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250-C20R SERIES OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

SPARK IGNITERMAINTENANCE PRACTICES


1.

Replacement (See Figure 201 or 202.)


WARNING: MAKE SURE THAT THE IGNITION SWITCH IS OFF BEFORE REMOVING THE SPARK
IGNITER OR SPARK IGNITER LEAD ASSEMBLY AS DANGEROUSLY HIGH VOLTAGES MAY BE PRESENT. ALLOW FIVE MINUTES AFTER OPERATION FOR ELECTRICAL DISSIPATION BEFORE DISASSEMBLY.
CAUTION:

A.

B.

2.

THE EXCITER AND THE IGNITER CONNECTOR WELLS SHOULD BE KEPT DRY AND
FREE FROM FOREIGN MATERIAL. CLEAN BY WIPING WITH A CLEAN DRY CLOTH,
IF REQUIRED. DO NOT WASH WITH SOLVENT.

Removal
(1)

Disconnect the ignition lead at the igniter. Hold the lead to prevent its twisting while
removing the nut. Separate the lead from the igniter by pulling straight out with no rotational motion.

(2)

Unscrew the igniter. Remove shim if one has been used. (Refer to para 2., this section.)

Installation
(1)

When replacing or reinstalling a serviceable spark igniter, use shim, if required by para 2.,
this section. Apply a light coat of antiseize compound (NS165) to the threads. Install the
spark igniter, tighten to 150200 lb in. (1723 N.m) and lockwire to fuel nozzle.

(2)

Connect ignition lead; tighten to 7090 lb in. (7.910.2 N.m).

Inspection/Check
CAUTION:

A.

UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHOULD THE SPARK IGNITERS BE CLEANED BY


WIRE BRUSHING, SAND BLASTING, VAPOR BLASTING OR SCRAPING ON THE
IGNITER TIP. ANY OF THESE PRACTICES CAN DAMAGE THE SEMICONDUCTOR
MATERIAL BETWEEN THE TWO ELECTRODES AND RESULT IN SHORTENED
SPARK IGNITER LIFE OR IMMEDIATE SPARK IGNITER FAILURE.

Inspection
(1)

Inspect the center electrode; replace igniter if the electrode is loose. (See Figure 203.)

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250-C20R SERIES OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Engine Electrical System Assembly (250C20R, C20R/1, C20R/1(RS), C20R(ST))


Figure 201

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250-C20R SERIES OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Legend for Figure 201


1.
2.
3.

4.

Spark igniter
Spark igniter lead
Bracket
Nut
Nut
Clamp
Bolt
Nut (2)
Bolt (2)

5.

6.

Clamp
Clamp
Bolt
Nut
Clamp
Clamp
Clamp
Bolt
Nut

7.
8.
9.
10.
11.

Ignition exciter*
Nut (3)
Washer (3)
Nut
Washer
Starter counter*
Washer (2)
Nut (2)

*Airframe mounting on 250C20R, C20R(ST) engines

Legend for Figure 202


1.
2.
3.

4.

Spark igniter
Spark igniter lead
Bracket
Nut
Nut
Clamp
Bolt
Nut (2)
Bolt (2)

5.

6.
7.

Nut (2)
Bolt
Clamp (2)
Clamp (2)
Nut
Bolt
Clamp
Ignition exciter

8.
9.
10.
11.

Nut (3)
Washer (3)
Nut
Washer
Starter counter
Nut (2)
Washer (2)

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250-C20R SERIES OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Engine Electrical System Assembly (250C20R/2, C20R/2(SP), C20R/4)


Figure 202

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250-C20R SERIES OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Spark Igniter
Figure 203
PARA 2.A. (cont)
(2)

Inspect semiconductor coated ceramic and body for cracks. If any cracks are visible
through the carbon (soot) coating, replace the igniter.

(3)

Inspect spark igniter for fretting wear. Wear of 0.032 in. (0.81 mm) max. is serviceable
without corrective action. Wear of 0.032 in. (0.81 mm) or more is acceptable if it does not
affect the function of the spark igniter and if the following corrective action is taken:
(a)

Fabricate a shim from corrosion resistant steel shim stock to the dimensions given
in Figure 204.

(b)

At installation of the spark igniter, place the fabricated shim between the outer combustion case and the igniter.
NOTE:

(4)

A shim sized per Figure 204 will reduce the spark igniter installed thread
length by 1/2 turn. Localized fretting is thereby moved 180 from the
wear area of the previous installation. Be sure to remove the shim when
a new spark igniter is installed.

Check the general condition of the spark igniter; replace if excessive erosion is evident.

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250-C20R SERIES OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Spark Igniter Shim


Figure 204

PARA 2.A. (cont)


(5)

Check the operation of the spark igniter after it has been removed from the engine. Apply
28 volts dc to the exciter and observe the rate of firing. Normal operation is six sparks per
second minimum. Replace the spark igniter if it fails to fire or fires intermittently.
NOTE:

3.

Do not replace the spark igniter as defective until the ignition exciter is known to
be acceptable. (Refer to Inspection Check, para 2., 741001.)

Cleaning
Normal soot or carbon formation on the tip is not detrimental to the operation of the spark igniter and
need not be removed. If cleaning is desired, for some special reason, wipe the metal tipe with a soft
cloth only. Remove any sizeable lump of carbon with a blunt instrument. Be careful not to damage the
semiconductor material.

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