‘Elle fath kadimoh tah!

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BOSNIAN STONE SPHERES REVISITED
Part 2

Photo: The sun disc over the Great Pyramid of Khufu, Egypt

Photographic Report
Copyright Bosnian-Pyramid.com © 2010

‘Elle fath kadimoh tah!

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Author: Nenad Djurdjević

Locations: Bakići (Doni, Gornji), Olovo, Ozimice (Maglaj)

Special inset: Romanian stone spheres

A Special Thanks to: Mr. Amir Susa who was my guide and assistant through Olovo area & Mr. Rusu D.M. Alexandru, student at Gheorghe Asachi’s University of Architecture in Iaşy, who offered his precious contribution on Romanian stone spheres

‘Elle fath kadimoh tah!

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In Search of the Bosnian Sun God
“Where are you… enchanting young god?” The relevance of sun cults and animistic attitudes towards natural objects as prevailing forms of understanding nature and reality are found across all prehistoric and ancient cultures around the world. The “Sun” and the “Moon” are, like other physical objects, understood in terms of animate and conscious beings (or persons). Ancient man felt personal relations towards these heavenly bodies, worshiped them as gods and made sacrifices to ingratiate them. Sun and moon, trees and rivers, mountains and stars were worshipped as gods in ancient times to an amount that can hardly be exaggerated. The sun cults of the ancient Egyptians and Aztecs are typical examples to demonstrate these phenomena. Australian Aborigines, African Tribes and Native Americans believed that their ancestors were living on as stars in the heavens. The sun was worshipped as a god in every ancient culture, but nevertheless its importance varied a lot across ancient world. “The sun is actually the only reasonable symbol for god. The sun is the father god who gives life to all appearances, the creator of all living things, the energy source of our world.”
Jung

Although many authors have written a lot about this subject, I do believe that it is necessary to throw a further and deeper glance on prehistoric artifacts like the Bosnian stone spheres and the sun and pyramid symbolism present in many ancient monuments found all over the country. I really doubt that a deep understanding of the basic structures of this ancient world view and sacred symbolism, which survived many millennia and went unchanged through the rise of different cultures that once existed on the Bosnian territory, has been sufficiently researched and understood among scholars and the academic establishment. While Bosnian academics are trying to maintain an obsolete belief system and completely ignore that Bosnian stone spheres are found in burial sites like those of Costa Rica, Costa Rican archaeologists have evaluated together with foreign Universities the stone spheres of Costa Rica for UNESCO. So, how can “they” maintain such inappropriate behavior any longer? The central argument of this report however, will not be the widespread blindness in the Bosnian archaeological establishment, but will present some important similarities of attitudes towards the sun as deity from the prehistoric artifacts (the stone spheres) and mediaeval monuments found in Bosnia (obelisks, tombstones known as stećaks etc.), and the symbolism and similarities which are stemming apparently from a common source of modes of thought. This paper wants to develop a deeper understanding of the available archaeological and historical evidence which account for this religious/ spiritual phenomena and will try to shed some light on a group of symbols, geometric shapes, motifs and objects present in the monuments in Bakići classified by The Commission to Preserve National Monuments as “unusual and impossible to figure out” (see Status of monument for Bakići at www.aneks8komisija.com.ba). Despite what we’ve been told, the evidence I’ve found suggests that the prehistoric stone spheres of Bosnia have had a profound impact on the funerary beliefs and sacred architecture of later religious cults during mediaeval times and even during the Ottoman Turk period. Just like anywhere else beliefs, sacred geometric symbols and material objects passed from one particular culture to another.

‘Elle fath kadimoh tah!

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Bakići: In the Light of the Sun God with no Name

Photo: Stele depicted with sacred solar symbolism, Donji Bakići, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Evolution according to God: The Pyramid seen as the most powerful tool in God hands, “I Am The Gate.”

“And so the making of everything and the creation of the gods should be assigned to Him. He is the one who produced the gods, from whom everything has come. He, as the primeval mound (the pyramid) which rises up from the limitless waters and imposes order upon chaos. I was He who came into existence as a circle, the sun, the sphere.”

The sphere is another image associated with Him as a symbol of beginnings. It is also symbolic of wholeness and can be seen as a representation of the perfected self. The image of the universal god reinforces this idea of perfection. He is self-contained, white and pure. He stands within a pavilion or upon the primeval mound, the pyramid, the Gate of Heaven. As above, so below; as within, so without; as without, so within. Macrocosmos is the same as microcosmos, the universe is the same as God, God is the same as man... ad infinitum (spira solaris). The strands of our DNA, flower petals, diamond crystals, a nautilus shell, the star we spin around, the galaxy we spiral within, the air we breathe, and all life forms as we know them emerge out of timeless geometric codes.

