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C e nt r e d e f o rm a ti o n d e t y p e a v i on

A318/A319/A320/A321 (CFM56)
PNEUMATIC
ATA 36 (T1)

DF.ER : N° 2X 3 36
EDITION : 03/07
VALIDÉ PAR : J.-M. HAIN
Ce document est destiné à l’instruction et ne saurait être considéré comme un document technique de référence. Il ne sera pas mis à jour.
Reproduction même partielle INTERDITE sans autorisation de la Société AIR FRANCE.

© Société Air France 2000

This document must be used for training purposes only

Under no circumstances should this document be used as a reference

It will not be updated.

All rights reserved
No part of this manual may be reproduced in any form,
by photostat, microfilm, retrieval system, or any other means,
without the prior written permission of AIRBUS S.A.S.

SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL

PNEUMATIC

U3T06191 - U13T1M0

Pneumatic Level 2 (2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Engine Bleed System Description (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Pneumatic System Warnings (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Pneumatic System Operation (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
APU Bleed Air SPLY/X-Bleed System D/O (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
BMC Interfaces (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Pneumatic Leak Detection System D/O (3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42

MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 (CFM56-5B/ME) 
36 - PNEUMATIC

TABLE OF CONTENTS

May 11, 2006
Page 1

HP air can be supplied from both engines. APU BLEED/EXTERNAL AIR The left and right bleed systems are connected by a crossbleed duct. The temperature of the engine bleed air is regulated to a maximum value.U13T1M0 . U3T06191 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL PNEUMATIC LEVEL 2 (2) SYSTEM OVERVIEW The Pneumatic system is used to supply High Pressure (HP) air for air conditioning. the HPV closes. The High Pressure Bleed Valve (HPV) supplies air to the system when the engines are at low power. A crossbleed valve enables their interconnection or isolation. pressurization. the Intermediate Pressure (IP) stage and the HP stage. On the ground. which acts as a shut off and overall system pressure regulating valve. the APU or an external ground source. a HP ground power unit can be connected to the left side pneumatic system. Once the IP bleed is sufficient. The right side may be supplied by opening the crossbleed valve. However. Fan discharge air modulated by the Fan Air Valve (FAV). In addition. This is usually done on the ground for air conditioning and for engine start. Each Bleed Monitoring Computer (BMC) monitors system pressure and will shut down the engine bleed in case of excessive pressure. APU BLEED air could also be used in flight. engine start and anti-icing. MAINTENANCE COURSE . an Overpressure Valve (OPV) is installed downstream from the bleed valve to protect the system in case of overpressure. depending on altitude. The hot bleed air goes through an air-to-air heat exchanger called the precooler.UM36BA000000001 ENGINE BLEED The engine bleed air is pressure and temperature regulated prior to supplying the pneumatic system. Air is bled from two engine High Pressure Compressor (HPC) stages. 2006 Page 2 . The APU bleed supply is connected to the left side of the crossbleed duct.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC LEVEL 2 (2) May 10. The APU can also be used for bleed air supply. All the engine bleed air is supplied to the pneumatic system through the main engine BLEED valve (or Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV)). blows across the pre-cooler to maintain the temperature within limits.

U3T06191 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .U13T1M0 . 2006 Page 3 .UM36BA000000001 SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM OVERVIEW .PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC LEVEL 2 (2) May 10.ENGINE BLEED & APU BLEED/EXTERNAL AIR MAINTENANCE COURSE .

T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .U13T1M0 . .APU: APU aft supply duct (left hand side of the fuselage) from APU firewall to wheel well area.UM36BA000000001 Leak detection loops are installed along the hot air supply ducts of the pneumatic system and are connected to the BMCs.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL PNEUMATIC LEVEL 2 (2) SYSTEM OVERVIEW (continued) LEAK DETECTION U3T06191 .PYLON: the pre-cooler outlet area. Here are the loops and the protected areas: . MAINTENANCE COURSE .WING: wing leading edge and belly fairing.PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC LEVEL 2 (2) May 10. . 2006 Page 4 . The leak detection system is organized into three loops.

U3T06191 . 2006 Page 5 .UM36BA000000001 SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL SYSTEM OVERVIEW .LEAK DETECTION MAINTENANCE COURSE .U13T1M0 .PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC LEVEL 2 (2) May 10.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .

