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Copyright © 2012 Gemcom Software International Inc. (Gemcom)
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trademarks of Gemcom Software International Inc. or its wholly-owned subsidiaries.
Product
Surpac™ 6.3
Last modified: Tuesday, 19 June 2012

Table of Contents
Introduction

4

Overview

4

Requirements

4

Workflow

5

Underground design concepts

6

Terminology

6

Underground mine design concepts

6

Setting up for this tutorial
Setting the work directory
Task: Set the work directory

7
7
7

Creating a centreline design

8

Task: View the data

8

Task: Create a centreline between ore zones

9

Task: Create access drives to the ore zones

14

Task: Create the main decline

22

Creating road outlines

34

Task: Create a road outline of fixed width

34

Task: Create a road outline of variable width

35

Creating a solid

40

Task: View profiles

40

Task: Create a solid using triangulate centreline and profile

42

Task: Calculate volume of underground design

46

Introduction

Introduction
Overview
There are many types of designs employed in underground mining. Although there are numerous
requirements for each design, Surpac can assist you to create any type of mine design.

Requirements
Before you begin this tutorial, you must have:
l
l

l

Surpac™ 6.3

Surpac 6.3 installed
basic knowledge of Surpac string files and editing tools
Note: You can use the relevant sections of the Introduction tutorial to develop your
understandings of these tools in Surpac.
the data set accompanying this tutorial

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Underground Mine Design

There are other ways to achieve a result.Introduction Workflow Note: This workflow demonstrates the steps in this tutorial.3 Page 5 of 47 Underground Mine Design . Surpac™ 6.

or opening in rock. also known as a drift. or outlines for plan view plots. The centreline can be used to create solid models. and then use various editing and point creation tools to create the underground mine design.3 Page 6 of 47 Underground Mine Design . Surpac™ 6. Drive – a tunnel. which is an entrance to the underground mine You will open files containing this data in Graphics.Underground design concepts Underground design concepts Terminology l l l Centreline – a line which represents the centre of a drive. In this tutorial. or crosscut Stope – a 3-dimensional area (usually ore) which is to be mined out by blasting a series of long holes or ring design holes Underground mine design concepts There are many different scenarios where you might want to create and underground mine design. you will use: l l l 3D solid models of designed stopes strings representing ore outlines at each level where a design is to be created a point representing the location on the surface.

select Set as work directory. From the shortcut menu. The following procedure outlines the process for setting the work directory in Windows Vista or Windows 7. 2. The process is the same for Windows XP but the path is slightly different.Setting up for this tutorial Task: Set the work directory Setting up for this tutorial Setting the work directory Files used in this tutorial are stored in the folder: <shared_files> \demo_data\tutorials\underground_mine_design where <shared_files> is the directory in which the Surpac shared files were installed.3 Page 7 of 47 Underground Mine Design . In the Navigator. The name of the work directory is displayed in the title bar of the Surpac window. right-click the underground_mine_design folder. Task: Set the work directory 1. To access the underground mine design tutorial folder in XP. Surpac™ 6. the path is C:\Documents and Settings\Public\Gemcom\Surpac\63\demo_data\tutorials\underground_ mine_design.

dtm to hide the stopes layer. 7. Choose Display > Strings > With string numbers. 3. 5.3 Page 8 of 47 Underground Mine Design .Creating a centreline design Task: View the data Creating a centreline design Task: View the data 1. Surpac™ 6.dtm in Graphics. This file represents two parallel ore zones. Open stopes1. 4. Click the eye icon in the Layers pane for stopes. Choose View > Surface view options > Hide triangle faces to hide the drives.  2. Open ugdes_final1. Enter the information as shown. 6. and click Apply.dtm in Graphics.

3. Surpac™ 6. 8. Click Reset graphics . Open lev215. Open stopes1. 5. 6. Spin the data around to get an idea of how the strings are formed in 3D space.str in Graphics. Task: Create a centreline between ore zones 1. 2. Choose Display > Strings > With string numbers to display all strings with numbers. Note: The string numbers correspond with the Z value of the strings. Enter the information as shown.3 Page 9 of 47 Underground Mine Design .Creating a centreline design Task: Create a centreline between ore zones Strings 10 and 11 represent the centreline string numbers in the final design. 4. Choose Inquire > Point properties. Choose Display > Strings > With string numbers. The centreline string is displayed. 7. and click several different segments.str in Graphics. 9. Choose Display > Hide everything. and click Apply.

