You are on page 1of 16

इंटरनेट

मानक

Disclosure to Promote the Right To Information
Whereas the Parliament of India has set out to provide a practical regime of right to
information for citizens to secure access to information under the control of public authorities,
in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority,
and whereas the attached publication of the Bureau of Indian Standards is of particular interest
to the public, particularly disadvantaged communities and those engaged in the pursuit of
education and knowledge, the attached public safety standard is made available to promote the
timely dissemination of this information in an accurate manner to the public.
“जान1 का अ+धकार, जी1 का अ+धकार”

“प0रा1 को छोड न' 5 तरफ”

“The Right to Information, The Right to Live”

“Step Out From the Old to the New”

Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan

Jawaharlal Nehru

IS 11669 (1986): General Principles of Dimensioning on
Technical Drawings [PGD 24: Drawings]

“!ान $ एक न' भारत का +नम-ण”
Satyanarayan Gangaram Pitroda

“Invent a New India Using Knowledge”

“!ान एक ऐसा खजाना > जो कभी च0राया नहB जा सकता ह”
है”

Bhartṛhari—Nītiśatakam

“Knowledge is such a treasure which cannot be stolen”

.

.

Methods of Execution Special Indications ) and Foreword This Indian Standard. Gr 7 ISI I INDIAN MANAK I STANDARDS BHAVAN.IS : 11669 .1985 Requirements to execute technical drawings for microcopying (first revision ) ( identical ) There is no Indian Standard corresponding to IS0 2596 . INSTITUTION @ BAHADUR SHAH NEW DELHI 110002 ZAF4R MARG of present- has been .‘Technical Drawings’ of the International Organization for Standardization.1982 IS : 10164 .1982 IS : 8000 ( Part 3 ) . was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution on the recommendation of the Drawings Sectional Committee and approval of the Mechanical Engineering Division CouncilL An Indian Standard IS : 696 ‘Code of practice for general engineering drawings (second revision )’ was originally issued in 1955 and was revised in 1960 as a consequence of the changeover to metric system of weights and measures. The second revision of IS : 696 was carried out in 1972 to bring it more in line with recommendation published by Technical Committee TC 10 .1972.Definitions. IS0 has published a number of standards on various subjects covered in IS : 696 .1985 Indications of linear end angular tolerances on technical drawings ( Identical ) IS0 1660 .1985 : 621.1985 on the subject and it supersedes the relevant subject covered in Section 4 of IS : 696 .1983 Lettering on technical drawings : Part 1 English characters ( first revision ) (Identical ) IS0 6428 . they should be Cross References International Standard Corresponding Indian Standard IS0 128 _ 1982 IS : 10714-1983 General principles ation of technical drawings ( Identical ) IS0 406 .1974 IS : 10718.Dimensioning-General principles. definitions. 1983 Method of dimensioning and tolerancing cones on technical drawings ( Identical ) IS0 3098/l-1974 IS : 9609 ( Part 1 ) . methods of execution and special indications’ issued by the International Organization for Standardization ( IS0 ). Standard’ appear. which is identical with IS0 129 . .753’1 Indian Standard ( Reaffirmed 1999 ) GENERAL PRINCIPLES DIMENS-IONING ON TECHNICAL El 1 National OF DRAWINGS ( IS0 Title I : Technical Drawings-Dimensioning-General Principles.1986 UDC 744’43 IS0 129 .1985 ‘Technical drawings. Wherever the words ‘International read as ‘Indian Standard‘.1973 to which reference made in 2. This standard is an adoption of IS0 129 .1982 IS : 11667 . Adopted 4 July 8 December 1986 1986.1985 Geometrical tolerancing on technical drawings : Part 3 Dimensioning and tolerancing of profiles ( Identical ) IS0 3040 . referring to this standard.1972.

