Greece Civilization • Every Greek man owned several chitons, long, rectangular pieces of cloth with holes for

the head and arms. • Women didn't have as many privileges as men in ancient Greece, they were not allowed to eat or sleep in the same room as men, go to the Olympics, or go into the marketplace or streets of the city. • Much of Greece was rocky and barren and bad for agriculture. • Since city-states were divided by mountains, people in ancient Greece found it difficult to trade food with people from other Greek city-states. • Athens suffered a land and agrarian crisis in the late 7th century, again resulting in civil strife. • When city-states were first formed, they were ruled by a few wealthy men and moved toward democracy. • Only men who were born in Athens were allowed to vote. • The Greeks are most famous for using a variety of columns in buildings to hold and support the roofs. • The ancient Greeks were polytheistic, they believed in many different gods and goddesses. • Religion was important to the ancient Greeks because they believed that it would make their lives better while they were living. • The Greeks believed that all of the gods and goddesses lived at the top of Mount Olympus. • One event from the ancient Greek Olympics that is too dangerous to be included in the games today is chariot racing. • The Archaic period (c.750-c.500 BC) follows, in which artists made larger free-standing sculptures in stiff, hieratic poses with the dreamlike 'archaic smile'. • The Classical period (c.500-323 BC) is characterized by a style which was considered by later observers to be exemplary (i.e. 'classical')—for instance the Parthenon. • The Hellenistic period (323-146 BC) is when Greek culture and power expanded into the near and middle east. • Roman Greece, the period between Roman victory over the Corinthians at the Battle of Corinth in 146 BC and the establishment of Byzantium by Constantine as the capital of the Roman Empire in 330 AD. • The final phase of Antiquity is the period of Christianization during the later 4th to early 6th centuries, taken to be complete with the closure of the Neoplatonic Academy by Justinian I in 529 AD. • Athens fell under a tyranny in the second half of the 6th century. • Most families owned slaves as household servants and laborers, and even poor families might have owned a few slaves. • At its economic height, in the 5th and 4th centuries BC, ancient Greece was the most advanced economy in the world.

• The scale and scope of warfare in ancient Greece changed dramatically as a result of the Greco-Persian Wars. • Ancient Greek philosophy focused on the role of reason and inquiry. • The discoveries of several Greek mathematicians, including Pythagoras, Euclid, and Archimedes. • The Greeks developed astronomy, which they treated as a branch of mathematics, to a highly sophisticated level. • The art of ancient Greece has exercised an enormous influence on the culture of many countries from ancient times until the present, particularly in the areas of sculpture and architecture.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful