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IS : 6317-1987

( Reaffirmed 1996 )

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR
BITUMEN MASTIC FOR
BRIDGE DECKING AND ROADS
(

First Revision )

First Reprint DECEMBER

1995

UDC 691.167 ; 625.85

0 Copyright 1988
BUREAU
MANAK

Gr 2

OF
BHAVAN,

INDIAN

STANDARDS

9 BAHADUR
SHAH
NEW DELHI 110002

ZAFAR

MARQ

May 1988

IS : 5317 - 1987

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR
BITUMEN MASTIC FOR
BRIDGE DECKING AND ROADS
(
Flooring

First Revision)

and Plastering

Sectional

Chairman
*&RI

Committee,

BDC 5

Representing

S. K. DEAWAN, SSW

Centrai Public Works Department,

New Delhi

Members
SHEI S. K. BANERJEE
National Test House, Calcutta
SHRI D. K. KANUN~O ( Altemate ) I
SH~I DINESH A. CEOKSHI
Arcoy Industries, Ahmadabad
SHRI MONAL D. CHOKSHI ( Ahmute )
SHRI J. A. D COSl-A
Indian Institute of Architects, Bombay
SHRI S. B. SHIROXANY ( Alternate )
Ministry of Railways, RDSO, Lucknow
DEPUTY
DIREOTOR ( ARCH )
DWUTY DIRECTOR ( B&S ) I ( Alternate )
DIRECTOR
Maharashtra Engineering Research Institute, Nasik
RESEARCE OFFICER
( Alternate )
Projects & Developments India Limited_, Dhanbad
DR V. S. GUPTA
Indian Oil Corporation Ltd, New Dellu
SHRI K. V. GURUSWAYY
SHRI G. V. PA~QARKAR (Alterhate )
Modern Tiles & Marble, New Delhi
SHRI S. C. KAPOOR
SHRI A. C. KAPOOR ( Altwnatc )
The Institution of Engineers ( India ), Calcutta
BRIM D. R. KATHUR~A
DR MORAN RAI
Central Building
Research
Institute
( CSIR ),
Roorkee
SHRI J. S. SRARYA ( Alternate )
Coromandel Prodorite Pvt Ltd, Madras
SERI M. V. MURUQAPPAN
SHRI R. SRINIVASAN ( Alternate )
National Buildings Organization, New Delhi
SHRI 0. P. RATRA
SERI
K. L. .%AH
The Bhor Industries Ltd, Bombay
SHRI RAMESR D. PATEL ( Alternate )
( Continued on bagr 2 )
*For the meeting in which this standard was finalized.
@ c+yr@r
BUREAU

OF INDIAN

1988
STANDARDS

This puhlicatlon is protected under the Indian C@p&@ Act ( XIV


of 1957 ) xnd
reproduction in whole or in part by any means except with written Permission of the
publisher sbal~ be dewred
to be an infringement of copyright
under the said Act-

IS:5317-

1987

( Confinuedfrompage 1 )
Rspcscnting

Members
sHR1

J.

K.

K.

Engineer-in-Chiefs
New Delhi

%NOHANIA

Branch ( Ministry of Dafence ),

MAJ S. I. SHARMA ( Alternate )


Public Works Department,
Government of Tamil
S~PERINTEND~NCENOINEER
Nadu, Madras
EXECUTIVE ENGINEER ( Alternate )
Builders Association of India, Bombay
SHRI I?. N. TALWAR
Director General, BIS ( Ex-o&io Member )
SHRI G. RAMAN,
Director ( Civ Engg )
SHRI A. K. AVASTHY
Deputy Director ( Civ Engg ), BIS

Bituminous

Flooring

Subcommittee,

BDC 5 : 5

Convener
*SHRI

T. K. ROY

STP Pvt Ltd, Calcutta

Members
SHRI A. K. GUPTA C Altcrnatcr to
Shri T. K. Roy )
Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd, Bombay
SHRI R. C. ARORA
SHRI C. V. RAMASWAMY ( Alternate )
Central
Building
Research
Institute ( CSIR
SERI M. ASLAM
SHRI R. SRIVASTAVA ( Alternate
SHRI S. N. DUTTA GUPTA
SHRI A. D. NAYAK ( Alternuts )
SHRI A. GALOSH
SHRI D. S. GOPI

