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Antonio Soler

For other uses, see Antonio Soller.

tury by Fr. Samuel Rubio and so all have 'R' numbers


Antonio Francisco Javier Jos Soler Ramos, usually

known as Padre ('Father', in the religious sense) Antonio
Soler, known in Catalan as Antoni Soler i Ramos (baptized 3 December 1729 died 20 December 1783) was
a Spanish composer whose works span the late Baroque
and early Classical music eras. He is best known for
his keyboard sonatas, an important contribution to the
harpsichord, fortepiano and organ repertoire.

Soler also composed concertos, quintets for organ and

strings, motets,[2] masses and pieces for solo organ. He
also wrote a treatise, Llave de la modulacin (The Key
to Modulation", 1762).

Solers Six Concertos for Two Organs are still very much
in the repertoire and have often been recorded. A
fandango once attributed to Soler, and probably more often performed than any other work of his, is now thought
by some to be of doubtful authorship.

Early life
4 Selected discography

Soler was born in Olot (Catalonia, Spain) in the historical County of Besal. In 1736, when he was six, he entered the Escolania of the Monastery of Montserrat where
he studied music with the resident maestro Benito Esteve
and organist Benito Valls. In 1744, he was simultaneously
appointed organist and subdeacon at the Cathedral of La
Seu d'Urgell. Later in life, he was chapel master in Lleida
and at the Royal Court in El Escorial. In El Escorial, he
studied with professors about dierent subjects of music.

Recordings of works solely by Soler

Soler: 8 Sonatas, Fandango. Played by harpsichordist Nicolau de Figueiredo. Passacaille
Soler: Fandango, 9 Sonatas. Played by harpsichordist Scott Ross. Erato
Soler: Fandango & Sonatas. Played by harpsichordist David Schrader. Cedille 004

Ministerial lifestyle

Soler: Harpsichord Sonatas, vol. II. Played by

harpsichordist David Schrader. Cedille 009

Soler took holy orders at the age of 23, and embarked

on an extremely busy routine as a Hieronymite in El Escorial, Madrid with 20-hour workdays, in the course of
which he produced more than 500 compositions. Among
these were around 150 keyboard sonatas, many believed
to have been written for his pupil, the Infante Don
Gabriel, a son of King Carlos III. Other pieces include
Christmas villancicos[1] and Catholic liturgical music, including Masses. He died in the monastery of San Lorenzo
de El Escorial; no portraits of him are known to exist.

Soler: Sonatas. Played by pianist Elena Riu.

Ensayo 9818

Soler: Sonatas for Harpsichord. Played by

Gilbert Rowland. A multi-volume project on
Naxos Records.

Soler: Complete Harpsichord Works. Played

by Bob van Asperen (12 disks). Astre
Soler: Sonatas para piano. Played by pianist
Alicia de Larrocha. EMI CLASSICS
Soler: Los 6 Quintetos para clave y cuerda.
Played by harpsichordist Genoveva Glvez and
the string quartet Agrupacin Nacional de
Msica de Cmara. EMI CLASSICS


Padre Solers most celebrated works are his keyboard

sonatas, which are comparable to those composed by
Domenico Scarlatti (with whom he may have studied).
However, Solers works are more varied in form than
those of Scarlatti, with some pieces in three or four movements; Scarlattis pieces are in one or two movements.
Solers sonatas were catalogued in the early twentieth cen-

Soler: Six Concertos for Two Keyboard Instruments. Played by Kenneth Gilbert and Trevor
Pinnock. Archiv Produktion 453171-2
Six Concertos for Two Organs.
Played by Mathot and Koopman. Warner
WEA/Atlantic/Erato ZK45741

Soler: Six Concertos for Two Organs. Played
by E. Power Biggs (Flentrop organ on the left)
and Daniel Pinkham (Hess organ on the right).
Recorded at the Busch-Reisinger Museum,
Harvard University, 1961. LP: Columbia
Masterworks Stereo MS 6208 (Library of
Congress catalog card number R60-1383)
Soler: 19 Sonatas. Played by Anna Malikova.
Classical Records CR-049
Soler: Keyboard Sonatas and the Fandango.
Played by Maggie Cole. Virgin Classics
Soler: 13 Sonatas. Played by pianist MarieLuise Hinrichs. Warner Classics.
Padre Soler: Sonates pour Clavier. Played by
pianist Luis Fernando Prez. Mirare.
Recordings of works by Soler & other composers
Favourite Spanish Encores. Played by pianist
Alicia de Larrocha with Rafael Frhbeck de
Burgos conducting the Royal Philharmonic
Orchestra. London/Decca Legends 467687
Grandes Pianistas Espaoles. Played by pianist Alicia De Larrocha. Rtve 65235
Piano Espaol. Played by pianist Jorge Federico Osorio. Cedille 075
The Emperors Fanfare. played by Michael
Murray on his organ blaster cd.
Soler: Keyboard Sonatas Nos. 1-15. Played by
pianist Martina Filjak. Naxos 8.572515


[1] edited as Siete villancicos de Navidad Instituto de Musica

Religiosa de la Excma. Diputacion Provincial, Cuenca
[Spain] 1979
[2] edited by Ediciones Escurialenses, Editorial Patrimonio
Nacional, 1983.

Soler, Antonio (Father)

The Life and Times of Soler (includes audio and
sheet music of Solers keyboard works)

External links
Free scores by Antonio Soler at the International
Music Score Library Project
Sonata No. 10 in b-minor, performed by Ken Iisaka
on YouTube
All sonatas (free scores)


Dixit dominus domino meo from Visperas comunes

on YouTube
List of Solers sonatas in the order of original
List of Solers sonatas in the order of original sources
(Internet Archive)

Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses



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