. .APU BLEED switch selected OFF.U13T1M0 .secure in CLOSED position with locking pin.PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC LEVEL 2 (2) May 10. The deactivation procedure is the same for both valves. . .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL PNEUMATIC LEVEL 2 (2) MEL/DEACTIVATION PRV AND HPV DEACTIVATION U3T06191 . 2006 Page 6 .open the fan cowl and thrust reverser cowl. . . move the manual override to the CLOSED position.UM36BA000000001 In case of failure.deactivate the thrust reverser at the Hydraulic Control Unit (HCU). . MAINTENANCE COURSE .associated BLEED switch selected OFF. the pneumatic system HPV must be deactivated CLOSED for dispatch per Minimum Equipment List.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .close cowls.reactivate the thrust reverser.on the PRV. Procedure: .

U13T1M0 .UM36BA000000001 SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL MEL/DEACTIVATION .PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC LEVEL 2 (2) May 10.PRV AND HPV DEACTIVATION MAINTENANCE COURSE .U3T06191 . 2006 Page 7 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .

U13T1M0 . For troubleshooting it is important to understand that the WING detection elements monitor much more than just the wings alone. both A and B loops have to detect the overheat. The protected areas are: . .wing leading edge (wing anti-ice supply duct).UM36BA000000001 The WING leak detection is a dual-loop system. the MAINTENANCE message AIR BLEED will be displayed on the STATUS page associated with a Centralized Fault Display System (CFDS) message L(R) WING LOOP (INOP). .(pack supply. WING leak detection must be operational (at least one loop) on each wing.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 . If a single loop fails. To generate a WING LEAK warning. ground air supply).belly fairing . The aircraft may be dispatched per Minimum Equipment List with the MAINTENANCE message displayed.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL PNEUMATIC LEVEL 2 (2) MEL/DEACTIVATION (continued) WING LEAK DETECTION U3T06191 . 2006 Page 8 . For dispatch. crossbleed manifold.APU forward supply duct (from the APU check valve through the wheel well). APU supply.PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC LEVEL 2 (2) May 10.air conditioning compartment . MAINTENANCE COURSE .

T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .UM36BA000000001 SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL MEL/DEACTIVATION .PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC LEVEL 2 (2) May 10.U3T06191 . 2006 Page 9 .U13T1M0 .WING LEAK DETECTION MAINTENANCE COURSE .

The BMC monitors the system operation and shuts down the system in case of over temperature. OPV and FAV are all controlled and operated pneumatically.UM36BA000000001 Normal operation of the pneumatic system does not require electric power.PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC LEVEL 2 (2) May 10. The HPV. MAINTENANCE COURSE . it is very important to check the integrity of all pneumatic sense-line connections. 2006 Page 10 . over pressure or a Leak.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL PNEUMATIC LEVEL 2 (2) MAINTENANCE TIPS TROUBLESHOOTING NOTE U3T06191 .U13T1M0 . During troubleshooting. The BMC BITE does not confirm the integrity of the system. PRV.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .

U3T06191 .PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC LEVEL 2 (2) May 10.TROUBLESHOOTING NOTE MAINTENANCE COURSE .UM36BA000000001 SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL MAINTENANCE TIPS . 2006 Page 11 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .U13T1M0 .

T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 . Overpressure Valve. components and isolated parts of the system to check for normal operation and sense line integrity. High Pressure Valve. 2006 Page 12 .UM36BA000000001 A Test Set is available to assist in troubleshooting the pneumatic system. Fan Air Valve.U13T1M0 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL PNEUMATIC LEVEL 2 (2) MAINTENANCE TIPS (continued) TEST SET U3T06191 . Several kinds of valves can be tested through the pneumatic system test set like: Pressure Regulating Valve. The test set enables calibrated pressure to be applied to individual valves.PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC LEVEL 2 (2) May 10. MAINTENANCE COURSE .

T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .U13T1M0 .PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC LEVEL 2 (2) May 10.UM36BA000000001 SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL MAINTENANCE TIPS . 2006 Page 13 .TEST SET MAINTENANCE COURSE .U3T06191 .

