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lff CD V 'Xe S I (~,x) E R. (~~e)(i~ 7.,.) .
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Fnc.ts

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3 ~'lec.~ f: IN ~ S ( i.e. C&t-tl S :}-\o ).
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Let S=10,c' ~"'('K=f(f,Ot 74....
f' Sc..~e S s,"'lIlet-'<. ~ f"A"'si't'-e f"'f~, 3 blec.+,,~ f: IN ~ S~. S=1 .f(d/f(~)~t(a~ .... ~
o.l~ of efe...e..fs -t s .
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s, '" S a. ~ ~ ~f ~ $z. """e Sd... c...W.+y


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tt'b ", ".~ C"':SS;G\I,.
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( 0, , ) :. {

b"

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rE

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Let f: A... B be i.IIjt~\I4!. rf i3 \5 CO,,~fALIc J

~e"'A \s CO.....t.~Ic.. (C...t"'Ofos;l~ : ~f A

i s u.~COUM.--t. .tk J ~~ ~ \'S l.l~Co",,,t.. ~1 t

"

A ... Cil

is

\",jfct.:1/'t (s.'"c.e

0.,.

-9... ~ ~t"ject;"" (s.'I\~ ~(A)= f(A)).

-.. f

.'. ~ ~ b'ject.v-t. S;'''ca fQ\) S B ca...c(

S-....t'fdo:-ct..............

wket'.e X=

3't4.fbf ("",...0'\ dltl\-soY'"

i)

~ ;C.. ~ "';Ie'
i".f'ct-:v-t.. ~"Ct. Zx!Al.-$ {(J~'4.

"'~ f"0,(cod {l..0l'.c-,

t}.s

i~jec.t~ ~o.,.~.

-Hie 0"''''''''

1(lt): f(~')""(""~!\)

f \$ ~i.~'""')

~ b~ ~iJQct~~~.

z~ IN b~

f ..

B is Co'-""..~l.} ~ See f<'A)'s ('ol.& ...'fit(,(~


A is (o"""t~b(-c.. --t b~ ',,"'..t..~l. S-&J.S'e-t

-.I)

~ (trlf~ "EN)
~I\!! -t4 tv..,4es.f 1O~"'." ~e~
, 1\ .S f.

f(x}= (M} n)

t~A~. Let -/{: A~f(A) !eJ~"'~J ~~)=.{fx~


'Tie",

f: Q

@ Le:t:: A1 M u...c.u.~J:J.

c.c....6.t.L. ~ .fI.a.

.,,0(

A2.~'" ~ A,. be

no" .-.,tj S'e ts. -de~ AI )t A.,.)C. ...... )(

,
(J."Co..",t~bM.

A,., is

3: A...,. (3 be sv.rp2c.t:ve. zf A lS (.e4:...~1 I


>0/'4f.:fft\ ~.eFt\& ~: A.lC A1.)( .. ,cA.oo ~ AI ~
~... '6 i"s (O""....f4.I.lt. (C....+~.1.."": if B "s I ~ (xt,'](~)'" ,X,oo ) =XI' s,'nCt. A.., . A/oo:l: ~,
uW\co.,.'*,.......(,CC ) '1ke" A \S Lc.t\cc....J-~<.t..)
3 41. E A,., -". , a, E Aroo , ~e"" Vx eA,"
'FC!~. B; ~(A)= U ~'(.tl5
I

IS

COI.I...t",bla

ICE

tJ.

'1 it",...ot

"\:(o~-t""~lc.

"~'fIte Co~. ""'iCIO\ ~e.(e",.

~(~I a'Ll" .', ~'DO) = 'X. So ~

'Sif\CJt,.

'S Sf4rjec.f..,...

A, \s "W\CO\l.",~1t A,-,. A1,."J. ". A,. rs

UI\CAll\f..

w.

i
i
"

Le{

~ Ski-....t~

~~ ~~j~~ot'e",.

J(

il

;j
:l

)!