1. a) b) Design requirement ‘Figure 1 - Functional.e.1 IS0 406. Technical drawings - Dimensioning of nrofrles. merely %eneral 3. (See “F” in figure 1. 3. such cases additional rules may specific to these areas. the following apply. the inter- 3 illustrate the text and are not intended - of production and work sizes.1 principles Definitions to indicate in any technical only the For the purposes area.1985 1 Scope and field of application ISO 2595. A numerical value expressed in appropriate units of measurement References - several 3.. Technical Lettering - Part 1: Cur- - Requirements for micro- of Standard. Technical drawings will adequately. definitions of this International dimension: drawings drawings - C(eneralprinciples of presenta- drawings - Linear and angular tolerancing Standard. - Technical Indications functional to the function dimension : H drmension that is essential of the piece or space. drawings Representation cones. mechanical.1986 IS0 129 .2 IS0 1660.1. fields. simplified applicable Dimensioning copying.1 2 and tolerancing to reflect actual usage. rently used characters. International Standard national exchange drawings technical in a practices be laid down of drawings to facilitate system relating as shown in this International The figures are consequently relevant general principles IS0 6428. Dimensions are classified according to the following types : tion.1. specific technical areas. cj Threaded hole and auxiliary dimensions (See “NF” in . civil engineering. However.-IS : il669 . architecture. Dimensioning in standards and to ensure the coherence comprehensive IS0 3098/l. symbols and notes. electrical.1. 3. the general rules and conventions etc.1. The figures. It is possible that in some not cover all the needs of specialized - and indicated graphically on technical with lines. In the general principles of this shall be followed - of manufacturing IS0 3040.). non-functional essential to the function figure 1:) and tolerancing Shoulder screw non-functional 2 dimension : A dimension that is not of the piece or space. to Technical drawings Technical drawings IS0 128.) on drawings. Building drawings This International Standard establishes the general principles of dimensioning applicable in all fields (i.

2. The various origin indication. the IS0 128.6 should for production of dimensidning Elements dimension termediate dimensions one made a) -Method 4. to it. unit symbol on a drawing to. : The complete part ready for assembly or end product configuration An auxiliary no tolerance 1 . a drawing information necessary clearly and completely unless this information to define a part the that effect maintains the in associated feature shall be dimensioned once only 40 IL@ on a Dimensions most clearly shows the corresponding Escn drawing millimetres) symbol.1.2.2 feature 3. elements of dimensioning are illustrated in figures 4 and 5. 3.7 Functional wherever In a of dimensioning elements of line.2.2. a cylindrical screw thread. shall use the same for all dimensions Where unit but without other units have to be shown 3.4 functional requirements Acceptable tolerances Tight tolerances shall be placed on the view or section that dimensional 40 ?0.05 features. a profile. produced from a drawing Occasionally the product of a foundry or forge) functional In such cases. and dimension applies : An individual characteristic surface. The way which specification (for example. Figure 2 - a service or a configuration tion.2. It does not govern production tion operations drawing given or in related in parentheses “AUX” in figure 3. (See advantageous.2.1985 3. and the dimension itself.1.1 No feature of a by more Exception non-functional is most convenient the drawing than are necessary to define a part or an end product shall be shown on a drawing. is (See such as a flat sur- two parallel surfaces. indirect 15?001 25 to. dimension thin continuous satisfactory lines and leader lines are drawn as lines as shown in IS0 128 and as illustrated in figures 4 and 5. include dimension the projection line. specifica- may also be a part ready for further needing further Functional etc.2.) . a shoulder.1 should be shown directly on the Projection tive dimension possible (see figure 2). a slot. All dimensional or component effect of directly shown functional Figure 3 shows dimensioning processing.2 Projection lines. 3. N. Figure 3 3.2 is justified dimensioning of acceptable . dimension lines and leader lines processes or inspection be specified unless they are essential functioning or interchangeabiiity.1. documentation.6 in a note. the appropriate unit symbol shall be shown with the value.3 auxiliary dimension: A dimension given for infor- mation purposes only.2.2 indirect necessary. as pa&of No more dimensions part or an end product dimension shall be defined in any one direction. or inspec- and is derived from other values shown on the dimensions Projection methods should not to ensure lines. than where it is necessary to give additional feature b) stages of production prior to carburizing however. An end product cessing (for example.005 drawing.1.5 dimensioning the unit the predominant may be specified Indirect functional (for example.3 is maintained.IS:11669-1986 IS0 129 .- shall be shown directly on is specified dimensioning or a Application 3. FE’ by figure 2. .-. line termination. 4. 3.1 dimensioning care shall be exercised pro- established 3. where the addition dimensions (for example. m for torque or kPa for pressure).2. dimensioning leader line.005 Each or so that the ___. of an auxiliary dimension would be 4. 3 lines shall extend slightly beyond the respec- line (see figures 4 and 5). showing In order to avoid misinterpretation. 3. 4 may. drawing be placed and inspection. and finishing) The be Production at in- the size of a 3.3 documents.I face.