This indication appears when the aircraft is on the ground to show that the ground air is directly supplied to the LEFT side of the system only. the crossbleed valve must be operated manually.PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC LEVEL 2 (2) May 10.UM36BA000000001 To perform an engine start with ground air. 2006 Page 14 . On the ECAM BLEED page. MAINTENANCE COURSE . the GND indication DOES NOT indicate ground air supply connected or available. During a ground air start.U13T1M0 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL PNEUMATIC LEVEL 2 (2) MAINTENANCE TIPS (continued) ENGINE START WITH GROUND AIR U3T06191 . the connection is located on the lower fuselage. The left bleed system pressure indicator will indicate pressure when the ground air is supplied. it is recommended to use the ground air supply to start the first engine. Then disconnect the ground air supply and perform a crossbleed start for the second engine. For safety. The access door is on the belly fairing.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .

UM36BA000000001 SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL MAINTENANCE TIPS .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC LEVEL 2 (2) May 10.U13T1M0 .ENGINE START WITH GROUND AIR MAINTENANCE COURSE .U3T06191 . 2006 Page 15 .

the altitude is over 15.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 . causing complete closure of the PRV. The solenoid is automatically energized by the BMC in the following cases: . U3T06191 .U13T1M0 .the ENGine FIRE P/B is RELEASED OUT.overpressure downstream of the PRV when the pressure-regulated transducer senses a pressure greater than 57 psi.PNEUMATIC (842°F). the PRV downstream pressure is progressively reduced. the downstream pressure is reduced to a maximum of 17. The PRV is pneumatically controlled by an external servo-control. The temperature limitation function is no longer available. In flight. . the bleed pressure regulated valve control solenoid (CTL SOL).the PRV is closed when a delta pressure between the precooler outlet and the PRV inlet is detected. pneumatic and electric.the ENGine BLEED P/B is selected "OFF". or by the Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV) when the air is supplied by the Intermediate Pressure (IP) stage. When the temperature increases and reaches 235°C (455°F). the thermostat of the control solenoid is no longer installed.the engine is above idle. pneumatic and electric. . NOTE: Note: for the enhanced pneumatic system.the Wing Anti-Ice (WAI) is OFF. the PRV no longer decreases the pressure to reduce the temperature downstream. or 80 psi for the CFM-56 engines. located downstream from the precooler. When the temperature increases to more than 245 °C. When 235°C (455°F) is reached.the heat exchanger outlet temperature sensor senses a temperature above 257°C (527°F). .leak detection in pylon/wing/fuselage ducts and surrounding areas. 2006 Page 16 . IP CHECK VALVE The IP check valve protects the IP stage from reverse flow when the HP VLV is open. The electrical mode with PRV shut-off function through energization of the control solenoid is used when: .APU bleed valve not closed. The HP VLV pneumatically regulates the air supply between 8 and 36 psi.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL ENGINE BLEED SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3) GENERAL The engine air bleed pressure is pneumatically regulated by the High Pressure (HP) Valve (VLV) when air is supplied by the HP stage. The HP VLV is forced to close when the PRV is closed via the PRV/HP VLV sense line. . the Engine Electronic Controller (EEC) for IAE V2500-5A engines or the BMC for the A318/A319 fitted with CFM56 engines maintains the HP VLV closed.reverse flow protection . the opening of the HP VLV is not inhibited. . the pressure PS3 is greater than 110 psi for the single aisle family IAE V2500 engines. . ENGINE BLEED SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3) May 10. The pressure regulation system is monitored by two Bleed Monitoring Computers (BMCs). through the thermostat located in the control solenoid. . . The solenoid will be energized by the BMC/EEC (depending on the engine type) when: . the control solenoid operates in two modes. When the solenoid is de-energized. PRV/CONTROL SOLENOID The PRV pneumatically regulates the bleed pressure around 44 psi. NOTE: Note: for the A318. The pneumatic mode is used for: .over-temperature downstream of the precooler .the pack configuration is normal.UM36D1000000001 HP VALVE Switching between IP and HP is done pneumatically when the IP stage pressure is not sufficient (engine at low speed). causing a partial or complete closure of the PRV.5 psi. A thermal fuse causes the valve to close in case of engine fire at 450°C MAINTENANCE COURSE .temperature limitation downstream from the precooler. The control solenoid operates in two modes.000 ft.

