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250-C20R SERIES OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

COMBUSTION SECTIONMAINTENANCE PRACTICES


WARNING: FAILURE TO PROPERLY ASSEMBLE COMPONENTS/PARTS OF THE ENGINE
COULD RESULT IN AN ENGINE FAILURE.
1.

Combustion Liner
A.

Removal
(1)

Remove the following from the outer combustion case.


WARNING: MAKE SURE THAT THE IGNITION SWITCH IS OFF BEFORE REMOVING
THE SPARK IGNITER OR SPARK IGNITER LEAD ASSEMBLY AS DANGEROUS HIGH VOLTAGES MAY BE PRESENT. ALLOW FIVE MINUTES
AFTER OPERATION FOR ELECTRICAL DISSIPATION BEFORE DISASSEMBLY.
(a)

Ignition lead from spark igniter.

(b)

Fuel line from fuel nozzle.

(c)

Drain line from burner drain valve.


NOTE:

B.

If the outer combustion case is also being replaced, remove the spark
igniter, fuel nozzle and burner drain valve.

(2)

Remove the internal retaining rings attaching the compressor discharge air tubes to the
outer combustion case.

(3)

Remove the 24 screws and nuts at the splitline and separate the outer combustion case
from the turbine and compressor discharge air tubes.

(4)

Remove the combustion liner.

Installation
Install the replacement combustion liner as follows:
(1)

Place the combustion liner over the firststage turbine nozzle shield with the igniter plug
opening at the nine oclock position (looking forward).

(2)

Slip the retaining rings over the large ends of the compressor discharge air tubes.

(3)

Install the spark igniter, fuel nozzle and burner drain valve if they were removed. Required
torques are: spark igniter 150200 lb in. (1723 N.m), fuel nozzle 200300 lb in. (2334
N.m) and burner drain valve 120140 lb in. (1416 N.m).

(4)

Apply antiseize compound to the split seal rings. Compress the seal rings with 6799952
installation clamps. Split seal ring gaps should be 180 apart. Place the outer combustion
case over the liner while mating it to the compressor discharge air tubes.

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PARA 1.B. (cont)
(5)

Secure the outer case to the turbine with 24 bolts and nuts. Coat bolt threads lightly with
antiseize compound before installation. The halfinch (13 mm) length bolts go at positions
6 and 20. The 9/16inch (14.27 mm) length bolts go at positions 9, 10, 11, 15, 16, and 17.
Tighten nuts of socket head cap screws to 2030 lb in. (2.33.4 N.m).

(6)

Tighten nuts of teebolts to 3540 lb in. (3.94.6 N.m) plus locknut drag. Remove the
installation clamps and secure the air tubes with retaining rings.

(7)

Install the following on the outer combustion case.

(8)

C.

(a)

Ignition lead to spark igniter. Tighten coupling nut to 7090 lb in. (7.910.2 N.m).

(b)

Fuel hose to the fuel nozzle. Tighten coupling nut to 80120 lb in. (9.013.6 N.m).
Secure with lockwire.

(c)

Drain hose to the burner drain valve.

Check run the engine after combustion liner replacement. (Refer to Check Run, para 1,
720000, EngineAdjustment/Test)

Inspection and Repair


Inspect the combustion liner in accordance with Table 201. Remove the combustion section for
the inspection as described in Combustion Liner, para 1.A., this section.

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Table 201
Combustion Liner Inspection
Condition

Serviceable Limit

Disposition

Louvers bent closed or


restricted by carbon
particles

Maintain 0.050--0.070 in. (1.27--1.78 mm)


uniform opening

Lightly wire brush as required.


Vapor degrease, then reposition by bending to proper
opening.

Burnt louvers

Refer to Figure 201 for maximum material


which can be burned away from individual
louvers

Replace liner or send to an authorized facility for repair.

Pulled or broken spotwelds at liner step

Six, or no more than three adjacent welds

Replace liner or send to an authorized facility for repair.

Handling damage -- distorted or crushed out of


round

None

Replace liner or send to an authorized facility for repair.

Handling damage -dented

None

Replace liner or send to an authorized facility for repair.

Localized high temper- Max. of 0.1875 in. (5 mm) depth over 1 in.
ature distortion, indi(25 mm) dia and within allowable areas givcated by warping of lin- en on Fig. 202
er surface (normally accompanied by discoloration)

Replace liner or send to an authorized facility for repair.