3 Page 10 of 47 Underground Mine Design . As shown in the final design previously. and then click Apply. In the Layers pane. Enter the information as shown. 12. the string used to create the main drive between the two ore zones is string 10.Creating a centreline design Task: Create a centreline between ore zones 10. Choose Create > Digitise > New midpoint. right-click main graphics layer and choose Make active. The main graphics layer currently does not contain any data. Surpac™ 6. 13. 11. Click the Design string number button on the Status bar.

In this case. where the Z value of both points is 200. the Z value of the new points will also be 200. 15. 16. Surpac™ 6. The Z value of the created points will be equal to the average of the Z values of the two selected points.Creating a centreline design Task: Create a centreline between ore zones 14. as displayed. Click two points on the north end of the ore zones to create a point midway between the two selected points. Press ESC. Click two points on the south end of the ore zones to create another point midway between the two selected points. as displayed.3 Page 11 of 47 Underground Mine Design .

and then click Apply. Choose Create > Points > On line between any points. 24. Choose Create > Points > Change point mode. 22.3 Press ESC. 23. Enter the following information. as shown in the previous image. 20. 19. Choose Create > Points > Insert point mode. and click Apply. Choose Create > Points > Multiple points by subdividing. and then click the second point created in string 10. The point will be moved 50 metres as displayed.Creating a centreline design Task: Create a centreline between ore zones 17. Surpac™ 6. 21. Page 12 of 47 Underground Mine Design . then the southern end of string 10. 18. Click the first point created in string 10 (ithat is. Click the northern end of string 10. Enter the information as shown. 25. Note: Point modes can be accessed directly from the toolbar. the point to be moved).

Choose Display > Point > Numbers.3 Page 13 of 47 Underground Mine Design . 27. and click Apply. 26. 28. Press ESC. Surpac™ 6. Enter the information as shown.Creating a centreline design Task: Create a centreline between ore zones The centre string is displayed.

3. Choose Create > Points > Add point mode. Choose Create > Points > By angle. 29. 4. then point 1. Click the Design string button on the Status bar. and click Apply. Task: Create access drives to the ore zones 1. These points will be the starting points for the access drives to the ore zones. run _01_create_centreline_between_ore_ zones. Enter the information as shown.str. Note: To see all of the steps performed in this section. Surpac™ 6. You need to click Apply on any forms presented.tcl.3 Page 14 of 47 Underground Mine Design .Creating a centreline design Task: Create access drives to the ore zones The points inserted along the centreline are displayed. 5. Save the centreline string to the file ugdes1. Click point 2. 2.

This creates a new segment of string 11 that will extend beyond the western ore zone as shown. and then click point 1. and click Apply. and then click Apply. 7. Surpac™ 6. Without cancelling the previous function.3 Page 15 of 47 Underground Mine Design .Creating a centreline design Task: Create access drives to the ore zones 6. 8. Enter the information as shown. click point 2. Enter the information as shown.

10. 11. Surpac™ 6.Creating a centreline design 9. Without cancelling the previous function. 12. Enter the information as shown. and click Apply. 13. and click Apply. then point 1. Click point 2. Task: Create access drives to the ore zones Choose Create > New segment. again click point 2. then point 1 again. Choose Create > Points > By angle.3 Page 16 of 47 Underground Mine Design . 14. Enter the information as shown.

15.3 Page 17 of 47 Underground Mine Design . Choose Display > Hide temporary markers. Surpac™ 6.Creating a centreline design Task: Create access drives to the ore zones You now have two segments of string 11 representing the centreline of ore access drives left and right off the main drive.

3 Page 18 of 47 Underground Mine Design . Click the Snap mode drop down and select Point. because this point is common to string 10 and string 11. 18. do NOT select a point common to two or more strings. Click string 11 near point 1 on string 11. Choose Edit > String > Copy. drag to point 2 on string 10. you would not want to position the cursor right on top of point 1. in order to select string 11.Creating a centreline design Task: Create access drives to the ore zones 16. and you could not be certain exactly which string you select. Note: In order to correctly select a string or segment in Surpac. A copy of both segments of string 11 is created at point 2. 17. Enter the information as shown. and click Apply. then release. 19. Surpac™ 6. In this case.

