You are on page 1of 11

BEST PRIMARY SCHOOL

IVth SCIENCE ASSIGNMENT


1) MCQs ( choose the correct option):
2) Before building a house, one has to consider the
a) Presence of a lake in front b) Space for a garden c) Budget
3) Granite is used for making
a) Floors b) Roofs c) Windows
4) Construction of the house is looked after by:
a) An engineer
b) A fabricator
c) A mason
5) Every house must have a:
a)drainage system b)sloping roof c)garden
6) Sloping roofs help to slide off:
a) drinking water
b) rain water c)drainage water
6)For preparing food along with sunlight and chlorophyll, plants need:
a) oxygen and water

b) oxyhen and carbon di oxide

c) carbon dioxide and water

7) This gas present in the air is used by plants during photosynthesis:


a) oxygen

b) carbon dioxide

c) water vapour

8)This living thing prepares its own food:


a) Tree

b) Tiger

c) butterfly

9)Leaves do not prepare food at night because:


a) they need rest

b) there is no CO2

c) there is no sunlight

10) It is a desert plant:


a) Date palm

b) pine tree

c) coconut tree

11) Rubber tree grows in places which are:


a)cold

b) very hot

c)hot and humid

12) the spines in a desert plant are modified:


a) flowers

b)leaves

c)stem

13) these plants have breathing roots that grow out of the soil:
a)cactus

b) conifers

c) mangroves

14. Plants that grow on other plants are called:


a) insectivorous

b) epiphytes

c) floating plants.

15. What is applied to an internal injury caused due to the fall from a vehicle?
a) Burnol b) Iodex c) Tincture iodine d) Dettol
16. While playing in the school, Roshans nose started bleeding. From which organ of his body will
blood come out ?

a) Ear b) Eye c) Nose d) Mouth


17 All vehicles stop when the traffic light changes to
a) Red b) Green c) Yellow d) any one of these
18. Which of the following dishes is made from wheat?
a) Sweets b) Pakoda c) Puri d) Rice
19. What is the name of the food provided in the school in noon time?
a) Home meal b) Midday meal c) Junk food d) Sweet food
20. Which is the following is a pulse ?
a)Millet b) Wheat c) Jujube d) Indian bean
21. Which of the following methods of cooking is used for making a puri?
a) Boiling b) Roasting c) Frying d) Sizzling
22.Which of the following types of food is harmful if eaten frequently ?
a) Fried b) Boiled c) Marinated d) Roasted
23. Which of the following fruits grows on a tree?
a) Grapes b) Banana c) Mango d) Watermelon
24. An which of the following processes plants dont play any role?
a) In purifying air

b) In making cement

c) In making food

d) In making furniture

25. Which of the following vegetables is used for making hair oil?
a) Potato b) Brinjal c) Cabbage d) Bottle gourd
26. Which of the following is a shrub?
a) Peepal tree b) Basil tree c) Mango tree d) Neem tree
27. Which of the following plants has the longest life span?
a) Tree b) Shrub c) Climber d) Plant
Ex. 2 Fill in the blanks:
1) Thick walls keep the house cool.
2) Fabric is used to make tents.
3) Ice is used to make igloos.
4) Slate is used as roofing material.
5) Budget is the amount of money that has to be considered for building a house.
6) Houses are built on stilts to avoid rain water from entering inside.
7) There are two types of building materials: natural and synthetic.
8) Ice is used by Eskimos to build igloos.
9) The flat broad surface of the leaf is called the leaf blade.
10) The main vein of the leaf is called the mid rib .
11) The minute pores on the leaf are called the stomach.

12) The leaf is like the kitchen of the plants.