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I have to admit that visiting Bakići, a village in the municipality of Olovo and second destination on my agenda for the research on Bosnian stone spheres, revealed to be one of the most important and exciting moments during my stay in Bosnia in August 2009. The area of Bakići is known for its “mramori” (marbles), as local people like to call the stećaks. Stećaks are massive above ground monuments made of rock, which are placed above an entire grave in the shape of a slab or coffin. Many of them are depicted with solar symbols, but I was not able to find any with engraved writings. Numerous examples can be seen in the upper chapel of the church of St. Rocco. The place where the church is located, along with a necropolis of stećaks is called “Klisa”, which probably derives from the Latin word "ecclesia" (congregation). In some documents it is named St. Rocco's church and in the vicinity is a well which the people call “Rokova voda” (Rocco's water). Based on the type of construction and the necropolis of stećaks near it, experts date back the church to the 15th century.

Photos: The remnants of the church of St. Rocco and its massive stone altar, D. Bakići, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Professor friar Krunoslav Mišilo, who was authorized by the Museum authorities in Sarajevo, completed archeological research at the church in 1968 and in 1969. The church of St. Rocco is a square and, like the stećaks, it is oriented to the cardinal directions (N-S E-W). On the facade of the western side is the main entrance into the church. On the opposite side of the entrance, on the eastern side is the apse. Inside the structure was found a massive stone altar composed of two massive stone blocks.

Photos: Stele and stone block decorated with explicit solar symbolism (a circular rosette with eight petals representing the sun, a pyramid representing the primeval mound, and spira solaris, the sacred energy of the cosmos)

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It was a great surprise for me finding so much substantial evidence about solar symbolism on historical monuments in just one place which can be linked to the stone spheres and pyramids in Visoko. The most recurring solar symbols found on the monuments in Bakići are: the sun (sphere He), the pyramid (the primeval mound – The Gate) and spira solaris (single and double – The Soul). These symbols also provided to me new clues on the typical architectural design of Bosnian stećaks characterized by an ending with a pointed top ( ) which, in my opinion, cannot be considered just a mere coincidence, or as a product of the creative imagination of a stonemason, or associated with superficiality with a “house-shaped” stylized coffin lid. As in case of Egyptian obelisks, the stećaks (lit. standing tombstones) are monolithic stone monuments. They can be generally divided in two sections, a quadrangular or rectangular base (the trunk) placed upright and an ending with a pointed top (the capstone i.e. pyramidion-“benbenet”). The pointed top, like in Egyptian obelisks, represents the primeval mound, the pyramid, a passage towards Heaven. I know this may sound banal, but at the same time it is actually incredibly profound, because I think it is essential to understand the animistic religious context behind the architectural design of a stećak with a pointed top. However, the new evidence strongly supports this theory. Such kind of sacred symbolism can be found almost everywhere in Bakići and in Bosnia and has been reproduced countless on many historical monuments. Until now close to 70,000 stećaks have been recorded on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina, but today the exact number is still unknown. Stećaks are formally associated with the medieval period, yet they are very unusual and mysterious and their origin has not been sufficiently explained (e.g. it seems written records relating to quarries and stonemason shops do not exist).

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Photos: Stećak (front and rear view) ending with a pointed top and depicted with solar symbolism, D. Bakići

The symbols depicted are: 1 stem (1), 1 rosette with seven petals (2) and 2 single spira solaris (3,4). Explanation: Contrary to the opinions of some experts who interpret the symbolism depicted on this stećak as “impossible to figure out” or mere decorative art, these symbols have a precise religious and mystical meaning and are complementary to each other. Most animistic belief systems hold that the spirit survives physical death and, in this case, the symbolism refers to the tendency to attribute lifelike qualities (the survival) to the souls of those who died. In ancient cultures the stem/stalk (1) has been often associated with the umbilical cord and thus called “The flower stalk of life”. From the dawn of legend it has been surrounded by an aura of magic and the supernatural and was worn as a talisman to protect its bearer from various sickness and misfortunes (Spivak 1946).

