You are on page 1of 21

Current and Current Density:

Source quantity

Lecture -13

I J.dS
S

9/15/2016

Convection current density

Conduction current density
Displacement current density

J = v u

J = E

Will be
discussed later

9/15/2016

Dr. Navneet Gupta

Equation of Continuity
I out

dQin
J .dS
dt

.J 0
v 0 e

v
.J
t

Steady electric currents are

divergenceless or solenoidal

Power Dissipation and Joules Law

Power P (in watts) is defined as the rate of change of energy W (in
joules) or force times velocity

9/15/2016

Lecture 14

J n1 J n 2

J t1 1

J t 2 2

9/15/2016

Find:

(a) Current density between the plates

(b) Electric Field intensities in both dielectrics, and
(c) Surface charge densities on the plates and at the interface.

9/15/2016

BITS Pilani, Pilani Campus

Resistance calculation

Homogeneous material of a
uniform cross section

9/15/2016

BITS Pilani, Pilani Campus

Resistance Calculation

If the capacitance between two conductors is known, the resistance (or

conductance) can be obtained directly from the / ratio without recomputation
9/15/2016

Example:
Coaxial Cable

9/15/2016

Example:

Lecture -15

A metal bar of conductivity is bend from a flat 90 o

sector of inner radius a , outer radius b, and thickness t as
shown in Figure . Show that a) the resistance of the bar
between the vertical curved surface at r = a and r = b is
and (b) the resistance between the two horizontal surfaces
at z = 0 and z = t is
b
a
R
t
2 ln

9/15/2016

10

BITS Pilani
Pilani Campus

Topic: Static Magnetic Field

Fundamental Postulates of
Magnetostatics in Free Space

A magnetostatic field is produced by a constant current flow.

1. Divergence of B
2. Curl of B

B .d S

B.dS 0
c

.B 0

Gausss Law for

magnetic fields
It is not possible to have isolated magnetic poles
9/15/2016

13

B 0 J

Amperes Circuital Law

Amperes circuital law states that the line integral of H around a closed
path is the same as the net current enclosed by the path.
Magnetostatic Field is not conservative
BITS Pilani, Pilani Campus

Maxwells Equation for Static electric field

and steady magnetic field

9/15/2016

15

potential

9/15/2016

H Vm if J = 0

Scalar
magnetic
potential
16

BITS Pilani, Pilani Campus

Significance of A
Its line integral around any closed path equals the total
magnetic flux passing through the area enclosed by the
path.

Biot-Savart Law and Amperes Circuital Law

Biot-Savarts Law:

I dl a R
dH
4 R 2

9/15/2016

Idl R

4 R 3

18

9/15/2016

19

Example: Circular loop of

current:
Calculate the magnetic field on the axis of a circular current
carrying loop.

9/15/2016

Ib 2

2 b z
2

2 3/2

az

20

Boundary conditions for

magnetostatic field

Normal component:

The normal component of B is continuous across an interface

The normal component of H is discontinuous by the ratio 2/1.

Tangential component:

Ht1 Ht2 = K
If the surface current density is zero. Ht1 = Ht2

9/15/2016

21