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Apr

Action Research on Tardiness


DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

REGION XII
KIDAPAWAN CITY SCHOOLS DIVISION
KIDAPAWAN CITY NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Roxas St., Kidapawan City

DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH ON TARDINESS OF STUDENTS IN GRADE


X PHOENIX SECTION

An Action Research presented to:

Faculty and Staff of


Kidapawan City National High School

RIMMON A. PAREN, MBA


Researcher
SY 2015-2016

ABSTRACT

Punctuality is one of the virtues beyond reproach. Much of the time and wealth will be
saved if this virtue will be carried out to the system of every responsible citizen. Punctuality will
encompass all of the positive action in all aspects. Though it was less appreciated in other
situations like productivity against punctuality, none the less, it is still very vital in situations that
needed it most.
This study will determine the factors affecting students in their daily routine during
school days. Always and often times being tardy in the flag ceremony, in attending classes after
recess time in the morning and afternoon class sessions and during the first period in the
afternoon class session. There are observed instances that during their transfer of room in their
specialization subjects and other activities that needs outdoor activities, they are behind schedule
in attending to it.
There was an indication that student had significantly disliked the subjects of Science and
Mathematics and might be the reason for leniency in their study. The aversion towards the matter
is merely on the subject and has nothing to do with the Subject Teacher. Moreover, there are
students who fairly rated their teacher that might affect their performance at school.

I.

BACKGROUND/STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM


There is about 20% of the Grade X - Phoenix Class in Kidapawan City National High
School who is always late in attending the flag ceremony as well as in attending to their
subsequent classes.
This problem had accumulated from tolerable to habitual state and it has a significant
impact in their performance at school. Most of the class had been believed to be influenced by
their peers and will be embedded in their mind pattern until college and ultimately to their
vocation and their adventures in life. Other students had just the difficulty in optimizing their
time as their subject related activities grows in bulk. Reported incidents on online games cyber
addiction were prominent and this usually happens after lunch break. To figure it out, students set
aside their precedence to study and learn thus the proponent of this research had to find out.
Moreover, the researchers intention is to isolate the primary reason of tardiness and proactive
intervention will be executed so as to curtail if it will not utterly do away with the quandaries.
As the school inculcates discipline to have a world class graduates, globally competitive
and well rounded individuals, the researcher had in mind to unearth the reason behind of this
punctuality virtue which is annoyingly, losing its ground.
As the school inculcates discipline to have a world class graduates, globally competitive
and well rounded individuals, the researcher had in mind to unearth the reason behind of this
punctuality virtue which is annoyingly, losing its ground.

II.

BREAKDOWN OF PROBABLE CAUSES


1. Distance between residence and school
2. Sending/Reading SMS/Calling/chatting with friends thru mobile phone
3. Sleeping habit/ TV shows obsession
4. Online/LAN games/Social Networking Sites(SNS) cyber compulsion
5. Financial Constraints/Standard of Living
6. Family Values on punctuality
7. Mode of transportation
8. Traffic load of the route to school
9. Subject/class related cause
10. Teacher related cause
11. Peer Influence/Camaraderie
12. Bullying/ stress factor
13. Classroom supervision

III.

SCOPE AND DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY


The study will be conducted within the class of Fourth Year Phoenix students. This group
of student belongs to Basic Education Curriculum Program of Kidapawan City National High
School and considered as outstanding students of the Fourth year level. This group of student,
total to 61 individuals, was also under the advisory of the researcher and the survey questions
will be delimited to obtaining primary and secondary reasons of tardiness as well as assessing
related factors underlying therewith.
Information acquired and provided by students will be used to confirm or negate the feasible
causes which were earlier stated. The result of the survey will then contribute insight in planning
and drafting of the solutions in addressing the said problems being identified that needs
appropriate action. An Action plan will be the final output of the said research to be implemented
upon approval of the school administrator.
The researcher will use a sampling method with inquiries which is not answerable by yes or
no. The researcher arbitrarily selects this group of students for they well represent a typical
student which his/her primary aim is to learn and excel in school. Moreover, the problem on
tardiness was very observable in this group of students while they are supposedly being a model
to other students.

IV.

