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ArabicWithHusna

Remember:

Dua:YaAllah,youpromisedmethatyouwouldmaketheQuraneasy,makeiteasyforme

ThreeKindsofWordsinArabic
awordthatdoesn'tmakesenseunlessthere'ssomethingthatcomesafterit: .1

wordsthathavetenses(past,present,future): .2

person,place,thing,idea,adjective,adverb,andmore: .3

1.1:PropertiesoftheIsmStatus(DoerandDetail)

4propertiesofIsm:
1. status
2. number
3. gender
4. type

Status:roleofthewordinthesentence

themostimportantcharacteristheonewhodoessomething:

3FormsofStatus

Doer,Dhamma
1stStatus:

2ndStatus:
Details,Object,Fatha

3rdStatus:
Afterofstatus(Idaafah),Kasra

Howtotellendingsounds
a. Byendingsounds
i. U/UN=R
ii. A/AN=N
iii. I/IN=J
b. Byendingcombination

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Whoevertakestheirtime,theyeventuallygettowheretheywantto.
ArabicProverb

,,

,
,

,
,

,
,

Allofthesewordsarefatorheavybecausetheyendinsound.

Taketheofftheend(oritssound)atitbecomeslight.

4Reasonsforanismtobelight
1.

wheneveryoulookatanunfamiliarwordintheQuran,thefirstquestionyouaskyourselfis:
doesithaveanendingsoundoranendingcombination

WaystotellStatus:

1. Endingsounds(ann,inn,onn)
2. EndingCombos
a. EndingPaircombinations(aani,ayni,ayni)
b. EndingHumanPluralcombinations(oona,aana,eena)
c. EndingFemininePluralcombinations(aatun,aatin,aatin)
3. Pronounsareweird

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1.11

1. Normally,awordshouldhaveHEAVYstatus.
2. Lightwords,orismsaresuspicious!
a. therearefourreasonswordsarelight.

FourprophetsspokeArabic:
1. Muhammadsallalahualaihiwasalam
2. HudAlayhisalam
3. SalihAlayhisalam
4. ShoaybAlayhisalam

1.12
Typesofwords(DOESNTMATTERIFthereisanAL)
1. Flexiblesound(mostwords)
a. light,heavy,nasab,jarr,rafa3
2. Nonflexible(fewwords)
a. soundisthesameinallconditions.e.g.

b. clue:endinginlongvowels!

3. partlyflexible(specialWords)
a. Namesofplaces(Makkah)
b. NonArabicNames
i.

Yusuf,
,

c. PartlyflexiblewordshavetobeLIGHT
d. theycanteverbeeee(kasra)sound

1.13

baneeIspartofanidaafah(afterofstatus)

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Comesfromtheword:,,
sinceitsinanidaafah,thewordbecomeslight,,

2.1ISMgender

1. Singular(Lookatendingsound)
2. Pair(Endingcombination)
3. peopleplural
4. FemininePlural(EndingCombination)
5. HumanBrokenPlural(EndingSound)
a. Pl.Masc.ORSing.Fem.
6. NonHumanBrokenPlural(EndingSound)

Theonlywaytoknowifawordissingular,humanbrokenplural,ornonhumanbroken
plural,youneedtotheknowthemeaningoftheword.

2.2:
NonhumanbrokenpluralsinArabicaretreatedlikesingularfeminine

3.1Gender

Pretendallwordsaremasculineunlessyoufindcluesthatitisfeminine:

RealFeminine:humansandanimalsthatarefemale

3kindsofFakeFeminine:
1. wordsthatendwith

2. BrokenPlurals(Humanonessometimes,andnonhumanonesallthetime)
3. becausetheArabssaidso.(pg.12).
a. foundonpg.12
b. bodypartsthatareintwo.

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Femine,becausetheArabssaidso...

Duringa,asoldierwas

daydreaminglookingatainthe
untilthecameup.Whenhe

snappedoutofit,herealizedheisthe
onlyleftonthebattlefield

surroundedbysoheusedafull
ofwatertomakeaallthewayto

safer.Inthehotblowinghe
wasdesperatelylookingforato

drawwaterfrom.Inhissearch,hefinds
anemptyinsidewhichhefindsa
fullof.Heistempteddespitehis

fearoftotakeasipbutwardsoff

histemptationanduseshistostrike
thedrink.