)
Bharat Petroleum

Corporation

),

Ltd, Bombay

National Test House, Calcutta


Engineer-in-Chiefs Branch ( Ministry of Defence ),
New Delhi

SHRI G. C. MISRA ( Alternate )


Eureka Mastic 8s Allied Products Pvt Ltd, Bombay
SHRI A. A. KAJIJI
SHRI J. K. MERCHANT ( Alternate )
Railway Board ( Ministry of Railways ), New Delhi
SHRI RAV~NDER SINGH
National Buildings Organization, New Delhi
REPRESENTATIVE
Central Road Research Institute ( CSIR ), New
REPRESENTATIVE
Delhi
DR ARUN KUMAR ( Alternate )
Westwork Chemicals Pvt Ltd, Bombay
SHRI N. VEERAMAKI

*For the meeting in which this standard was finalized.

IS:5317-1987

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR
BITUMEN MASTIC FOR
BRIDGE DECKING AND ROADS

( First Revision)
0.

FOREWORD

0.1 This Indian Standard


( First Revision ) was adopted by the Bureau
of Indian Standards on 17 September 1987, after the draft finalized by
t!le Flooring and Plastering Sectional Committee had been approved by
the Civil Engineering Division Council.
0.2 Bitumen mastic has proved to be a suitable surfacing material for
bridge decks, bus stops and roads. The ability of bitumen mastic to
absorb shocks and vibrations, to self-heal cracks and to prevent bleeding,
But in places
makes it suitable for selection as a surfacing material.
where abundent fuel oil drippings are expected, the use of bitumen
This standard was flrst
mastic as a surfacing material is not desirable.
In this revision, Table I has been revised in view
published in 1969.
of better suitability of harder grade bitumen for use in bitumen mastic
temperature
exceeds 50C in
surfacings specially
where pavement
summer months.
0.3 Investigations
carried out by the Central Road
New Delhi, has also been of assistance.

Research

Institute,

0.4 For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of


this standard is complied with, the final value, observed or calculated,
expressing the result of a test or analysis, shall be rounded off in
The number of significant places retainaccordance with IS : Z-1960*.
ed in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified
value in this standard.

1. SCOPE
1.1 This standard covers the requirements for bitumen mastic used as a
surfacing material for bridge decks and roads.

*Rules for rounding off numerical values ( rauissd ).

IS : 5317 - 1987
2. TERMINOLOGY
2.1 For the purpose
1982*

of this standard,

the definitions

given in IS : 334-

shall apply.

3. MATERIALS

- The physical properties


3.1 Bitumen
to those specified in Table 1 when tested
of tests specified therein.
TABLE
SL No.

PHYSICAL

of bitumen used shall conform


in accordance
with the method

PROPERTIES

CHARACTERISTIC

OF BITUMEN

REQUIREMENT

METHOD OF TEST
( REF TO INDIAN
STANDARD)

(2)

(1)

9
ii)

Penetration

(4)

(3)

Softening point ( ring and ball


met hod )
at 25C in l/l00 cm

iii)

Ductility at 27C, Min in cm

iv)

Loss on heating, percent, MUX

v)

Solubility in carbon disulphide,


percent Min

50 to 90C

IS

10 to 40

IS

IS

1
99

: 12X+1978+

: 1203-1978t
: 12F8-1978:
IS : 1212-19788
IS : 1216-1978~~

NOTE - Paving bitumen of Grade S-35 conforming to IS : 73-19617 and industrial


bitumen of Grade 85/25 conforming to IS : 70?-1961*+,
are two typical examples of
binder which will satisfy the requirements of this table.
*Determination of softening point (first rcvision ).
TDetermination of penetration (Jirst reuision
).
fDetermination of ductility ( Jirsl renirion).
Determination of loss on heating (first revision ).
/IDetermination of solubility in carbon disulphide or trichloroethylene
ISpecification for paving bitumen ( rcrissd ).
**Specification for industrial bitumen ( revised ).

