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Bangladesh

A Macro Overview

A compilation of facts, figures and
insights
Prepared by

Ryan Fardin Sakib
ryanfardinsakib@gmail.com
+88 01680 580 930

Brief History
Climate and Geography
Population

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GDP and inflation
GDP Composition
Sector Growth

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National Income
Foreign Remittance
Income and Spending
Financial Markets and
Systems

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What’s Ahead
Education and Literacy

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Poverty Reduction

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Energy Production

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Internet and Telecommunication

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Road and Transport

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Major Export

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Major Import

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Key Economic Events

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A brief history

600 BC
Vanga Kingdom
Nanda Dynasty
700 BC
Iron Age Culture
Mahasthangarh

1757 AD
The British gain control
of Bengal
Battle of Plassey
1608 AD
First Subedar of Bengal
Islam Khan, appointed by
Mughal Empire

Source: History of Bangladesh, Lonely Planet.: http://www.lonelyplanet.com/bangladesh/history

1948
Creation of Pakistan
Bangladesh becomes East
Pakistan

Early 19th- 20th Century
The Bengal Renaissance
Rabindranath Tagore, Kazi
Nazrul Islam

1971

Bangladesh is Born
The Independence War
1952

Bangla Language
Movement

570 square kilometers BORDER West. and east: India South-east: Myanmar South: Bay of Bengal CLIMATE Tropical monsoon climate. north. Mild winter (October to March). Warm rainy monsoon (June to October) GEOGRAPHY Geographic Coordinates: 24 00 N. Hot. 90 00 E Terrain: Mostly flat alluvial plain.CLIMATE and GEOGRAPHY AREA 147. humid summer (March to June). hilly in southeast Maritime Claim Territorial Sea: 12nm Exclusive economic zone: 200 nm .

14 0.2% 43% Avg Age 24. World Bank.25 0. 2014 (Billions) 4.13 0.95 : 1 BBS.19 0.18 Urban-Rural Ratio 8.32 10 Largest Population.27 Population Growth Population Under 30 1. 8th Largest Growing at 3% 1951 1961 1974 1981 Dependency Ratio 52% Youth dependency 45% 23.1.18 0.87 Population 31 Bangladesh Urban Population (As % of Population) 5.3 yrs.63 161 Million 15.19 0.36 Population 1991 2001 2011 Male Female Ratio 0.16 0. CIA .20 0.33 1.1 34: 66 19.

4 7.6 2012-2013 2013-2014 GDP Growth Inflation (Consumer Price) 2014-2015 2015-2016(p) Inflation (GDP Deflator) BBS.1 6.31 2011-2012 2011-2012 6.GDP At current price $221 billion (2015) Inflation GDP Growth Rate (Consumer Price.1 6.04% GDP and inflation Year wise GDP Growth vs.16 2012-2013 2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016(p) 6.0 CPI Base year changed from 1995-1996 to 2005-2006 221.7 6.6 5. Bangladesh Bank .5 172.89 195.40 150.9 6.0 5.05% 6.9 8.00 6.6 6.5 7. Inflation (%) 10. April 2016) 7.2 7.2 GDP (Billion USD) 133.

0 53. SOCIAL AND PERSONAL SERVICES 9% Sector wise Contribution 2015-16(p) .3 MANUFACTURING 21% 20 17. STORAGE & COMMUNICATION 11% FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATIONS 3% REAL ESTATE.4 31.0 29.4 10 16. RENTING AND BUSINESS SERVICES ACTIVITIES 7% 54% PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND DEFENCE 4% EDUCATION 2% 2015-16(p) SERVICES MINING AND FISHING AGRICULTURE AND QUARRYING 4% FORESTRY 2% 12% HEALTH AND SOCIAL WORKS 2% COMMUNITY.5 54.GDP Composition Continued growth of Industries 60 WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE. GAS AND WATER SUPPLY 1% 40 30 CONSTRUCTION 7% 28.1 29.6 30.8 16.2 54. REPAIR OF MOTOR 14% Year wise GDP Composition (%) 54.0 2012-13 AGRICULTURE 2013-14 INDUSTRY 2014-15 AGRICULTURE 15% 15.5 16.3 0 2011-12 INDUSTR Y 31% HOTEL AND RESTAURANTS 1% TRANSPORT.6 53.4 50 ELECTRICITY.

5 3.9 6.5 6.8 8.3 11.1 6.5 4.6 7.0 6.5 10.6 13.2 8.Sector Growth Sector Growth 2015-16 (%) 15.3 .2 1.7 12.