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Until the middle of the 19th century, in the Kingdom of Buganda (the largest of the four kingdoms in in the western region of Uganda, East Africa) the jawbone and umbilical cord of the kabaka (king or Africa), clan leader) were preserved in a special shrine after his death, and became the means through which successor could consult him in affairs of state (Welbourn 1964). Since long the existence and function of the cord/stem/stalk has been related to survival at the birth into this world, but also to a stalk soul’s journey into the afterlife, when th dead ascended into heaven, or was “ , the “born into Heaven”. A rosette with seven petals (2) joins the stem. The use of symbolic flowers, rosettes and se designs was very popular throughout the ancient world. ptian Figure right: The Egyptian goddess Seshat holds a rosette with seven petals atop her head. Seshat was an ancient royal goddess of writing and measurement. To grant the king immortality, she recorded the name of the king on the leaves of the Tree of Life, which grew near where she lived. Above the rosette is a pair of inverted cow’s horns, probably associated with the sky goddess Nut, the oddess celestial milk-cow. She was considered the e bringer to re-birth. The Seven Powers brought birth. to their re-birth in Seven Great Spirits were birth constellated as her children in the Lesser Bear Bear, as seven stars that never set (the seven levels of existence). Nut was a symbol of protecting the dead when they enter the afterlife. She was pictured as a woman arched on her toes and fingertips over the earth while her body portrayed as a star earth, star-filled sky. Nut’s fingers and toes were believed to touch the four cardinal directions of north, south, east, and west, exactly how the stećaks in Bakići and elsewhere are oriented. At this point I would ćaks point, venture to guess that the Nut symbolism, although it has not been depicted as a decorative element, symbolism, may lie enclosed within the architectural layout of the stećak characterized by an ending with a pointed top. I believe this presumption seems plausible and deserves further investigation In spite of . investigation. everything, the identities of the Bosni celestial hierarchy of the Sun is still enshrouded in mystery Bosnian un mystery. Another symbol depicted on the s stećak, on both sides of the stem, is a single spira solaris (3,4). The cosmic spiral, sometimes related with the ouroboric serpent, was a prominent symbol in every ancient culture. The serpent symbolized the beginning and end of time. It was a symbol of time. rejuvenation, resurrection and eternity, it represented the endless cycle of beginnings and endings. In this case, the single spiral can be associated with a soul going through an ascension process in order to be reborn into heaven. On the monuments in the area of Ba Bakići can be also found the double spira solaris, which is not depicted on these stećaks. The double spiral however, h a different religious has meaning and I will return to this argument a bit later.

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Some examples of stećaks and solar symbolism found near the church of St. Rocco:

Photo: The ruins of the church incl. the stećaks are aligned with the cardinal directions

Photo: Bosnian stećaks, detail

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Photo: Stećak with pointed top, inclined sides and base/pedestal, detail

Photo: The quadrilateral (kite-shaped) trunk, detail

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Photo: Coffin-like stećak made of one single huge block

Photo: Decorations at the front face include a rosette with four petals arranged like a cross (foliated cross). In ancient cultures the foliated cross was usually associated with the power of regeneration (the sun and its motion.)

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Photo: An example of triangular-pyramidal shaped stećak without trunk and without base.

Description: The example of stećak shown in the photo above should confirm the hypothesis being previously advanced. It is the essential and primitive representation of the sacred mound (the primeval mound, the pyramid or “benbenet”). Although people often refer to stećaks as to “coffins” (from the Bosnian language sanduk), because of their visual similarity to coffins/sarcophagi, this was not their practical nor symbolical function. A similar dilemma has been confronted by scholars and archaeologists in the case of Egyptian pyramids. Although most people still believe that pyramids were built as burial chambers for the dead, no mummies have been found inside the pyramids. As Egyptian pyramids are not tombs, Bosnian stećaks are not coffins. Of all popular names formulated by people to describe a Bosnian tombstone, probably nothing comes closer to its essence than the name “eternal home” (in Bosnian “vječni dom”). The symbolic purpose of a stećak however, can be explained by the following example.

‘Elle fath kadimoh tah! Elle

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Religious belief or ancient scientific knowledge? ous

Photo: The perpetual motion scheme ( (spira solaris) seen from a religious point of view

Explanation: The most common symbols depicted on the monuments in Bakić are the sun (in the kići form of a rosette with eight petals, also known as ‘The Flower of Life’), the pyramid, and spira e solaris depicted as ascending energy vortexes (photo above). In Physics it has long been recognized that the Phi and the Fibonacci Series are intimately related to the subject of natural growth. The Phi, the Fibonacci, Lucas and related series, far from being confined to plant and animal natural growth alone, occur in numerous diverse contexts over an enormous range that extends from the structure of quasi-crystals out to the very structure of spiral galaxies (John N. Harris). T crystals Thus, from a scientific viewpoint the spira solaris represents the centripetal motion along with the centrifugal motion that is the energy producing motion in nature. On this combination the enormous power of, among others, tornados and maelstroms are based. These whirls is nothing other than miniature copies of a sp spiral galaxy (e.g. single spira solaris), YES the entire motion of the universe. In the combined motion, the , centripetal force is the gravity and the centrifugal is antigravity and it is represented by the double spira solaris. In ancient times, these cosmic forces and patterns of creation were highlighted by certain cultures and we have inherited hints of this knowledge passed on as tradition tradition.