13) The chlorophyll in leaves uses sunlight for energy.
14) The food prepared by the leaf is in the form of starch.
15) The leaf blade traps maximum sunlight.
16) Air enters and leaves the leaf through the stomata.
17) Plants produce sugar during photosynthesis.
18) In cactus, photosynthesis takes place in stem.
19) Pine trees have needle-like leaves.
20) Banyan is a deciduous type of tree.
21) Rubber and coconut grow in hot and damp places.
22) Spines in a cactus plant prevent loss of water.
23) Trees which grow in marshy lands are known as mangroves.
24) Water hyacinth plant floats on water.
25) The roots of water lily are fixed in the mud at the bottom of the pond.
26) The lape grass plant is completely submerged in water.
27) Plants which grow on land are called terrestrial plants.
28) Plants which do not shed all their leaves at the same time are called evergreen.
29) Plants which grow in marshy lands are called Mangroves.
30) The leaves of fixed aquatic plants have stomata on the upper side of the leaf.
31) Underwater plants have narrow thin leaves with no stomata.
32) Flat, broad leaves of a plant get maximum sunlight.
33) Food gives nutrition to our body .
34) Accident happens when vehicles collide head-on.
35) In the case of accident, the immediate help given to an injured person before taking him to the
hospital is called first-aid .
36) Blood oozes out of a wound .
37) The colour of light in traffic signal are green, yellow and red .
38) We must use zebra crossing while crossing a road in a city.
39) The food which gives us complete nutrition is called balanced diet.
40) By eating balanced diet and exercising daily our health remains good.
41) Bhakhari is prepared by the method of roasting .
42) The three method of cooking food are boiling , roasting and frying .
43) Three main type of plants are tree, shrub and climbers.
44) Trees are our friends.
42) Neem and babul sticks are used for cleaning teeth.
43) Spices are used to make food delicious.
44) The plants which spread on the ground or need support to climb are called climbers.
Ex. 3. True or false:
1. Tiles are fixed by plumber. False
2. An engineer plans or designs the house. false
3. Wood and glass is used for making doors and windows. True
4. Granite is used as a roofing material .false
5. Clay, sand ,wood , straw are synthetic building material. False
6. Ice blocks are used to build snow houses called igloos. True
7. Mushrooms can make their own food. False
8. Iron is used to test the presence of starch in a leaf. False
9. The leaf prepares food for the plant.true
10. The flat broad surface of the leaf is called the stomata. False
11. Plants and animals depend on each other.true
12. Lotus grows in deserts. False
13. Pine tree grows in hilly areas.true
14. Cedar,fir and pine three are called evergreen trees.true
15. Floating and fixed plants are called terrestrial plants.false
16. The flower which grow in rainforests are colourful.true

17. The leaves of hydrilla do not have stomata.true


18. In cactus, photosynthesis takes place in the stem.true
19. We must aways walk on the right side of the road.true
20. We must apply iodex on wounds. False
21. In case of electric shock , we must remove a person from electric contact with the help of a
wooden stick.true
22. When the traffic light is red ,vehicles start moving.false
23. If there is a school on the main road, moving vehicles slow down near it. True
24. Various types of food are necessary for good health.true
25. Vegetables provide energy to our body. False
26. We must always wash vegetable before cooking them. True
27. We must chew our food properly. True
28. Shorgun bicolour (Jowor) is a pulse.False
29. Teak wood is used for making furniture. True
30. Basil plant is used as medicine.True
31. Papaya grows on climber. False
32. Plants are used as food by us. True
Ex. 4 MATCH THE FOLLOWING:
1. Cedar - hilly area
2. Peepal - plains
3. Pepper- hot and damp place
4. Cactus - desert
5. Mangroves marshy lands
6. Tape grass under water
7. Fabricator iron grills
8. Concrete Strong and long lasting
9. Granite floors
10. Building materials natural and synthetic
11. Synthetic building material Cement
12. Chlorophyll green substance
13. Stomata minute pores
14. Mushroom live on dead matter
15. Plants food sugar
16. Leaf kitchen of the plant

Ex. 5 NAME THEM:


1. Keeping something in a good condition for long time: preservation.
2. Keeping food and drink in a closed container without water: canning.
3. Name two food which are rich in carbohydrates: Rice and potato.
4. Name any two minerals which are needed in small amounts by your body: calcium and iron.
5. A digestive juice produced by liver: bile.
6. Digestive juice produced by salivary glands in the mouth: saliva.
7. Impossible to dissolved in liquid: Insoluble.
8. Aperson who is very fat is called: obese.
9. Medicine which prevents growth of your germs: Antiseptic.
10. To suddenly slip or slide sideways: Skid
11. Anything made for a particular use : Equipment
12. Made free of germs: Sterilised
13. An object which runs on electricity: Electrical appliance
14. Cutting of fleece: Sheared
15. Insect which makes silk fibre: Silkworm

