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Due Date: July 10th 2013

Name: ____________________
Student #: _________________

Materials 1M03 – Assignment 2 – Answer Sheet
1. (3 marks) Calculate the energy for vacancy formation (in eV/atom) in Nickel
given that the equilibrium number of vacancies at 500°C is 3x10-4 per m3.
The density for this metal is 8.90 g/cm3.
Use 3 significant figures in the answer.
Answer:
!!!

!! = !  ! ( !" )
−kT  ln

!!
= !!
!

Solve for N, look up AW of Ni: 58.69 g/mol
!! !
!"

!=

!=

!
!"#$%
 ×  8.90  ×10! !
!"#
!
58.69  !/!"#

6.022×10!"  

! = 9.13×10!"  

!"#$%
!!

Plug back into first equation and solve for Qv
3×10!!  !!!
−(8.62×10
)(500 + 273K)  ln(
) = !!
!"#$ ∙ !
9.13×10!"  !!!
−5

!"

!! =  4.98  !"/!"#$
2. (1 mark) For a Pb-Sn alloy that consists of 81 wt% Pb, what is the composition of
Sn (in at%)?
Use 4 significant figures in the answer
Answer: !!! =   !

!! !!

! !! !!! !!

(100 − 81)!!
 ×100%
(100 − 81)!! + 81!!
(19  ×  207.2  !/!"#)
!!! =  
 ×100%
(19  ×  207.2  !/!"#) + (81  ×  118.71  !/!"#)
!!! =  

(1 mark) Which of these compounds would most likely result in an interstitial solid solution? A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) Copper and Nickel Carbon and Iron Titanium and Chromium Sodium and Chlorine Tin and Silver B. (3 marks) The activation energy for the diffusion of atomic species A in metal B is 111 kJ/mol.314 )(1400  !) !"# ∙ ! !! = 9.05% 3. 6. The diffusion flux is independent of time. D.20×10!!" !! /! 5.Due Date: July 10th 2013 Name: ____________________ Student #: _________________ !!! = 29.70×10!! !! ! ! =  9.70×10!! !! ! exp  ( −111000  ! ) ! (8. Calculate the diffusion coefficient (in m^2/s) at 827 °C. E All of the above None of the above Answer: B 4. !! Answer: ! =   !! exp  ( !"! ) 7x10!!! !! ! =   !! exp  ( −111000  ! ) ! (8. It is also known that the value of D at 1127 °C is 7x10-11 m2/s. (2 mark) Define Steady-State Diffusion Answer: Where there is no net accumulation or depletion of diffusing series.314 )(1100  !) !"# ∙ ! ! = 5. . (3 marks) It's possible to purify hydrogen gas by diffusing it through a thin sheet of palladium.

8!! hr ! ∙! ℎ! kg # = 8.014. (3 marks) If an evil doctor came up with an evil plan to booby-trap the classroom with an arsenal of 2L diet cola containers and a spherical mint candy to drop in .8 m2. the concentration gradient is the driving force 9. The diffusion coefficient is 1.014.5 mm thick sheet of palladium per hour under the following conditions: The palladium sheet has an area of 0. Steady-state conditions have been attained.68  ×10!  !"/ℎ! hr 7. (1 mark) The ____________________ of a diffusing species is the amount of energy required to cause 1 mole of atoms to diffuse within a host metal. Answer: False. The temperature during the diffusion is 300 °C.67 ! ×  3600  ×  0.67 ! ! ∙! #kg/hr = J*t*area kg !" ! # =  3. The concentrations on the high and low-pressure sides of the sheet are 4 and 0.6 kg of hydrogen per cubic meter of palladium.Due Date: July 10th 2013 Name: ____________________ Student #: _________________ Calculate the number of kilograms of hydrogen that pass through a 1.33 ) ! (1. significant figures in answer: 3 !" Answer:  ! =   −! !" !" !! (0.33 m2/s.5×10!!  !) !" ! =  3. (1 mark) True or False The diffusion flux is the driving force for diffusion (the force that compels a reaction to occur).6 − 4) !! ! =   −(1. (Give your answer in kg/hr) Use scientific notation. Answer: Activation Energy 8.

(2 marks) What are the two conditional terms that must be met for an atom to diffuse from one lattice site to another? Answer: a.560 J/m2 and the volume free energy of solution is -300.08  cm 10.000 J/m3. There must be an empty adjacent site b. Answer: 4 ∆!!"! =   !! ! ∆!!"# + 4!! ! !!   3 !∆!!"! = 0 =    4!! ! ∆!!"# + 8!"!! !" r ∗ =   − r ∗ =   − 2!! ∆!!"# 2(1560) −300.000 r ∗ = 1.04  cm d < 2. How small in diameter (in cm) would each spherical mint candy need to be for the reactions not to occur thus saving the class! Assume the surface energy of the mint candy is 1. The atom must have sufficient energy Mark: / 20 .Due Date: July 10th 2013 Name: ____________________ Student #: _________________ each.