Photos: The Milky Way's total mass is about 100 billion solar masses - enormous to us but average among galaxies. It spirals around a black hole that is about three million solar masses, say cosmologists. [ credits: SLAC ]

Using supercomputers to simulate galaxy mergers, scientists at Stanford and elsewhere have seen the mergers, formation of a new type of structure - a central disk of gas that can be from a hundred to a few thousand light years wide and from a few hundred million to a billion solar masses Cosmologists masses. think that's how galaxies grow; through a complex process of continuous mergers. (June 7 edition of Science Express an online version of Science magazine.) Express,

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Making visible the invisible

Photo A: Stone block depicted with solar symbolism

Photo B: Vertical energy fields above the Sun pyramid

With reference to the cosmic phenomena explained before, in April 2007, another undisputable piece of evidence proved the existence of colossal pyramids in Visoko. It came from British scientist Dr. Harry Oldfield. For the first time in the history of science, a pyramid complex has been surveyed and measured using Electro-Scanning (EMS), a method that follows sonic, radio, and light frequencies which emanate from subjects of analysis, in other words, it measures energy fields inside and above pyramids and displays them three-dimensionally. Dr. Oldfield analyzed the Bosnian pyramids with several cameras and the results proved to be very surprising and unexpected. A number of anomalies were registered, the existence of which could not be attributed to naturally-occurring phenomena. If one records ordinary hills with this equipment, there are no high-energy fields nor the genesis of additional energy. Above such natural hills, one finds horizontal, fixed, and homogenous energy fields. Dr. Oldfield examined the north face of the Pyramid of the Sun from a distance of one kilometer. The results of this analysis were astonishing. Inside the pyramid, below and above the pine forest on the north face, there is a steady genesis of energy, which is in direct contrast to naturally occurring hills. In the past several decades, it has been proven that precisely stone pyramids do indeed generate specific types of energy. Furthermore, a video footage (available at piramidasunca.ba) clearly shows that the newly-generated energy accumulates, and is discharged through the tip of the Pyramid of the Sun. Additional proof of the pyramids’ existence came from the area above the pyramid. Namely, the energy fields are vertical (Photo B), as opposed to horizontal, which is the case with naturally occurring hills. In contrast to natural phenomena where the energy fields are fixed, these electromagnetic fields are pulsating and non-homogenous. In other words, the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun is in fact acting like a giant energy accumulator which continually emits large quantities of energy. It is the proverbial perpetuum mobile (literally meaning perpetual motion), known to the ancient man as spira solaris (Photo A), which got its start in the distant past and continues its activity without respite. In fact, throughout modern physics, chemistry, and biology, the sacred geometric patterns of creation are today being rediscovered.

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“And there it stands and waits, in the shadows of forgetfulness, the return of the young god.”

Photo: The obelisk of Bakići, detail

Following the important discoveries related to stone spheres I’ve made in the area of Zavidovići, another monument located in Bakići suggests a close relationship between the stone spheres and the pyramids in Visoko. The obelisk, higher than four meters (13.45 feet), is a stand-alone monument in the Vlaškovac forest. It has a quadrangular base, a trunk and, differently than Egyptian obelisks that are characterized by an ending with a pointed top (pyramidion), it holds on the top a flat-topped pyramid and stone sphere (ø 45 cm = 17.7 inches). Another important feature of the obelisk is, like in the case of the church of St. Rocco and stećaks, its alignment with the four cardinal directions (N-S and E-W). Moreover, after careful measurements the southern side of the obelisk resulted pointing the Bosnian valley of the pyramids lying about 50 Km southward. Even if the obelisk has been officially classified belonging to the mediaeval period, today its exact age is not known and most symbols depicted on it are far older in origin. A legend narrates that the obelisk has been erected in the place where King Tvrtko of Bosnia has been injured during a hunting trip. As with Egyptian obelisks, this monument probably have had an atavistic relationship with a so far unknown sun cult. Like other obelisks it has been engraved on all four sides. Among various sacred symbols depicted on the obelisk we find different types of ‘The Flower of Life’ with eight or eleven petals, multiple

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double spira solaris, multiple clusters of grape, the representation of a mythical creature (a boar’s head with a snake’s body), a sword hilt and a shield etc.

The uniqueness of the obelisk is characterized by a flat-topped pyramid and stone sphere placed at the top (Photo above). All sides and angles of the pyramid are decorated with a twisted cord, a feature I previously noticed on stećaks, that is connected in four points to the stone sphere. Usually, in absence of legible and understandable texts, archaeologists have the tendency to dismiss such symbolism as mere decorative art. Obviously, this is a superficial approach which disallows them a deeper understanding of the sacred symbolism and historical monument. Nevertheless, the ancients knew that these patterns were symbolic codes of our own inner realm and that the experience of sacred geometry was essential to the education of the soul. As mentioned in the introduction of this chapter, the trunk of the obelisk, today slightly displaced from its original position, is aligned with the four cardinal directions (N-S and E-W). The obelisk is in Bakići, together with the obelisk taken from Heliopolis in Egypt, and used as gnomon of the Solarium Augusti set up in Rome by Augustus, now located in the Piazza di Montecitorio in front of the Italian parliament, are rare examples of obelisks with spheres placed at the top. The obelisk in Rome holds a metal sphere with a hole. At Solar Noon, the sun shines through the sphere's hole and projects a beam of light onto the north/south date line on the ground to the north of the obelisk (Photo right). Of course, the sphere on the obelisk in Bakići has another function and symbolical meaning.