2. Figure 7 4.4. each other 5 4.2 feature Projection lines should being dimensioned. Figure 6 4. Figure 9 and projection tend slightly beyond their point of intersection lines shall ex(see figure 7). 4.1. parallel to however.2. may be drawn figure 6). projection lines and dimension not cross other lines unless this is unavoidable lines should (see figure 81. and dimension however.2.5 to the A dimension Intersecting construction line shall be shown unbroken where the they feature to which it refers is shown broken (see figure 91.3 (Oblique stroke) method 2.2. Figure 8 10 line . lines should neither be line shall be shown with a break (see figure 10).2. Where projection unavoidable.7 1 A centreline a dimension 4 or the outline of a part shall not be used as line but may be used in place of a projection (see figure IO).6 Intersecting avoided.IS:11669-1986 IS0 129 . but perpendicular necessary.2.1985 A A Projection line \ Value of the dimension Dimension line Figure 4 Projection line Termination Dimension line Figure 4. except (see as indicated in 4. be drawn Where obliquely. Figure I I 4.4 In general.

2). =?I a) Arrowheads bl Obliquestroke Figure 15 - Radius dimensidning Figure 11 4. Figure 12 4. above and clear of the dimension line (see figure 16). with its point on the arc end of the dimension line. They shall be placed in such a way that they are not crossed or separated by any other line on the drawing.- -I Figure 13 - Figure 16 An exception may be made where superimposed running dimensions are used (see 5. Indicating dimensional values on drawings Dimensional values shall be shown on drawings in Characters of . Where space is limited. The arrowhead may be open. Method 4. drawn as a small open circle of approximally 3 mm in diameter. shall be used where a radius is dimensioned (see figure 15).3. Figure 14 4. > . either arrowheads or oblique strokes).4 Arrowhead terminations shall be shown within the limits of the dimension line where space is available (see figure 13).2. 4. Only one method should be used on any one drawing.sufficient size to ensure complete legibility on the original drawing as well as on reproductions made from microfilms.1 Values shall be indicated on a drawing according to one of the following two methods. where applicable. the arrowhead termination may be shown outside the intended limits of the dimension line t.3. They are a) the arrowhead. or. an origin indication. drawn as a short line inclined at 45O [see figure 11 b)l. drawn as short lines forming barbs at any convenient included angle between 15O and 9o”.5 Only one arrowhead termination.4 c) the origin indication.3 Terminations and origin indication Dimension lines shall show distinct terminations fire..hat is extended for that purpose (see figure 14).3. bl the oblique stroke. or closed and filled in [see figure 11 all. the oblique stroke or a dot may be substituted (see figure 24). 4. However.3 One style of arrowhead termination only shall be used on a single drawing. 4.IS:11669-1986 IS0 129-1965 4. The arrowhead termination may be either on the inside or on the outside of the feature outline (or its projection line) depending upon the size of the feature.3.4. 1 Dimensional values shall be placed parallel to their di@%sion lines and preferably near the middle. .3. closed.2 The size of the terminations shall be proportionate t’c the size of drawing on which they are used but not larger than is necessary to read the drawing. where space is too small for an grrowhead.1 Two dimension line terminations (see figure 11) and an origin indication (see figure 12) are specified in this International Standard.

e 21 6 on a dimen- value to be in- .4.1986 IS0 129 . 6 b) 4 T. value can be inserted so that they can be read sheet. dimensional values may be oriented either as in figure 19 or figure 22. needs values can be 60” a) 60” closer to a termination dimension .1985 However. 60” 60” 30” @ 60” Figure Method 18 60” Figure 19 2 Dimensional values shall be indicated from the bottom of the drawing sion lines are interrupted.--. lines shall be oriented as shown in figure 17. for example. may be oriented either The positioning adapting as in to different of dimensional situations. Figure 22 Figure 17 4.IS: 11669 .-.2 Angular di’mensional values figure 18 or figure 19. 030 020 L 26 _ 10. L T5 3-l Figure P Figure 24 c) at the end of a leader line which terminates sion line that is too short for the dimensional dicated in the usual way (see figure 24). Figul. values shall be indicated from the bottom so that they can be read or from the right-hand Values on oblique dimension Angular side of the drawing.300 to avoid having to follow a long line where only part of the dimension line needs tc be shown (see figure 23). above the extension of the terminations of the dimension line beyond one if space is limited (see figure 24). preferably Non-horizontal dimen- Figure 23 near the middle so that the (see figures 20 and 21 I. values frequently Therefore.