ANALYSIS AND FINDINGS RELATED TO SURVEY


The survey was done utilizing the survey questions (please see attached Survey Sheet) and
the result was tallied and will be scrutinized accordingly. The complexity of the Survey Sheet
was intentionally prepared to extract valid and trustworthy answers from the subject population.
The explicit outcome of the answers will be categorized in factors that affect their punctuality
values in attending to their classes or other learning related activities.
This will be classified as Internal and External factors and further be classified according to
the details of each factor. The elucidation of the findings will be presented in non-statistical and
technical languages which will generally benefit the readers as well as the subject of the study.
Thus, the presentation will be done according to the intention of the researcher to shed light on
this tricky rationalization.
INTERNAL FACTOR

The table below is representing the personal factor of every student which
comprehensively supports the reasons in being late with; attending to classes, flag ceremony, and
submitting paper works, etc. This information gives us the detail on how they spend their
residual time after classes or while class is going on. This clearly shows that friends/peer
influence plays vital role in students life; secondary is the compulsion with TV shows and the
pre-occupation of mobile phone to students attention as well as the household chores that was
understandably assigned to young adolescents in their share of tasks at home.

TIME MANAGEMENT

Figure 1.1
The table below (figure 1.2) supports the leniency of students in their study. Basically, a
sound mind needs adequate sleep to function well especially in learning lessons at school.
Adequacy on the number of hours of sleep per individual vary by its age category. A typical
student in adolsecent stage needs 8-10 hours of sleep to have a keener sense of understanding the
lessons all through out the day. A student who have a complete 10 hours of undisturbed and
sounding sleep was generally gaining outstanding results in academic excellence.
The graph below represent the sleep habit of the subject which was generally falls at
9:00 pm and 10:00 pm. If a student would sleep at 10:00 pm and should wake up at 5:00 am,
therefore, the student had only 7 hours of sleep, this 1 to 3 hours depravation of sleep has
significant effect on the learning period of every student. This would affect the mood, span of
attention and mental aptitude.

Figure 1.2
Figure below (Figure 1.3) represents a small fraction on student outlook with respect to their
study habit and school attendance. This was noted by the researcher for this small but dominant
few had made significant stimulus in students who are easily influenced because of varied
reasons. As the primary source of education, the parents should ultimately understand the right of
every child for education and underlying obligations related therein. Parents and or guardians
who are being complacent would greatly affect childs performance at school. Valuing the
education has more on affirmative impact on the chart below with the students who are positively
reinforced by parents.

Figure 1.3

EXTERNAL FACTORS
To give due consideration on other factors that affects the schedules of the student, the
researcher made a survey on the following:

Figure 1.5

Figure 1.6

Figure 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6 represents the external factors that affect tardiness of the students.
Figure 1.4 states the distance of home to school and figure 1.5 will represent the mode of
transportation/ utility to reach school and the time allotted to travel to school was shown at figure
1.6. In figure 1.4, it shows that 36% of the students were living at the distance of more than 2
kilometers and most these students had tricycle as the mode of transportation and they had to
travel more or less 20 to 30 minutes to reach school. With these figure representation, a student
would likely be late for school since the time allotted for travel is almost or half of the hour, they
need to wake up early and prepare. A typical student needs 1.5 hours to prepare and travel to
school, they should wake up as early as 5:00 am to have ample time for preparation and allocate
time threshold for travel if the student aspires punctuality.

Figure below shows the information on the students attitude towards punctuality in attending
their subjects. The information is a negative reaction towards the subject thus affecting
attendance and punctuality. Ranking first is the Science subject and followed by mathematics.
The negative attitude towards this subject is mainly brought by dislike of the subject itself.

Figure 1.8

V.

SUMMARY OF DATA INTERPRETATION


The figure above confirms the hypothesis of having students at 20 % (+/-) who are being late
in attending the classes, flag ceremony and other learning related activities. The figure further
states the factors that significantly affect the students performance at school.
The researcher made an extra mile in identifying other factors which might affect the attitude
towards learning by including the information gathering which was shown at figures 1.7 and 1.8.
There was an indication that student had significantly disliked the subjects of Science and
Mathematics and might be the reason for leniency in their study. The aversion towards the matter
is merely on the subject and has nothing to do with the Subject Teacher. Moreover, there are
students who fairly rated their teacher that might affect their performance at school.
There is a student who was bullied in the classroom, a parent who negatively adjudged the
education privileges of a child and a student who blatantly disliked the teacher, the number of
student in this study with strikingly averse situation from the other student is less significant to
negligible percentage.
Furthermore, internal factors are to be the focus in making appropriate actions by the
researcher. Giving weight in time management and valuing the virtue of punctuality.

VI.

ALTERNATIVE COURSES OF ACTION

1. The student should be guided in their time management if the reason is the distance, financial
constraints on the fare, traffic load of the route and mode of transportation.

2.

An arranged home visitation to personally confer with the parents or guardians about the
situation of the student if the primary reason was financial support for the fare likewise readthrough the family ideals in punctuality and the attitude towards Child Education. Same feat will
be done to students who are well buffered with extra cash spent for cyber compulsion.

