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# Due Date: July 10th 2013

Name: ____________________
Student #: _________________

Materials 1M03 – Assignment 2 – Answer Sheet
1. (3 marks) Calculate the energy for vacancy formation (in eV/atom) in Nickel
given that the equilibrium number of vacancies at 500°C is 3x10-4 per m3.
The density for this metal is 8.90 g/cm3.
Use 3 significant figures in the answer.
!!!

!! = !  ! ( !" )
−kT  ln

!!
= !!
!

Solve for N, look up AW of Ni: 58.69 g/mol
!! !
!"

!=

!=

!
!"#\$%
×  8.90  ×10! !
!"#
!
58.69  !/!"#

6.022×10!"

! = 9.13×10!"

!"#\$%
!!

Plug back into first equation and solve for Qv
3×10!!  !!!
−(8.62×10
)(500 + 273K)  ln(
) = !!
!"#\$ ∙ !
9.13×10!"  !!!
−5

!"

!! =  4.98  !"/!"#\$
2. (1 mark) For a Pb-Sn alloy that consists of 81 wt% Pb, what is the composition of
Sn (in at%)?
Use 4 significant figures in the answer

!! !!

! !! !!! !!

(100 − 81)!!
×100%
(100 − 81)!! + 81!!
(19  ×  207.2  !/!"#)
!!! =
×100%
(19  ×  207.2  !/!"#) + (81  ×  118.71  !/!"#)
!!! =

(1 mark) Which of these compounds would most likely result in an interstitial solid solution? A) B) C) D) E) F) G) H) Copper and Nickel Carbon and Iron Titanium and Chromium Sodium and Chlorine Tin and Silver B. (3 marks) The activation energy for the diffusion of atomic species A in metal B is 111 kJ/mol.314 )(1400  !) !"# ∙ ! !! = 9.05% 3. 6. The diffusion flux is independent of time. D.20×10!!" !! /! 5.Due Date: July 10th 2013 Name: ____________________ Student #: _________________ !!! = 29.70×10!! !! ! ! =  9.70×10!! !! ! exp  ( −111000  ! ) ! (8. Calculate the diffusion coefficient (in m^2/s) at 827 °C. E All of the above None of the above Answer: B 4. !! Answer: ! =   !! exp  ( !"! ) 7x10!!! !! ! =   !! exp  ( −111000  ! ) ! (8. It is also known that the value of D at 1127 °C is 7x10-11 m2/s. (2 mark) Define Steady-State Diffusion Answer: Where there is no net accumulation or depletion of diffusing series.314 )(1100  !) !"# ∙ ! ! = 5. . (3 marks) It's possible to purify hydrogen gas by diffusing it through a thin sheet of palladium.