The applicable indication (symbol) shall precede the value for the dimension (see figures 27to 31).: and indication 5. The diameter and square symbols may be omitted where the shape is clearly indicated. NOTE .IS: 11669 .Chain dimensioning Figure 28 5. Generally.3 Values for dimensions out-of-scale (except where break lines are used) shall be underlined with a straight thick line (see figure 26).1 Chain dimensioning Chains of single dimensions (see figure 32) should be used only where the possible accumulation of tolerances does not impinge on the functional requirements of the part. Any termination may be used for chain dimensioning except the g(P arrowhead [see figure 1la)l.4.4. R: 0: SR : SO: Diameter Ftadius Square w ‘3 Q of dimensions The arrangement of dimensioning on a drawing shall indicate clearly the design purpose. Figure 26 Q.2 Dimensioning from a common feature This method of dimensioning is used where a number of dimen sions of the same direction relate to a common origin. Dimensioning from a common feature may be executed as parallel dimensioning or as superimposed running dimensioning. Figure 31 Cd Arrangement 4. Spherical radius Spherical diameter a 8 Figure 27 Figure 32 . the arrangement of dimensions is the result of a combination CTvarious design requirements.Dimensions out-of-scale can result from a feature size modification where the modification does not warrant an extensive drawing revision tozorrect thefeature scale.1986 IS0 129 . Figure 30 4.1985 d) above a horizontal extension of a dimension line where space does not allow placement at the interruption of a nonhorizontal dimension line (see fwure 25). Figure 29 7 .4 The following indications are used with dimensions to show applicable shape identification and to improve drawing interpretation.

value can easily be added in (see figures 33 and 41). 20 i 0I - -----+------l Figure 8 35 _ _I to use superimposed running In such a case.2. The origin indication the opposite (see figure 12) is placed appropriately ends of each dimension and line shall be terminated only with an arrowhead. jection where 5. - values may be placed.IS:11669-1986 IS0 129 . 60 _.2. Dimensional confusion. or be as shown in figure 36. 160 r 120 -. 90 -.1 Parallel dimensioning single dimension is the placement of a number - of lines parallel one to another and spaced out so that the dimensional near the arrowhead. the origins may . above and clear of the dimensior line (see figure 35).2. there is no risk of either near the arrowhead.1985 5.3 in line with the corresponding It may be advantageous dimensioning in two directions.2 33 - Superimposed parallel dimensioning limitations and where h Parallel running Figure 34 Pigure 35 dimensioning dimensioning is simplified and may be used where there are space no legibility problems would occur (see figures 34 and 35). pro- line (see figure 34). I 150 420 / 3 640 K Figure 5.

100 Chord 1% Figure 39 E3 If- Arc Angle Figure 40 Figure 43 .IS: 1166.1 The dimensioning shown in figure 43.1. + x=0 Y = 100 Figure Figure Coordinates 42 36 for arbitrary points of reference without a grid shall appear adjacent to each point (see figure 39) or in tabular form 6 Special indications lsee figure 40). angles and radii -_ ‘r.2 Coordinates for intersections (site plans) are indicated in grids on block plans as shown in figure 36. of chords.3.4 as shown in values as shown in figure 37.1 by coordinates It may be useful. if See figures 41 and 42. ir---‘“----_li Y I- Figure 41 O ( Figure 37 53.9 .1986 IS0 129 . instead of dimensioning figure 36. to tabulate dimensional 5. arcs. 6. arcs and angles shall be a.1985 5.1 Chords.rJ 6.3 Dimensioning 5. a common necessary. Combined dimensioning Single dimensions. chain dimensioning feature may be and dimensioning combined on a from drawing.

if their number is the size of the radius can be derived from other it shall be indicated symbol R without an indication with a radius arrow and the of the value (see figure 44). figure 47 6.2 the centre of an arc falls outside the limits of the space available.-of the space and the number shall be dimensioned as shown between of spacings.2. the dimension or interrupted according to whetheror Angular dimensioned line of the radius shall be broken spacings as shown of holes and other features may be in figure 47.IS : 11669 .3 Where dimensions.2 Equidistant Where equidistant part of the features features or uniformly drawing specification. If there is any possibility of confusion lengthy.1 Linear spacings may be dimensioned figure 45.1. arranged elements are dimensioning may be simplified as follows. in the one space as shown in figure 46.2 Where 6.2. by . not it is necessary to locate the centre (see figure 15) The angles of the spacings may be omitted evident without confusion (see figure 46).1986 IS0 129 . Figure 6. 6.1. 6.2.3 Circular spacings giving the number may of elements 46 be dimensioned Figure 46 Figure 46 Figure 49 10 indirectly as shown in figure 49.1985 6.