‘Elle fath kadimoh tah! Elle

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The Breath of the Dragon

Photo: Mythological creature which is the combination of a boar’s head and snake’s body framed by a body; rope/stem/stalk. Both, the dragon and the rope, are the representations of the cosmic energy the spira solaris itself. energy,

Although experts at BiH’s Commission To Preserve National Monuments ha classified the have mythical creature depicted on the obelisk in a superficial and amateurish way as “stylized figure of an animal with a trunk” (see Status of monument for Bakići at www.aneks8komisija.com.ba the aneks8komisija.com.ba), creature, when correctly classified, is commonly known to most people by the name “Dragon”. Besides being the representation of a dragon, it is also the earliest zoomorphic representation of a dragon known to archaeologists. Yes, you may be surprised, but in some countries of the world . archaeological evidence suggests that the zoomorphic representation of a boar head and snake’s boar’s body dates back between 5,000 to 6,500 B.C. which means that it was a symbol familiar to humans B.C., already 7,000 - 8,500 years ago. According to serious archaeologists, t dragon, one of the twelve-year cycle of animals which the year appear in the Chinese calendar, may have its mythical origins in the grassland of Inner Mongolia at Hongshan (“Red Mountain”) site originated around 5,000 to 6,500 B.C. Pottery bearing designs of a winged dragon suggest that the design, which has a boar’s head and snake’s body is the earliest body, dragon image found in China. Archaeologists who have been excavating ruins at the site since 1985 said that the combination of a boar and snake represented a divinity. They presume that t ferocious the boar and the harmful snake together make up an invincible creature. Chinese dragon worship in the prehistoric age varied by region: the boar head dragon in northern China, the snake boar-head snake-head-humanbody dragon in central China and the crocodile head dragon in eastern China. Every year of the pig crocodile-head is identified with one of the elements, metal, water, wood, fire, and earth.

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dragon. Fig. right: Hongshan boar-dragon. Combining the boar's head with a snake's body, a bird's ability to fly, and perhaps the deer's gentleness, a primitive, protective, kindly dragon emerged. As noted above, these images from the archaic Hongshan Culture are the earliest dragons ever discovered. Subsequently, arliest the depiction of dragons with various animal heads, usually on a serpentine body, persisted for nearly 4000 years until the Han Dynasty. The boar was respected elsewhere as well. Nut, the Egyptian sky goddess and goddess of the night, whose image was painted underneath the lid of coffins, was often depicted as the heavenly sow, eternal mother of the night stars, who were identified as thousands of piglets piglets. In many ancient myths the boar wa considered the beast of death (Robert Graves, White Goddess), was Robert and much of the sacred and symbolic meaning of boars and pigs in general is in fact connected with death. Thus the boar represents also a creature of the underworld. The boar, as creature of the underworld is also found in the complex mythology of Ancient Greece The mystery cult of Demeter n Greece. e and her daughter is perhaps as old as 14,000 B.C. The ritual of Thesmophoria involved worshippers, s who had raised piglets within their families, in killing and burying their animals. The pig's bodies would be dug up the next year and mixed with the current seed to fertilize the new seed with the fruits of the old. Thus, we can ass associate the boar with resurrection and immortality. The grandest of all boars, however, comes from India. Vishnu as cosmic boar rescues the goddess earth from the depths of the cosmic sea. Since Vishnu, also known by the name , Varaha, is the second member of the Hindu trinity, and in some of the Vedas is the supreme god, this is a glorious pig indeed. The pig was mainly associated with female goddesses and considered a night, lunar, underworld creature, but solar pigs do existed. The three colors sacred to the moon goddess white, black and red were also the common colors of pigs. Among various species of pig pigs, the red boar was usually associated with the solar beast which, in my opinion is also the case of the dragon depicted on the obelisk in Bakići. In conclusion, since the dragon sits upon the figure of a shield, he also becomes a potent symbol of protection.