UM36D1000000001 FAV/CONTROL THERMOSTAT The Fan Air Valve (FAV) pneumatically regulates the fan airflow to the precooler for bleed air temperature regulation at 200°C (392°F). closes pneumatically. reads the regulated pressure downstream from the PRV. which is normally open. NOTE: for the A318. the cooling efficiency is increased due to a new heat exchanger. the thermal efficiency is increased."AIR BLEED" .on the ECAM STATUS page. It is fully closed at 85 psi and opens again at around 35 psi.U13T1M0 . U3T06191 . HEAT EXCHANGER OUTLET TEMPERATURE SENSOR OPV The heat exchanger outlet temperature sensor. reads the regulated temperature downstream from the precooler. This pressure is used to monitor the PRV and the HPV.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .corresponding starter valve not closed. The OPV starts to close at 75 psi. located downstream from the precooler. REGULATED PRESSURE A transducer. The Overpressure Valve (OPV).SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL . An associated maintenance message "Thermostat (THRMST). the high outlet temperature threshold is decreased. connected to both BMCs.PNEUMATIC ENGINE BLEED SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3) May 10. NOTE: Note: for the enhanced system. 2006 Page 17 . MAINTENANCE COURSE . connected to both BMCs. This temperature is shown on the ECAM and used to monitor the system. FAV or sense line" can be seen on the MCDU. This pressure is indicated on the ECAM. If the precooler exchanger outlet temperature reaches 240°C (464°F). PRECOOLER The precooler is an air-to-air heat exchanger. The FAV is pneumatically controlled by an external servo-control: the FAV control thermostat (CTL THERMST). TRANSFERRED PRESSURE A transducer. the BMC generates a class 2 maintenance message . reads the transferred pressure downstream from the High Pressure Valve (HPV). connected to the related BMC. NOTE: Note: for the enhanced pneumatic system.

UM36D1000000001 SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL GENERAL ..U13T1M0 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 . 2006 Page 18 ..PNEUMATIC ENGINE BLEED SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3) May 10.U3T06191 . HEAT EXCHANGER OUTLET TEMPERATURE SENSOR MAINTENANCE COURSE .

PNEUMATIC ENGINE BLEED SYSTEM DESCRIPTION (3) May 10.UM36D1000000001 This Page Intentionally Left Blank MAINTENANCE COURSE .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .U13T1M0 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 . 2006 Page 19 .

ENG 1 (2) BLEED LO TEMP If an ENG 1 (2) BLEED LO TEMP occurs. The engine bleed valve is displayed amber on the ECAM. Warning is activated when the temperature of one engine bleed drops below 150°C (302°F) in flight with wing anti-ice set to ON. NOTE: If the HP valve was open. above 4 bar (57 psi) or 257°C (495°F). If bleed air pressure located downstream from the engine bleed valve. This warning also occurs. this warning is triggered. The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM BLEED page. ENG 1 (2) BLEED FAULT If an ENG 1 (2) BLEED FAULT occurs. when there is a disagreement between the valve and the desired position. the MASTER CAUT light comes on. This failure occurs when both Bleed Monitoring Computers (BMCs) are faulty. The warning always occurs. the aural warning sounds.U13T1M0 . The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM BLEED page. This warning is triggered by the transferred pressure transducer. or temperature located downstream from the pre-cooler is above the detection threshold. the failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM BLEED page. more than 15 sec and the HP valve stays closed. the engine bleed valve closes and the engine bleed fault light comes on. The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated MAINTENANCE COURSE . if a X BLEED FAULT occurs.PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) May 10. The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM BLEED page. The engines and the APU are running. the engine bleed valve closure causes it to close. the aural warning sounds. the bleed valve is automatically closed.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL PNEUMATIC SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) ENG 1 (2) BLEED ABNORM PR If an ENG 1 (2) BLEED ABNORM PR occurs. the ENGine bleed valve closes and the engine bleed fault light comes on. BLEED MONITORING FAULT If a BLEED MONITORING FAULT occurs. when the transferred pressure is lower than 23 psi during If a L (R) WING LEAK occurs. when the engine is at idle. when the valve is stuck to close and the APU bleed P/B is set to ON. the aural warning sounds. after setting APU bleed air to OFF. ENG 1 (2) HP VALVE FAULT L (R) WING LEAK The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM BLEED page. the failure is shown amber on the EWD. L (R) WING LEAK DET FAULT If a L (R) WING LEAK DETection FAULT occurs.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 . U3T06191 . the MASTER CAUTion light comes on.UM36W1000000001 X BLEED FAULT When the APU is running and the APU bleed is set to ON. This failure occurs when both detection loops are inoperative in the left wing. the aural warning sounds. the aural warning sounds. 2006 Page 20 . The APU bleed is set to ON. the X bleed valve position disagrees with the command logic. the MASTER CAUT light comes on. the MASTER CAUT light comes on. The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM BLEED page. If. This warning is triggered when the engine-regulated pressure is below the detection threshold or below the minimum operating pressure of the pressure-regulating valve. the MASTER CAUT light comes on. no pressure and temperature data is available on the ECAM BLEED page.

SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL to indications on the ECAM BLEED page. If an ENG 1 (2) BLEED NOT CLoSeD occurs. the MASTER CAUT light comes on. the aural warning sounds. The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM BLEED page. when the APU bleed valve is open. The cross bleed valve may be reopened by setting its selector to the OPEN position. the APU bleed fault message appears if the APU is running and the APU bleed valve position disagrees with the selected position.UM36W1000000001 BLEED 1 (2) OFF If a BLEED 1 (2) OFF occurs. this warning is triggered. The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM BLEED page. the aural warning sounds. the MASTER CAUT light comes on. the engine bleed valve closes automatically and the engine bleed fault light comes on. the APU bleed fault light comes on. 2006 Page 21 . The warning is the same if the engine bleed valve is not automatically closed during engine start. the aural warning sounds. If the leak loop temperature is above the detection threshold. The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM BLEED page. The pylon alarm temperature quantity is 204°C ± 12°C (399°F ± 54°F).PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) May 10. The engine 1 bleed valve is not automatically closed. this warning is triggered. The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM BLEED page. the APU bleed and the cross bleed valves close. If leak loop temperature is above the detection threshold of 124°C (255°F). the aural warning sounds. ENG 1 (2) BLEED NOT CLSD APU BLEED LEAK If an APU BLEED LEAK occurs. ENG 1 (2) BLEED LEAK If an ENG 1 (2) BLEED LEAK occurs.U13T1M0 . its associated engine bleed valve is automatically controlled to open. U3T06191 . The failure is shown amber on the EWD associated to indications on the ECAM BLEED page. NOTE: If an engine was running. the engine bleed fault light comes on if the engine bleed valve is not closed automatically. the ENG BLEED OFF light comes on if one engine bleed is switched off.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 . MAINTENANCE COURSE . APU BLEED FAULT If an APU BLEED FAULT occurs. the MASTER CAUT light comes on. the aural warning sounds. the MASTER CAUT light comes on. the MASTER CAUT light comes on.

PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) May 10. 2006 Page 22 .U3T06191 ..UM36W1000000001 SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL ENG 1 (2) BLEED ABNORM PR .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 . APU BLEED LEAK MAINTENANCE COURSE .U13T1M0 ..

PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC SYSTEM WARNINGS (3) May 10.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL U3T06191 . 2006 Page 23 .UM36W1000000001 This Page Intentionally Left Blank MAINTENANCE COURSE .U13T1M0 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .

U13T1M0 . provided the X BLEED valve selector is in the AUTOmatic position.PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC SYSTEM OPERATION (3) May 10. the Pressure Regulator Valves (PRVs) are maintained electrically closed and the X BLEED valve is automatically opened.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 . 2006 Page 24 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL PNEUMATIC SYSTEM OPERATION (3) APU AIR BLEED SELECTION U3T06191 . MAINTENANCE COURSE . When the APU BLEED P/BSW is selected in the ON position the APU bleed valve opens.UM36D2000000001 When the APU runs and the APU BLEED P/BSW is released out. the supply air goes up to the APU bleed valve which is closed.

PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC SYSTEM OPERATION (3) May 10. 2006 Page 25 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .U13T1M0 .UM36D2000000001 SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL APU AIR BLEED SELECTION MAINTENANCE COURSE .U3T06191 .