77% 5 0 Declining Sector Growing Sector 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16(p) Fishing 3. Gas and Water 1.76% Electricity.28% Real Estate 6.47% Hotel and Restaurants 0.75% . Communication 11.02% Agriculture and Forestry 11.68% Transport.86% Mining and Quarrying 1.65% Financial Intermediations 3. Storage.77% Trade and Repair Of Motor 14.64% Public Administration and Defense 3.18% Construction 7.36% Education 2.37% 15 10 Personal and Social Services 9.Sector Growth 25 2015-16 Contribution Year Wise Sector Contribution (% of GDP) 20 Manufacturing 20.43% Health and Social Works 1.

July 2.316 $912 Dhaka Tribune.490 $3. 2015-16(p) PPP in USD.465 $234. 2015 GNI PPP $ GNI Atlas $ .600 $2. National Income Per Capita Income World Bank GNI Forecast to 2021 $4.Gross National Income Per Capita Income Current USD.340 Escaped the tag of “low Income” in July 2015 $2.900 $1.4 billion CIA Factbook Est. 2016 Current USD.404 $1. 2015-16(p) $3.

5 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 9.14 1.0 12 2.24 Foreign Remittance 14.8 2 11.0 11 18 14.5 16 11.5 Total Foreign Reserve 12.60 2.7 Foreign Direct Investment Inflow 2015-2016 Foreign Remittance Earned (Billion USD) .Apr 2016 11.5 1.53 0 6.2 2.24 10 4.1 29.0 1.8 Foreign Remittance Earned Jun 2015.9 1.11 15.Billion USD Billion USD Billion USD 14 FDI Inflow (Billion USD) 1 0.29 1.7 8 6 4 2 0 7.

466 1.3000 Disposable Income (US $) Consumer Spending (US $) Spending as percentage of income Income and Spending 69% 69% 69% 2500 68% 68% 2000 68% 68% 68% 68% 67% 67% 1.054 66% 67% 66% 500 0 1.184 749 833 915 956 514 2009 1.316 1500 1000 68% 565 2010 623 2011 649 2012 711 2013 805 2014 895 2015 972 2016 66% 65% .

78% CAPITAL OUTPUT RATIO (Average Incremental.FINANCIAL MARKETS and Systems CURRENCY CONVERSION MARKET CAPITALIZATION 1 USD = 78.00 billion CSE : $31.23 BDT 1 GBP = 111.7330 BDT DSE : $40.5 DAILY AVG M-COMMERCE TRANSACTION $54.9 million 26.79 BDT 1 JPY = 0. DEBIT and PREPAID CARDS M-commerce Customers 8.9 million .39 billion INTEREST RATE (Schedule banks' weighted average on Apr 2016) Deposit 5. FY2012-2014) 4.92% Advances 10.40 BDT 1 EUR = 88.5 million NUMBER OF CREDIT.

04 2.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=300&Itemid=301 .82% 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Education & Literacy Higher Education Enrollment 4.moedu.21% 80.61 Technical Education Female Students (Millions) Female Youth (15-24 yrs.25 20 0.gov.bd/index.4% 90 80 70 60 7.94 50 40 30 3.) literacy rate Literacy Rate 59.60 School College Madrasah Total Students (Millions) University 0.) literacy rate % 10 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 http://www.Female Youth (1524 yrs.

POVERTY REDUCTION 48% 56% 35% 2020 Poverty gap will be reduced within 30% 25% 87% 84% 79% 20% 72% 65% 80% 75% 69% 60% 51% 15% 10% regions 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 5% Sylhet Barisal Rural Khulna Urban Rajshi National Rngpr 0% Ctg of the population will be above extreme poverty line by 2020 65% 73% 78% 2010 Dhaka 80% Divisional Poverty Rate Population Over Poverty Line .

454 11.000 2.000 23 321 KWH Power Import Operational Gas Fields 10.000 Forecasted Demand (MW) 8.000 600 MW 4.339MW Per Capita Energy Consumption Energy Production 79 Natural Gas Wells 12.000 6.000 0 Solar Energy Capacity Natural Gas 21% 15 MW Renewable Energy–related Workforce 6th largest in the world Furnace Oil 62% Diesel Hydro Coal Furnace Oil Diesel 8% 14000 Coal 12000 2% Power Import 10000 5% 8000 Hydro 2% 6000 2010 Installed (MW) Max Generation (MW) 8510 5275 3812 4000 Power Import Natural Gas 12339 Power Generation growth (2005-2016) 134% 2000 0 2005 2016 2016 .Electricity Generation Capacity 12.405 6.