Le_ader lines may be omitted. 6 holes 08) or Figure 55 - Countersinks Figure 51 6.2 Countersinks quired diametral Internal chamfers are dimensioned dimension angle. they may in figures 50 and 51. Figure 52 - Chamfers dimensioned 2x45’ d Figure 53 - 4W’ chamfers simplified !<2x45” the same value or to avoid long leader lines.1986 IS0 129 .Figure 50 6. or the depth and the included 6X08(or by showing at the surface either the re- and the included angle (see figure 55).1985 6. 8x08lor r the same dimensional 8 holes 08) 1 / Figure 54 - .4.IS: 11669 . indications may 6.1 in figures 53 and 54.1 Where Chamfers Chamfers the simplified and countersinks shall be dimensioned chamfer as shown angle as shown is 45O.5 Other indications be 6. the in figure 52.4.3 Repeated features If it is possible to define a quantity of elements of the same size so as to-avoid repeating be given as shown 2xh5” value. reference letters A= 3 x012 B= 3x010 Figure 56 table ornote . in order to avoid repeating may be used in connection with an explanatory (see figure 56). Where dimensional necessary.4 6.5.

drawn adjacent and parallel to the surface ~7.3 Where assembly. the indication shall be shown on one side only (see figure 59). dimensioning is not necessary (see Figure 62 ?2 directly below the .000 directly above and the actual altitude horizontal leader line (see figure 62).1985 6. where the drawing clearly shows the ex- tent of the figure 60).4 Sometimes it is necessary to dimension a limited area or length of a surface to indicate a special condition. the base-zero and at a short distance from it. Where If it is required to indicate level. indication. the dimension symmetry metry. If the special requirement is applied to an element of revolution. line by means of a short thin line to a (see an assembly * Figure 61 6. the area or length and its location are indicated by a long thick chain line.1 Levels on vertical The predetermined sections shall be indicated at an included horizontal Dimensioning units from a predeter- views and sections base-zero level on vertical views and with a closed arrowhead angle of %I”. shall be half filled in.2 In partially drawn views metrical parts.2 the location and extent of the special requirement level symbol the altitude of the base-zero is modified to include 0. Figure 66 - in appropriate level. 4% ! Figure 66 _y =I= c Figure 57 Figure 60 6. are shown extended and partial sections of sym- lines that need to cross the axis of slightly beyond the axis of sym- the second termination is then omitted (see figure 57).2. several parts are drawn the groups of dimensions be kept as separate and dimensioned in an related to each part should as possible (see figure 56). The arrowhead with barbs shall point to a line.5.2 7. However. and shall be connected horizontal leader figure 61). In such instances.5. 7 Indication 7.2. the appropriate dimensioning is necessary.1 of levels General Levels shall be expressed mined base-zero 7.5. re- quires identification. -.IS:11669-1986 IS0 129 .

he elevation shall be located above the leader line that is extended from the circle on the same side of the outline-as the surface associated with the elevation (see figure 661.1 The numerical value of the level for a point (a specific location) shall be placed above the leader line that is connected to an ‘IX”.3. (+O. 7.IS: 11669-1986 IS0 129 .000 Contour line Original contour line no longer valid 7.000 Original ground level no llonger valid If the specific location point is defined by two intersecting outlines.3 Levels on horizontal (plan) views and Figure 66 sections 7.3 Subsequent levels are indicated in vertical views and sections with an arrowhead with barbs at an included angle of %I0 pointing to the respective level and attached to a short thin vertical line.2 The numerical value of an elevation of an outline shall be located adjacent to it and on the same side of it as the surface associated with the elevation (see figure 66).3 Elevation datums to be used when setting out dimensions shall be shown as follows : @ Figure 65 13 FIX +o. The vertical line isconnected.4.2 Levels for contour lines shall be located on the upper side of the contour line and shall be given as follows : 49. at right angles.ooo .1 -eveIs on ground preparation drawings and site plan! shall be given as follows: Figure 64 Original ground level to be used +0. 7.4. The “X” is used to indicate the exact position of a particular point (see figure 644).2. to a horizontal leader line above which is placed the appropriate level dimension (see figure 63).4. ExamDie Meaning F------------l 4 Figure 63 7.3.4 Levels 0Ip site layout 7.OOO) 7.1985 7.000 New ground level + 0. the “X” shall be replaced with a circle and the numerical value of t.