UM36D2000000001 When one engine or both engines run and the APU runs. the X BLEED valve closes automatically and the PRVs open. the APU continues to supply air as long as the APU bleed valve remains open. each PRV remains electrically closed by the related Bleed Monitoring Computer (BMC). 2006 Page 26 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .U13T1M0 . the APU bleed valve closes. When the APU BLEED valve P/BSW is released out. When both engines run.PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC SYSTEM OPERATION (3) May 10.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL PNEUMATIC SYSTEM OPERATION (3) ENGINE AIR BLEED SELECTION U3T06191 . MAINTENANCE COURSE .

T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC SYSTEM OPERATION (3) May 10.UM36D2000000001 SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL ENGINE AIR BLEED SELECTION MAINTENANCE COURSE . 2006 Page 27 .U3T06191 .U13T1M0 .

U13T1M0 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 . 2006 Page 28 .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL PNEUMATIC SYSTEM OPERATION (3) HP/IP ENGINE STAGE PRIORITY The APU is shut down and both engines are running. MAINTENANCE COURSE . the HP (High Pressure) Valves (VLVs) are open and supplying air.PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC SYSTEM OPERATION (3) May 10. THRUST LEVERS IN IDLE POSITION U3T06191 .UM36D2000000001 With both thrust levers in the idle position.

U13T1M0 . 2006 Page 29 .THRUST LEVERS IN IDLE POSITION MAINTENANCE COURSE .UM36D2000000001 SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL HP/IP ENGINE STAGE PRIORITY .U3T06191 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC SYSTEM OPERATION (3) May 10.

the HP VLV is open again. MAINTENANCE COURSE . and the bleed air is supplied by the Intermediate Pressure (IP) stage.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL PNEUMATIC SYSTEM OPERATION (3) HP/IP ENGINE STAGE PRIORITY (continued) THRUST LEVER IN TAKE-OFF POSITION When the power of the engines is increased to the Takeoff (TO) position.U13T1M0 . the HP VLV is closed. U3T06191 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .UM36D2000000001 NOTE: Note: if you set again the thrust levers in the idle position. 2006 Page 30 .PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC SYSTEM OPERATION (3) May 10.

T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .U13T1M0 .U3T06191 .PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC SYSTEM OPERATION (3) May 10.THRUST LEVER IN TAKE-OFF POSITION MAINTENANCE COURSE . 2006 Page 31 .UM36D2000000001 SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL HP/IP ENGINE STAGE PRIORITY .

PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC SYSTEM OPERATION (3) May 10.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL PNEUMATIC SYSTEM OPERATION (3) HP/IP ENGINE STAGE PRIORITY (continued) ENGINES SHUT DOWN U3T06191 . MAINTENANCE COURSE . the PRV.U13T1M0 . 2006 Page 32 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .UM36D2000000001 When the engines are shut down. Fan Air Valve (FAV) and HP VLV are springloaded closed due to the lack of air pressure.

T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC SYSTEM OPERATION (3) May 10.UM36D2000000001 SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL HP/IP ENGINE STAGE PRIORITY .U13T1M0 .U3T06191 . 2006 Page 33 .ENGINES SHUT DOWN MAINTENANCE COURSE .

SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL PNEUMATIC SYSTEM OPERATION (3) GROUND AIR SUPPLY U3T06191 . When the X BLEED valve selector is selected in the OPEN position. 2006 Page 34 .PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC SYSTEM OPERATION (3) May 10.U13T1M0 . the ground air supply is available to feed the LH and RH bleed system.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 . Only the LH bleed system is supplied. MAINTENANCE COURSE .UM36D2000000001 The ground air supply is provided by a ground air cart connected to the HP ground connector.

2006 Page 35 .PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC SYSTEM OPERATION (3) May 10.U13T1M0 .UM36D2000000001 SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL GROUND AIR SUPPLY MAINTENANCE COURSE .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .U3T06191 .

