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250-C20R SERIES OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

THERMOCOUPLESMAINTENANCE PRACTICES
1.

Replacement (See Figure 201.)


A.

B.

Removal
(1)

Remove the firewall shield. (Refer to Firewall Shield, para 3., 725000.)

(2)

Remove the two thermocouple bracket mounting bolts and nuts; separate the bracket from
the turbine.

(3)

Remove the eight thermocouple junction mounting bolts.

(4)

Remove the thermocouple assembly starting at either end. Discard gaskets.

Installation
(1)

Install the thermocouple with new gaskets, starting in the middle of the harness and working toward either end.

Thermocouple Assembly
Figure 201

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PARA 1.B. (cont)

2.

(2)

Install the eight junction mounting flange bolts. Tighten bolts to 3040 lb in. (3.44.5 N.m).
Secure with lockwire.

(3)

Install the two thermocouple bracket mounting bolts at the gas producer supporttopower
turbine support splitline at bolt hole positions 2 and 3. Tighten bolts to 2030 lb in.
(2.33.4 N.m) and the terminal nuts to 1824 lb in. (2.02.7 N.m).

(4)

Check run the engine after thermocouple replacement. (Refer to Check Run, para 1.,
720000, EngineAdjustment/Test.)

Thermocouple Inspection
Make a visual and electrical check of the thermocouple assembly.
A.

Visual
Visually inspect the thermocouple harness assembly for wear, broken leads or other damage.
Using a strong light and 10x magnification, inspect the thermocouple tips for cracks, erosion, and
scale. Replace thermocouple assembly for any of the following reasons:
(1)

Excessive wear or damage to the leads.

(2)

Tip breaks or cracks detected by magnification.

(3)

Probes or tips which indicate melting or show other evidence of overtemperature.

NOTE:

(4)

Turbines must be inspected for overtemperature damage anytime thermocouples are


rejected for melting or if they show other evidence of overtemperature.

Tips which evidence erosion to the point that either wire has been reduced in area an estimated 25% or more.

CAUTION:

(5)

B.

DIRECT THE GRIT BLAST ON THE TIPS PERPENDICULAR TO THE PROBE


AXISNOT ON THE END OF THE PROBE WHERE THE INSULATION COULD
BE ERODED. AFTER THE SCALE IS REMOVED, REINSPECT THE TIP FOR
CRACKS, USING A STRONG LIGHT AND 10X MAGNIFICATION.

Tips having scale on either wire affecting 25% of the cross sectional area. If the thermocouple is otherwise satisfactory, remove the scale by soft grit blast.

Electrical
The electrical check of the thermocouple assembly consists of a continuity check and an insulation check.
NOTE:

When performing any electrical check on an installed thermocouple harness assembly,


at least one harness lead must be disconnected from the fireshield junction block. Disconnecting one lead isolates the thermocouple assembly from the airframe temperature measurement system.

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PARA 2.B. (cont)
(1)

Continuity check
CAUTION:

A HOT ENGINE WILL CAUSE THE THERMOCOUPLES TO GENERATE A


SMALL POTENTIAL, WHICH WILL PRODUCE ERRORS IN MEASURED
INTERNAL RESISTANCE VALUES. AN APPROXIMATE VALUE MAY BE
OBTAINED BY REVERSING THE LEADS AND AVERAGING THE READINGS.

The internal resistance of an acceptable thermocouple harness assembly, measured across


the alumel and chromel leads, is 0.55 to 0.65 ohms at room temperature for harness assemblies prior to p/n 23034926. For harness p/n 23034926, the acceptable internal resistance is,
0.50 to 0.60 ohms at room temperature. An open circuit in the harness assembly will cause
this resistance to be high; a short circuit will cause it to be low.
NOTE:

(2)

A check of these limits can be performed only by using test instruments that
offer usable sensitivity in this range (nulltype resistance bridge or an especially
designed test instrument, such as the Barfield Model 2312G). If such instrumentation is not available, an ohmmeter (Simpson Meter or equivalent) can be
used to detect an open circuit.

Insulation check
CAUTION:

ENGINE THERMOCOUPLES SHOULD NEVER BE IMMERSED OR


SPRAYED WITH CLEANING SOLVENTS. LIQUID CLEANING SOLVENTS
WILL PENETRATE THE POROUS MAGNESIUM OXIDE INSULATION.
ENGINE HEAT WILL VAPORIZE THE SOLVENTS, LEAVING A RESIDUE
CONTAINING CARBON, WHICH CAUSES A LOW RESISTANCE TO
GROUND.

The minimum acceptable resistance to ground is 2,000 ohms. Carbon buildup on the probe
tip will cause a short to ground. If resistance measures less than 2,000 ohms, clean carbon
deposits from the probe, using a clean, soft cloth, or by soft grit blast. Repeat the check after
cleaning the tip.
(a)

On installed thermocouple assemblies, connect a portable multimeter between


either harness lead and any probe flange.

(b)

On uninstalled thermocouple assemblies, connect a portable multimeter between


either harness lead and each of the four probe flanges.

(c)

On uninstalled thermocouple assemblies, resistance to ground may also be


checked by applying 650 28C (1200 50F) temperature to each thermocouple
in succession (JetCal and kit BH8001, or equivalent).
1

The harness should indicate an upscale reading on the millivoltmeter and a


gradual increase in resistance.

If the resistance of each probe increases above 2000 ohms during this hot
check, the harness is acceptable.

Low resistance can be caused by carbon formation on the probe tip and/or
magnesium oxide insulation shorting the probe to ground.

If the resistance of any probe decreases or indicates a dead short, replace the
thermocouple harness.

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