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Liu Nan

Yang Yugang

E-mail address: nan9905@126.com

it is necessary to reduce the volume of each device

in power electronics equipment. Traditional EMI

filter, which has many devices, has become the

major obstacle to reduce the volume power

electronics equipment. Based on the worldwide

research of integrated filter, a novel EMI

integrated filter constructed with two different

types of magnetic core is proposed. Equivalent

wiring of Common Mode (CM) and Differential

Mode (DM) current are analyzed. CM and DM

equivalent circuit model are established. At last,

the validity of the structure is certified by Saber

software simulation and experiment.

Keywordspower electronics; EMI filter; integrated

filter; Common Mode (CM); Differential Mode (DM)

I. INTRODUCTION

Switch-mode power supplies generate high

electromagnetic inference (EMI) because of their fast

switching action. Because EMI usually exceeds

acceptable levels, the emission must be reduced. At

present, in most practical cases, there are two ways to

solve EMI problem in power electronics: one way is to

find the EMI source in power electronics circuit and

reduce or eliminate EMI by developing new device and

designing new circuit topology. The other way is

accomplished by using EMI filter to attenuate high

frequency noise. And the second way is also the most

common and effective method.

Because the trend of power electronics equipment is

miniaturization and modularization, it is necessary to

reduce the volume of each device in power electronics

equipment. Traditional EMI filter, which has many

are many kinds of integrated filter

. In literature

and one I type magnetic core, two windings are placed in

I type magnetic core. The advantages of this structure are

that two windings can use one framework and CM and

DM inductance value can be adjusted by regulating

air-gap of E type magnetic core. But the magnetic core

having air-gap affects the CM inductance value.

Furthermore, the effective permeability would be

reduced. In reference [3], the integrated filter is realized

by two U type magnetic core of high permeability and

one I type magnetic core of low permeability. The flaw

of this structure is that the length of I type magnetic core

is processed relatively accurate, besides, DM inductance

is not easily adjusted. In reference [4], the I type

magnetic core are transversely put on the window of the

type and type magnetic core. The flaw of this

structure is that CM and DM magnetic flux share largely

common path, therefore which affect the CM inductance

value.

In order to overcome above the flaws, this paper

proposes a new structure, which is easily implemented,

no air-gap in CM magnetic path, small influence between

CM and DM inductance, and has favorable suppression

EMI performance. This structure is come from reference

[5].

II. PROPOSED STRUCTURE

The new integrated filter is realized by one big loop

type magnetic core of high permeability and two small

loop type magnetic cores of low permeability. Two small

loop type magnetic cores are symmetrical transversely

placed on big loop type magnetic core. The two identical

windings are placed in big and small loop type magnetic

(50207004)

Fig.1.

IPEMC 2006

N1 L1

2

B

N 2 L2

Figure1. A novel CM and DM integrated EMI filter

L=N

rule, the big loop magnetic core exhibits high impedance

for CM signals but low impedance for DM signals. So

the small loop type magnetic core is to suppress DM

noise.

AB

(1)

( N + N2 )

= 1

( 2N )

=

4N 2

= 4L

R

(2)

practices,

L AB < 4L

(3)

inductance

value

and

seriously

affects

filtering

Lcm

Ccm

filtering performance especially for CM suppressing

performance.

Figure3.

CM noise and DM noise, CM and DM filter should be

cm

CM equivalent circuit

= LAB

Ccm = 2C y

CM noise is come from between alternating current

(AC) line (L.N) and ground (E). According to CM

VS

Zs

Zk

VL

new CM and DM integrated EMI filter is shown in Fig.2.

[6-7]

placed in the big loop type magnetic core, N1=N2=N,

L1=L2=L; N1 and N2 are the number of windings; L1and L2

are each winding inductance; 1and2 are flux; LAB is

the inductance between terminal A and BR is the

magnetic resistance.