16. Food of silk worms: Mulberry leaves


17. Silky covering spun by the silkworm: cocoon
18. Long, thin strand or thread of material: fibre
19. A fold in cloth: wrinkle
20. Long poles used to support a structure built above the surface of water or land: stilts
21. Plan for using money: Budget
22. A person who designs houses: Architect
23. A person who constructs the house: Engineer
24. A person who makes and fixes metal grills, gates etc : fabricator
25. The flat broad surface of the leaf: Leaf blade
26. The vein which runs along the centre of the leaf: Midrib
27. The minute pores on the leaf: Stomata
28. The green substance in the leaf : Chlorophyll
29. The process through which a leaf prepares food : photosynthesis
30. A plant in which the food is prepared by the stem : Cactus
31. Able to catch and digest insects: Insectivorous
32. A plant that grows on another plant but does not depend on it for its own nutrients: Epiphyte
33. Trees that shed their leaves at the same time once a year : Deciduous
34. Able to catch and didest insects. Insectivorous
35. A plant which does not have
chlorophyll:Mushrooms
36. One insectivorous plant : Venus flytrap
37.Ground near a lake, river or sea,that is always wet : Marshy
Ex. 6 Give reasons:
1. Proteins should be included in our daily diet because they help us to grow, build the muscles
and help to repair the wear and tear of the body.
2. Vitamins and minerals are called protective food because they keep our body healthy and help
us to fight against diseases.
3. Fruits and vegetable should be washed before eating because they contain dust, mud and some
chemicals which are harmful to us.
4. Food should be cooked in just enough water because the extra water contains nutrients. If the
extra water is thrown away the nutrients are also lost.
5. You must not leave your toys on the floor because- you may trip over them.
6. You must not play in the classroom because- you may hurt yourself or others.
7. While riding a bicycle you should be careful if the road is wet because your bicycle might skid.
8. You must not throw any object at the train because it can hurt people in the train.
9. The wound should always be cleaned before applying an antiseptic cream because dirt and
germ can cause infection.
10. Concrete is used because of its strength and long life.
11. The types of house built in an area depend on the climate of that place building material and
money available with a person to build a house.
12. Metals like steel and iron are used to make strong buildings, grills and gates.
13. The cost of a house depends on - its size, building materials used ,interior decoration of the
house cost of land , location and facilities available .
14. A house should have overhead tank to- store enough water.
15. Deciduous trees shed- all their leaves once a year.
16. Breathing roots are found in trees- that grow in marshy lands where the soil is clayey and
covered with water.
17. Floating plants are spongy and- filled with air.
18. Grass grows from the base so that even when the animals graze on them, the grass grows
again quickly.
19. Rain forests are hot and damp

Ex. 7 ANSWER IN SHORT :