3. Evaluate the student regarding its learning difficulty to the concerned subject and confer to the
subject teacher vis--vis the circumstances. Concrete action is to conduct an initial Multiple
Intelligence Assessment to every student before the class begins early in June to determine the
learning difficulties and or learning styles. Upon verifying the learning styles, the teacher will
look into the design of lesson planning to address the situation.
4. Look into the situation of the peer influence as well as bullying of classmates that might be the
reason of deplorable attitude towards learning.
5.

Faithfully device an operant conditioning to give rewards to those who are early comers and
reinforce consistency all through-out the school year.

6. Organize a peer counselor among students. Selected students with venerable outlook in students
life, behave well in campus, renowned for leadership capability and have a strong interpersonal
skill. They will be assigned per problem-subject group or individual.

VII.

ACTION
Strategy
1.
2.

3
.

4
.
5
.

Multiple Intelligence
Assessment in June(every
school year)
Time Management
lecture/workshop with the
students in June (every
school year)
After the MI Assessment,
cull the prospect students
(Strong Interpersonal
Skills) to be peer
counselors and orient them
in their assigned task.
Reward Psychology
Student Journal and
Process folio

Data to be
Collected
Inner strength,
learning difficulties
and weaknesses
Weekly/Daily
planner of every
student

Data
Analysis/Interpretation
Percentage

Background check
and confirmation of
the interpersonal
skills

Percentage

Early Bird
Attendance Report
Family values and
financial capability

Frequency

Percentage

Percentage

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

REGION XII
KIDAPAWAN CITY SCHOOLS DIVISION
KIDAPAWAN CITY NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Roxas St., Kidapawan City

QUESTIONNAIRE
(STUDENT)
Name of Respondent:_________________________________ Year and Section: ____________
Directions: Please check/tick the box that suits your choice of answer provided for each question.
Please accomplish honestly all of the questions and the information will be treated highly
confidential. There are no wrong answers.
1. Is Kidapawan City National High School is the only school nearest from your home?

2. How far is your home from school?


Less than 500 meters
More than 500 meters but less that 1 kilometer

More than 1 kilometer


More than 2 kilometers
3. What is your mode of transportation?
Bus/Van/Jeepney/Multicab
Tricycle
Motorcycle (owned)
Extended Motorcycle (for hire/rented)
Sent and fetched by family vehicle
Leg Power (walking/hiking)
4. How long does it takes for you to travel from home to school?
Approximately 10 minutes
Approximately 20 minutes
Approximately 30 minutes
Approximately 45 minutes
Approximately 1 hour
More than 1 hour
5. How long does it take for you to transfer from one room to another in your next subject period?
Approximately 3 minutes
Approximately 5 minutes
Almost 10 minutes
More than 15 minutes
6. The subject that I dont like most was/were; (you can tick more than 1)
English
Pilipino
Mathematics (Physics, Calculus, Advanced Algebra, etc.)
Science
Araling Panlipunan
MAPEH
None of the above
7. I dont like the subject because ;
I dont like the teacher

I dont like my classmate/s


Somebody is bullying me from that class
I did not like the subject itself
8. Time Management for me is;
for the old and mature person
tiresome, boring and redundant daily chore
is a virtue to be valued and kept by students
respecting the time of others
helping me to accomplish many tasks
9. My parents value my education as;
their only treasure for me to inherit
learning things I needed on my own as they did in the past
an alibi of not helping home chores
just sending me to school like my neighbors do
expensive and sever the daily budget for food and other primary needs

10. I spend most of my time in;


watching my favorite TV show/s
playing online/LAN game/s
working to earn money to subsidize my education
hanging around with my friends
sending/reading SMS/ talking/chatting with my friends
doing household chores
11. The reason why I am late in attending my classes;
working with other requirements
distance of the specialization lecture area from my class room
receiving calls/reading /answering text messages
had to finish my snacks/lunch
attending my extra-curricular activities
12. After almost ten months with the subject I am learning;

I learned a lot of things about it


I am picking informative things about the subject
a thing or two
nothing and I am not interested at all
to do complacent measures just to pass this subject
13. I go to bed at;
7:45 pm
8:30 pm
9:00 pm
10:00 pm
after midnight
14. My subject teacher is;
skillful, efficient and effective in teaching the lesson
is good in his/her field of expertise
giving us load of homework/tasks which is beyond our capability
a symbol of authority and tenacious
funny
lackluster and needs inspiration

Pinost 2nd April 2012 ni Rimmon Paren


Mga Label: Action Research tardiness

Education in the Philippines


to be educated means To develop the intellect, presumably including linguistic,
mathematical and analytic capabilities. To produce competent, caring, loving,
and lovable people. To create and sustain a democratic society To invest in
producing future workers for the workforce and, ultimately, corporate profits.

