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Physics 1401

Formula Sheet Exam 1

One-dimensional kinematics

displacement: x x f xi

total distance traveled


total time
instantaneous speed v (magnitude of the instantaneous velocity)

average velocity: vav

instantaneous velocity: v lim vav = lim

average acceleration: aav

average speed

x x f xi
=
t
t f ti
t 0

t 0

v v f vi
=
t t f ti

x
t

v
t
One-dimensional motion with constant acceleration (4 facts):
(1) v = v0 + at

instantaneous acceleration: a lim aav = lim


t 0

t 0

1
(v 0 + v ) t
2
1
(3) x = x0 + v0t + at 2
2
(4) v 2 = v02 + 2a( x x0 )

(2) x = x 0 +

Free fall (positive direction for y taken to be upward)


x y and a g in the above 4 facts:
(1) v = v0 gt
1
(v 0 + v ) t
2
1
(3) y = y0 + v0t gt 2
2
2
2
(4) v = v0 2 g ( y y0 )

(2) y = y 0 +

Vectors
The resultant vector for several vectors is the vector sum. For example, if you have three displacements
d1 , d 2 , and d 3 , the resultant displacement R is given by:
R = d1 + d 2 + d 3 .

If a vector A is written in component form as A = Ax x + Ay y then:

Getting magnitude and direction of A from the components:


A=

Ax2 + Ay2 (magnitude of A )

= tan 1

Ay
Ax

(direction of A )

Formula Sheet Exam 1

Page 2

Getting components from magnitude and direction:


Ax = A cos (x component of A )
Ay = A sin (y component of A )

understood to be the angle that


A makes with the positive x axis

Projectile Motion

x direction (motion with constant velocity):

ax = 0
v x = v x0

x = x 0 + v x0 t

y direction (free fall ... positive direction for y taken to be upward):


(1) v y = v y 0 gt

1
v y0 + v y t
2
1
(3) y = y0 + v y 0t gt 2
2
(4) v 2y = v 2y 0 2 g ( y y0 )

(2) y = y 0 +

Newtons Laws of Motion

Two kinds of forces: contact forces (objects in contact with one another) and field forces (objects
not in contact with one another). Gravity is the only field force we will deal with in this course.
F = ma (Newtons 2nd law)
implies two statements:

Fx = ma x and

Fy = ma y

Weight: W = mg
Normal forces: in general, whenever two surfaces are in contact, each surface exerts a force on
the other in a direction that is perpendicular to the two surfaces.