Identities
a
Law of Sines: AAS, SAS, ASA
c
sinA = sinB = sinC
a = b + c 2(ab)cosA
b = a + c 2(ac)cosB
c = a + b 2(ab)cosC
1
Finding the area of a triangle:
2
K=1
2
1 =
(bc)sinA
2
(ab)sinC =
(ac)sinB
sin = 1cos
tan
=
1
1
sinX = cscX > cscX = sinX
cos
=
1
1
2
cosX = secX > secX = cosX
sinX/2 =
1
1
tanX = cotX  > cotX = tanX
Reciprocal Identities:
Cofunction Identities:
Pythagorean Identities:
1cosX
1+cos
2
2
11 cosX
2
1 + cotX = cscX
sinX = 1 cosX
or
tanX = secX 1
cotX = cscX 1
2 Odd/Even
2 2
Identities:
2
= = cosX
sin[
X]
angle
cosX Half
=1
sinX 90
cos[
X] = sinX
Identities:
tan[
X] = cotX
cot[
X] = tanX
sin(X) = sinX
cos(X) = cosX
csc(X) = cscX
sin
tanX =
cos
X
sec(X) = secX
cos
cotX =
sin
X
sec[
X]==tanX
cscX
tan(X)
csc[
X] = secX
cot(X) = cotX
cosX = (1 sinX)
Ex:cosX
Converting
to
=
Radians:
180
120 = 120
=
X+
4
XY
sinX2 sinY = 2cos(
)
2
sin(
X+
XY
XY
2
cosX + cosY = 2cos(
)cos(
)
cosX cosY = 2sin(
)
2
2
2
sin(
)
(U=X, V=Y)
Ex:Converting to
Sum & Difference
(3/4)
sin(U + V) = (sinU cosV) + (cosU sinV)
cos(U + V) = (cosU Degrees:
cosV)
(sinU sinV)
3 180 = 135
X+
sinX + sinY = 2sin(
2
)
X+
XY
)cos(
2tanX
tan2X =
1tanX
sinX1
Product to
Sum
Identities:
2
cos(U V) = (cosU
1 + tanU tanV
Chapter 6
(Ex:
3/8 + X = ,
Y
Arc length:
sin= y
cos= X 30
Si
n
Co 3/
s
2
Ta 3/
n
3
r
Si
n
Co
s
Ta
n
2
1
3
0/360
Tan
=
0
Y/x
1
90
18
0
0
27
0
1
1
Un
d
un
d
B
r
X = 5/8)
Finding all 6 trig
functions: Soh
Cah Toa
S
A
X
r=
X
DMS Notation Example: 89
59 60
60/60 = 1
Angular speed
= s
r
Unit
Circle
Q
(59+1)= 60/60 = 1
(89+1) = 90
Conterminal Angles: Ex:
Q
360+51=309
360+51=411
720+51 = 669
Ex: SSS

Ex: SSA
25.55 = 20.92
+18.12 765.98
758.14
2(20.9218.12)cosA
Chapter 5
25.55
20.92 +F18.12
=
If a function
is onetoone
2(14.26)cosB
then it can be written as F.
39.8
=
b
Qa
Q
A onetoone cannot have a
sin
sin
line horizontally intersect the
a=
c
graph of a function more
27
=
38
than once.
The Domain of a onetoone
sin39.8 sinB
B
function F is the Range of
b=
38
y= a
0<a
<1
y=
(0,
1)
a
x
a1
Has to be
continuous, onetoone,
Domain: (, ), Range:
Reflection is not an
F(x) = 3x  5
y=
3x  5
x+
5 = 3y
x+5
Vertical asymptote:
3
= y
x + 5