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Side-by-side comparison of ANSI/ISEA Z87.1-2003 and ANSI/ISEA Z87.

1-2010
 
Introduction
The ANSI/ISEA Z87.1 standard is developed by the Z87 Committee on Eye and Face Protection, which is an accredited committee
operating under the procedures established by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). As Secretariat of the committee,
ISEA is responsible for the administrative functions of the committee. The committee’s membership, consisting of a crossrepresentation of various stakeholder interests (producers, users, government agencies, technical and professional organizations,
testing laboratories) serves as the final approval body for the standard. The public is invited to review the standard at the same time
as it is being considered for approval by the Z87 committee.
There are challenges in providing a true side-by-side comparison of the two editions given that the 2010 edition represents a
dramatic change in the way the document is organized. The 2003 version and its predecessors were organized based on protector
type (spectacles, goggle, faceshields and welding helmets). Each protector type had its own chapter in the standard, leading to
significant repetition of content despite the fact that performance tests, optical properties and markings were the same regardless of
the protector type.
During the development of the 2010 edition, the Z87 Committee reorganized the document such that it focuses on demonstrating
protection against a given hazard, placing more emphasis on selecting a protector based on its protective properties and less on its
configuration type. This hazard-based approach mirrors accepted international eye and face protection standards and is seen as
more useful to the employer in choosing the appropriate eyewear for the worker.
As part of this emphasis of selection based on hazards, the 2010 edition includes performance testing and product markings for
workplace hazards including impact, droplet and splash, optical radiation, dust, fine dust and mist. General requirements for all
protector types are applied to assess optical qualities, minimum robustness (drop ball impact), ignition, corrosion resistance, and
minimum coverage. It is noted that there are some performance assessments that are unique (either in test execution or pass-fail
criteria or both) to a specific protector configuration, such as welding devices or prescription safety eyewear. The 2010 standard
defines the number of samples to be tested when assessing the protector’s ability to meet applicable performance criteria.
Despite the change in appearance and addition of testing based on hazards, it is believed that the products complying with
ANSI/ISEA Z87.1-2010 are at least as protective as those meeting the editions cited in OSHA regulations. A comparison of the
product performance aspects is noted below:

Prepared under the direction of the Eye and Face Protection Group of the International Safety Equipment Association (ISEA), secretariat to ANSI/ISEA Z87.1

1 (test method) No change. Haze Criteria for individual protectors.4.1.1 Section 7.1 Section 9.4 Section 8.5.1 Section 10. See: Section 7.3 Section 8.4.4.4.5.3. See: Section 7.11 (test method) Section 5.5. 2003 version included criteria and method in same section.1.3 (test method) No change.2 (test method) No change.1 Section 5.4 Section 14. 2010 version separates them out for consistency in standard’s organization.5.5 Section 8.4.3.1 (criteria) Section 9.6 Section 8.2 Section 14.5 Section 10.4. .4.1-2010 Notes/Rationale Optical Quality Criteria for individual protectors.3 (criteria) Section 9.2 (criteria) Section 9. Luminous Transmission (clear lenses) Criteria for individual protectors.4.4.6 Section 7. as noted) OPTICAL REQUIREMENTS Criteria ANSI/ISEA Z87.12 (test method) Table 1 Section 5.1-2003/2010 Comparison – page 2   General – Optical and Physical (for all protector types or individual configurations.ANSI/ISEA Z87.3. See: Section 7.2 Section 9.1-2003 ANSI/ISEA Z87.5 Section 9.5 Section 10.4.1.5.

4.4.1-2010 Notes/Rationale Refractive Power.10 (test method) Section 5.4.3.4 (criteria) Section 9. .4 (criteria) Section 9.10 (test method) Section 5. Section 7.2 Section 14. Astigmatism. Resolving Power – Plano Prism and Prism Imbalance Plano Refractive Power.3.4.3 Section 10.– Prescription All tolerances have been consolidated into a single table.1. Criteria for individual protectors.4.4 (test method) Table 1 No change.4 Section 9. See: Section 7. All tolerances have been consolidated into a single table. Prism and Prism Imbalance.ANSI/ISEA Z87. Astigmatism – Plano Criteria for individual protectors.4.2 Section 8.3 Section 10. See: Section 7.2 Section 10. See: Section 7.1.9 (test method) Section 5.4 Section 8.4. Criteria for individual protectors.4 (test method) Table 2 No change.3 Section 14.1-2003 ANSI/ISEA Z87.1.4 (criteria) Section 9.2 Section 9.5 No change.4.1-2003/2010 Comparison – page 3   Criteria ANSI/ISEA Z87.4.1.3 Section 8.4.3 Section 5. . Reference test method updated to reflect more current version.1 Section 14.5.3.4 (test method) Table 1 No change.4.

