You are on page 1of 11

IS : 446 - 1987

( Superseding

IS

Indian Standard

: 911 and IS : 3557 )

( Reaffirmed 2003 )

SPECIFICATION FOR
RUBBER AIR HOSE
(

Fourth Revision )
-First Reprint APRIL 1991

LJDC 621.643.3.02

Copyright 1988

BUREAU
MANAK

OF
BHAVAN,

[678.4]

INDIAN
9

BAHADUR

STANDARDS
SHAH

ZAFAR

MARG

NEW DELHI 110002

Gr 2

January

1988

IS : 446 - 1987
( Superseding

IS : 811 and IS : 3557 )

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR RUBBER AIR HOSE
(

Fourth Revision )

Rubber Products Sedtional Committee,


Chairman

PCDC 13

Representing

DB D. BANERJEE

Escon Consultants

Pvt Ltd, Calcutta

Members
Ministry of Defence ( R&D )
SHRI RAJEND~A SIN~H ( Alternafc )
,
Carbons & Chemical
India Ltd, Co&n
DR B. BANERJEE
IEL Ltd, Chemical Division,
Hooghly
DR P. S. BHAR~AVA
SHRI N. C. SAMAJDAR (Alternate )
Tyre Corporation
of India Ltd, Calcutta
SHRI N. C. BHATTACIIARYY~
Saar S. B. SAUI~AR ( Alternate )
Modi Rubber Ltd, Modipuram
DnS.N.
CXAKHAVAIGTY
SHRI L. K. MATHUR ( Altcrnats 1
Andrew Yule & Co Ltd, Cabxtta
SHRI J. CIIATTERJEE
SHRI A. K. BISWAS ( Alternote )
Bata India Ltd, Calcutta
SHRI P. B. G. DASTIDAI~
SHRI SnHIl SAB~AU ( Alternate )
Bengal Waterproof Ltd, Calcutta
SHEI B. DUTTA
SHRI R. N. WAHIE ( Alternate)
Directorate
General of Technical
Development,
SHBI J. M. GARB
New Delhi
The Cosmos
India
Rubber
Works
Pvt Ltd,
SHBI LALIT MOHANJAIINADAS
Bornbay
.
SHRI PULIN L. KINARIWALA ( Attsrnatc )
Lathia
Rubber
Manufacturing
Co Pvt Ltd,
SHBI S. V. LATH14
Bombay
SHHI Y. S. LATHIA ( Alternats )
Ltd,
Corporation
Indian
Petrochemicals
SHBI A. K. MALLIK
Vadodara
SIIBI S. BEASKARAN ( Alternatr)

SHBI M. L; BAHAHANI

( Confinwd on #ugr 2 )
@ Cb&gnt 1988
BUREAU

OF INDIAN

STANDARDS

Tl& publication
ir protected
under the Indian Co/yight Act ( XIV of 1957 ) and
reproduction
in whole or in part by any means except with written permission of the
publisher rkll be deemed to be an infringement
of copyright
under the said Act.

IS : 446 - 1987

Reprcsenhg

Me,,rbers
Da S. I. MANTIC

Rcscarch,
Designs
Lucknow
MI )