Classic

Flipcard

Magazine

Mosaic

Sidebar

Snapshot

Timeslide

Jun
4

FACILITATING HUMAN LEARNING


Rimmon A. Paren, MBA
FACILITATING HUMAN LEARNING
Theories of Learning:

1. Connectionism/Associationism Theory (Edward Thorndike):


The distinctive feature of this theory is that learning is readily explained by the visible attributes
and not considering the internal insights being developed in the process.
-learning has taken places when a strong bond between stimulus and response is formed.
Thorndike's theory consists of three major laws:
(1) Law of effect - responses to a situation which are followed by a rewarding state of affairs will
be strengthened and become habitual responses to that situation. A result of the law of effect was
that responses that reduce the likelihood of achieving a rewarding state will decrease in strength.
May
31

COPING MECHANISM ON PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY STUDENTS


COPING MECHANISM ON PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED
BY STUDENTS
INTRODUCTION
Coping occurs in response to psychological stress and is usually triggered by changes in an effort
to maintain mental health and emotional well-being.
Feb
22

Assessment of Student Learning


BASIC CONCEPTS OF ASSESSMENT

The Teacher and Assessment

A TEACHER is a facilitator of learning. Preparing a teaching lesson cannot be completed in a


round-a-clock period as it always demand envisioning how to make teaching interesting,
motivating and truly enjoying. It employs various teaching principles, methods and techniques
for assurance that indeed there is teaching - learning cycle.
Dec
8

School Plant Utilization


A. School Plant Utilization
The school plant is one of the major aspects of school administration. It refers to the material
provisions of the school. The school campus, building, playgrounds, library, laboratories,
classrooms, furniture, equipments, hostels, common room, canteen all these put together mean
the same thing what the school plant stands for. The school plant is an integral part of the
learning environment.
Nov
24

PEACE EDUCATION IN THE CONTEXT OF WHERE...


Sep
14
PROTOTYPE MODULE FOR MATHEMATICS I (SETS AND REAL NUMBERS)
KIDAPAWAN CITY NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
DESCRIPTION
The project aims to implement a modified module for Mathematics focusing on Sets and Real
Numbers. It further plans to transfer learning to the students that they would be able to describe
the real number system and its subsets, integers, rational numbers, irrational numbers and
interpret the set of real numbers as points number line.
Sep
14

MOTIVATIONAL STRATEGIES IN RELATION TO LEARNING STYLE


MOTIVATIONAL STRATEGIES IN RELATION TO LEARNING STYLE OF THIRD YEAR
HIGH SCHOOL OF KIDAPAWAN CITY NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
II.

RATIONALE

The researcher had been troubled by the scholastic performance of the Third year High School
Students of Kidapawan City National high School. Since the students are taught by subject
teachers, the teacher factor is explicitly eliminated as factor that affects the performance of the
students.

Sep
14

IMPLEMENTATION OF SCIENCE CURRICULUM AT KIDAPAWAN CITY


NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL: BASIC FOR DEVELOPMENT PLAN
I: Title: implementation of Science Curriculum at Kidapawan City National High School: Basic
for development plan
ABSTRACT
What students are expecting to learn, how they are taught to learn and the feedback they are
giving on their learning are essential for progress. Improvements need to be made in planning at
curriculum level, subject level in the long and medium term, and lesson level.
Aug
20

AN ACTION RESEARCH TO EXAMINE THE EXPERIENCES AND


INSIGHTS OF TEACHERS WITH ACCOMPLISHED ACTION
RESEARCHES
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
REGION XII
KIDAPAWAN CITY SCHOOLS DIVISION
KIDAPAWAN CITY NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Roxas St., Kidapawan City
AN ACTION RESEARCH TO EXAMINE THE EXPERIENCES AND INSIGHTS
OF TEACHERS WITH ACCOMPLISHED ACTION RESEARCHES
An Action Research presented to:
Faculty and Staff of
Kidapawan City National High School
RIMMON A.

Aug
20

DESCRIPTION OF DYNAMICS AFFECTING THE DECISION MAKING OF


STUDENTS ON THEIR SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STRAND
DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
REGION XII
KIDAPAWAN CITY SCHOOLS DIVISION
KIDAPAWAN CITY NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Roxas St., Kidapawan City
DESCRIPTION OF DYNAMICS AFFECTING THE DECISION MAKING OF STUDENTS
ON THEIR SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STRAND
An Action Research presented to:
Faculty and Staff of
Kidapawan City National High School
RIMMON A.

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