Q.1 What are nutrients?
Ans. The substances which provide nourishment to our body are called nutrients.
Q.2 What is a balanced diet?
Ans. The diet that provides all the nutrients in the right amounts is a balanced diet.
Q.3 Why do we cook food?
Ans. We cook food because cooking makes the food soft, tasty and easy to digest. It also kills the
germs.
Q.4 What is food preservation?
Ans. Food preservation means to keep food in a good condition for a long time using different
methods like 1) freezing, 2)drying, 3)canning, 4)adding salt, sugar, vinegar or oil.
Q.5 Name the different types of teeth and their functions?
Ans. The different types of teeth are
1) Incisors- to cut the food.
2) Canines- to grip and tear the food.
3) Premolars and molars- to grind and chew the food.
Q.6 What is meant by digestion of food?
Ans. The process of breaking down the food into simpler form is called digestion of food.
Q.7 What is the main role of large intestine?
Ans. Water is absorbed in large intestine.
Q.8 What causes tooth decay?
Ans. Germs living in the mouth feed on the left over food particles and give out acid. This acid
damages the enamel and slowly produces a hole called cavity.
Q.9 Why should you not listen to music while riding a bicycle?
Ans. We should not listen to music while riding a bicycle because you may not be able to hear the
sound or horn of a moving vehicle.
Q.10 What safety rule should you follow before crossing the road?
Ans. Before crossing the road1) Look first at the right and then to the left to see if any vehicle is coming.
2) Cross the road only if the road is clear.
Q.11 What rule should you follow while crossing the railway tracks?
Ans. While crossing the railway tracks1) Cross the railway tracks only at the railway crossing or use the foot over bridge.
2) Cross the railway tracks only when the gates are open.
Q.12 What should you do if somebody gets a minor burn on the hand?
Ans. If somebody gets a minor burn on the hand, we should pour cold water on the hand and then
apply medicine.
Q.13 How do we get coloured, printed cotton cloth?
Ans. The cloth is first dyed with colour and then printed. This way we get coloured, printed cotton
cloth.
Q.14 How do we get fibres from flax plant?
Ans. The stem of the flax plant are allowed to rot and are beaten to separate long fibres.
Q.15 What are the advantages of having a thatched roof?
Ans. Houses with thatched roof remains cool in summer and warm in winter.
Q.16 Name any five building materials used in making a low-cost, temporary house?
Ans. Building material used in making low-cost, temporary house are Mud, clay, sand, gravel and
straw.
Q.17 Name any five building materials used in making a big permanent house.
Ans. Rocks, granite, cement, marble, metals, wood, glass etc. are used in making big permanent house.
Q.18 Why is glass used as a building material?

Ans. Glass is used in building material because of its ability to let light in while keeping dust and
insects away.
Q.19 Name the various people who work to build a house.
Ans. Various people who work to build a house are architect, engineer, mason, carpenter,
fabricator, plumber, electrician, tiller, painter, gardener.
Q.20 What is the role of stomata in the leaf?
Ans. Stomata are small openings through which air enters the leaf. Water vapour is also released
through stomata.
Q.21 What does plant require to make food?
Ans. Plant requires chlorophyll, sunlight, carbon dioxide and water to make food.
Q.22 Does photosynthesis take place twenty four hours of the day? Why?
Ans. No, photosynthesis does not take place 24 hours because sunlight which is necessary for
photosynthesis is available during the day.
Q.23 What food does the plant prepare?
Ans. Plant prepares food in the form of sugar/starch.
Q.24 What is adaptation?
Ans. The natural process by which plants adjust to their surroundings is called adaptation.
Q.25 Which trees are called evergreen trees?
Ans. Trees which have green leaves throughout the year are called evergreen trees.
Q.26 What helps the floating plants to float on water?
Ans. Floating plants are spongy and filled with air. This helps the plant float on water.
Q.27 Why is a rain forest so called ?
Ans. There is a lot of rain fall in the rain forest. The place is hot and damp. So many trees grow
here . So it is called a rainforest.
Q.28 What care should we take ,if we are wounded and start bleeding?
Ans . We should tie a cloth below the wound.
Q.29 Where do we see traffic signals in the cities?
Ans. We see traffic signals in the cities at major cross road.
Q 30Lights of how many colours are there in traffic signals? Which are they?
Ans. There are three colours in the traffic signals, they are red ,yellow and green.
Q31. On seeing which colour of light on the traffic signal do the vehicles stop?
Ans. On seeing the red light on the traffic signal, the vehicles stop.
Ex. 8 ANSWER IN DETAIL :
Q.1. State the different nutrients of food?
Ans. Different nutrients of food are1
2
3
4
5
6

Proteins- They are body building food.


Carbohydrates- They are energy giving food.
Fats- They help to keep our body warm.
Vitamins and minerals- They are called protective foods.
Roughage- It helps to remove waste from the body.
Water- It is headed by our body to function properly

Q.2 How would you take care of your teeth?


Ans. 1) Brush your teeth twice a day.
2) Rinse your mouth after every meal.
3) Do not eat too much sticky foods, sweets and soft drinks.
4) Eat food that contain calcium and vitamins A, C and D.
5) Visit your dentist at least once in six months.
Q.3 Draw a diagram and write what happens to the food in the stomach?
Ans. When the food enters the alimentary canal, it passes from the food pipe to the stomach. In
stomach, the food is churned and digestive juices are added and it turns the food into semi-liquid
mixture. The proteins are broken into simpler form.