&

Standards

Organization,

DEPUTV Drr:~~~orc ( S*rn!r ) (


( nllcrrrnfr )
Ministry of Foreign Trade
SRRI C. K. MI*:IIIIO~~I~A
Slllll s. S. Cllc,Plln ( .4lfer1lnle)
Synthrtics 2%Chemicals Ltd, llombay
Da 1~. N. Mxt11:o.l.l:i\
Slllll ti. :\. ?dUNJ~I;lIC
( Akeruaale)
Directorate General of Supplks and Disposals,
SBILI I. I?. MIL~.ISLL
New Delhi
SIII~I S. C. Korr~r ( &tcrnafc )
Indian Rubber Manufacturers Research AssociaDR w. MlLLNY
tion, Thane
Du M. S. BANEI~JEE ( Afbmtalc )
Bayer ( India ) Ltd, Bombay
SRIU R. R. PANL)IT
SHLII D.J. BI~AI~UGHA
( Alfernalc
)
All India Rubber Industdes Association, Bombay
SHICIMANU M. PATEI,
SICC~I
K. D. SH.<U ( Alleruatc )
Indian Oil Corporation Ltd, Bombay
Srmr hl. B. Rmanm~
SJUU J. M. SINGIL ( Albmzafe j
I. K. Industries Ltd, New Delhi
REPIUXSENTAWVJP
_
SHRI RAVI JAIN ( Aknatc
)
National Test House, Calcutta
SHCI D. N. ROY
Dir R. G~osn DASTI~AI~ ! Allenrare 1
Ministry of Dg*fence ( DGI )
SHRI D. S. SANDIIU
Smr Y. II. Cliaw~.\ i .-Ilkmmlc )
Dunlop India Ltd Calcutta
Stlur A. HEN
S,lttr K. S. /,Ix:.\NA.~I~.~N
( Atermofc
)
Research
Institute
of India,
RUbbl2r
Thr
Du E. V. Tt~or.c,\s
Kottayam
DID M. G. KCF.XIAI{AN
( llllernafe )
Sundaram Industries Ltd, Madurai
Srrm P. VIJATAI:AI:HAVAN
Sunr R. R,\xrarr ( rIllernatc )
Director General, BIS ( &-o&o
Mmbcr )
SEW M. S. SAXENA,
Director ( P & C )
Secretary
Srrar AM.\IZJIT SIN~II
Assistant Director ( P & C ), UIS

lSt446-

1987

Indiun Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR
RUBBER AIR HOSE

( Fourth Revision )
0.

FOREWORD

0.1 This Indian Standard ( Fourth Revision,) was adopted by the Bureau
of Indian Standards on 8 September
1987, after the draft finalized by the
Rubber Products Sectional Committee, PCIX
13 had been approved by
the Petroleum, Coal and Related Products Division Council.
0.2 This standard was first published in 1953 and subsequently revised in
1961, 1968 and 1980. The second revision was amalgamated revision of
IS : 446-1964* and IS : 3557-1965t covering both light and heavy duty
hose Third revision was amalgamated
revision of IS : 446-19681 and
IS : 91 l-1986$ covering both the woven and braided constructions.
0.3 In the present revision, specific materials, and design features have
not been specified, and only performance requirements have been stipulated to allow for future technological developments
Further, the requirements for accelerated ageing, adhesion and elongation at break have been
modified and all other changes necessary to align this standard with others
in this series of standards on hoses have also been introduced.
0.4 Type 1 and Type 2 hoses are for general
rock drilling purposes.

purpose while Type 3 for

0.5 This standard contains clauses 4.1.3, 4.1.4, 4.2.1 and 7.1 which
for an agreement between the purchaser and the supplier.

call

*Specification for air hose of rubber, light duty, with woven reinforctients
( reuisud ) .
ispecification for air hose of rubber heavy duty, with woven reinforcements.
Specification for air hose of rubber with woven textile reinforcements ( MCO&
r&Jim

)*

Qspecification for air hose of rubber with braided


rmision ) .

textile reinforcement

(s8cond

IS : 446 - 1987
1. SCOPE
1.1 This standard prrsrribes the requirements, methods of sampling and
test for air hose of rubber suitable for working pressure up to 1.4 MPa*.
2. TERMINOLOGY
2.1 For the purpose of this standard, the definitions given in various parts
of IS : 75037 shall apply.
3. TYPES
This standard covers following three types of hoses:
Cfie 1 - for a working pressure of 0.7 MPa,
TJjG 2 - for a working pressure of 1 *OMPa, and
Tyje 3 - for a working pressure of I.4 MPa.
4. REQUIREMENTS
4.1 Construction
4.1.1 Lining -

A rubber inner lining, smooth in bore.

4.1.2 Reinforcement - A reinforcement


applied by any suitable techmque.
4.1.3

Cover -

of natural

or synthetic

fibres

A rubber cover.

