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WORKSHEET 1

Course: Mat101E
Topic: Preliminaries

1. Write an equation for the line that passes through


(a) (1, 4) and (0, 2)

(b) (1, 1) and (0, 1)

(c) (1, 1) and (1, 0)

2. Write an equation for the line that passes through


(a) (2, 2) with slope 1

(b) (3, 1) with slope 0

(c) (5, 6) and has no slope

3. Write an equation for the line with


(a) y-intercept 2 with slope 2/3

(c) x-intercept 3 with no slope

(b) x-intercept 2 and y-intercept 2

(d) x-intercept 3 with slope 0

4. Write an equation for the line passing through the point P that are (i) parallel and (ii)
perpendicular to the given line.
(a) P (1, 2), 2x + y = 4

(b) P (1, 1/2), y = 5

(c) P (2, 1), x = 1

5. Find the value of c for the lines passing through the given points with the given slope.
(c) (c + 1, 2), (c2 3c + 5, 5), no slope

(a) (2, 4), (2c, 1), m = 1/2


(b) (2, c2 ), (1, c), m = 0

6. Find the domain and the range of the following functions.

1
(a) f (x) = 1 x2
(e) f (x) = 2
ln (x + 1)
1
(b) f (x) = 2
(f) f (x) = 1 + cos(x + )
x 1

(c) f (x) = 2 |3 x|
4 x2 ,
x1

1<x3
(g) f (x) = (3/2)x + (3/2),
1

(d) f (x) =
x
x
+
3,
x
>3
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7. Compare the domain and the range of the functions f1 (x) = x2 and f2 (x) = ( x)2 .

8. Find the domain and the range of the following functions.

(a) f (x) =

(b) f (x) = cos1 (ln x)

ln(x2 8)

(c) f (x) = ln(sin 3x)

9. Graph the curves determined by the following equations. Determine whether each curve is
a graph of a function of x. If so, is it a 1-1 function and is it possible to define the inverse
function, and if the inverse function exists, how does its graph look like? What symmetries, if
any, do the graphs have?
(a) |x + y| = 1

(b) |x| + |y| = 1

(c) y =

1
x

(d) y =

1
x2

10. Which of the following functions (where defined) are even, odd, or neither?
(a) f (x) =

x2

x
1

(c) f (x) = 2|x| 1

(b) f (x) = x sin x cos x

(d) f (x) = 2x (1 sec x)

x2
x+2

(f) f (x) = ln( 4x2 + 12x)

(e) f (x) = ln

11. Assume that f is an even and g is an odd function, and both f and g are defined on the entire
real line. Which of the following (where defined) are even or odd?
(a) f 2 = f f

(c) g g

(b) f /g

12. Graph the following functions bu using shifting and translation.

(a) y = x
(k)
(g) y = | sin x|

(b) y = | x|
(l)
(h) y = sin(x + ) 1

2
(c) y = |x|
(m)
1
(d) y = x3
(i) y =
(n)
x
(e) y = |x3 |
1
(j) y = | |
(o)
(f) y = sin x
x

y = 1 3x+1
y = 1 ln x
y = (x + 1)2
y = (x + 1)2
y = cos1 (x + 1) +

13. Find f 1 and verify that (f f 1 )(x) = (f 1 f )(x) = x. Graph f (x) and f 1 (x).
(a) f (x) = x2 + 2x + 1, x 1
x+5
, x = 3
(b) f (x) =
x3
(

5x x2
14. Let f (x) = ln
4

and g(x) =

(c) f (x) = (2 x)(x 8), x 2


(d) f (x) =

x 1 + 2, x 1

x. Find the domain of (g f )(x).

15. Find functions f (x) and g(x) for which (g f )(x) = | sin x| and (f g)(x) = (sin x)2 are
satisfied.

16. Find the following trigonometric values.


(a) cos

3
4

(b) csc

3
4

(c) sin

4
3

(d) cot

4
3

17. Express the given quantity in terms of sin x and cos x.

(b) sin( x)
(a) cos( x)
2

(e) sec

11
6

(c) tan(

(f) tan

11
6

3
x)
4

18. By using the sum formulas, find the values of the following expressions.
(a) sin

+ sin
12
12

(b) cos

cos
12
12

19. Let a = x2 + x + 1, b = 2x + 1 and c = x2 1 be the side lengths of a triangle ABC. Find the
angle A.
20. Find the following angles.
(a) sin1

1
2

1
(b) sin1 ( )
2

1
(c) cos1
2

21. Prove the following identities.

(a) sin(cos1 x) = 1 x2

(b) cos(sin1 x) = 1 x2
(c) cos1 x + sin1 x = /2
(d) cos1 x + cos1 (x) =

(e) cot1

1
(d) cos1 ( )
2

1
tan1 x = , x < 0
x
(

x
(f) tan1
sin1 x = 0
2
1x

22. Find the parametric equations and the parameter intervals for the motion of a particle that
starts at (a, 0) and traces the circle x2 + y 2 = a2
(a) once clockwise

(b) twice counterclockwise.

23. The following give parametric equations and parameter intervals for the motion of a particle
in the xyplane. Identify the particles path by finding a Cartesian equation for it. Graph the
Cartesian equation. Indicate the portion of the graph traced by the particle and the direction
of the motion.
(a) x = sec2 t 1, y = tan t,

/2 < t < /2

(b) x = 4 sin t, y = 4 cos t, 0 t 2


(c) x = 4 cos t, y = 2 sin t, 0 t
(d) x = 4 cos t, y = 2 sin t,

/2 t /2

(e) x = 2t + 3, y = t 1,

2t2

24. Find a parametrization for


(a) the line segment with the end points (1, 3), (2, 3)
(b) the upper half of the parabola x 1 = y 2
(c) the ray (half line) with the initial point (1, 2) that passes through the point (0, 0)
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