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Group Statistics Table

The "Group Statistics" table provides the means and standard deviations along with
precise information regarding the formation of the groups. The table also includes
the number of respondents that gave the test (N=31).
Group Statistics
Name of Restaurant
Variety in menu

Mean

Std. Deviation

Std. Error Mean

Sukhdev

31

3.65

.950

.171

Haveli

31

3.45

.995

.179

Sukhdev

31

3.32

.871

.156

Haveli

31

2.97

.482

.087

Does the food give value for Sukhdev

31

3.42

.886

.159

money

31

3.26

.815

.146

31

3.29

.783

.141

Haveli

31

3.39

.803

.144

Sukhdev

31

3.48

.926

.166

Haveli

31

3.55

1.060

.190

Sukhdev

31

3.32

.979

.176

Haveli

31

3.35

.950

.171

Sukhdev

31

3.19

.873

.157

Haveli

31

3.84

1.003

.180

Nutritive value of food

Sukhdev

31

3.19

.749

.135

offered

Haveli

31

2.97

.482

.087

Restaurant serving time

Sukhdev

31

3.94

1.063

.191

Haveli

31

3.61

.989

.178

Sukhdev

31

3.90

1.012

.182

Haveli

31

3.65

.950

.171

Sukhdev

31

3.39

.919

.165

Haveli

31

3.10

.539

.097

Sukhdev

31

3.48

.926

.166

Haveli

31

3.45

.961

.173

Prices on menu

Haveli

Food Ingredients of the food Sukhdev

Hygiene of food

Quality of service

Ambience in restaurant

Connectivity Via Road

Order serving time

Taste of food

Independent Samples Test Table


A t-test for independent groups is useful when the researcher's goal is to compare
the difference between means of two groups on the same variable. Groups are the 2
different restaurants in this case.

Independent Samples Test


Levene's Test for
Equality of
Variances

t-test for Equality of Means


95% Confidence
Interval of the
Sig. (2-

Sig.

df

Mean

tailed) Difference

Std. Error
Difference

Difference
Lower

Upper

Variety in menu Equal


variances

.393

.533 .783

60

.437

.194

.247

-.301

.688

.783 59.876

.437

.194

.247

-.301

.688

60

.052

.355

.179

-.003

.713

1.984 46.786

.053

.355

.179

-.005

.715

60

.459

.161

.216

-.271

.594

.746 59.589

.459

.161

.216

-.271

.594

60

.633

-.097

.201

-.500

.306

-.480 59.961

.633

-.097

.201

-.500

.306

60

.799

-.065

.253

-.570

.441

-.255 58.949

.799

-.065

.253

-.570

.441

assumed
Equal
variances not
assumed
Prices on menu Equal
variances

12.739

.001 1.984

assumed
Equal
variances not
assumed
Does the food

Equal

give value for

variances

money

assumed

1.199

.278 .746

Equal
variances not
assumed
Food Ingredients Equal
of the food

variances

.304

.583 -.480

assumed
Equal
variances not
assumed
Hygiene of food Equal
variances

1.665

.202 -.255

assumed
Equal
variances not

Analysis of the results:

Null Hypothesis: The mean of both the variables are equal. For example
Tastes, variety of food and nutritional value of food of the two restaurants are
equal.
Alternate hypothesis:
It means that the means of the 2 restaurants are statistically significantly unequal
for all the variables. The confidence level is at 95% degree of freedom is 30. When
the p value is less than 0.05, the null hypotheses is rejected, and alternative
hypothesis is accepted. That is to say that the means of two restaurants are not
equal if the significant value is less than 0.05.
The analysis of the Group Statistics table shows that :

The respondents are 31 in number


Sukhdev dhaba is better than haveli restaurant in the below areas:

Variety in menu
Prices on menu
Does the food give value for money
Nutritive value of food offered
Restaurant serving time
Connectivity Via Road
Order serving time
Taste of food

Sukhdev dhaba is better than haveli restaurant in the below areas:

Food Ingredients of the food


Hygiene of food
Quality of service

Ambience in restaurant

The Independent Samples Test table indicates the following:


The table is divided into two sets of values which are under two types of testsLevenes test for Equality of Variances and t-test for Equality of Means. In
statistics, Levene's test is an inferential statistic used to assess the equality of
variances for a variable calculated for two or more groups. Some common statistical
procedures assume that variances of the populations from which different samples
are drawn are equal. Levene's test assesses this assumption. It tests the null
hypothesis that the population variances are equal.
The t-test is used for testing differences between two means. In order to use a ttest, the same variable must be measured in different groups, at different times, or
in comparison to a known population mean. Comparing a sample mean to a known
population is an unusual test that appears in statistics books as a transitional step
in learning about the t-test. The more common applications of the t-test are testing
the difference between independent groups or testing the difference between
dependent groups.

