is in the engine fuel system; proceed to next step. If vacuum loss is 1/2 in, Hg or less, the
leakage is in the aircraft fuel supply system; proceed to step (12).

(4)

Disconnect the bypass fuel line between the engine fuel control and the fuel pump. Install
B--nut type caps on both the control and pump fittings. Repeat the vacuum leakage check.
If vacuum loss exceeds 1/2 in. Hg, proceed to next step. If vacuum loss is 1/2 in. Hg or
less, the leakage is in the bypass fuel line. Repair or replace parts as required, reassemble the engine fuel system components and repeat step (3) to verify that the leak has been
corrected.

(5)

Disconnect the pressure fuel line between the fuel pump and the fuel control. Install a B-nut type cap on the fuel pump fitting. Repeat the vacuum leakage check. If vacuum loss
exceeds 1/2 in. Hg, proceed to the next step. If vacuum loss is 1/2 in. Hg or less, proceed
to step (10).

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(6)

Disconnect the impending filter bypass switch system at the AF and BF ports on the engine fuel pump. Cap or plug both ports. Repeat the vacuum leakage check. If vacuum
loss exceeds 1/2 in. Hg, proceed to next step. If vacuum loss is 1/2 in. Hg or less, the
leakage is in the filter bypass switch or its associated hoses. Refer to the applicable airframe manual and repair as required. Reassemble the engine fuel system components
and repeat step (3) to verify that the leak has been corrected.

(7)

Inspect and check the two fuel bypass and pressure line fittings in the fuel pump and filter
assembly as follows:
(a)

Remove the two fittings from the engine fuel pump and filter assembly.

(b)

Inspect the packings for damage or cuts.

(c)

Inspect the packing sealing surfaces for damage and repair or replace parts as required.

(d)

Reinstall the two capped fittings with new packings.

(e)

Repeat the vacuum leakage check. If vacuum loss exceeds 1/2 in. Hg, proceed to
next step. If vacuum leakage is less than 1/2 in. Hg, reassemble the engine fuel
system components and repeat step (3) to verify that the leak has been corrected.

(8)

Remove the lower drain valve on the rear of the engine fuel pump fuel filter housing. Inspect the packing for damage. Also, inspect the valve stem packing for damage. Install a
plug and packing in the drain valve port and repeat the vacuum leakage check. If vacuum
loss exceeds 1/2 in. Hg, proceed to next step. If vacuum loss is 1/2 in. Hg or less, the
leakage is in the drain valve and/or packings. Replace parts as required, reassemble the
engine fuel system components and repeat step (3) to verify that the leak has been corrected.

(9)

Inspect and check the engine fuel pump and filter assembly as follows:
(a)

Ensure that the filter housing was securely attached to the pump. Remove the
housing and filter element. Inspect the large packing for damage or cuts. Inspect
the packing sealing surfaces for damage and repair as required. Inspect inside the
filter housing and pump housing for contamination and remove as required. Inspect
the filter element (in the fuel--wetted state) for contamination and replace if required.

(b)

Reassemble the filter element and housing on the pump using a new packing on
the housing.

(c)

Repeat the vacuum leakage check.

(d)

If vacuum loss exceeds 1/2 in. Hg, replace the fuel pump and filter assembly, reassemble the engine fuel system components and repeat step (3) to verify that the
leak has been corrected.

(e)

If vacuum loss is 1/2 in. Hg or less, reassemble the fuel system components and
repeat step (3) to verify that the leak has been corrected.

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PARA 2.G. (cont)
(10)

Connect the vacuum pump to the control inlet fuel fitting on the fuel control. Repeat the
vacuum leakage check. If vacuum loss exceeds 1/2 in. Hg, proceed to the next step. If
vacuum loss is 1/2 in. Hg or less, repair or replace the pressure fuel line, reassemble the
engine fuel system components, and repeat step (3) to verify that the leak has been corrected.

(11)

Inspect and check the two fuel bypass and pressure line fittings in the fuel control as follows:

(12)

(13)

(a)

Remove the two fittings from the engine fuel control.

(b)

Inspect the packings for damage or cuts.

(c)

Inspect the packing sealing surfaces for damage and repair or replace parts as
required.

(d)

Reinstall the two capped fittings with new packings. Be sure the bypass fitting is
capped and the vacuum pump is reconnected to the pressure fitting.

(e)

Repeat the vacuum leakage check.

(f)

If vacuum loss exceeds 1/2 in. Hg, replace the fuel control, reassemble the engine
fuel system components and repeat step (3) to verify that the leak has been corrected.

(g)

If vacuum loss is 1/2 in. Hg or less, reassemble the engine fuel system components
and repeat step (3) to verify that the leak has been corrected.

Connect the vacuum pump to the free end of the aircraft fuel line (the end that connects to
the engine fuel pump). Apply 8 in. Hg vacuum and close the shutoff valve. Record gage
reading after two minutes.
(a)

If vacuum decreases, a leak in the aircraft fuel supply system is indicated. Check
and repair the leak in accordance with the applicable airframe manual.

(b)

If no leakage is detected, check the aircraft fuel line and the engine fuel pump inlet
fitting. Repair or replace parts as required. Reconnect the aircraft fuel line to the
inlet port of the engine fuel pump and filter assembly. Repeat step (3) to verify that
the leak has been corrected.

Purge air from the fuel system. (Refer to para 2.D., this section.)

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AES002XA

Fuel System Vacuum Check Flow Diagram


(250C20R, C20R/1, C20R/1(RS), C20R/2, C20R/4, C20R(ST) engines)
Figure 204

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