20. The eight access drives are displayed. Surpac™ 6. Enter the information as shown. 22. Press ESC.Creating a centreline design Task: Create access drives to the ore zones Note: There are two additional points on string 10 (point 3 and point 4) where you need access drives. and click Apply. You can continue using the String Copy function to create drives for these points.3 Page 19 of 47 Underground Mine Design . 21. drag to point 3 on string 10. Click near point 1 of string 11 again. and release.

24.Creating a centreline design Task: Create access drives to the ore zones 23. and click Apply. click Cancel. Enter the information as shown. Surpac™ 6. 27. 28. Click Plan view . 29.3 Page 20 of 47 Underground Mine Design . Choose Edit > Trim > Clip by selected segment. Enter the information as shown. and click Apply. 25. Click the other segment of string 200. Click one segment of string 200. When the form appears again. 26.

Save as ugdes1. Surpac™ 6.Creating a centreline design Task: Create access drives to the ore zones You will see all portions of segments inside both ore zones removed. The drives are displayed. Choose Display > Hide temporary markers. Press ESC. overwriting the previous contents. 31.str. 32. Choose Edit > Segment > Delete Click the portion of each segment extended beyond the ore zones. 33. 34.3 Page 21 of 47 Underground Mine Design . 30.

tcl.3 Page 22 of 47 Underground Mine Design . Choose Display > Strings > With string numbers and click Apply on the form. to display all strings in the layer. run _02_create_access_drives_to_ore_ zones. 2. In the Layers pane.Creating a centreline design Task: Create the main decline Note: To see all of the steps performed in this section. Task: Create the main decline 1. Surpac™ 6. right-click lev215.str and choose Make active. You need to click Apply on any forms presented.

Creating a centreline design 3. Choose Create > Points > Add points mode. Enter the information as shown. Click point 5. In the Layers pane. and the grade to zero percent.str. 6. 13. 12. 9. then point 4 on string 10 in ugdes1. Press ESC. 5. right-click main graphics layerand choose Make active. 16. Task: Create the main decline Choose Inquire > Point properties to determine the elevation of the two points. Choose Display >Point > Numbers. then the beginning of string 1. Choose Inquire > Bearing and Distance between two points. Press ESC. 10. 4. 11. Click the Snap mode drop-down and choose No Snap. 17. Zoom out to see the access drives then zoom in to get a good view of points 4 and 5. and click Apply. 7. Click the end of string 1.3 Page 23 of 47 Underground Mine Design . 15. Choose Display > Point > Markers. Surpac™ 6. 8. 14. Choose Inquire > Bearing and Distance between two points. Use the Design string and Design gradient buttons on the Status bar to set the string to 10.

you will construct the 5 metre straight section at a bearing 90 degrees less than that. at 244. Surpac™ 6. then point 7.3 Page 24 of 47 Underground Mine Design . Press ESC. Enter the data as shown. 24. Zoom in so that you can see the points clearly. 25. Zoom in so that you can see the points clearly. and click Apply. 26. then point 5. Click point 4. 29.3332. Choose Edit > Segment > Join. Choose Create > Points > By bearing.Creating a centreline design Task: Create the main decline 18. 20.3332. Enter the information as shown. 22. Choose Create > Curve at segment end. Press ESC. Click the end of the newly created curve. Because the bearing of the main drive between the ore zones was 334. 19. 27. and click Apply. That is. Click point 5. 23. 21. 28.

Choose Create > Curve at segment end. Click point 21. 34. 35. and click Apply. then point 22. Enter the information as shown. Choose Display > Hide temporary markers. and click Apply. 31. Enter the information as shown. 33.3 Page 25 of 47 Underground Mine Design . Surpac™ 6.Creating a centreline design Task: Create the main decline 30. 32. Press ESC. Note: The direction of the curve is anticlockwise.

Page 26 of 47 Underground Mine Design . 41. Click point 36. Choose Edit > Segment > Break. Click point 5. 42. then point 36. Click the segment with the two curves. Choose Edit > Segment > Change gradient. 37. Enter the following information. 43. 36. 40.Creating a centreline design Task: Create the main decline The curve is displayed. Choose Edit > Move segment constrained by > Bearing and distance. 44. Click the segment between points 5 and 6.3 Choose Inquire > Point properties. and click Apply. 39. Surpac™ 6. 38.