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Some of the other symbols depicted on the obelisk:

Photo: A sword hilt, detail

Photo: Rosette with 11 petals

As an alchemical symbol the sword is a symbol of purification. Here we experience the metaphorical sword cleanly piercing the spiritual soul of man. This symbolic action sacrifices physical bondage to release a path to ethereal freedom. The sword, in certain tribes of Central Africa, was deeply symbolic of transition. Specifically, we see the quillon (cross guard on the hilt) of swords were designed so that one side turns heavenward, the other side turns earthwards. This is said to be symbolic of the powerful connection between sky and earth, and further solidifying the symbolism of life and death. On the other side, the rosette with eleven petals, has been often been associated with the rebirth. Whatever a rosette may have meant to its maker, its pierced design evokes to modern eyes the concept of "passage" or "transition" through its central opening even more powerfully than any flat shape could. In religious texts, the grape is associated with immortality. In Egypt, descriptions of winemaking appear on the walls of ancient Egyptian tombs and it was considered an important item on the 'menu' for the afterlife. The Greek god Dionysus was named twiceborn (Dimetor) by the ancients, counting it as a single and first birth when the plant is set in the ground and begins to grow, and as a second birth when it becomes laden with fruit and ripens its grape-clusters - the god thus being considered as having been born once from the earth and again from the vine. The spiral (twisted cord), a circle which continuously returns upon itself, yet does not end, is also a common image of immortality.

Photo: Clusters of grape and other symbols, detail

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“God never dies, therefore I, the sphere, cannot die.”

Photos: Obelisk (Nišan) with stone sphere in the distinctive Ottoman style.

Broken stone pillar tapering towards the top

Photos: Stone pillar tapering towards the top, detail

Stone sphere rising out of the pointed top, detail

The sphere as symbol of perpetual existence. The desire of immortality seen as a central drive of the human race. Less than two kilometers far away from the obelisk in the Vlaškovac forest, we can find physical evidence about the profound impact of the prehistoric stone sphere on the religious-funerary beliefs and sacred architecture of later religious cults. The monuments shown above belong to the Ottoman Turk period. The concept of immortality of man's soul, believed to be a part of God. Because the soul rests with God after death, like the sphere itself, it cannot die.

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Olovo: Mere coincidence or divine truth?

Photo: Stone sphere with Cyrillic inscriptions kept in front of Olovo’s health clinic

Olovo, a small town first mentioned in written documents in 1382 and situated 60 kilometers northeast from Sarajevo, appears to have been named after the lead mines and for the commerce of lead. Lead was also found in other mines in Bosnia, but, that in the Olovo region was of a higher quality known as plumbum dulce (soft lead). In Olovo there are few factories, stores, a health clinic and the Gospa Olovska Church (Church of Our Lady of Olovo). The church was since the 15th century a popular pilgrimage destination of Catholics coming from Bosnia and Dalmatia, but also among Orthodox Catholics from Bulgaria, Serbia and Albania due to alleged cases of miraculous healing. A stone sphere, which was found on the steep hills surrounding Olovo, is kept today in front of the main entrance of Olovo’s health clinic. As the votive stone sphere found in Beše by Zavidovići, once again, the sphere seems intended to consolidate through a combination of fortuitous historical circumstances its symbolical importance in the history of healing through worship, evoking an air of mystery and magic.

‘Elle fath kadimoh tah! Elle

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Ozimice (Maglaj): Giant stone spheres “à la Bosniene”

Photo: Giant stone sphere in the village of Ozimice, Maglaj, Bosnia and Herzegovina one ,

The area of Maglaj, a half-hour drive away from Zavidović is well known for its over a hundred hour Zavidovići, ći, tomb stones and mediaeval fortress built in the late 13th century Recently, it became also known for ortress century. its stone spheres of exceptional size Today, one medium-sized stone sphere is displayed together ptional size. sized with a stećak in front of Maglaj’s City Library while in the village Ozimice, in the courtyard of Mr. Library, Ante Tomić is kept one of two giant stone spheres discovered near the stream flowing through his private property. The stone sphere has a diameter of over 1.5 meters (59 inch) and weighs several 9 tons (Photo A). It is made of granodiorite, an igneous rock similar to granite. T Traces of potential and well preserved tool marks are still visible on its surface (Photo B). I would suggest that the main technique used for the sculpting of the sphere was pecking grinding and hammering with stone tools. pecking,

Photo A: Stone sphere with a diameter over 1 meter

Photo B: Potential traces of tool marks, detail

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Special inset: Romanian stone spheres n
Additional evidence and unusual discoveries of stone spheres belonging to unkwon sun cults comes from Romania. In June 2006, independent researcher Alex Alexandru D.M. Rusu and his uncle Corneliu Petreanu put together the basis for a project that involves research on the history and culture of the Bucovinean region. The Bucovin Bucovinean region, situated on the northern slopes of the northeastern Carpathian Mountains and today split between Romania and Ukraine, is keeper of ancient civilizations, where history and legend merge together since forgotten times. , The region was once home to the Cucuteni (from Romanian), or Trypillian culture (from Ukrainian) or Tripolie culture (from Russian It was a late Neolithic culture that flourished between 5.500 BC Russian). and 2.750 BC. The Cucuteni culture extended from Romania to the southeast of Transylvania to extended Moldavia, in the Moldavian Republic (Bessarabia), and in the Ukraine up to the east of the Nipru. At its peak the Cucuteni-Trypillian culture built the largest Neolithic settlements in Europe, some of Trypillian which had populations of up to 15,000 inhabitants.
Map: showing approximate extent of the CucuteniTrypillian culture

