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GGR124 – Week 3 Readings

A Global Sense of Place – by Doreen Massey

‘the annihilation of space by time.’ (Marx)
o time space compression
o one of the results o f this is an increasing uncertainty about
what we mean by ‘places’ and how we relate to them
o place and community rarely coterminous (the same in
extent)
this has been part of that has given rise to defensive and
reactionary responses – certain forms of nationalism,
sentimentalized recovering of sanitized ‘heritages’, and outright
antagonism to newcomers and ‘outsiders’
Do we all experience ‘time space compression’ in the same way?
o What is it that determines out degrees of mobility
o that influences the sense we have of space and place?
Time Space Compression: movement and communication across
space, to the geographical stretching out of social relations and to
out experience of all this.
o usual interpretation: results overwhelmingly from the
actions of capital, and its increasing internationalization.
o therefore it is time space and money that make the world go
round
o thus making capitalism and its developments be what
determines understanding and experience of space.
That is however insufficient
o race and gender also influential
 i.e. studies show that women’s mobility is restricted –
whether its by physical violence, feeling out of place –
this is caused by men, not capital.
Bikett – Time Space Compression has not been happening for
everyone in all spheres of activity.
o Air Travel has enabled businessmen to fly across the ocean,
but there is a concurrent decline in shipping that has only
increased the isolation of many island communites
Power Geometry – different individuals placed in very distinct
ways in relationship to the flows and interconnections / power in
relationship to the flows and the movement
o some are in charge, some initiate flows and movement

yet imprisoned by it. Capital and Labour       Capital’s ability to roam the world further strengthens it in relation to relatively immobile workers 747’s that fly computer scientists across the Pacific.    o some are more on the receving end o some are effectively imprisoned by it those doing the moving and the communicating are those in a position of control in relation to it groups doing a lot of physical movement but not in charge o i. or the lambada that everybody knows – tremendous contributors to what we call time space compression. increases their personal mobility —reduces social rationale and financial viability of the public transport system—therefore reducing the mobility of those depending on that system shopping out-of-town—contributes to rising prices In other words—does our relative mobility and power over mobility and communication entrench the spatial imprisonment of other groups? The question of place and sense of place o how in the all of these socially varied time-space do we think about places o when you go abroad you are able to find the same food. those living in the favela.e. music etc therefore how do we think about locality? . part of the reason for greater isolation of the island of Pitcairn every time someone uses the car. have produced some of the players of global football. it seems as though mobility and control over mobility both reflect and reinforce power o not only about unequal distribution—mobility and control of some groups can actively weaken other people o time space compression of some groups can undermine the power of others.e. refugees crossing from Tijuana Those on the receiving end of time space-compression: o i.

 ‘time’ is equated with movement and progress / ‘space’ and ‘place’ are equated with stasis and reaction. essential identities o the idea that place—sense of place—is constructed out of an introverted. Arguments:      why it is assumed that time-space compression will produce insecurity we need to think through what might be an adequately progressive sense of place. but can also be seen as ‘us’ and ‘them’ bye . inward-looking history o Geographers have long been exercised with the problem of defining regions. one which would fit in with the current global local times. and the feelings and relations they give rise to— Problems: o places have single. --drawing lines around a place o boundaries around an area define inside and outside.