3 Choose Edit > Segment > Join. Choose Edit > Segment > Change gradient. Page 27 of 47 Underground Mine Design . 50. then click the curves (at point 7). 48. The segment is displayed.Creating a centreline design Task: Create the main decline 45. 49. Enter the information as shown. and click Apply. Click the main drive first (at point 5). 46. and click Apply. Click point 5. Surpac™ 6. Enter the information as shown. 47. then click point 36.

53. A new point will now be created much further south as displayed. Task: Create the main decline Choose Inquire > Point properties. and click Apply. Enter the information as shown. 52. Choose Create > Points > By bearing. the southern end of curve 2). 54. Click point 36 (that is.Creating a centreline design 51. the southern end of curve 2). Click point 36 (that is. Surpac™ 6. 55.3 Page 28 of 47 Underground Mine Design .

60.str (that is. because the first point selected will be moved. then click point 36. string 1). Note: You might need to zoom in on lev215. Click both of the endpoints of the centreline of lev215. Note: It is important to select 37 first. Surpac™ 6. 57. point 37 will still be moved to the correct position as shown. 58. Task: Create the main decline Press ESC.str so that you select the correct points. Choose Create > Points > Change point mode. Choose Create > Points > At intersection of two lines. Click point 37.Creating a centreline design 56. 59.3 Page 29 of 47 Underground Mine Design . It does not matter which end you select first for this string.

Enter the information as shown. and drag it to the Access Point 65. Surpac™ 6. Choose Create > Points > Insert after an existing point. 62. and click Apply.3 Page 30 of 47 Underground Mine Design . 66. Press ESC. Click the Snap mode drop-down and choose Point. Press ESC. Click point 37. 64. 63.Creating a centreline design Task: Create the main decline 61.

Creating a centreline design Task: Create the main decline The centreline string is displayed. 70. then click point 37. Click point 36. Choose Create > Curve from tangents. Surpac™ 6. 69. 72. 67. then click point 38. Choose Edit > String > Clean. Enter the information as shown. 68.3 Page 31 of 47 Underground Mine Design . Choose Create > Points > Insert point mode. and click Apply. 73. Click point 37 again. Press ESC. 71.

75. 78. Enter the information as shown. Surpac™ 6.3 Page 32 of 47 Underground Mine Design . and click Apply. Click string 10. Enter the information as shown. Choose Display > Hide point > Markers. 77. Choose Display > Hide point > Attributes. One point is removed from the string. Enter the information as shown. and click Apply. 79.Creating a centreline design Task: Create the main decline 74. 76. the centreline string. and click Apply.

str. Choose Display > Hide temporary markers. Note: To see all of the steps performed in this section. 81. The centre string is displayed. run _03_create_main_decline.Creating a centreline design Task: Create the main decline 80. You need to click Apply on any forms presented.tcl.3 Page 33 of 47 Underground Mine Design . Surpac™ 6. Save the file as ugdes1.

str in Graphics.3 Page 34 of 47 Underground Mine Design . Click Reset graphics . and click Apply. Choose File > Save > string/DTM. Note: This sets the width of the road to be fixed at 5m for both strings 10 and 11. Open ugdes2. Choose Design > Underground tools > Room & pillar from centrelines. 9. 6. 4. 5. Enter the information as shown. Choose Display > Strings > With string numbers. and click Apply.Creating road outlines Task: Create a road outline of fixed width Creating road outlines Task: Create a road outline of fixed width 1. 2. and click Apply. 8. 3. Enter the information as shown. 7. Enter the information as shown. Surpac™ 6. Click the Design string number button displayed on the Status bar.

run _04a_create_road_outline. Enter the information as shown.str in Graphics.Creating road outlines Task: Create a road outline of variable width 10. Click Reset graphics .tcl. 12. 11. Open ugdes2. The road outline is displayed. You need to click Apply on any forms presented.str in Graphics. and click Apply. Click Reset graphics .3 Page 35 of 47 Underground Mine Design . Note: To see all of the steps performed in this section. 2. Open ugdes_outline1. Surpac™ 6. Task: Create a road outline of variable width 1.

3 Page 36 of 47 Underground Mine Design . Surpac™ 6. 7. Choose File tools > String maths. Click the Design string number button displayed on the Status bar. Enter the information as shown. and click Apply. 6.Creating road outlines Task: Create a road outline of variable width 3. and click Apply. and the access drives to 3m. and click Apply. Choose Display > Strings > With string numbers. Enter the information as shown. 8. Note: This sets the width of the centreline to be 4m. 5. 9. Click Apply to overwrite the file. Enter the information as shown. 4.