The lining and cover shall be of uniform thickness, reasonably concentric and free from air blisters, porosity and splits.
-NOTE reinforcement

The purchaser
while
required by him.

placipg

the

aider,

should

specify

the type

of

4.1.4 As required by the purchaser, hose of nominal bore not greater


than 38 mm may be mandrel or non-mandrel made; hose of nominal bore
above 38 mm shall be mandrel made. The finish may be smooth, fluted or
fabric marked.
4.2 Dimensions and Tolerances
4.2.1 Bore Sire - The bore size when measured according to the
method prescribed in 4.2.1.2 of IS : 443-1975$, shall be as given in Table 1.
Other sizes within thii range may be supplied by agreement between
the purchaser and the supplier. The tolerance shall be those of the previous smaller dze.
ll MPa = 1 MN/m* = I@ 2 kgf/cm.
tGlossary
of terms used in the rubber industry.
fMethods of sampliog and test for rubber hoses ( second

rcoirion ).

IS:4464.2.2

Linin,,y and

of the hose, whrn


of IS : 443-1975*,
TABLE

St
No.

BORE

NOMINAL
BORE

CXXY

The thickness

;zcorcling

to the

shall not be less than that

TOLERANCE
ON NOMINAL
Boiclr SIZE

MINIMIJM
TIIICKNESS
OB LINING

(31

mm

lirling and cover


prescril)cd in 4.2.2

CJf the

tnethotl
specified

SIZES, TOLERANCES
AND MINIMUM
LINING AND COVER

(2)

(1)

T/zickrz~s.~ -.-

rnc:asurcd

1987

in Iable

1.

THICKNESS

OF

MINIMUM THICKNESS OF
COVER
*--_-_,
r-----Type 3
Type 1
Type 2

(4)

(5)

mm

(6)

mm

mm

500

o-75

15

1Ol-l

100

100

ii)

630

075

1.5

100

1.00

I.00

iii)

a*00

0.75

l-5

100

1 *oo

100

iv)

1000

0.75

1.5

1.00

1.00

1.03

mm

(7)
mm

v)

1250

0.75

1.5

1 .OO

1.00

100

vi)

1600

0.75

1.5

100

100

100

vii)

2000

0.75

15

1.00

I -00

100

viii)

2500

125

2-o

100

200

ix)

31.50

125

2-o

100

I CO
1 00

x1

3800

l-50

2.0

100

100

2 00

xi)

5o:oo

I.50

2.5

100

150

2.00

2 00

NOTE -- In case of flutc*d hose, thr cover thickness shall correspond to the
measurement made at a point where the thicknessof fluting is included
therein and
that the depth of flute should not exceed 0.5 mm.

4.2.3

The tolerance on any hose length shall be fl

4.3 Physical

percent.

Requirements

4.3.1 Tensile Strength and Elongation at Break of Lining and Cover - The
tensile strength and elongation at break of rubber used for lining and
cover of the hose, when tested in accordance with the method prescribed
in 5 of IS : 443-1975*, shall comply with the requirements shown in
Table 2.

4.3.2 Accelerated Ageing Test - After ageing at 70 f 1C for a period


of 72 hours, in accordance with the method prescribed in 6 of IS : 4431975*, the rubber used for lining of all types, of hoses shall not vary by
more than f2.5 percent for tensile strength and + 10, -30
percent for
elongation at break of the corresponding values obtained before ageing.
*Methods

of sampling

and test for rubber hoses ( second

rdion

).

IS

: 446

1987

--

..

TABLl$ 2 TENSILE

*
STRENGTH
LINING

AND ELONGATION
AND COVER

AT BREAK

OF

( c1ausc 4.3.1 )
TENSILE STRENGTR

SL
No.

HOSE TYPE

(I)

(2)

Lining
Cover

::

Lining
Cover
Lining
Cover

;:o

2
3

Min

ELONUATION AT
BRXAE
Min

(3)
MPa

(4)
percent

.
70
100

200
200
250
250
250
300

4.3.3 Oil Abso@ion Test (for Ty$e 3 Hose only ) - The increase in mass
of a test piece 25 X 25 inm of lining after immersion in oil ( conforming
to IS :.1628-1986* ) at ambient temperature for 72 hours shall not exceed
15 percent of the original mass.