Burning in area of relief


slots

Max. of 0.0625 in. (2 mm) on rear edge or


both corners burned max. of 0.25 in. (6 mm)
along relief slot

Replace liner or send to an authorized facility for repair.

Distortion in dome or
exit end of liner

None

Replace liner or send to an authorized facility for repair.

Cracks on outside of
liner (FPI)

None

Replace liner or send to an authorized facility for repair.

Crack in tab end inside


liner (FPI)

Max. of 0.25 in. (6.0 mm) length and limited


to two cracks per tab

Replace liner or send to an authorized facility for repair.

Cracks at two adjacent


relief slots progressing
toward same hole (FPI)

Max. of 0.125 in. (3.0 mm) length and limited Replace liner or send to an auto two cracks
thorized facility for repair.

Crack in relief slot at


combustion liner steps
(FPI)

Max. of 0.1875 in. (4.762 mm) in length (no


limit)

Replace liner or send to an authorized facility for repair.

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Table 201
Combustion Liner Inspection (cont)
Condition

Serviceable Limit

Disposition

Crack in double lip area None


(FPI)

Replace liner or send to an authorized facility for repair.

Cracks in expansion
slots

Max. of 0.1875 in. (5 mm) length

Replace liner or send to an authorized facility for repair.

Crack in igniter or fuel


nozzle ferrule attaching
weld (FPI)

None

Replace liner or send to an authorized facility for repair.

Roughened igniter ferrule ID

Max. of 0.560 in. (14.22 mm) ID after polishing

Send liner to an overhaul facility for repair if not within Serviceable Limit after polishing.

Worn or distorted (out-of--round) igniter ferrule

Min of 0.020 in. (0.508 mm) wall thickness


and max. of 0.560 in. (14.22 mm) ID

Replace liner or send to an authorized facility for repair.

Worn or distorted (out-of--round) fuel nozzle


ferrule

Max. of 0.670 in. (17.02 mm) ID

Replace liner or send to an


authorized facility for repair.

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Inspection of Combustion Liner Dome Louvers


Figure 201

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Inspection of Combustion Liner


Figure 202

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2.

Outer Combustion Case


A.

Removal/Installation
Refer to Removal and Installation para 1.A. and 1.B., this section, for procedures.

B.

Inspection and Repair


Inspect, repair or replace the outer combustion case in accordance with Table 202. In addition
perform the following inspections:
(1)

Using a bright light (flashlight or equivalent) and mirror, inspect all the welds on the outer
combustion case. (See Figure 203.) Welded areas are:
(a)

Horizontal butt welds on outer surface and between the air discharge tube
attachment flanges and gas producer attachment flange on forward side.

(b)

Both forward and aft circumferential seam welds between outer case and inner
liner.

(c)

Welds for attaching bosses for fuel nozzle, both combustion case drain valves, both
igniter plugs.
NOTE:

(d)

(2)

Pay particular attention to welds in areas defined in sub--paragraphs (a)


and where these horizontal butt welds meet the circumferential seam
welds defined in sub--paragraph (b).

No cracks are allowed. An outer combustion case that is cracked must be removed
from service and repaired.

Inspect, utilizing the Leak--teck or Fluorescent Penetrant Inspection (FPI) method, the
areas of horizontal butt weld between the air discharge tube attachment flanges and gas
producer attachment flange on the forward side of the outer combustion case as follows:
CAUTION:

DO NOT APPLY LEAK--TECH TO A HOT ENGINE. DAMAGE TO


THE ENGINE CAN OCCUR.

(a)

Apply Leak--teck to the above designated areas [(1)(a) through (1)(c)] and utilizing
a suitable power source, motor the engine to at least 20% N1 and look for bubbles.
No bubbles (crack indication) are allowed.

(b)

FPI the above designated areas [(1)(a) through (1)(c)] utilizing an appropriate light
source for cracks. No crack indications are allowed.

(c)

No cracks are allowed. An outer combustion case that is cracked must be removed
from service and repaired or replaced.

(3)

Inspect welds of brazed reinforcement wire patches for cracks. No cracks are allowed.
An outer combustion case that is cracked must be removed from service and repaired or
replaced.