(first r&ion

3.2 Filler - The filler shall be lime stone powder passing 75-micron
IS Sieve and shall have a calcium
carbonate
content of not less than
88 percent by weight when determined in accordance with the method
specified
in Appendix B of IS . 1195-1978t.
3.3

Aggregates

The aggregates

. a) Fine aggregate,
b) Coarse

shall be of the following

and

aggregate.

*Glossary of terms relating to bitumen and tar ( second revision ).


+Specilication for bitumen mastic for flooring ( second revision ).

types:

).

IS : 5317 - 1987
3.3.1 Fine Aggregate Fine aggregate
shall consist of naturally
occurring
sand or crushed lime stone or crushed hard-rock.
The grading
of the fine aggregates
inclusive
of the filler is given in Table 2 for
guidance.

TABLE
SL No.

GRADING

PASSING IS
SIEVE

OF FINE AGGREGATES

RETAINED O?..IS SIEVE

(2)

(1)
i)

75-micron

PBXCENTAOE BY WEIQHT
r__--_h._____~
Min
MU

(3)

(4)

(5)

30

50

75 micron

10

20

ii)

2 1P-micron

iii)

600-micron

212 micro0

35

iv)

236 mm

600 micron

25

3.3.2 Coarse Aggregate - Coarse aggregate shall consist of hard durable


crushed rock having aggregate
impact value of not more than 20 and
abrasion
value not more than 40 when tested in accordance
with the
method specified in IS : 2386 ( Part 4)-1963*.
4. MANUFACTURE

AND

COMPOSITION

4.1 The manufacture

of bitmen mastic consists of two stages.


The first
stage shall be mixing
of filler and fine aggregates and then heating the
mixture to a te,mperature
of 170 to 205C.
Required
quantity of bitumen shall be heated to 170 to 180C and added to the aggregate.
They
shall be mixed and cooked
in a mechanically
agitated
mixer called
mastic cooker for 2 to 3 hours until the materials are thoroughly
mixed.
During
mixing, care shall be taken to ensure that the contents
in the
cooker are at no time heated to a temperature
exceeding 205C.
4.1.1 In cases where the material is not required
shall be cast into blocks weighing about 25 kg.

for immediate

use, it

4.2 If required to be verified, the mastic block shall show on analysis a


composition
within the limits set in Table 3.
The analysis of the bitumen mastic shall be done in accordance
with the method
specified
in
Appendix
C of IS : 1195-19787.
*Methods of test for aggregates for concrete: Part 4 Mechanical properties.
tspecification
for bitumen mastir for flooring ( second revision).

IS:5313-1987
TABLE

COMPOSITION
OF BIhJMEN
COARSE
AGGREGATE

MASTIC
)

( WITHOUT

( Clause 4.2 )
PERCENTAQE BY WEIQHT OF MASTIC
WITHOUT COARSE AG~REC+ATE
c---_
---__
*-__--_
_ -_y
Max
Min

(2)

(1)
Bitumen

(3)

:4

17

25

45

Pawing 212-micron IS Sieve and


retained on 75-micron IS Sieve

18

Passing 600-micron
IS Sieve and
retained on 212-micron IS Sieve

30

Passing p36 mm IS Sieve and re:


tained on 600-micron IS Sieve

22

Passing 75-micron

IS Sieve

4.3 The second stage shall consist of the incorporation


of the coarse
aggregates.
When the bitumen mastic is to be transported directly to
the site of work, a quantity of coarse aggregate 6 to 20 mm gauge to
form not less than 30 percent and not more than 50 percent by weight
of the Gnal mixture shall be added and thoroughly incorporated with
the bitumen mastic in the cooker. The actual percentage of the coarse
aggregates to be added shall be specified according to design requirements. When the material has been cast into blocks, these shall be
reheated in the cooker to a temperature of not less than 170C and not
more than, 205C and the coarse aggregate as mentioned before shall be
thoroughly incorporated in the mastic.
4.3.1 As an anti-skid measure, the bitumen mastic after spreading and
while still hot and in plastic condition, shall be covered with a layer of
coarse aggregate 10 to 12 mm size, depending on the thickness of mastic
layer at the rate of about 7 to 8 kg per 100 rns or about 0.5 ms per
100 m2. The coarse aggregate prior to application shall be coated with 2
to 3 percent by weight of S95 or S65 grade of paving bitumen and 2 to
3 percent of filler. The coated aggregate shall be rolled or otherwise
pressed into the surface of the mastic layer.
5. HARDNESS

NUMBER

5.1 The bitumen mastic whose composition is given at Table 3 before


the addition of coarse aggregate, shall have hardness number of 60 to
80 at 25C.