4G Wimax data services is here as well.INTERNET & TELECOMMUNICATION MOBILE PHONE USERS ACTIVE INTERNET USERS 3G & WIMAX 132 62 million Five telecom operators are providing 3G network services. million users 99% Geographic Coverage 39% of the population Annual growth rate 13% MOBILE PHONE OWNERSHIP 83% at Individual Level BTRC .

909 0 20% 22.658 2012 5% 40 116.12 30 25% 25% 140 35% 30% 40 20 MOBILE PHONE USERS & MOBILE PENETRATION 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Mobilephone Users (Millions) 10% 0% Mobilephone Penetration (%) BTRC .995 15% 90% 80% 74% 120 15% 34.939 10% 30% 102.949 62.004 2013 0% 20% 131.996 54.239 38.839 10 83% 92.INTERNET & TELECOMMUNICATION INTERNET USERS & INTERNET PENETRATION 70 45% 40% 60 39% 50 34% 23% 83% 67% 100 70% 60% 60% 80 50% 60 40% 2014 2015 2016 Internet Users (Millions) Internet Penetration (%) 20 0 131.

2 Million 165% Annual Growth 13.5% NUMBER OF MOBILE INTERNET USERS 58.SMARTPHONE USAGE NUMBER OF SMARTPHONE USERS 8.7 Million 33% Annual Growth .

Chittagong 20 L& ports .2 km/ 100 sq. km 9 Airports 2 Sea Ports Mongla.Number of VEHICLEs Roads AIRPORTS SEA PORTS L& PORTS Road density 2nd highest in the world 69.

6 Millions New Vehicle Registration 350 321 300 250 200 191 185 161 137 150 BRTA Rough Estimation of Unregistered Vehicles 0.3 Millions 100 76 73 50 161 60 96 73 54 0 2010 2011 2012 In Bangladesh (Thousands) 2013 2014 In Dhaka (Thousands) 2015 .NUMBER OF VEHICLES Total Number of Registered Vehicles 2.

493 56 8 1 4 2 45 36 35 23 49 8 4 .NUMBER OF VEHICLES 300 In Bangladesh (Thousands) 250 298 In Dhaka (Thousands) 232 231 402 200 27 150 117 100 50 0 4 3 8 17 2 37 25 6 6 18 14 24 17 11 45 30 5 88 65 81 10 1.

00 2014 20 20.42 23.70 19.00 88.00 40 172.33 0 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Bus Registration (Thousands) 2 13 Truck Registration (Thousands) Autorickshaw Registration (Thousands) 374.11 1.GROWTH OF VEHICLES Private Car Registration (Thousands) Motorcycle registration (Thousands) 400 200 240 115 102 86 91 40 20 9 10 15 10 21 0 0 2011 3 1.76 2.49 0 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 5 2012 2013 2014 2011 Taxi Cab Registration 400 300 200 100 0 8.34 5.00 51.00 75.39 1.33 4.13 2012 2013 6.55 15.44 1 1.90 20.00 2011 2014 0 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2012 2013 2015 .14 7.

579 2013-2014 40.8435 0 18.7576 2010-2011 5 37.731 29.22 5 10 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013 2013-2014 2014-2015 IMport (billion US $) BTRC .1573 2012-2013 40.4543 2011-2012 37.214 22.EXPORT & IMPORT EXPORT MOBILE PHONE USERS & MOBILE PENETRATION 35 45 30 40 35 25 30 20 25 15 20 10 15 2014-2015 Export (billion US $) 0 40.204 23.257 27.

5 billion $1.Major Exports RMG Leather JUTE Export (2014-2015) Export (2014-2015) Export (2014-2015) $25.34% Over 100 jute mills active Leather footwear export $484 million .13 billion $0.86 billion Contributing 82% of total export 4296 producers employing 4 million workers Leather export $398 million Leather product export $249 million Largest raw jute exporter Annual growth rate 5.

Major Import 4500 4000 2008-09 Import in Million US$ 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 POL Textile and articles thereof Iron. steel and other base metals Raw cotton Capital machinery Edible oil .

Major Import 1600 Import in Million US$ 1400 2008-09 2009-10 2011-12 2012-13 2010-11 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 Plastics and rubber articles thereof Yarn Chemical Fertilizer Crude petroleum Sugar .