(4)

After any repair, make a careful, visual, leakage inspection of the outer combustion case
during the check run. No leakage is acceptable.

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Table 202
Outer Combustion Case Inspection
Condition
Cracks in outer
shell (FPI)

Serviceable Limit
None

Disposition
Send outer combustion case
to an authorized facility for the
repair.
Wall thickness must be 0.019
in. (0.48 mm) minimum.
(See Fig. 203.)

Cracks in liner inner


basket (FPI)

None

Send outer combustion case


to an authorized facility for the
repair.

Entrapped material
under liner gasket
(visual----dental
mirror and/or
borescope)

None

Dislodge entrapped material


using locally fabricated wire
hooks. Remove all foreign
material.

Stripped or crossed
threads in fuel
nozzle or drain
valve bosses

None

Chase threads. (Max. of one


damaged thread per boss.)

Dents

Area A, Figure 204:


Max. of one dent up to 0.125 in. depth x 3
in. length x 1 in. width (3 x 76 x 25 mm)

Straighten and reform.

Any other area:


Max. of 3 dents up to 0.25 in. (6 mm)
depth and 1 in. (25 mm) dia
Crack in drain plug
boss (FPI)

None

Send case to an authorized


facility for repair.

Crack in fuel nozzle


or igniter plug boss
(FPI)

None

Send case to an authorized


facility for repair.

Wear in air tube


boss
(See Fig. 205.)

Max. or 0.004 in. (0.10 mm) wear (measured


from adjacent unworn area)

Send case to an authorized


facility for repair.

Out of round at air


tube boss
(See Fig. 205.)

Max. of 0.004 in. (0.10 mm) out of round

Send case to an authorized


facility for repair.

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WeldRepairable Areas of Outer Combustion Case


Figure 203

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Dent LimitsTop of Outer Combustion Case


Figure 204

Outer Combustion Case Air Tube Boss


Figure 205

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3.

Burner Drain Valve


A.

Removal/Cleaning/Installation/Check
Remove, clean, install, and check the burner drain valve as follows: (See Figure 206.)
(1)

Remove the burner drain valve. Use a wrench on the drain valve boss to offset torque
when removing the valve.

(2)

Clean the valve in carbon solvent (Pentatone ECS or equivalent). Flush the valve with
Stoddard solvent or kerosene. Pass fluid through the valve to verify that it is open. Blow
dry with clean shop air.

(3)

Apply antiseize compound to the threads of the burner drain valve. Lubricate packing and
place it on the burner drain valve. Install the valve in the outer combustion case. Tighten
to 120140 lb in. (1416 N.m). Use a wrench on the boss to offset torque.

(4)

Start the engine and check that the valve is closed to the passage of air. Replace valve if
it does not close when the engine is operating. Attach drain hose to valve.

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1.
2.
3.
4.

Bolt
Clamp
Nut
Packing

5. Burner Drain Valve


6. Bracket
7. Nut

Burner Drain Valve Removal/Installation


Figure 206

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4.

Compressor Discharge Air Tubes


A.

Inspection and Repair


Inspect the compressor discharge air tubes in accordance with Table 203. After any repair,
make a careful visual, leakage inspection of the tube during the first engine operation following
installation of the repaired part. Leakage is not acceptable.
Table 203
Compressor Discharge Air Tube Inspection

Condition

Cracks
FPI or Dry Motor the
engine (with fuel and
ignition off) and use Leak
Tec to detect leaks.

Serviceable Limit

None

Disposition

Send tube to an authorized


facility for repair. (Max
repairable crack lengths 3.00
in. (76.0 mm)).

Dents

Max. of three dents per tube up to 0.12 in.


(3.0 mm) depth by 0.51 in. (13.0 mm) dia.

Straighten and reform. FPI


after repair.

Wear in seal ring groove

Maximum of 0.195 in. (4.95 mm) groove width. Send tube to an authorized
overhaul facility for repair.

Wear on hand surface

Minimum of 2.926 in. (74.32 mm)


(Ref. Figure 5).

Send tube to an authorized


overhaul facility for repair.

Wear of sheet metal


surface

No appreciable loss of metal thickness.

Send tube to an authorized


facility for repair using brazed
screen patch, or replace.

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Compressor Discharge Air Tube Inspection and Repair


Figure 207

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