2. See: Section 7.5.1-2003 ANSI/ISEA Z87.1 (criteria) Section 9.2.3.4. See: Section 7.6 Section 9.2 Section 8.5.6 (test method) Applies part of the “basic impact” lens test from 2003 version to a full assembly as an indicator of minimum overall robustness and is universally applied rather than being protector dependent.2.4 oz. .6 Section 8.1-2003/2010 Comparison – page 4   PHYSICAL REQUIREMENTS Criteria ANSI/ISEA Z87. (see below) Not representative of realistic use as it measured resistance to material igniting from contact with hot metal rather than the unlikely event that the device will be in flames. Drop-Ball Impact Resistance Criteria for individual protectors.1-2010 Notes/Rationale Minimum Lens Thickness Criteria for individual protectors: Section 7. Ignition test (as noted below) replicate more realistic assessment for protectors.2.2. drop Section 14.2.2.1 Section 10.1 Section 7.2.1 Section 8.4 (test method) Flammability Criteria for individual protectors. Table 3 (criteria) No change.6 (test method) Replaced with ignition test.ANSI/ISEA Z87.2.1 Section 9.2 Section 5.3. 1 in.2.6 Section 10.1 Section 7.2 Section 9.6 Section 14.2 Section 7.2.1 Section 5.2. ball 2. 50 in.3.

Section 5.7 Section 14.8 Section 9. See: Section 7. Cleanability Criteria for individual protectors. Section 5.8 Section 14.ANSI/ISEA Z87. Corrosion Resistance Criteria for individual protectors.8 (test method) No change. Minimum Coverage None.7 Section 9.3 (criteria) Section 9.2.1-2003/2010 Comparison – page 5   Criteria ANSI/ISEA Z87. Assessment seen as too subjective to be useful.7 (test) New.2.1-2003 ANSI/ISEA Z87. Manufacturers’ instructions tend to include cleaning instructions that will not compromise the device.7 Section 10.8 Section 10.5 (criteria) Assures that little-to-none of the soft tissue within the wearer’s orbital socket is exposed to flying particles.2.7 (test method) Deleted.7 (test method) Section 5.4 (criteria) Section 9.7 Section 8.1-2010 Notes/Rationale Ignition None. See: Section 7.8 Section 8. .

3. Criteria for individual protectors. Light Tightness. goggles Section 8.5.5.4 Section 11.5.14 (test method) Section 5.2 (criteria) Section 9.4 New.9.2 (test method) Language clarifies area of evaluation (that which exposes itself forward).12 (test method) Section 5.1 Section 5.2 Section 5.9.2 No change.9.5.1 Section 14. See: Section 8.1 (criteria) Section 9.5 Section 5.3 Section 11. See: Section 11.2 Language specifies orientation of protector (maximum open position) when tested to other methods Screen windows and screen lenses Transmittance (non lens area).9 (test method) No change.5 No change.5 .ANSI/ISEA Z87. Frames for replaceable or removable lenses Respiratory protection. Section 5. Language reflects movement toward completedevice testing as required by the 2010 edition.2 (criteria) Section 14. Criteria for individual protectors.5.1.3. welding protectors Section 9.10 Section 10.9 Section 8.5.1 Section 8. welding protectors Section 10.1-2010 Notes/Rationale Ventilation.9.1-2003/2010 Comparison – page 6   OTHER REQUIREMENTS (configuration specific) Criteria ANSI/ISEA Z87.2 Section 11.1-2003 ANSI/ISEA Z87.5. Section 5.5.1 Section 5.1.

1-2003 ANSI/ISEA Z87. Also assures that replacement lenses. See: Section 8. meet the standard in all combinations.1 Section 5. goggles and welding helmets/handshields Criteria for individual protectors.6. See: Section 5.2 No change. Aftermarket Components Requires that non-original equipment manufacturers of devices that are represented as an “accessory” to protectors perform testing to assure that such accessory does not compromise the integrity of the Z87 protector.1-2010 Notes/Rationale Replaceable Lenses. .6. These put structure and requirements on the growing number of “universal” accessory and replacement parts being offered.ANSI/ISEA Z87. claimed as compatible with various frames.10 Criteria for individual protectors. Section 5.7 New.1-2003/2010 Comparison – page 7   Criteria ANSI/ISEA Z87.11 Section 10.

