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PHYSICS REVISION

1. Label the parts of this cathode ray oscilloscope.

2. What is thermionic emission?

3. What is the role of the anode in a cathode ray oscilloscope?

4. What does the fluorescent screen do in a cathode ray oscilloscope?

5. Why is vacuum needed in a cathode ray oscilloscope?

6.Draw the magnetic field patterns around these current carrying conductors. Which rule did you use to find the
direction of the magnetic field?
7. Fill in the blanks to explain Fleming’s Left Hand Rule.

First finger _____________________________

seCond finger _____________________________

thuMb _____________________________

8. Write which way the wire would move in the following cases:

N S N S

S N S N

8. Write one similarity and one difference between a motor and a generator.

9. What are the three ways in which you can make a motor run faster?

10. Draw the circuit symbols of

a) Switch b) Switch c) Lamp d) Battery e) Lamp


open closed
f) Ammeter g) Voltmeter h) Galvanometer i) Resistor j) Variable
resistor
k) Fuse l) Earthing
11. Give the colours of the earth, live and neutral wires.

12. On which wire are switches and fuse connected? Why?

13. Explain how a fuse works. How is a suitable fuse chosen for a component?
14. Explain how electricity reaches our homes from the power station.

15. What is the unit of energy used in electricity billing?

16. Give the units of current, voltage and resistance.

17. Give the equation for Ohm’s law.

18. Give the magnetic field patterns around the following magnets.

(a) (b)
N N S
S S N

N N
(c) S S (d)
S S
N N

(e) S N
N S

19. Potassium atom has 19 protons, 19 electrons and 20 neutrons. Use this data to explain the formation of

the positive potassium ion.

20. Chlorine atom has 17 protons, 17 electrons and 20 neutrons. Use this data to explain the formation of the

negative chlorine ion.

21. Explain how a magnetic compass works.

22. What are isotopes?

23. Draw a simple diagram of an atom and label the parts with their charges.

24. Draw a circuit diagram connecting a battery and three lamps in series and parallel. Connect ammeters and
voltmeter to measure the current and voltage of the second lamp in these circuits.

25. Define atomic number


26, Define mass number

27. Define static electricity

28. Give the charge of protons, electrons and neutrons

29. Give the ways in which you can increase the efficiency of a motor

30. What is null point? What happens at a null point?

31. How does an object become positively charged?

32. How does an object become negatively charged?

33. What are the two conditions for electricity to flow through a circuit?

34. A glass is rubbed with a silk cloth and becomes negatively charged.

a) Explain why the rod becomes negatively charged.

b) What happens to the silk cloth?

c) Another glass rod is rubbed with silk cloth and brought near the first rod which is now hung by a thread.
What would you observe and explain your observation.

35. What are nucleons? Why are they called so?

36. Using the periodic table find the number of protons and neutrons in the following elements:
Atomic number Mass number No of protons No of neutrons
Carbon 12 6
Scandium 21 45
Vanadium 23 28
Boron 5 6
Zirconium 40 51
37. Complete the table to explain the properties of alpha, beta and gamma rays.

Property Alpha Beta Gamma


Nature
Mass
Charge
Penetrating power
Ionizing power
Behavior in an electric
field
38.

α, β, γ rays

Radioactive
source

paper Lead block