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Determinante
13. Izracunati vrijednost determinati


2
(a)
3




(e)

1
2
3
4


4
; (b)
9
1
0
0
4

3
0
0
7

4
8
2
5


5

0

7

6
1
4



3





; (f) 4
1



4



1
3


2 ; (c) 3
1
5
1
1
1
1

2
2
1
1

3
4
1
5






2 0


2 9 ; (d)

2 1


7 2



1 0



; (g) 3 0


6 3



5 1

3
4
1
4
1
2
4
2
2


1 2 3
1 2 4
;
1 1 1

1 1 5

3 4
0 3
0 7 .
4 5
2 3

14. Pokazati da je



2
1 a a2 + a3

b + c2
ab
ca




= 4a2 b2 c2 ; (b) 1 a2 a3 + a = 0;
ab
c2 + a2
bc
(a)



1 a3 a + a2

ca
a2 + b2


bc

1 a bc
1 1 1




(c) 1 a 1 = (1 a)(1 b); (d) 1 b ca = (b c)(b a)(a c);
1 c ab
1 1 b




ax a2 + x2 1
1 a a2




(e) 1 b b2 = (b a)(c a)(c b); (f) ay a2 + y 2 1 = a(x y)(x z)(z y);
az a2 + z 2 1
1 c c2



a

b
c
d


a + b a
b
a b c d

= 8abcd;
(g) b b + c c = 0; (h)
a
b
c d


a
c c + a
a
b
c
d



a a a a


1 a bc


a b b b

= a(a b)(c b)(d c); 1 b ca = (b c)(b a)(a c).
(i)



1 c ab
a b c c
a b c d
15. Izracunati
4
a

(a) a1
a2

1 1

(c) 1 z
1 z2



a




(= 0); (b) b

a


b

1
1
1
1


1

4
4
z 2 , ako je z = cos
+ i sin
; (d)
3
3

z

a3
1
a3

a2
a
a4

b
a
a
b

a
b
b
a





(= 2(a + b)(b a)2 );



sin 2x
sin x
cos x

cos 2x
cos x
sin x

1
cos x
sin x

16. Rije
siti jednacine





x 2 3
x 1 1
x3 x+2 x1






x = 0;
(a) 3 1 2 = 0; (b) 1 x 1 = 0; (c) x + 2 x 4
1 3 4
1 1 x
x1 x+4 x5


1



1
2
3


x3 x+2 x1
1 2 x2 2



3
= 0; (e) x + 2 x 4
x = 0;
(d)


3
1
5
2

x1 x+4 x5
2
3
1 9 x2



1



1
2
3




sin x +
sin x cos x
2
4



2

2
1
2

x
2
3



= 0.

cos x sin x =
; (g)
(f) sin x + 4

2
3
1
5
4




1
a
1a
2
3
1 1 x2