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Bewleys Lattice Diagram:

Fig (1) : Reflection lattice of a travelling wave

In the arrangement shown in the figure, there are two junctions 1 and 2. The
travel times for the waves are different through Z1, Z2, and Z3. The lines with surge
impedances Z1, Z2, and Z3 are connected on either side of the junctions.
Let and be the attenuation coefficients for the two sections Z2 and Z3.
Let a1 and a1 be the reflection coefficients for the waves approaching from the
left and the right at junction 1, and a2 and a2 be the corresponding reflection
coefficients at junction 2.
Similarly, let b1 and b1 be the transmission coefficients for the waves that
approach from the left and the right at junction 1, and the corresponding coefficients
be b2 and b2 at junction 2. To construct the lattice diagram, the position 0 is taken
when the wave coming from Z1 reaches junction 1.
Junction 2 is taken to scale at the time interval equal to the travel time through
the line Z2 between the junctions 1 and 2.
In lattice diagram shown in Fig, horizontal intervals between junctions are laid as
proportional to the time of passage of wave on these intervals and not proportional to
their lengths. The advantage of doing this is that all diagonals, then, have the same

slope and the time scale is applicable to every branch. The vertical time scale can
suitably be chosen depending on the total time for which computations are required.
Then starting with the initial incident wave, various reflected and refracted waves are
determined and indicated on the diagram till the lattice is completed. The
characteristics of the lattice diagram are,
1. All waves travel downhill
2. The position of any wave at anytime is given by the time scale at the left of
3. The total potential at any place at any time is the super position of all the waves
which have arrived at that point until the instant of time under consideration,
displaced in position from each other by intervals equal to difference in their
time of arrival.
4. The previous history of any wave can easily be traced. It is easy to find from
where it came and what other wave constitute it.
5. The amount by which a wave is attenuated in travelling between junctions can
also be incorporated in the diagram.