4.4 Performalacc

Requirements

method prescribed in
adhesion value
between the lining and reinforcement,
between layers and between cover
and reinforcement, shall not be less than 1.5 kN/m for Types 1 and 2 and
2 kN/m for Type 3.
4.4.1

Adhesion - When tested in accordance with the


7 of IS : 3400 ( Part 5 )-\983t,
the minimum

with the
4.4.2 Pressure Requirements - When tested in accordance
method prescribed in 8 of IS : 443-1975x, the hose shall comply with the
requirements given in Table 3, and shall show no leakage, porosity or
rupture.
5. MARKING
5.1 Each length of hose shall bear

a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)

the following information,

Manufacturers name or trade-mark,


Number of this Indian Standard,
Hose type,
Nominal bore size,
Design working pressure, and
Quarter and year of manufacture.

*Specification
for axle oil ( second revision ).
tMethods
of test for vulcanized
rubbers: Part 5 Adhesion
of rubbera
fabrics ( second revision ).
SMethods of sampling and test for rubber hoses ( second ravisivn ).

to

textile

lS:446TABLE 3

1987

PRESSURE REQUIREMENTS
( Clause4.4.2 )

SL

TYPE

(1)

(2)

No.

PRO0.F

CBANQE

IN

PRESSURE

DIAMETER AT
PROOF
PPEEaUaE

(3)
MPa*

(4)
percent

CHANUEIN

LENCJTHAT
PROOE
P.RESSURE
(5)
percent

(6)
MPa*

i)
ii)

14

17

f7

2-8

2-o

f7

z!z7

40

iii)

2.8

f7

*7

5.6

*MPa = 102 kgf/cms

5.1.1 For long length, moulded type of hose,


be made at intervals of approximately 10 m.

the above markings shall

5.1.2 Each length of hose may also be marked with the Standard Mark.
Mark is governed by the provisions of the
NOTE - The use of the Standard
Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 and the Rules and Regulations made thereunder. The Standard Mark on products covered by an Indian Standard conveys the
assurance that they have been produced to comply with the requirements of that
standard under a well-defined system of inspection, testing and quality control which
is devised and supervised by BIS and operated by the producer. Standard marked
products are also continuously checked by BIS for conformity to that standard as a
under which a licence for the use of the
further safeguard. Details of conditions,
Standard Mark may be granted to manufacturers
or producers may be obtained
from the Bureau of Indian Standards.

6. SAMPLING

AND CRITERIA

FOR CONFORMITY

6.1 For the purpose of ascertaining the conformity of the hose in a


consignment to this specification, the scale of sampling and criteria for
conformity shall be as prescribed in 3 of IS : 443-1975*.
7. TESTS
7.1 Unless otherwise agreed to between the purchaser and the supplier,
all tests shall be carried out within three months from the date of re.ceipt
of the material by the purchaser.

*Methods

of sampling and teat for rubber hoses ( second revision ).

1s : 446 - 1984
( Continuedfrom

page 2 )

Hoses Subcommittee,

PCDC 13 :.3

Convener

SHR~ LALIT MOHAN JAMNADAS

Representing
The

Cosmos
Bombay

India

Rubber

Works

Pvt

Ltd,

Members
SHRI PUI,IN L. KINARIWALA ( Alternate to
Shri Lalit Mohan Jamnadas )
Indian Engineers, Ludhiana
SHBI SHIVCHARAI~ A~ARWAL
SERI GOPAL A~ARWAL ( Allernats )
Dire;to;;elfieneral
of Technical
Development,
SHRI S. N. A~~ARWAL
e
Ds V. R. B. MATHVR ( Aftsrnata )
Ministry of Defence ( DGI )
SERI A. K. BANDOPADHAYA
Super Seals ( India ) Pvt Ltd, Faridabad
SHBI N. R. CHOIJDHARI
SHRI C. P. BHATIA ( Alternate)
Swastik Rubber Products Ltd, Pune
SEW K. D. DIGHE
SHRI Y. S. MARATHE ( Alternate )
Type Corporation of India l,td, Calcutta
SHRI H. S. GANWJ~Y
SHRI S. MODAK ( Altwnate.)
National Test House, Calcutta
SHRI A. GHOSII
All India Rubber Industries Association, Bombay
SERI S. G. JAYBHAKAR
&RI R. P. MATRVR ( Altsrnale)
Design and Standards Organization,
Research,
DR S. ,P. MANIK
Lucknow
ASSISTANT RESEARCZHOFFICER
( CM )-III ( ( Alhwnote )
Export Inspection Agency, Calclltta
SBRI C. K. MEHR~~A
SHRX S. S. CHOPRA ( Aiternatc)
Escon Consultants Pvt Ltd, Calcutta
SHRI M. MITRA
SHRI B. CHAKRAVARTY ( Altnnats )
Indian Oil Corpoiation Ltd, Bombay
SHRI P. N. A. PADXANABEAN
SHRI A. A. TARE ( Alternate )
Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation
DR K. D. PAHARIA
Dunlop India Ltd, Calcutta
REPRESNTATIVE
SHRI SAXAR MVKHERJEE(
Altcrnatr)
SLM Maneklal Industries Ltd, Bombay
SHRI J. C. SANQHAVI
SBRI S. D. GOLE ( dt6naatr )