3.2completedworksheet

4.1Type

Type:Common(General,acar)orProper(Specific,thecar)

Pretendthatallwordsarecommonunlesswecanprovethattheyareproper.
CommonunlessProvenProper

7kindsofProperIsms
1. specificnamese.g.Husna,Dallas,
2. Pronouns:e.g.he,she,them,
3. IsmulIshaarah(pointerse.g.this,that,these,those)
4. whenyoucallsomeone:Girl!!!

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a. inArabic,youuseandthewordafterHAStobeLIGHT
5. Wordsthathave
a. hatestanween,youcanthaveonawordandatanween.buthte
restofthecombinations,itdoesnthaveaproblemwiththem.
6. IsmMousool

a. e.g.,,,,,

7. IftheMudaafillayhiisproper,thentheMudaafisalsoproper(ifthewordafterof
isproper,thewordbeforeofisalsoproper)

4timesWordsneedtobeLIGHT

1. Partlyflexiblewords:
2. whenyoucallsomebody:yaabinti
3. theMudaafinanIdaafah
4. ______

Ifyouseeawordthatislight(notanween)butitdoesnthavean thentheansweris:
Idontknowifitscommonorproper.

5.1FragmentsIdaafah

2kindsofphrases
sentences
fragments:morethanaword,lessthanasentence

5differentkindsofFragments
1. idaafah:Mudaaf/Mudaafilayhi:bothareISMS
2. HarfJarr:beatsupISM
3. HarfNasb:beatsupISM
4. Mawsoof/Sifa(adjective)
5. PointersfollowedbyawordthathasAl

Idaafah:of

BothhavetobeISMs

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e.g.MessengerofAllahDayofJudgment

Hiscar,Yourhouse,Thepeoplesbook

5.2

:
1. MustbelightAND
2. cannothavean
3. Themudaafmatchestypewiththemudaafillayhi

1. hastobe

5.7

PronounsareWeird!!!
1. Originalpronouns:alwaysRafa3
2. Attachedpronouns:NasbORJarr
NASB= .a
JARR= .b

5.8

****WheneverthepronounisattachedtoanISM,thenthefirstwordismudaafandthe
attachedpronounisthemudaafilayhi

6.1

MemorizeTheseHuroofJaara

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oath

for/have

(+(pronoun
(otherwise

u ntil(2)

to/towards

until

swear(by
like
((comparison
(AllahOnly

with

since

on/upon/again
st

about/away
from

in/about

from/because
of

6.2
Harf:
1. AHarfhaszeroproperties.
2. SometimesHarfhaveajobe.g.HuroofJaara
a. whateverISMcomesafterthem,theyturnthemintojarr
3. Sometimesharfdonthaveajob.

7.1

because ,certainly


that
perhaps/Maybe
likethat

TworeasonsforsomethingtobeJarr
1. WheneverthepronounisattachedtoanISM,thenthefirstwordismudaafand
theattachedpronounisthemudaafilayhi
a. E.g.

2. WheneverthepronounisattachedtoaharfJarr,thenthepronounisaJARR.

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a.

eg.

WheneverthepronounisattachedtoaharfNasb,thenthepronounisNASB

8.2

IndependentPronounsarealwaysRafa3

AttachedPronounStatus:
1. Nasb:attachedtoaHarfNasb
2. Nasb:attachedtoaFiil,itsadetail(Whowastheactiondoneon?)
3. Jarr:attachedtoaharfJarr
4. Jarr:attachedtoanISM

8.3
SpecialMudaafs(inthemorecategoryofISM)
1. TheyareLight,withoutan
2. NormallyyoullfindtheminNASBform,becausetheyaredetails.

SpecialMudaafs()

After
around

with

Before

Between

Behind


Allof

Below

Has,with,nearby

Above

Behind


Besides,otherthan without,non

Someof

Which

Especiallyfrom

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9.1
Mawsoof=IsmbeingdescribedSifa=Adjective

AdjectivesmatchtheIsmtheydescribe.