ES:5317

- 1987

5.2 After the addition


of the coarse aggregate
as given in 4.3, the
bitumen mastic compositon shall have hardness
number between 10 and
20 at 25C.
NOTE - The range of hardness number values given under 5.1 and 5.2 are only
suggestive and actual hardness number desired may be decided based on the type of
binder used and the pavement temperature.

5.3 The hardness


number shall be determined
in
method specified in Appendix D of IS : 1195-1978*.
6. SAMPLING

AND CRITERIA

accordance

with the

FOR CONFORMITY

Mixer
Three
or more separate
6.1 During
Discharge
from
portions
of not less than 5 kg each of bitumen mastic shall be taken at
intervals during the discharge of the mixer.
The specimen shall include
portions
taken at beginning
or at the end of the discharge
except in
cases where the practice
of returning
to the mixer,
the first and last
The portions
shall then be thoroughly
portions discharged,
is followed.
mixed
at a temperature
range of 150 to 205C.
The mixture shall be
floated out on an iron plate with the aid of a wooden float to a thickness
Whilst still warm, the specimen
shall be loosened
not less than 25 mm.
from the plate and a representative
portion weighing
not less than 5 kg
if ungritted ( without coarse aggregate ) and not less than 10 kg if gritted ( with corrse aggregate ), shall be forwarded
to the laboratory
for
examination,
with full particulars as given in 6.3.
6.2 Blocks
approximately
at random.
not less than
examination,

Material
in block form shall be sampled
by taking
equal amounts, in pieces, from not less than 6 blocks taken
The total specimen of not less than 5 kg if ungritted,
and
10 kg if gritted, shall be forwarded
to the laboratory
for
with full particulars as given in 6.3.

shall be adequately
identified
6.3 Labelling - The specimen
identification
shall provide for reference
to a schedule
which
sent, giving the appropriate items from the following:
a) Name and
examination
b) Sample

address of authority
to be carried out;

of material;

d) Type

of binder;

e) Type

of aggregate;

f) Specification

*Specification

instructions

for

number;

c) Type

g) Name

giving

and the
shall be

with which

and location

the material

of mixing

for bitumen mastic for flooring

is intended

plant;

( second
revision ).

to comply;

the

X8:5317-1987
h) Sample taken before or after laying;
j) Date of mixing, if known;
k) Date of laying, if known;
m) Date of sampling;
n) Site where laid;
p) Position from which sample was taken;
q) Number and nominal thickness of courses;
r) Nature of foundation;
s) Nature of surface treatment

( if any ); and

t) Tests to be made, or information


6.3.1 To facilitate testing
and
esstntial that as much information
laboratory.

sought.

interpretation
of test results, it iS
as possible should be given to the

6.4 Criteria
for
Conformity
The bitumen mastic shall be
considered as conforming to this specification if the requirements given
in 4.2 and 5.1 or 5.2 are satisfied.
7. MARKING
7.1 If cast into blocks for storage, the date of manufacture
the manufacturer shall be indicated suitably.

and name of

7.2 Each block may also be marked with the Standard Mark,
NOTE The use of the Standard Mark is governed by the provisions of the Bureau
of Indian Standards Act 1986 and the Rules and Regulations made thereunder.
The
Standard Mark on products covered by an Indian Standard conveys the assuranm
that they have been produced to comply with the requirements of that standard
under a well defined system of inspection, testing and quality control which is devised
and supervised by BIS and operated by the producer.
Standard marked products
are also continuously checked by BIS for conformity to that standard as a further
safeguard.
Details of conditions under which a licence for the use of the Standard
Mark may be granted to manufacturers or producers may be obtained from the
Bureau of Indian Standards.

BUREAU

OF

Headquarters

STANDARDS

INDIAN

Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Merg. NEW DELHI 110002


Telephones

Telegrams

331 13 75
Offices :

Regional

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(Common to all Offices)


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(With Sale Point)

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