H ( )

LC

VL

1

= 2

V S LAB 2C y

output impedance dont affect the CM filtering

performance and performance will be much better if the

devices parameter turn bigger. But in fact, Cy has the

H ( )

LC

VL

1

= 3 2

V S Cx LCD Z S

(11)

IV. RESULTS

DM noise exists in between AC lines L and N.

According to DM current direction, DM current

equivalent wiring of this new CM and DM integrated

EMI filter is shown in Fig.5.

A. Simulated results

Based on above analysis, CM and DM equivalent

circuit will be simulated by Saber software. Parameter is

given by : Lcm=1.8mF, Ccm= 3nF, Ldm = 52.5 F,

Cdm=71nFThe Source and load impedance are 50 .1V

AC small signal is applied to the input of the filter. The

N 3 L3

I dm

I dm

N 4 L4

Figure5. Equivalent wiring of DM current

Moreover, N3=N4=N, L3=L4=Ld; N3 and N4 are the number

of windings; L3 and L4 are each winding inductance; 3

and 4 is flux; LCD is the inductance between terminal

C and D.

LCD = L3 + L4 = 2 Ld

(7)

practices,

LCD < 2 Ld

(8)

DM equivalent circuit is a type filter, which is

shown in Fig.6, Ldm is DM inductance, Cdm is DM

capacitance.

Ldm

Cdm

Cdm

Cdm = C x

Ldm = LCD

(9)

(10)

of DM equivalent circuit at high frequency.

Input

is continually reduced when the frequency is becoming

higher, and the curve is very smooth. But in fact, the

measured curve would divert from the ideal curve

because of the impacts of parasitic parameter on high

frequency. The parasitic parameter is not in domain of

this paper.

In widely accepted practices, EMI filter can be

evaluated by insertion loss (IL). A four-terminal network

can represent EMI filter. Its insertion loss is expressed by

the ratio of two powers or voltages.

IL=20lg (U1/U2)

signal

generator

(12)

EMI

U1

Filter

U2

receiver

frequency is 200 kHz, the output amplitude is attenuated

at 76mV. So the output voltage attenuation is very

V. CONCLUSIONS

proposed in this paper, which is composed of one big

loop type magnetic core of high permeability and two

small loop type magnetic cores of low permeability.

This filter has good filtering performance validated by

simulation and experiment and partial experimental

results is given. Because the research of integrated

filter is needed to study, more work will be finished

later.

REFERENCES

[1] DONG Ji-qing, CHEN Wei. A Novel EMI Integrated Filter [J].

Figure10. (a) Measured output waveform of filter

ffrequency; UP-Ppeak-peak value of output

[2] Motorola Company. Integrated Common Mode and Differential

Mode Device [P]. US Patent 5313176.

[3] Magnetek Company. Integrated Common Mode and Differential

Mode Filter [P]. US Patent 5731666.

Integrated Filter [P].Chinese Patent 01121117.2.

[5] YANG Yu-gang. A Suppression Common Mode and Differential

Mode EMI Integrated Filter. Chinese Utility Model Patent.

Number: ZL03214078.92003.7.

Common and Differential Mode Noise: Separation: Comparison

of Two Different Approaches[A]. Conference Record IEEE

PESC[C].2001.

[7] Caponet Marco Chiado, Profumo Francesco. Device for the

Separation of the Common and Differential Mode Noise: Design

and Realization [A]. Conference Record IEEE APEC[C].2002.

[8] WEI Ying-dong, WU Bian-hua. Theory and Design Research of

EMI Filter in Switched Power Supply [J]. Power supply

technologies and application, 2005(2)36-40.

[9] YANG Yu-gang. Magnetic Technologies of Modern Power

Electronics[M].Beijing: Science Press, 2003173-180.

[10] ZHOU Li-fu, LIN Ming-yao. Design and Simulation of EMI

Source Filter [J]. Low-Voltage Apparatus, 2004, (4): 7-9

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