Photo: Vessel decorated with spira solaris, 4,600 BC essel

Excavations and 96 incineration tombs found out at Zvoristea, as well as the archaeological , discoveries in Silistea Scheii, Suceava Bosanci and Dolhestii Mari, prove that Thracian, Getae and Suceava, , Dacian settlements existed there a long time ago. Dacians worshipped Sun God Apollo long before Aurelian created the new cult of ”Sol Invictus” at Rome. Apollo was called “Bonus Deus Puer” in many inscriptions consecrated to him, found in Dacia, mainly in the Apullum city, the capital of Dacia Apulensis province, called so in the honor of the Dacian sun god, Apollo. The Dacians performed sacrifices on the so called "Sun of Andesite" of Sarmisegetusa, the main Dacian fortress. The blood of the bulls was flowing through the interstices between the 10 blocks into a limestone basin positioned bellow and from there it was drained to a channel. The 10 interstices between the blocks, forming the diameters of the circle or the "rays" of the sun, were precisely oriented towards the points of the rising sun during the solstices.

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After having previously discovered a stone sphere in the waters of a mountain river, Alexandru and his uncle used an excavator to managed to get it out and transport it to mister Petreanu’s villa were it lays until this very day as a symbol of the project they have started. The information that they have immediately started to gather about the stone sphere made them come across the amazing discoveries in Visoko, Bosnia, discoveries that determined them to put more effort into their research in order to correlate and pinpoint the resemblances between the two areas. They started making expeditions and thus managed to cover most of the mountain space between the towns of Vama and Frasin.

Among their most decisive findings were other symilar stone spheres and doorways to what looked like collapsed caves which astonishingly, after a closer look-up, seemed to present smooth walls and geometrically aligned joinings (Photos below).

An important moment in the project was when they learned about the existence of over a dozen stone spheres in the front garden of Vama’s cityhall, brought there by locals from all over the region to be exhibited. One of them was truly spectacular. It had numerous lines carved in stone on the outline of two separate circles, lines that are very close in number to those of the mayan calendars of cult and agriculture. As an ultimate boost to their constantly increasing curiosity, an illustrious geologist said that the bedrock that the stones are made of is not from around this area and that the energetic signature they carry is unnaturally high. The enclosed photos are a representative example of the discoveries made by Alexandru and his uncle during the eight expeditions of this project, initiated in the summer of 2006 and which came to a stop in 2008, only to be resumed in 2009 on a scientifical level.

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Photographs:

Photo: Ancient spherical stone calendar with two separate circles

Photo: Numerous lines have been carved on the outline of every circle, detail

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Photo: Spheroid with spherical protuberance kept in the front garden of Vama’s city hall

Photo: Stone spheroid of unknown purpose, detail

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Photo: An example of prolate stone spheroid kept in the front garden of Vama’s city hall

Photo: Prolate stgone sheroid of unknown purpose seen from the side

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Conclusions
Despite we’ve been told by Academia about Bosnian stone spheres, the archaeological and historical evidence tells us that the prehistoric stone spheres as material object and metaphysical symbol have had a profound impact on the funerary beliefs and sacred architecture of later cultures during the mediaeval times and even during the Ottoman Turk period. For thousands of years, the scientific knowledge of the ancients translated into religious beliefs and sacred symbolism transformed into material objects have been passed down from one particular culture to another. The obelisk in Bakići is depicted with symbols which are far older in origin than the obelisk itself, whilst the most powerful symbol of all is represented by the ‘Sphere’, by ‘He’ who came into existence as a circle, the sun, from whom everything has come. How it comes that ‘He’ had remained in obscurity for so long? It seems obvious that we rely too much on Academia to tell us the truth, when ‘they’ are not really interested in the ‘truth’. Fortunately, not all Academia behave same way, e.g. Costa Rican archaeologists have evaluated together with foreign Universities their stone spheres for UNESCO. Unlike BiH’s clique of archaeologists who reacted with cynicism to the project of the Bosnian pyramids, unlike those who classified in a superficial and amateurish way a group of symbols, geometric shapes, motifs and objects present in the monuments in Bakići as “unusual and impossible to figure out”, unlike those who described the earliest zoomorphic depiction of a dragon as “stylized figure of an animal with a trunk”, unlike those who judge and insult others without even knowing their own history or those who made preconceived claims without setting foot in Visoko, unlike all those poor souls, a ‘true’ man of science, after extensive field research and separating facts from hype, accepts the objective evidence. Today, I gladly comply to the observations previously made by Dr. Aly Barakat who stated that the main technique that was used for the sculpting of the stone spheres (incl. the giant ones found in Ozimice) was pecking, grinding and hammering. Therefore, in the light of evidence, I am strongly convinced that the Bosnian stone spheres deserve the status of national treasure that needs to be protected. I also agree with Dr. Barakat that the shape of the Bosnian tombstones is not accidental. He argued that the typical layout of the Bosnian tombstones characterized by an ending with a pointed top reflects the “benben”, the pyramidal hill, and that this subject deserves further investigation. Dr. Barakat’s intuition proved correct and today there’s a lot of objective evidence that support his claims. Never before in history, an archaeological project involved so many experts coming from different fields to solving the riddle of what might be the most important archaeological discovery of modern times. For the first time, a multidisciplinary archaeological project involved revolutionary methods of investigation such as Electro-Scanning (EMS), a method which made it possible to experience the scientific knowledge of our ancestors in a tangible way. I’m pretty sure most opponents of the project have laughed at Dr. Oldfield’s “unusual” instruments and methods of measuring, but thanks to him, it was possible to observe for the first time ever the vertical energy fields/vortexes above and around the pyramids, the perpetual motion of the universe known to ancient humans as spira solaris, the ‘Dragon’, depicted on numerous monuments in Bosnia.