9.2
Adjectives:
1. NounFirst,Adj.Second
2. MaybelotsofAdj.
3. 4propertiesofNoun=4propertiesofadjective
4. NonhumanBr.Pluralstreatedlikeagirl,describedwithfemininesingular

10.1

ObservationsaboutPointers(Asmaaleshaarah)
1. pointerscalled(Asmaaleshaarah)
2. AllareNONFLEXIBLEexceptthepairswhicharepartiallyflexible
3. AlwaysProper!!!
4. Makefragments(noIs)orsentences(is)
a. fragmentsiftheISMafterisalsoproper(hasan)
i.
MushaarunIllaiyhi
b. sentenceiftheISMafterispartofanidaafah(doesnothavean)
5. haathihiandtilkapointerscouldrefertobrokenplurals.

11.1
5differentkindsofFragments

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1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

idaafah:Mudaaf/Mudaafilayhi
HarfJarr+Victim
HarfNasb+Victim(CANNOTbeaHarfJarr,HASTOBEANISM)
Mawsoof/Sifa
PointerswithAl

2kindsofSentences

.1
.2

InJumlahIsmiyyah:Findtheinvisibleis.Someclues
1. Properfollowedbycommon
2. HarfofNasb+itsvictim
3. Raf3Pronouns
4. Pointers+noAL
5. Breakinthechain

12.1

FiilMaadhi(Pasttense)
1. endingsoundfor(He)isFATHA

NewVocabulary

bothofthem(fem.)+pasttenseverb=E.g.

12,2

12.3

AttachedPronounStatus:

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5.
6.
7.
8.

Nasb:attachedtoaHarfNasb
Nasb:attachedtoaFiil,itsadetail(Whowastheactiondoneon?)
Jarr:attachedtoaharfJarr
Jarr:attachedtoanISM

WithFiiltherearetwokindsofpronounshiddenandattached
hidden:alwaysthedoer
Attached:alwaysthedetail(NASB)

12.4
twokindsof(Faail)doers(Insideafiil)
1. insidedoers(hiddenpronouns)
2. outsidedoers(Fiilthatisor)

Outsidedoer:whenyourdoerisnotapronoun,itsanoutsidedoer

Anoutsidedoerhastofollowtworules
1. Mustberaf
2. Mustbeafterthefiil
3. Then,youfirethepronoun.

13.3

TheLightHarfgowithPresenttenseverbs!:LightVersionofFiilMudaari3(Fatha)
Afterthese5words,thepresenttenseverbsbecomelight

to
willnot
sothator

Inthatcase
until

ThelightestHarfmakethepresenttenseverbsthelightest(sakoon)

should

if

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should

didnot

should

notyet

Wehavelearned4typesofHarfsofar
1. HarfJarrbeatuponanISM
2. HarfNasbbeatuponanISM
3. LightHarfbeatuponaPresenttenseverb
4. LightestHarfbeatuponaPresenttenseverb

Lightestpresenttenseverb(Sakoon)

Trick:

Heshouldhelp

sothathehelps

whatadifference,oneharakahmakes!Subhanallah!!!!

13.6

2kindsofDoers
1. Insidedoer:alwaysapronoun
2. OutsideDoer:

Howdoyoufindanoutsidedoer:
1. aftertheFiil
2. rafa3status

Whenshouldyoulookforanoutsidedoer?
.1
.2

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13.8
forbiddingFil

Forbiddingsomeone
1. presenttenseverb
2. commandthe2ndpersonverbs
3. say
4. maketheverbtheLIGHTEST

13.9Commanding

changingaverbtocommanding
1. makeverbLIGHTEST
2. Getridofthe
a. Ifyoucanreadtheword,itsacommand

3. Ifthefirstletterisasakoon,needtoputanalifinthebeginning

Howdoyouknowwhatharakahthealifhas:
eitherdhammaorkasra
ifthesecondtolastletterhasadhamma,thenputadhammaonthealif
ifthesecondtolastletterDOESNOThaveadhamma,thenputakasraonthealif

reallastletterisNOTtheor inplural

Simply,only,just,essence,nothingbut

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makfoofahkaafa

Simply,only,essence,nothingbut