Projected Completion : Will start operation in 2016 Contractor: Singapore-based Astra Oil and Accelerate Energy Consortium (AEC) Investment: US$ 500 million ($200 million to build fixed infrastructure including pipeline and mooring system and $300 million for FSRU) The International Finance Corporation (IFC) of the World Bank Group will provide 25% of the cost. . Bangladesh has a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with Qatar to import LNG.000 cubic meters. It will have berthing and mooring facilities for LNG tankers with a capacity of 138. Petro Bangla will pay a yearly payment of $90.KEY ECONOMIC EVENTS Moheshkhali LNG Terminal A 200-850 MW LNG-based combined cycle power project including LNG terminal and storage & regasification system at Chittagong.16 million to the contractor consortium.000-260. with the construction contract to be awarded on a build-own-operate-transfer (BOOT) basis for 15 years. The LNG terminal would have a storage capacity of five million tons per year and a re-gasification capacity of at least 500 million cubic feet per day.

Pakshi Union.66 crore from its own fund while Taka 28. Pabna Capacity: 2000 mw Projected Completion : 2021 Contractor: ROSATOM. Bangladesh Investment: Tk 36. Russia Investment: Tk5.000cr will be provided from the Russian government.000 cr Ruppur Nuclear Power Plant Tk4. Capacity: 1200 mw Projected Completion 2023 Contractor: CPGCBL. Cox's Bazar. Chittagong. Bangladesh has sought help from India for the training of human resources to operate the plant. which will make it World’s most efficient coal based power plant.939. Location: Ruppur.03 crore will come from the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) .926. especially natural gas Ultra Super Critical Technology will be used at the Matarbari project which will have work efficiency of 42 per cent. The plant will be the country’s first step to move away from fossil fuel. while BD government will provide the rest.KEY ECONOMIC EVENTS Country's first nuclear power plant would play a vital role in meeting electricity demand of Bangladesh.81cr Location: Matarbari.087. particularly in northern region. Matarbari Coal-based power plant Coal Power Generation Company Bangladesh Limited (CPGCBL) will provide Taka 4.

38 crore River Training Works(14 km length): Contractor : Sinohydro Corporation Limited.Main Bridge (6. The government would spend on the project the $200 million it received as grant from India. the bridge will facilitate regional trade.15 km long): Contractor : China Major Bridge Engineering Co. Moreover. KEY ECONOMIC EVENTS Padma Multipurpose Bridge Estimated Total Cost Tk 28.133.40 crore. Mawa Approach Road and Selected Bridge End Facilities (1.39 crore. Ltd. The Padma Bridge is expected to unlock the potential and transform the lives of nearly 30 million Bangladeshis living in the country's Southwest region. and the central bank has already given its primary consent to the plan. the government considers setting aside a part of the country's foreign currency reserve for the project. Contract Cost : BDT: 1097. Contract Cost : BDT: 208.5 km length): Contractor : AML-HCM JV. Contract Cost : BDT: 8707. it plans to raise $500million to $1billion by floating sovereign bonds on the international market.40 crore. By reducing distances to major urban centers like Dhaka by almost 100km.5 km length): Contractor : AML-HCM JV. Contract Cost : BDT: 193.81 crore. Besides.793. Service Area-2: Contractor : Abdul Monem Ltd.71 crore. China. Contract Cost : BDT: 12. reduce poverty while accelerating growth and development in the country as a whole. . Estimated Completion 2020 Janjira Approach Road and Selected Bridge End Facilities (10.

Trains will operate every four minute. The first tender for pre-qualification to procure 24 locomotives. Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd.Dhaka Metro Rail KEY ECONOMIC EVENTS A 20km long metro rail line is under construction as a part of a Massive Rapid Transit network that will alleviate the traffic congestion of Dhaka. Mott MacDonald Ltd UK and Development Design Consultants Ltd Bangladesh. A total of 24 such trains each with six air-conditioned spacious coaches would carry 60.000 passengers every hour to both directions. 144 coaches and equipment for the depot was floated early January 2015 Investment: US$ 2.75 billion Japanese aid agency JICA will provide US$ 2 billion as loan and the government will arrange the rest. Full operation starts from the end of 2020. Contractors: Nippon Koei Limited of Japan leads the consortium of consultants including Nippon Koei India Ltd. . Mott MacDonald Ltd India. Projected Completion: Partial completion by late 2019. enabling a commuter to travel from Uttara to Motijheel in just 38 minutes which usually takes 2 hours.

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