2 Section 6.1-2010 Notes/Rationale Frames and Shells Section 7. .1-2003 ANSI/ISEA Z87. Lateral (side coverage) None. Section 6. Assessment criteria and test method written to accommodate spectacles designed to be tested on the smaller headform.1 (test method) 2010 standard now requires lateral coverage for impact rated protectors.10. Inclusion is consistent with other international product standards.ANSI/ISEA Z87.1.2 2010 version requires that plano spectacles are to be tested as complete devices and allows prescription spectacles to be tested with a representative test lens Testing extended to frames and shells encompass testing of welding helmets.1-2003/2010 Comparison – page 8   Assessments for Hazard-Based Protectors IMPACT RATED (referred to as high-impact in 2003 standard) Criteria ANSI/ISEA Z87.1.3 (criteria) Section 9.

2 (test method) Section 6.1.2.2 Section 10.2 Section 10.2.1-2003/2010 Comparison – page 9   Criteria ANSI/ISEA Z87.2.1.1. See: Section 7.1.1 Section 7.1 Section 10.175mm (2010) revision to provide a more “blunt” impact. . Assessment criteria and test method written to accommodate spectacles designed to be tested on the smaller headform.) and changed the spherical radius of the missile from 1mm (2003) to 3. Velocities have been consolidated into a single table.2.3.1-2003 ANSI/ISEA Z87.2.2 Section 9.2. See: Section 7.2.2. Criteria for individual protectors.1.1.3.2 Section 7.1. Includes language to accommodate prescription lens carriers.3 (criteria) Section 9. in 30° increments and defines the area of where the impact must occur at each test point.1.2.2 Section 8.1 Section 8.2 Section 7.4.1.5.1.1 (test method) Section 6.1 Section 9.11 (test method) No change in pass/fail criteria.1.4.2.1 Section 9.12 (test method) Table 5 High Velocity Test method language clarifies designated test height (50 in.1 Section 14.3.1 Section 8.ANSI/ISEA Z87.2. No change in pass/fail criteria.2.1 Section 8.3.2 Section 14.1 Section 10.1.1. Testing includes fewer impact sites.1.2 (criteria) Section 9.3.2 Section 9.1-2010 Notes/Rationale High Mass Criteria for individual protectors. Includes language to accommodate prescription lens carriers.3.2.

2.ANSI/ISEA Z87.3 Section 7. Test method section has been updated to specify that new needle must be used for each drop and specifies the diameter from the center of the eye drop zone.4 (criteria) Section 9.2.1-2010 Notes/Rationale Penetration Criteria for individual protectors.3 Section 14.2.1.3.1. Assessed only for impactrated protectors.2.3.2. .2.3 Section 9.3.3 Section 8.13 (test method) No change in pass/fail criteria.3.2 (test method) Section 6.3 Section 8.1.2. See: Section 7.1-2003/2010 Comparison – page 10   Criteria ANSI/ISEA Z87.3 Section 9.2 Section 10.1.4.1-2003 ANSI/ISEA Z87.2.3 Section 10.

2 Section 6.1.12 (test method) Table 1 Section 7.2.1-2010 Notes/Rationale Autodarkening Welding Filter (ADF) Lenses Section 10.3 (criteria) Section 14.1 Section 10.1 (criteria) Section 9.12.1.12. but spectral requirements for shades are unchanged.5 (criteria) Section 14.3.4 (criteria) Section 14.6 Section 6.3.3 (criteria) Section 9.13 (test method) Table 3 Section 7.12.2 and 10.1-2003 ANSI/ISEA Z87. but switching speeds are unchanged.15 (test method) Table 11 Occlusion Section 10.1.1. Table number references are changed.2 (test method) Table 6 Requires testing in lightest and darkest designated states. Switching Index (ADF) Section 10. “S” marking still applies.10 (test method) Section 7.3.1.1.3 Section 6.12.1.1 and 10.11 (marking) Table 2 Section 3 (definition) Table 10 (special purpose lenses transmittance) Clarifies that switching is measured from the light to dark state. not each designated state.2 (criteria) Section 9. Table number references are changed.4.12.15 (test method) Optical Radiation Filters ---Special Purpose Lenses/Filters Specific descriptions: Section 6. .1-2003/2010 Comparison – page 11     OPTICAL RADIATION Criteria ANSI/ISEA Z87. No change. No change.ANSI/ISEA Z87.1.