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Every time people scornfully laugh about this subject, they should keep in mind that the ‘Dragon’ has been considered sacred by the ancient cultures that once inhabited the land and, it is well to remember, that the “laugh” is always on both sides! Fortunately, since the time of magician Merlin who evoked the dragon by uttering magical words, for some time now, modern science has gone very far and Quantum Science is going beyond the probe of atoms, photons, neutrons, quirks and exploring a newer string theory (dancing, unobservable, vibrational waves of energy) and membrane theory (multiple universes, carved up into slices, living side by side, all conducted by?). Together they give room to explore what is known as the M-theory which is undertaking to prove the unity of Gravity, Electromagnetism, weak and strong nuclear forces. The deeper Quantum physicists explore, the closer they encircle metaphysical philosophy. Scientists are realizing there are higher realities within infinite dimensions of intelligent vibrational energy. It seems string theorists have uncovered eleven dimensions to our universe, and some Quantum Physicists even go so far as to state the dimensions of the universe may be infinite. Throughout modern physics, chemistry, and biology, the sacred geometric patterns of creation are today being rediscovered. After all, religion and science, use different routes to reach the same destination, the consciousness about the existence of an intelligent universe. Even the notorious English poet and playwright William Shakespeare understood much earlier than the obsolete Academic materialists that:
"There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, Than are dreamt of in your philosophy."

So far, I haven’t found the name of Bosnia’s sun god, nor the identities of its celestial hierarchy, so the search continues...

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To the Sun God (Dem Sonnengott)

Photo: The sun disc over Visočica (Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun)

Where are you? Drunk, my soul grows dim From all your delight; for only now I watched how, exhausted by his travels, The enchanting young god Bathed his hair in golden clouds, And now my eyes fill with the sight of him; Though already he’s far from here, well along his way To the pious folk who revere him. I love you, Earth, who joins me in mourning him, And our sadness turns to sleep like the grief Of children, and, as the winds flutter And whisper in the strings of the lyre Until the master’s fingers unlock a purer sound, Fog and dreams play all around us Until the loved one returns, Igniting in us love and spirit.
Friedrich Hölderlin

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References and sources: Magic and animism in old religions: The relevance of sun cults in the world by Georg W. Oesterdiekhoff, Institute for Sociology, University of Karlsruhe, Germany; Commission to Preserve National Monuments - www.aneks8komisija.com.ba – Status of monuments – Bakići; The Gnostic Society Library – www.gnosis.rog – ‘As Above, so Below’ - Kircher, Prodrom Copt., pp 193 and 275; Gospa Olovska – small monography and pilgrimage guide by Bernardin Matic Department of Religious Study – A Sacral Kingship in Buganda by F.B. Welbourn Egyptian Mythology – Egyptian Gods - www.touregypt.net; Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 3.62.5; China.org.cn – Inner Mongolia yields new discoveries; Pigs in History- www.mythinglinks.org; SLAC National Accelerator laboratory – Scientists reveal how supermasssive black holes bind into pairs during galaxy mergers; ‘Electromagnetic fields above Bosnian pyramids’- www.piramidasunca.ba ; Wolf Warriors – The Dacians - www.angelfire.com/realm/vlachs/; Do the tombstones in Bosnia reflect the shape of Visocica hill (sun pyramid)? By Dr. Aly A. Barakat The Quantum Metaphysical Spirituality of Science by Michael Levy Selected poems and fragments: ‘Dem Sonnengot’ by Friedrich Hölderlin.

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