2006 Page 36 . MAINTENANCE COURSE . on the overhead panel. . . The Bleed Load Valve for the APU GTCP 36-300A (GARRETT) and the Load Control Valve of Honeywell APU 131-9A are electrically controlled by the ECB (solenoid) and pneumatically operated. In the absence of air pressure or electrical power. the valve shuts off the bleed supply to the aircraft pneumatic system.cross supply of the packs. The supply duct is located to the left of the cross bleed valve. through the APU bleed valve. The position of the valve is then controlled by the X-BLEED selector for SHUT .PNEUMATIC APU BLEED AIR SPLY/X-BLEED SYSTEM D/O (3) May 10.U13T1M0 .the secondary motor is used to override the AUTO mode.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL APU BLEED AIR SPLY/X-BLEED SYSTEM D/O (3) APU BLEED The pneumatic system can be supplied by the APU bleed air.the primary motor is used for AUTOmatic mode. The OPEN manual control is used for: . HP GROUND CONNECTION The pneumatic system may be supplied by a ground cart. the ground air supply will be available to supply the LH and RH system together.engine cross bleed start on ground only. U3T06191 .UM36D3000000001 X-BLEED SYSTEM The cross bleed (X-BLEED) valve permits the isolation or the interconnection of the left and right bleed air systems. the position of the valve is controlled by the Bleed Monitoring Computer (BMC) according to APU bleed configuration. provided that the APU is running.engine bleed air failure in icing conditions for Wing Anti-Ice (WAI) supply. . In the absence of fuel pressure or electrical power. NOTE: These valves are of the ON/OFF type The APU Bleed Control Valve for the APIC APU is electrically controlled and fuel operated by a servo valve.off or OPEN. It is operated by two electrical DC motors: . which closes or opens the APU bleed valve. Only the LH bleed system is supplied. The X-BLEED valve is an electrically controlled shut-off valve. The Electronic Control Box (ECB) monitors the fuel muscle pressure.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .engine 2 start from ground cart supply. . the valves are spring-loaded closed. When the X-BLEED selector is in the OPEN position.

U3T06191 ...U13T1M0 .UM36D3000000001 SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL APU BLEED .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 . HP GROUND CONNECTION MAINTENANCE COURSE . 2006 Page 37 .PNEUMATIC APU BLEED AIR SPLY/X-BLEED SYSTEM D/O (3) May 10.

U13T1M0 . corresponding Engine Interface Unit (EIU) and Centralized Fault Display Interface Unit (CFDIU). .PNEUMATIC BMC INTERFACES (3) May 10. 28V DC power is supplied for energization of the bleed Pressure Regulating Valve (PRV) control solenoid. from the opposite BMC.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 . BMC and overhead panel.ANALOG INPUTS from the bleed sensors. MAINTENANCE COURSE . .DIGITAL INPUTS via ARINC 429 buses.UM36F1000000001 Each Bleed Monitoring Computer (BMC) has three types of inputs: .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL BMC INTERFACES (3) INPUTS U3T06191 . 2006 Page 38 .DISCRETE INPUTS from valve position switches.

T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .UM36F1000000001 SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL INPUTS MAINTENANCE COURSE .U3T06191 .PNEUMATIC BMC INTERFACES (3) May 10.U13T1M0 . 2006 Page 39 .

the CFDIUs for maintenance purposes. is kept. 2006 Page 40 .UM36F1000000001 NOTE: In case of BMC failure. to the cross bleed valve. but the automatic control of the PRV is lost.DISCRETE OUTPUTS to the APU Electronic Control Box (ECB) for APU availability. heat exchanger outlet temperature sensor.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL BMC INTERFACES (3) OUTPUTS Each BMC has two types of outputs: .DIGITAL OUTPUTS via ARINC 429 buses to the System Data Acquisition Concentrators (SDACs) for ECAM warnings and indications.PNEUMATIC BMC INTERFACES (3) May 10.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 . to the overhead panel for bleed faults. U3T06191 . . PRV. the monitoring of main parameters such as High Pressure (HP) Valve (VLV). MAINTENANCE COURSE .U13T1M0 . and regulated pressure transducer. and the opposite BMC for bleed monitoring purposes. control solenoid and Zone Controller (ZC).

T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .U3T06191 .U13T1M0 .PNEUMATIC BMC INTERFACES (3) May 10. 2006 Page 41 .UM36F1000000001 SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL OUTPUTS MAINTENANCE COURSE .