4.ANSI/ISEA Z87.5 Section 10.5 Section 10. Added “W” prefix to shade markings to assist user in identifying specific filter that might be appropriate for hazard.1.2 Section 9.2 (criteria) except visible light filters Section 7.4.12 (test method) Table 1 Sections 7.6 Section 8.5 Section 3 (definition) No change.1-2010 Notes/Rationale Optical Radiation ---Variable Tint Lenses Section 4 (definition) Section 6.1-2003 ANSI/ISEA Z87.6 Section 7.4 (criteria for light filters) Spectral transmittance categories/requirements expanded to allow matching and selection of filters for radiation hazards in greater specificity than previous edition. .4.2. Such is noted by the prefix markings for individual filters as noted below: Section 9.1.3.2 Section 14.2 (test method) except visible light filters Table 6 (welding filter transmittance) No change to spectral requirements.1 and 7. “V” marking still applies.4.5. Optical Radiation Filters ---Clear and Filter Criteria for individual protectors with filter lenses: Section 7.5.1.5.4 Section 8.4.1-2003/2010 Comparison – page 12     Criteria ANSI/ISEA Z87.

1-2003 ANSI/ISEA Z87.4 (criteria) Table 9 (visible light filter transmittance) Incorporates reference to ANSI Z80.1. This is to assist user in identifying specific filter that might be appropriate for hazard.1-2010 Notes/Rationale Table 7 (ultraviolet filter transmittance) Added ultraviolet filtration Scale numbers 2 through 6 and added “U” prefix to indicate scale.1-2003/2010 Comparison – page 13   Criteria ANSI/ISEA Z87.ANSI/ISEA Z87. This is to assist user in identifying specific filter that might be appropriate for hazard. Table 8 (infrared filter transmittance) Added infrared filtration Scale numbers 1. Added visible light filtration Scale numbers 1. Section 7. This is to assist user in identifying specific filter that might be appropriate for hazard.3 through 10 and added “R” prefix to indicate scale. .3-2008 standard to include requirements for color recognition that go with these filters.3 through 10 and added “L” prefix to indicate scale.

Related to expanded optical radiation categories. Section 7.2 (criteria) Section 9.4. .2.5 (criteria) No change.1 (criteria) Section 9. by Table 9 for visible light filters.5 (criteria) Section 14.2 (test method) New.2. in part.1-2003 Transmittance categories for face shield windows Section 9.12 (test method) Variations in Luminous Transmittance Note (3) to Table 1 ANSI/ISEA Z87. medium and dark faceshield no longer called out. Transmittance of Housings – Faceshields Section 7.1-2003/2010 Comparison – page 14   Criteria ANSI/ISEA Z87.1-2010 Notes/Rationale Designation of light. Transmittance of Housings – Goggles Section 7.2 (test method) New.ANSI/ISEA Z87. Related to expanded optical radiation categories.1. The ranges for these previous designations are covered. Such table was included in concert with the addition of tables for UV and IR lenses.

Compliant products bear marking “D5” to assist users in identifying specific protectors that might be appropriate for hazard. Dust Fine Dust Not included. Section 8.1 (criteria) Section 9.1 (criteria) Section 9.1-2003 ANSI/ISEA Z87.17 (test method) Section 8.1 (criteria) Section 9.16 (test method) Incorporation of test in consistent with other accepted international eye and face protection standards. SPLASH. Not included. DUST HAZARDS Criteria ANSI/ISEA Z87. Incorporation of test in consistent with other accepted international eye and face protection standards. Compliant products bear marking “D4” to assist users in identifying specific protectors that might be appropriate for hazard.1-2003/2010 Comparison – page 15     DROPLET.18 (test method) Compliant products bear marking “D3” to assist users in identifying specific protectors that might be appropriate for hazard. Section 8. .ANSI/ISEA Z87.1-2010 Notes/Rationale Droplet and Splash Not included. Incorporation of test in consistent with other accepted international eye and face protection standards.