11. Enter the information as shown. and click Apply. Click Yes.Creating road outlines Task: Create a road outline of variable width 10. Choose Display > Points > Attributes. 12.3 Page 37 of 47 Underground Mine Design . 13. All drives are displayed. and click Apply. 14. Surpac™ 6. Choose Design > Underground tools > Room & pillar from centrelines. Enter the information as shown.

  In this case you have already set d1 to 4m for string 10. Enter the information as shown. Choose File > Save > string/DTM. Click Reset graphics . and d1 to 3m for string 11. 16.3 Page 38 of 47 Underground Mine Design . 17. 15. and click Apply. Open ugdes_outline2. Surpac™ 6. The road outline is displayed.Creating road outlines Task: Create a road outline of variable width Note: This means that the d1 field is used to determine the width of the road for each string. 18.str in Graphics.

Creating road outlines Task: Create a road outline of variable width Note: To see all of the steps performed in this section. You need to click Apply on any forms presented.3 Page 39 of 47 Underground Mine Design . Surpac™ 6. run _04b_create_road_outline.tcl.

Choose View > Zoom > Out. 11. The profile is displayed. Open drive_profile3x3. Choose Display > Dynamic 2D grid. and click Apply. Page 40 of 47 Underground Mine Design . 10. Click Reset graphics . Enter the information as shown. Open drive_profile4x3_5. 7. Choose Display > Strings > With colour fill. 9. Surpac™ 6. 2. Choose View > Zoom > Out. 6.str in Graphics. 3.Creating a solid Task: View profiles Creating a solid Task: View profiles 1. Enter the information as shown. and click Apply. Choose Display > Strings > With colour fill. 8. 5.str in Graphics.3 Click Reset graphics . 4.

The profile is displayed. 16. 14.3 Click Reset graphics .str in Graphics. Choose Display > Dynamic 2D grid. Open drive_profile3x4_5. Surpac™ 6. Open drive_profile3x3.Creating a solid Task: View profiles 12. Both profiles are displayed.str in Graphics. 15. 17. Choose Display > Dynamic 2D grid. Choose View > Zoom > Out. 13. Page 41 of 47 Underground Mine Design .

Task: Create a solid using triangulate centreline and profile 1. Page 42 of 47 Underground Mine Design . Enter the information as shown. 2.0 on the floor of the profile.Creating a solid Task: Create a solid using triangulate centreline and profile Note: Both of the profiles are centered at point 0. and click Apply. run _05a_display_profiles. Choose Design > Underground tools > Triangulate using centre line & profile. 4.3 Click Reset graphics . Open ugdes1.tcl . 3. Surpac™ 6. Note: To see all of the steps performed in this task. You need to click Apply on any forms presented.str in Graphics.

Press ESC. that is. 6.Creating a solid Task: Create a solid using triangulate centreline and profile 5. Surpac™ 6. the centreline string.3 Page 43 of 47 Underground Mine Design . Click string 10. This profile is applied to string 10 only.

Enter the information as shown.3 Page 44 of 47 Underground Mine Design . 8.Creating a solid Task: Create a solid using triangulate centreline and profile The centreline solid is displayed. and click Apply. Surpac™ 6. Choose Design > Underground tools > Triangulate using centre line & profile. 7.

not. 11. Surpac™ 6. 13.Creating a solid Task: Create a solid using triangulate centreline and profile 9. The report is opened in your default text editor. Press ESC. 10. In the Navigator. double-click valid1. Choose File > Save > string or DTM. Choose Solids > Validation > Validate object/trisolation.3 Page 45 of 47 Underground Mine Design . 12. Click each of the individual segments of string 11.

Enter the information as shown. Note: To see all of the steps performed in this task.Creating a solid Task: Calculate volume of underground design 14. run _05b_triangulate_centreline. Choose Solids > Solids tools > Report volume of solids. Enter the information as shown. Surpac™ 6. 2. In the Navigator. 3. and click Apply. Task: Calculate volume of underground design 1.3 Page 46 of 47 Underground Mine Design . and click Apply. You need to click Apply on any forms presented.tcl.not. double-click ugdes_drive_volume1.

Note: To see all of the steps performed in this task. You need to click Apply on any forms presented. Surpac™ 6.3 Page 47 of 47 Underground Mine Design .tcl.Creating a solid Task: Calculate volume of underground design The report is opened in your default text editor. run _05c_drive_volume.