BUREAU

OF

INDIAN

STANDARDS

Headquarters:
Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahad..u Shah Zafar Marg. NEW DELHI 110002
Telephones: 331 01 31, 331 ?3 75
L

Telegrams: Manakranstha
( Common to all Offices )

Regional Offices:
Central : Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg,
NEW DELHI 110002
*Eastern : l/l 4 C..I. 1. Scheme VII M, V. I. P. Road.
Maniktola, CALCUTTA 700054
Northern : SC0 445-446, Sector 35-C,
CHANDIGARH
160036

Telephone
331 01 31
331 1375
I
36 24 99

21843
3 1641
41 24 42
Southern : C. I. T. Campus, MADRAS 600113
41 25 19
1 41 29 16
TWestern : Manakalaya, E9 MIDC, Marol, Andheri ( East ), 6 32 92 95
BOMBAY 400093

Branch Offices:
Pushpak, Nurmohamed Shaikh Marg, Khanpur,
2 63 48
AHMADABAD
380001
I 2 63 49
$Peenya Industrial Area 1 st Stage, Bangalore Tumkur Road 38 49 55
BANGALORE 560058
38 49 56
I
Gangotri Complex, 5th Floor, Bhadbhada Road, T. T. Nagar,
667 16
BHOPAL 462003
5 36 27
Plot No. 82/83. Lewis Road, BHUBANESHWAR 751002
5315. Ward No. 29, R.G. Barua Road, 5th Byelane,
3 31 77
GUWAHATI 761003
5-8-56C I_. N. Gupta Marg ( Nampally Station Road ),
231083
HYDERABAD 500001
63471
R14 Yudhister Marg. C Scheme, JAIPUR 302005
( 6 98 32
21 68 76
117/418 B Sarvodaya Nagar, KANPUR 208005
{ 21 82 92
Patliputra industrial Estate, PATNA 800013
6 23 05
T.C. No. 14/l 421. University P.O.. Palayam
I6 21 04
TRIVANDRUM 695035
16 21 17
/nspection Offices ( With Sale Point ):
Pushpanjali. First Floor, 205-A West High Court Road,
2 51 71
Shankar Nagar Square, NAGPUR 440010
Institution of Engineers ( India ) Building, 1332 Shivaji Nagar, 5 24 35
PUNE 411005
*Sales Office in Calcutta is at 5 Chowringhee Approach, P. 0. Princep 27 88 00
Street. Calcutta 700072
tSales Office in Bombay is at Novelty
Chambers,
Grant Road, 89 66 28
Bombay 4O&JO7
#Sales Otfice in Bangalore is at Unity Building, Narasimharaja Square, 22 36 71
Bangalore 560002

Reprography

Unit,

BIS,

New Delhi,

India

AMENDMENT NO. 1 MARCH 1995


TO
IS 446 : 1987 SPECIFICATION FOR RUBBER AIR HOSE
(Fourth Revision)
(Page 6, Table 2) TABLE 2

Substitute the following for the existing table:

TENSILE STRENGTH AND ELONGATION AT BREAK


OF LINING AND COVER
( Czmse4.3.1)

SLNO.
(1)

HOSETYPE
(2)

TENSILE~IRENGTH
Min
(3)

(4)

MPa
9

ii)

iii)

ELONGATIONAT
BREAK,
M;r
Percent

Lining

4.0

200

Cover

4.0

200

Lining

5.0

25-O

Cover

7.0

250

Lining

7.0

250

Cover

10.0

300

(PCD13)
Reprography

Unit, BIS, New Delhi, India