A t-test for independent groups is useful when the same variable has been
measured in two independent groups and the researcher wants to know whether
the difference between group means is statistically significant. "Independent
groups" means that the groups have different people in them and that the people in
the different groups have not been matched or paired in any way. A t-test for related
samples or a t-test for dependent means is the appropriate test when the same
people have been measured or tested under two different conditions or when
people are put into pairs by matching them on some other variable and then placing
each member of the pair into one of two groups.

Levene's Test for Equality of Variances

Sig.

Null
Hypothe
sis is

Interpret
ation

Variety in
menu

Prices on
menu

Does the food


give value for
money

Food
Ingredients of
the food

Hygiene of
food

Quality of
service

Ambience in
restaurant

Equal variances
assumed
Equal variances
not assumed
Equal variances
assumed
Equal variances
not assumed

Equal variances
assumed
Equal variances
not assumed

Equal variances
assumed
Equal variances
not assumed

Equal variances
assumed
Equal variances
not assumed

Equal variances
assumed
Equal variances
not assumed
Equal variances
assumed
Equal variances
not assumed

0.393

12.739

1.199

0.304

1.665

0.009

10.87

Accepte
0.533 d

no
significa
nt
differenc
e

0.001 Rejected

significa
nt
differenc
e

Accepte
0.278 d

no
significa
nt
differenc
e

Accepte
0.583 d

no
significa
nt
differenc
e

Accepte
0.202 d

no
significa
nt
differenc
e

Accepte
0.923 d

no
significa
nt
differenc
e

0.002 Rejected

significa
nt
differenc
e

Nutritive
value of food
offered

Restaurant
serving time

Connectivity
Via Road

Order serving
time

Taste of food

Equal variances
assumed
Equal variances
not assumed

4.526

Equal variances
assumed
Equal variances
not assumed

3.094

Equal variances
assumed
Equal variances
not assumed

3.415

Equal variances
assumed
Equal variances
not assumed

13.768

Equal variances
assumed
Equal variances
not assumed

0.018

0.038 Rejected

significa
nt
differenc
e

Accepte
0.084 d

no
significa
nt
differenc
e

Accepte
0.07 d

no
significa
nt
differenc
e

0 Rejected

Accepte
0.895 d

significa
nt
differenc
e
no
significa
nt
differenc
e

T TEST FOR EQUALITY OF MEANS


Sig. (2tailed)

Null
Hypothesis
is
Variety in menu

0.7
83
0.7
83

0.437 Accepted
0.437 Accepted

Interpretation
no significant difference in
the mean values
no significant difference in
the mean values

Prices on menu
Does the food give
value for money

Food Ingredients of
the food

Hygiene of food

Quality of service

Ambience in
restaurant

Nutritive value of food


offered
Restaurant serving
time

Connectivity Via Road

Order serving time

1.9
84
1.9
84
0.7
46
0.7
46
0.4
8
0.4
8
0.2
55
0.2
55
0.1
32
0.1
32
2.7
02
2.7
02
1.4
11
1.4
11
1.2
37
1.2
37
1.0
35
1.0
35
1.5
17
1.5
17

0.459 Accepted

no significant difference
the mean values
no significant difference
the mean values
no significant difference
the mean values
no significant difference
the mean values

0.633 Accepted

no significant difference in
the mean values

0.633 Accepted

no significant difference in
the mean values

0.799 Accepted

no significant difference in
the mean values

0.799 Accepted

no significant difference in
the mean values

0.896 Accepted

no significant difference in
the mean values

0.896 Accepted

no significant difference in
the mean values

0.009 Rejected

Significant difference in the


mean values

0.052 Accepted
0.053 Accepted
0.459 Accepted

0.009 Rejected
0.163 Accepted
0.164 Accepted
0.221 Accepted
0.221 Accepted
0.305 Accepted
0.305 Accepted
0.135 Accepted
0.136 Accepted

in
in
in
in

Significant difference in the


mean values
no significant difference in
the mean values
no significant difference in
the mean values
no significant difference in
the mean values
no significant difference in
the mean values
no significant difference in
the mean values
no significant difference in
the mean values
no significant difference in
the mean values
no significant difference in
the mean values

Taste of food

0.1
35
0.1
35

0.893 Accepted
0.893 Accepted

no significant difference in
the mean values
no significant difference in
the mean values

We observe that there is no significant difference in the mean values of the two
distributions against all the measured parameters, except for the Ambience of
restaurant. Thus, if we get the ratings for a parameter other than Ambience of
restaurant in one restaurant, the corresponding ratings in the other restaurant can
be interpreted.