Q.4 What are good eating habits?


Ans. Good eating habits are1. Eat balanced diet.
2. Eat your food at fixed time.
3. Chew your food well.
4. Do not play as soon as you finish eating.
5. Do not over eat.
Q.5 What precautions will you take to avoid falling down at home?
Ans. To prevent falling down1
2
3

Keep your toys and things at proper place


Be careful on slippery floor.
Do not climb on shelves, windows table etc.

Q.6 What will you do if the cooking gas cylinder starts leaking?
Ans. If cooking gas cylinder starts leaking
1
2
3
4

Open windows and doors.


Turn off the regulator of the gas cylinder.
Do not touch any switch or light a matchstick.
Contact the gas agency immediately.

Q.7 How do we get wool?


Ans. Animals that have thick coat of hair on their skin give us wool, known as fleece is sheared, it
has fibres. Then the woolen fibres are made into woolen threadsand then woven into woolen cloth.
Q.8 How is silk cloth made?
Ans. Silk fibres are made by an insect silk moth. They lay eggs and it hatches into silkworms. The
silk worms spin a silky thread and wrap it around their bodies.It is known as cocoon, the cocoons
are put in hot water and it is unwound to the thread and it is woven into silk cloth.
Q.9 What are the differences between natural fibres and synthetic fibres?
Ans. The differences between natural fibres and synthetic fibres are
1
2
3
4

Synthetic fibres are stronger and more durable than natural fibres.
Synthetic fibres catch fire easily but natural fibres do not catch fire easily.
Synthetic fibres dry quickly do not shrink and need very little ironing but natural fibres take
time to dry, shrink and wrinkle easily.
Synthetic fibres cause rashes but natural fibres do not react with skin.

Q.10 What is the function of veins of leaf ?


Ans. The veins supply water brought by the stem and branches to all parts of the leaf. They also
take the food prepared by the leaf to the stem, which supplies food to other parts of the plant .
Q.11 What are the adaptations of the trees in hilly area?
Ans. 1) Trees in hilly area are tall and straight.
2) The branches after slope downwards for the snow to fall off.
1
2

They have needle like leaves with a waxy coating to prevent loss of water and for the rain and
snow to slide off easily.
These trees bear cones instead of flowers.

Q.12 Describe the adaptation in a lotus plant ?


Ans.
1
2
3

The roots of lotus plant fix the plant in the mud.


Their stems are hollow and have air spaces.
The leaves are broad and flat to catch maximum sunlight.

The leaves have waxy coating to repel water.

Q.13 Can we get complete nutrition from vegetables or fruits only? What should we do to get
complete nutrition?
Ans. No, we can not get complete nutrition from fruits or vegetables alone. We must also add
cereals, pulses, milk and buttermilk in our food to get complete nutrition.
Q.14 What are the uses of the plants?
Ans. Plants gives us food. It gives us wood for furniture and fuel. It give us shade. They gives us
medicine .They provide fibre for preparing cloth. They help to bring rain and purify air.
Q.15 Why are plants called our friends?
Ans. Plants are called our friends for the following reasons:

1 Plants provide us food.


2 They provide us wood for making furniture.
3 They purify the air.
They bring rain and also check soil erosion and fulfill many of our needs.

Ex 9 Draw the diagram:

I SEMESTER
Course

L-1

Our Food

( From I-Explore Book)

L-2

Teeth And Digestion

L-3

Safety

L-7

Plants- Making Food

L-4

Clothes and Fibres

L-8

Adaptation In Plants

L-5

Houses All Around

(From Government Books)


L-1

Please Be Careful

L-2

Just can't Live Without Food

L-3

Lush Green World

Paper Style
Ex1

Choose the correct option 15

Ex6

Give Reasons

Ex2

Fill in the blanks

08

Ex7

Answer in Short

14

Ex3

True or False

08

Ex8

Answer in Detail

12

Ex4

Match

06

Ex9

Draw the diagram

03

Ex5

Name them

08

06