.U13T1M0 . .RH wing and pack 2. The pylon and APU hot air ducts are monitored by a single loop. Each wing is monitored by a double loop. 2006 Page 42 . Protected areas with single loop for: .UM36D4000000001 NOTE: Each loop consists of sensing elements connected in series. U3T06191 . A continuous monitoring system detects ambient overheat in the vicinity of the hot air ducts.PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC LEAK DETECTION SYSTEM D/O (3) May 10.SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL PNEUMATIC LEAK DETECTION SYSTEM D/O (3) ROUTING The leak detection system is used to detect leaks in the vicinity of the packs. MAINTENANCE COURSE .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .AFT fuselage APU duct. Protected areas with double loop for: . wings. pylons and APU hot air ducts.LH wing. pack 1 and mid fuselage APU duct.LH and RH pylons.

T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC LEAK DETECTION SYSTEM D/O (3) May 10.U3T06191 . 2006 Page 43 .UM36D4000000001 SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL ROUTING MAINTENANCE COURSE .U13T1M0 .

SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL PNEUMATIC LEAK DETECTION SYSTEM D/O (3) WARNING LOGIC Both Bleed Monitoring Computers (BMCs) receive signals from the leak detection loops.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 . 2006 Page 44 .UM36D4000000001 NOTE: The wing loops A are connected to BMC 1 and wing loops B to BMC 2. The pylon loop is connected to the related BMC.PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC LEAK DETECTION SYSTEM D/O (3) May 10. U3T06191 . They exchange data via an ARINC bus for the wing double loop detection.U13T1M0 . The crosstalk bus allows wing leak warnings to be activated through an AND logic. The APU loop is connected to BMC 1 only. MAINTENANCE COURSE .

U3T06191 .PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC LEAK DETECTION SYSTEM D/O (3) May 10. 2006 Page 45 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .UM36D4000000001 SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL WARNING LOGIC MAINTENANCE COURSE .U13T1M0 .

OVERTEMPerature. MAINTENANCE COURSE .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .OVERPRESSure. If one BMC is failed. .WING LEAK. Nevertheless the associated FAULT light on the AIR CONDitioning panel is lost. The APU BLEED FAULT light comes on when an APU duct leak is detected.U13T1M0 . the adjacent BMC takes over monitoring of the bleed system and ensures the following ECAM warnings: . and the associated bleed valve does not close automatically.PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC LEAK DETECTION SYSTEM D/O (3) May 10. The ENG BLEED LEAK warning is lost for the associated engine as well as the APU BLEED LEAK warning if BMC 1 is failed. 2006 Page 46 . .SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL PNEUMATIC LEAK DETECTION SYSTEM D/O (3) FAULT LOGIC U3T06191 .UM36D4000000001 The ENG BLEED FAULT light comes on when a leak is detected by the wing loops A and B or by the pylon loop.

PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC LEAK DETECTION SYSTEM D/O (3) May 10. 2006 Page 47 .T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .U13T1M0 .U3T06191 .UM36D4000000001 SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL FAULT LOGIC MAINTENANCE COURSE .

T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 . These valves are automatically controlled to close if they were open. U3T06191 .UM36D4000000001 NOTE: APU and cross bleed (X-BLEED) valves do not close during Main Engine Start (MES).SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL PNEUMATIC LEAK DETECTION SYSTEM D/O (3) LEAK CONSEQUENCE A detected leak will close associated valves. 2006 Page 48 . MAINTENANCE COURSE . as shown on this table.PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC LEAK DETECTION SYSTEM D/O (3) May 10.U13T1M0 .

UM36D4000000001 SINGLE AISLE TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL LEAK CONSEQUENCE MAINTENANCE COURSE .U3T06191 .PNEUMATIC PNEUMATIC LEAK DETECTION SYSTEM D/O (3) May 10.T1 (CFM56-5B/ME)  36 .U13T1M0 . 2006 Page 49 .

A. FRANCE STM REFERENCE U3T06191 MAY 2006 PRINTED IN FRANCE AIRBUS S.A.AIRBUS S.S. 31707 BLAGNAC cedex. 2006 ALL RIGHTS RESERVED AN EADS JOINT COMPANY WITH BAE SYSTEMS .S.